Prosperity or egalitarianism – you have to choose. I favour freedom – you never achieve real equality anyway: you simply sacrifice prosperity for an illusion. – Mario Vargas Llosa who celebrates his 81st birthday today.
37 Roman Emperor Caligula accepted the titles of the Principate, entitled to him by the Senate.
193 – Roman Emperor Pertinax was assassinated by Praetorian Guards, who then sold the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus.
845 Paris was sacked by Viking raiders, probably under Ragnar Lodbrok, who collected a huge ransom in exchange for leaving.
1472 Fra Bartolommeo, Italian artist, was born (d. 1517).
1483 – Raphael, Italian painter and architect, was born (d. 1520).
1515 Saint Teresa of Avila, Spanish Carmelite nun, was born (d. 1582).
1750 Francisco de Miranda, Venezuelan revolutionary, was born (d. 1816).
1760 Thomas Clarkson, British abolitionist, was born (d. 1846).
1795 Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland, a northern fief of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceased to exist and became part of Imperial Russia.
1809 Peninsular War: France defeated Spain in the Battle of Medelin.
1834 The United States Senate censuresd President Andrew Jackson for his actions in de-funding the Second Bank of the United States.
1860 First Taranaki War: The Battle of Waireka started.
1871 The Paris Commune was formally establised.
1920 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak in the Great Lakes region and Deep South states.
1921 Dirk Bogarde, English actor, was born (d. 1999).
1935 Michael Parkinson, English broadcaster, was born.
1936 Mario Vargas Llosa, Peruvian author and politician, was born.
1939 Spanish Civil War: Generalissimo Francisco Franco conquered Madrid.
1941 Battle of Cape Matapan – British Admiral Andrew Browne Cunningham led the Royal Navy in the destruction of three major Italian heavy cruisers and two destroyers.
1942 Neil Kinnock, British politician, was born.
1946 The United States State Department released the Acheson-Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.
1946 Alejandro Toledo, former President of Peru, was born,
1948 John Evan, British musician (Jethro Tull), was born.
1948 – Milan Williams, American musician (The Commodores) was born (d. 2006).
1948 – Matthew Corbett, English retired actor, was born.
1955 New Zealand cricket experienced its darkest day, when its 11 batsman could muster only 26 runs against England at Eden Park.
1968 Brazilian high school student Edson Luís de Lima Souto was shot by the police in a protest for cheaper meals at a restaurant for low-income students.
1969 Greek poet and Nobel Prize laureate Giorgos Seferis made a statement on the BBC World Service opposing the junta in Greece.
1969 – The McGill français movement protest – the second largest protest in Montreal’s history with 10,000 trade unionists, leftist activists, CEGEP some McGill students at McGill’s Roddick Gates.
1978 – The US Supreme Court handed down a 5-3 decision in Stump v. Sparkman, 435 U.S. 349, a controversial case involving involuntary sterilization and judicial immunity.
1979 – Operators failed to recognise that a relief valve was stuck open in the primary coolant system of Three Mile Island’s Unit 2 nuclear reactor following an unexpected shutdown. As a result, enough coolant drained out of the system to allow the core to overheat and partially melt down.
1979 – The British House of Commons passed a vote of no confidenceagainst James Callaghan’s government, precipitating a general election.
1983 The Australia-New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement (ANZCERTA), better known as CER, was signed. It was New Zealand’s first comprehensive bilateral trade agreement – and one of the first agreements of this kind in the world.
1990 President George H. W. Bush posthumously awarded Jesse Owensthe Congressional Gold Medal.
1994 Zulus and African National Congress supporters battled in central Johannesburg, resulting in 18 deaths.
1999 – Kosovo War: Serb paramilitary and military forces killed 146 Kosovo Albanians in the Izbica massacre.
2000 A Murray County, Georgia, school bus was hit by a CSX freight train which killed three children.
2003 In a “friendly fire” incident, two A-10 Thunderbolt II attack aircraft from the Idaho Air National Guard’s 190th Fighter Squadron attacked British tanks participating in the invasion of Iraq, killing British soldierMatty Hull.
2005 The 2005 Sumatran earthquake rocked Indonesia, and at magnitude 8.7 was the second strongest earthquake since 1965.
2006 At least 1 million union members, students and unemployed took to the streets in France in protest at the government’s proposed First Employment Contract law.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Abstruse – difficult to penetrate or understand; obscure.
24-hour shearing marathon for suicide prevention raises thousands – Leighton Keith:
The buzz of clippers went silent and was replaced by cheers and applause in a Taranaki woolshed as a 24-hour shearing marathon came to an end.
The event, held just out of Whangamomona on Sunday, had been organised by John Herlihy to raise awareness for suicide prevention following the death of his son Michael in January 2016.
Michael’s death, a suspected suicide, shocked New Zealand’s close knit shearing community and came just 10 days before he and his five brothers, Paul, Mark, Craig, Tim and Dean were planning to set a new world record by shearing 3000 lambs in just eight hours. . .
Linkwater dairy farmers Jason and Amber Templeman entered the region’s leading environment awards to show the positive aspects of the dairy industry, they say.
“The dairy industry has been getting a lot of bad publicity over environment standards,” Jason says.
“Entering the awards was an opportunity for us to show what the dairy industry was doing positively.” . .
In the field – Guy Williams:
For the past two summers, teams of academics and students from the University of Otago have made field trips into a stretch of spectacular high country between Arrowtown and Lake Wanaka. Queenstown reporter Guy Williams finds out what they are up to.
It is a glorious morning after a night of wind, rain and broken sleep at the Skippers camping ground.
On the final day of a three-day field trip to Coronet Peak Station, two University of Otago summer bursary students are helping Dr Christoph Matthaei, a freshwater ecologist from the university’s zoology department, take water samples from a tributary of the Shotover River.
The hustle and bustle of Queenstown is only 20km to the south, but in this gully on the flanks of the Harris Mountains, it feels like the middle of nowhere.
The trio are on the western edge of Mahu Whenua (Healing the Land), the name given to a vast tract of country encompassing four high country stations stretching from Arrowtown most of the way to Wanaka’s Glendhu Bay. . .
Commodity prices hide ‘solid’ Fonterra performance – Dene Mackenzie:
Volatile commodity prices hid a solid performance from dairy company Fonterra when it reported its first-half profit last week, Forsyth Barr broker Lyn Howe said.
In a detailed analysis of the result, Ms Howe said Fonterra had continued to shift volume from commodity areas towards its higher value consumer and foodservice business.
Fonterra posted normalised earnings of $607million for the six months ended January, down 9% on the previous corresponding period. The result was ahead of Forsyth Barr expectations. . .
Yili expects more jobs as plant grows – Shannon Gillies:
A promise of more jobs came from dairy giant Yili as it celebrated the opening of its stage two development at its Glenavy production plant on Saturday.
Official celebrations were in Auckland, but Glenavy and surrounding areas should be gearing up for employment opportunities at the Oceania Dairy production plant, a company spokeswoman said.
She said while stage two was not operational, it was due to be ready for production in August. . .
The feature of the South Island wool sale on Thursday was the sale of a small amount of merino wool offered by Rata Peaks Station, Ashburton, CP Wool spokesman Roger Fuller said.
The wool created heated demand from exporters. A line of merino hogget 17.7 micron reached 3104c clean and 1900c greasy.
”This was on the back of the Australian market reaching highs not seen for many years.” . .
The 2018 New Zealand Dairy Industry Awards are heading south!
At the Southland-Otago Dairy Industry Awards dinner on Saturday in Invercargill, it was announced that the 2018 New Zealand Dairy Industry Awards will hold their national awards dinner at ILT Stadium in Invercargill on 12 May 2018.
The last time the Nationals were held in the South Island was 2011, when they were held in Queenstown.
The awards oversee the Share Farmer of the Year, Dairy Manager of the Year and Dairy Trainee of the Year competitions. . .
Quite casually I wander into my plot, poke around with my characters for a while, then amble off, leaving no moral proved and no reader improved. – Thorne Smith who was born on this day in 1892.
He’s the author or Night Life of the Gods, a book that still makes me laugh out loud after many rereadings. That might disprove the quote because laughing leaves me much improved.
I haven’t watched the film which was adapted from the book and having enjoyed the reading so much and so often I’m not sure I want to watch it, but should you wish to have a peek you’ll find it on here on YouTube.
196 BC Ptolemy V ascended to the throne of Egypt.
1306 Robert The Bruce was crowned King of Scotland at Scone.
1309 Pope Clement V excommunicated Venice and all its population.
1613 The first English child born in Canada at Cuper’s Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy.
1625 Charles I became King of England, Scotland and Ireland as well as claiming the title King of France.
1724 – Jane Colden, American botanist and author, was born (d. 1766).
1734 – Lady Diana Beauclerk, English painter and illustrator (d. 1808)
1745 – Lindley Murray, American-English Quaker and grammarian (d. 1826)
1782 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1794 The United States Government established a permanent navy and authorized the building of six frigates.
1794 Denmark and Sweden formed a neutrality compact.
1814 War of 1812: Forces under General Andrew Jackson defeated the Creek at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.
1814 – Charles Mackay, Scottish journalist, anthologist, and author, was born(d. 1889)
1820 – Edward Augustus Inglefield, English admiral and explorer, was born (d. 1894)
1836 Texas Revolution: Goliad massacre – Antonio López de Santa Anna ordered the Mexican army to kill about 400 Texans at Goliad, Texas.
1836 Kirtland Temple in Ohio was dedicated in an 8 hour long service led by Joseph Smith, Jr. and Sidney Rigdon.
1839 – John Ballance, Irish-New Zealand journalist and politician, 14th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1893)
1846 Mexican-American War: Siege of Fort Texas.
1851 – First reported sighting of the Yosemite Valley by Europeans.
1852 – Jan van Beers, Belgian painter and illustrator, was born (d. 1927).
1854 Crimean War: The United Kingdom declared war on Russia.
1863 Sir Henry Royce, English automobile pioneer, was born (d. 1933).
1871 The first international rugby football match, England v. Scotland, was played in Edinburgh at Raeburn Place.
1878 – Kathleen Scott, British sculptor, was born (d. 1947).
1879 – Sándor Garbai, Hungarian politician, 19th Prime Minister of Hungary, was born (d. 1947)
1883 English Salvation Army officers, Captain George Pollard and Lieutenant Edward Wright, arrived at Port Chalmers on a mission to establish a New Zealand branch of the quasi-military Christian evangelical movement, which had been founded in the slums of London’s East End in 1865.
1883 – Dimitrios Semsis, Greek violinist, was born (d. 1950).
1885 – Julio Lozano Díaz, Honduran accountant and politician, 40th President of Honduras, was born (d. 1957).
1886 Apache warrior, Geronimo, surrendered to the U.S. Army, ending the main phase of the Apache Wars.
1890 – Frederick Dalrymple-Hamilton, Scottish admiral, was born (d. 1974).
1892 – Thorne Smith, American author, was born (d. 1934).
1899 Gloria Swanson, American actress, was born (d. 1983).
1901 – Eisaku Satō, Japanese politician, 61st Prime Minister of Japan, Nobel Prize laureate, was born (d. 1975)
1901 – Kenneth Slessor, Australian journalist and poet, was born (d. 1971)
1906 The Alpine Club of Canada was founded in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
1910 A fire during a barn-dance in Ököritófülpös, Hungary, killed 312.
1912 James Callaghan, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was born (d. 2005).
1917 Cyrus Vance, American politician, was born (d. 2002).
1922 – Dick King-Smith, English author, was born (d. 2011).
1924 Sarah Vaughan, American singer, was born (d. 1990).
1931 David Janssen, American actor, was born (d. 1980).
1938 The Battle of Taierzhuang.
1941 Yugoslavian Air Force officers toppled the pro-axis government in a bloodless coup.
1943 Battle of the Komandorski Islands – In the Aleutian Islands battle started when United States Navy forces intercepted Japanese attempting to reinforce a garrison at Kiska.
1944 – Alan C. Gilmore, New Zealand astronomer and academic, was born.
1945 Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan’s ports and waterways began.
1950 Tony Banks, English musician (Genesis), was born.
1955 – Mariano Rajoy, Spanish lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Spain, was born.
1958 Nikita Khrushchev became Premier of the Soviet Union.
1959 Andrew Farriss, Australian musician (INXS), was born.
1963 Beeching axe: Dr. Richard Beeching issued a report calling for huge cuts to the United Kingdom’s rail network.
1964 The Good Friday Earthquake, the most powerful earthquake in U.S. history at a magnitude of 9.2 struck South Central Alaska, killing 125 people and inflicting massive damage to the city of Anchorage.
1969 Mariner 7 was launched.
1970 Concorde made its first supersonic flight.
1970 – Mariah Carey, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress, was born.
1975 – Andrew Blowers, New Zealand rugby player, All Black, was born.
1975 Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System began.
1975 Fergie, American pop singer (The Black Eyed Peas), was born.
1976 The first 4.6 miles of the Washington Metro subway system opened.
1977 Tenerife disaster: Two Boeing 747 airliners collided on a foggy runway on Tenerife in the Canary Islands, killing 583 (all 248 on KLM and 335 on Pan Am). 61 survived on the Pan Am flight.
1980 The Norwegian oil platform Alexander Kielland collapsed in the North Sea, killing 123 of its crew of 212.
1980 Silver Thursday: A steep fall in silver prices, resulting from the Hunt Brothers attempting to corner the market in silver, led to panic on commodity and futures exchanges.
1984 Ernie Abbott, the caretaker at Wellington’s Trades Hall, was killed instantly when he moved a booby-trapped suitcase.
1984 – Ben Franks, Australian-born New Zealand rugby player, All Black, was born.
1986 A car bomb exploded at Russell Street Police HQ in Melbourne, killing 1 police officer and injuring 21 people.
1990 The United States begins broadcasting TV Martí to Cuba in an effort to bridge the information blackout imposed by the Castro regime.
1993 Jiang Zemin was appointed President of the People’s Republic of China.
1993 – Italian former minister and Christian Democracy leader Giulio Andreotti was accused of mafia allegiance by the tribunal of Palermo.
1994 – The Eurofighter took its first flight in Manching, Germany.
1998 The Food and Drug Administration approved Viagra for use as a treatment for male impotence.
1999 An F-117 Nighthawk was shot down during the Kosovo War.
2002 – Passover massacre: A Palestinian suicide bomber kills 29 people partaking of the Passover meal in Netanya, Israel.
2004 HMS Scylla (F71), a decommissioned Leander class frigate, was sunk as an artificial reef off Cornwall, the first of its kind in Europe.
2009 – Situ Gintung, an artificial lake in Indonesia, failed killing at least 99 people.
2009 – A suicide bomber killed at least 48 at a mosque in the Khyber Agency of Pakistan.
2013 – A 6.0-magnitude earthquake struck near Taipei, Taiwan, injuring 97 people.
2013 – Canada became the first country to announce its intention to withdraw from the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.
2014 – Philippines signed a peace accord with the largest Muslim rebel group, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, ending decades of conflict.
2015 – Al-Shabab militants attacked and temporarily occupied a Mogadishu hotel leaving at least 20 people dead.
2016 – A suicide blast in Gulshan-e-Iqbal Park, Lahore claimed more than 70 lives and left almost 300 others injured. The target of the bombing were Christians celebrating Easter.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Pulchritudinous – breathtakingly, heartbreakingly beautiful; comely.