It isn’t where you came from, it’s where you’re going that counts. – Ella Fitzgerald who was born on this day in 1918
1214 King Louis IX of France was born (d. 1270).
1228 Conrad IV of Germany was born (d. 1254).
1284 King Edward II of England was born (d. 1327).
1599 Oliver Cromwell, English statesman, was born (d. 1658).
1607 Eighty Years’ War: The Dutch fleet destroyed the anchored Spanish fleet at Gibraltar.
1707 The Habsburg army was defeated by Bourbon army at Almansa in the War of the Spanish Succession.
1775 Charlotte of Spain, Spanish Infanta and queen of Portugal, was born (d. 1830).
1792 Highwayman Nicolas J. Pelletier became the first person executed by guillotine.
1846 Thornton Affair: Open conflict began over the disputed border of Texas, triggering the Mexican-American War.
1847 The last survivors of the Donner Party were out of the wilderness.
1849 The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, sigeds the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal’s English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.
1859 British and French engineers broke ground for the Suez Canal.
1862 American Civil War: Forces under Union Admiral David Farragutcaptured the Confederate city of New Orleans, Louisiana.
1864 American Civil War: The Battle of Marks’ Mills.
1873 Walter de la Mare, English poet, was born (d. 1956).
1898 Spanish-American War: The United States declared war on Spain.
1901 New York became the first U.S. state to require automobile license plates.
1905 George Nepia, New Zealand rugby player was born (d. 1986).
1915 New Zealand troops landed at Gallipoli.
1916 Easter Rebellion: The United Kingdom declared martial law in Ireland.
1916 – Anzac Day was commemorated for the first time, on the first anniversary of the landing at Anzac Cove.
1917 Ella Fitzgerald, American singer, was born (d. 1996).
1927 Albert Uderzo, French cartoonist, was born.
1929 Yvette Williams First New Zealand woman to win an Olympic gold medal, was born.
1932 Foundation of the Korean People’s Army of North Korea. “4.25″ appeared on the flags of the KPA Ground Force and the KPA Naval Force.
1932 William Roache, British television actor (Coronation Street), was born.
1938 U.S. Supreme Court delivereds opinion in Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins and overturned a century of federal common law.
1940 Al Pacino, American actor, was born.
1943 The Demyansk Shield for German troops in commemoration of Demyansk Pocket was instituted.
1944 The United Negro College Fund was incorporated.
1945 Elbe Day: United States and Soviet troops met in Torgau along the River Elbe, cutting the Wehrmacht in two, a milestone in the approaching end of World War II in Europe.
1945 – The Nazi occupation army surrendered and left Northern Italy after a general partisan insurrection by the Italian resistance movement; the puppet fascist regime dissolved and Mussolini tried to escape. This day is taken as symbolic of the Liberation of Italy.
1945 Last German troops retreated from Finland’s soil in Lapland, ending the Lapland War.
1948 Yu Shyi-kun, former Premier of Taiwan, was born.
1953 Francis Crick and James D. Watson published Molecular structure of nucleic acids: a structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid describing the double helix structure of DNA.
1959 The St. Lawrence Seaway, linking the North American Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean, officially opened to shipping.
1963 – a six-strong New Zealand civilian surgical team arrived in Qui Nhon, South Vietnam as part of the Colombo Plan assistance programme.
1966 The city of Tashkent was destroyed by a huge earthquake.
1972 Vietnam War: Nguyen Hue Offensive – The North Vietnamese 320th Division forced 5,000 South Vietnamese troops to retreat and traps about 2,500 others northwest of Kontum.
1974 Carnation Revolution: A leftist military coup in Portugal restored democracy after more than forty years as a corporate authoritarian state.
1975 As North Vietnamese forces closed in on the South Vietnamese capital Saigon, the Australian Embassy was closed and evacuated, almost ten years to the day since the first Australian troop commitment to South Vietnam.
1976 Chicago Cubs’ outfielder, Rick Monday, rescued the American flag from two protestors who had run on to the field at Dodger Stadium. The two people covered the flag In lighter fluid but before the match was put to the flag, Monday, sprinted in and grabbed it away from them.
1981 More than 100 workers were exposed to radiation during repairs of a nuclear power plant in Tsuruga.
1982 Israel completed its withdrawal from the Sinai peninsula per theCamp David Accords.
1983 American schoolgirl Samantha Smith was invited to visit the Soviet Union by its leader Yuri Andropov after he read her letter in which she expressed fears about nuclear war.
1983 – Pioneer 10 traveled beyond Pluto’s orbit.
1986 Mswati III was crowned King of Swaziland, succeeding his father Sobhuza II.
1988 In Israel, John Demjanuk was sentenced to death for war crimes committed in World War II.
1990 The Hubble Telescope was deployed into orbit from the Space Shuttle Discovery.
2003 The Human Genome Project came to an end 2.5 years before first anticipated.
2005 The final piece of the Obelisk of Axum was returned to Ethiopia after being stolen by the invading Italian army in 1937.
2005 Bulgaria and Romania signed accession treaties to join the European Union.
2007 Boris Yeltsin‘s funeral – the first to be sanctioned by the Russian Orthodox Church for a head of state since the funeral of Emperor Alexander III in 1894.
2010: Flight Lieutenant Madsen, Flying Officer Dan Gregory and Corporal Ben Carson, were killed when the Iroquois they were in crashed on its way to a Wellington Anzac Day service.
2011 – At least 300 people were killed in deadliest tornado outbreak in the Southern United States since the 1974 Super Outbreak.
2015 – Nearly 9,100 were killed after a massive 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal.
2015 – Riots broke out in Baltimore, Maryland following the death of Freddie Gray in police custody.
Sourced from NZ History Online, Wikipedia & Manawatu Standard
Mirkning – late twilight, dusk.
New Zealand’s three major export sectors- beef, lamb and dairy- may pass the $6/kg mark simultaneously at some stage this year, says ASB analyst Nathan Penny.
In his latest commodities report, Penny says that prices in the three sectors look similarly healthy.
“In fact, there is a better than fair chance that all three sectors surpass the $6/kg mark simultaneously at some stage this year, known as the Magical Triple 6.”
Dairy is already there; ASB milk price forecasts are sitting at $6.00/kgMS this season and $6.75/kgMS next season. . .
Syd swapping vintage tractors for old stamps – Sally Rae:
Stamps are likely to be a cheaper collecting option than tractors.
Once Syd McMann sells his collection of vintage tractors, implements and parts, he will be turning his attention to philatelic pursuits.
With five albums full already and another 5000 stamps yet to be dealt with, Mr McMann (86) expected that would keep him ”going” for the winter.
He has been busy recently preparing for the dispersal sale which will be held in the former Te Pari building in Humber St, Oamaru, on Saturday this weekend starting at 10.30am. PGG Wrightson agent Kelvin Wilson said the sale was ”unusual” for North Otago. . .
Home is where the cows are – Sally Rae:
Running his family’s dairy farm in South Otago was a long-term dream for Mathew Korteweg – not that he thought it would necessarily happen.
Mr Korteweg and his wife Catherine are now in their third season lower-order sharemilking on the Kaitangata property, milking 560 cows at the peak.
They say they are in the industry ”for the long haul”, armed with a solid plan and confidence in the future.
Still, they are expecting some headwinds each season, whether it involves compliance, health and safety or environmental factors. . .
Farmers learning from other farmers – Pam Tipa:
Farmers learn best from other farmers who have actually done it, says Extension 350 chairman Ken Hames.
The first clusters of the innovative Northland Extension 350 programme will start on June 1, says Hames.
In year one, a sheep and beef cluster will get underway in the Far North and two dairy clusters will be running, one near Kerikeri and one around Whangarei south. . .
Drop in forestry replanting due to assorted factors – Jim Childerstone:
A possible 5% reduction in forestry replanting could mostly be the result of owners of small woodlots (those smaller than 20ha) not replanting on cut-over sites.
Some of the blame also lies with corporate and large forest owners converting to other forms of land use, such as dairy, when irrigation has become available.
This is partly due to poor returns based on locality and size of areas planted under the post-1989 afforestation grant scheme.
There also appears to be some confusion with the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) carbon credits, introduced to supposedly encourage land owners to establish new woodlots. . .
This weekend marks the culmination of months of planning and preparation for the 22 finalists in the Share Farmer and Dairy Manager of the Year competitions, as finals judging gets underway for the 2017 New Zealand Dairy Industry Awards.
Two teams of three judges will travel the length and breadth of New Zealand over 8 days, spending time on each finalists’ farm and listening to presentations from them.
Beginning in Hawkes Bay-Wairarapa on 22 April, the judges will spend two hours with each Share Farmer of the Year finalist. The finalists will be able to showcase all aspects of their farming business and management styles, as well as off-farm interests. . .
A new seasonal livestock finance facility is aiming to address a gap in the market for low cost and flexible borrowing.
Carrfields Stockline, which has just been launched nationwide, was set up in response to a need among farmers for a simple, transparent and tailor-made finance solution with no hidden costs, said Donald Baines, National Livestock Commercial Manager at Carrfields Livestock.
“Following conversations with our customers it was clear that many of the finance packages on offer across the market didn’t suit their needs. So we’ve developed a product that offers flexibility over when livestock can be sold and to whom.” . .
Farming: Noun [farming-ing] The art of losing money while working 400 hours a month to feed people who think you are trying to kill them.
Humility is nothing but truth, and pride is nothing but lying. – Vincent de Paul who was born on this day in 1581
1184 BC – The Greeks entered Troy using the Trojan Horse (traditional date).
1533 William I of Orange was born (d. 1584), .
1581 Vincent de Paul, French saint was born (d. 1660),
1704 The first regular newspaper in the United States, the News-Letter, was published.
1815 Anthony Trollope, English novelist was born (d. 1882), .
1862 American Civil War: A flotilla commanded by Union Admiral David Farragut passed two Confederate forts on the Mississippi River on its way to capture New Orleans.
1877 Russo-Turkish War: Russia declared war on Ottoman Empire.
1898 The Spanish-American War: The United States declared war on Spain.
1900 – Elizabeth Goudge, English author and educator, was born (d. 1984).
1904 The Lithuanian press ban was lifted after almost 40 years.
1906 – Mimi Smith, English nurse, aunt and guardian of John Lennon, was born (d. 1991).
1907 Hersheypark, founded by Milton S. Hershey for the exclusive use of his employees, was opened.
1913 The Woolworth Building skyscraper in New York was opened.
1915 The Armenian Genocide began when Ottoman authorities arrested some 250 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders in Constantinople.:
1920 – King George V’s son, Edward, Prince of Wales (who later reigned briefly as Edward VIII), arrived in New Zealand partly to thank the Dominion for its contribution to the Empire’s war effort.
1922 New Zealand’s first Poppy Day.
1924 – Clement Freud, German-English radio host, academic, and politician, was born (d. 2009).
1926 The Treaty of Berlin was signed. Germany and the Soviet Union each pledged neutrality in the event of an attack on the other by a third party for the next five years.
1930 – José Sarney, Brazilian lawyer and politician, 25th President of Brazil, was born.
1933 – Claire Davenport, English actress, was born (d. 2002).
1934 – Shirley MacLaine, American actress, singer, and dancer, was born.
1940 – Sue Grafton, American author, was born.
1941 – A large number of civilians and Commonwealth troops, including New Zealanders, were killed boarding the Greek yacht Hellas at the port of Piraeus, near Athens.
1942 – Barbra Streisand, American singer, actress, and producer, was born.
1945 – Doug Clifford, American drummer and songwriter (Creedence Clearwater Revival, Creedence Clearwater Revisited, and Don Harrison Band), was born.
1947 – Josep Borrell, Spanish engineer and politician, 22nd President of the European Parliament, was born.
1947 – Denise Kingsmill, Baroness Kingsmill, New Zealand-English lawyer and politician, ws born.
1952 – Jean Paul Gaultier, French fashion designer, was born.
1953 Winston Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
1955 – The Bandung Conference ended Twenty-nine non-aligned nations of Asia and Africa finished a meeting that condemned colonialism, racism, and the Cold War.
1957 Suez Crisis: The Suez Canal was reopened following the introduction of UNEF peacekeepers to the region.
1959 – Paula Yates, British television host and author, was born (d. 2000).
1960 A severe earthquake shook Lar in Fars province, Iran, killing more than 200 people.
1961 The 17th century Swedish ship Vasa was salvaged.
1965 Civil war broke out in the Dominican Republic when Colonel Francisco Caamaño, overthrew the triumvirate that had been in power.
1967 – Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland said in a news conference that the enemy had “gained support in the United States that gave him hope that he could win politically that which he cannot win militarily.”
1970 The first Chinese satellite, Dong Fang Hong I, was launched.
1970 – The Gambia became a republic with Dawda Jawara as the first President.
1971 Soyuz 10 docked with Salyut 1.
1980 Eight U.S. servicemen died in Operation Eagle Claw as they attempted to end the Iran hostage crisis.
1990 STS-31: The Hubble Space Telescope was launched by the Space Shuttle Discovery.
1990 – Gruinard Island, Scotland, was officially declared free of the anthrax disease after 48 years of quarantine.
1993 – An IRA bomb devastated the Bishopsgate area of London.
1996 In the United States, the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 was introduced.
1997 – Lydia Ko, New Zealand golfer, was born.
2004 The United States lifted economic sanctions imposed on Libya 18 years previously, as a reward for its cooperation in eliminating weapons of mass destruction.
2005 Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger was inaugurated as the 265th Pope taking the name Pope Benedict XVI.
2005 Snuppy, the world’s first cloned dog was born in South Korea.
2006 King Gyanendra of Nepal gave into the demands of protesters and restored the parliament that he dissolved in 2002.
2007 Iceland announced that Norway would shoulder the defence of Iceland during peacetime.
2013 – A building collapsed near Dhaka, Bangladesh, killing 1,129 people and injuring 2,500 others.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Reflet – lustre or iridescence, especially on ceramics; colour caused by reflection.