1264 Battle of Lewes: Henry III was captured and forced to sign the Mise of Lewes, making Simon de Montfort the de facto ruler of England.
1483 Coronation of Charles VIII of France (Charles l’Affable).
1509 Battle of Agnadello: French forces defeated the Venetians.
1608 The Protestant Union was founded in Auhausen.
1610 Henry IV of France was assassinated bringing Louis XIII to the throne.
1643 Four-year-old Louis XIV became King of France upon the death of his father, Louis XIII.
1727 Thomas Gainsborough, English artist ,was born (d. 1788).
1747 A British fleet under Admiral George Anson defeated the French at first battle of Cape Finisterre.
1796 Edward Jenner administered the first smallpox vaccination.
1804 The Lewis and Clark Expedition departed from Camp Dubois and began its journey by traveling up the Missouri River.
1811 Paraguay gained independence from Spain.
1836 The Treaties of Velasco were signed.
1861 The Canellas meteorite, an 859-gram chondrite type meteorite, struck the earth near Barcelona.
1863 American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson.
1866 – The General Grant, sailing from Melbourne to London, hit cliffs on the west coast of the main island in the subantarctic Auckland Islands.
1868 Japanese Boshin War: end of the Battle of Utsunomiya Castle.
1870 The first game of rugby in New Zealand was played in Nelson between Nelson College and the Nelson Rugby Football Club.
1879 The first group of 463 Indian indentured labourers arrives in Fiji aboard the Leonidas.
1889 The children’s charity the NSPCC was launched in London.
1907 The Plunket Society was formed.
1908 – Betty Jeffrey, Australian nurse and author was born (d. 2000).
1913 New York Governor William Sulzer approved the charter for theRockefeller Foundation, which began operations with a $100 million donation from John D. Rockefeller.
1925 Virginia Woolf‘s novel Mrs Dalloway was published.
1926 Eric Morecambe, British comedian, was born (d. 1984).
1927 Cap Arcona was launched at the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg.
1929 Barbara Branden, Canadian writer and lecturer, was born.
1929 – Wilfred Rhodes took his 4000th first-class wicket during a performance of 9 for 39 at Leyton.
1931 Ådalen shootings: five people were killed in Ådalen, Sweden, as soldiers open fired on an unarmed trade union demonstration.
1935 The Philippines ratified an independence agreement.
1939 Lina Medina became the world’s youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five.
1940 – Chay Blyth, Scottish sailor and rower, was born.
1940 ‘H’. (Herbert) Jones, British Soldier (VC recipient), was born (d. 1982).
1940 World War II: Rotterdam was bombed by the German Luftwaffe.
1940 World War II: The Netherlands surrendered to Germany.
1940 The Yermolayev Yer-2, a long-range Soviet medium bomber, has its first flight.
1941 – The minesweeper HMS Puriri was the second victim of mines laid off the Northland coast by the German raider Orion.
1943 A Japanese submarine sank AHS Centaur off the coast of Queensland.
1948 Israel was declared to be an independent state and a provisional government established.
1955 Cold War: Eight communist bloc countries signed a mutual defense treaty -the Warsaw Pact.
1960 – Frank Nobilo, New Zealand golfer was born.
1960 – Ronan Tynan, Irish tenor, was born.
1961 American civil rights movement: The Freedom Riders bus was fire-bombed near Anniston, Alabama, and the civil rights protesters were beaten by an angry mob.
1966 Fabrice Morvan, French music artist (Milli Vanilli), was born.
1970 The Red Army Faction was established in Germany.
1973 Human Space Flight: Skylab, the United States’ first space stationwas launched.
1975 Carlos Spencer, New Zealand rugby player, was born.
1984 – Mark Zuckerberg, American computer programmer and businessman, co-founded Facebook, was born.
1986 Pride of Baltimore was lost at sea.
1988 Carrollton bus collision: a drunk driver travelling the wrong way hit a converted school bus carrying a church youth group killing 27.
2004 The Constitutional Court of South Korea overturned the impeachment of President Roh Moo-hyun.
2005 The former USS America, a decommissioned supercarrier was deliberately sunk in the Atlantic Ocean after four weeks of live-fire exercises.
2012 – Agni Air Flight CHT crashed near Jomsom Airport in Jomsom, Nepal, after a failed go-around, killing 15 people.
2013 – Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in the northeast states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa due to the terrorist activities of Boko Haram.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia