Clodpole – an awkward, or clumsy person; a foolish or stupid person; blockhead.
Thank you Andrei.
Clodpole – an awkward, or clumsy person; a foolish or stupid person; blockhead.
Thank you Andrei.
Once you’ve seen one rugby joke you’ve seen a maul, but apropos of tomorrow’s final:
The Springboks were flying home from the World Cup when their plane lost an engine. The pilot came over the loudspeakers and informed everyone, but insisted that this was alright as they had another and it was more than capable of reaching their destination.
As soon as he finished on the microphone the second engine blew and he came back on informing everyone that it was time to make their peace.
The South African captain then led his team and others on the plane in prayer. The plane crashed and they all went to heaven.
By coincidence, this was the day before the annual Heaven versus Hell Rugby match.
Saint Peter who was Heaven’s team coach saw his opportunity and called the Devil.
“I was thinking about tomorrow’s game and thought of increasing the normal stakes,” he said.
The devil replied, “I’m a betting man, what do you have in mind?”
“How about we double the bet to 200 souls?” St Peter said.
“You’ve got a deal,” the Devil replies.
St Peter sniggered slightly, which made the Devil’s ears prick up.
“You’re up to something, I can tell, what is it?” he said.
St Peter told him he’d find out tomorrow.
“Look, our bet’s made and you know I won’t back out of it, tell me,” the Devil said.
“OK, I have the entire Springbok side,” St Peter said with a grin.
“That’s alright, did you forget that I still have all the referees?” the Devil responded.
In a fairy tale the All Blacks would win tomorrow morning’s match and claim the Rugby World Cup again.
As Gregor Paul wrote before last week’s semi-final, the ABs are the better men:
. . . Results have been hugely important, but he doesn’t want them to be the sole mechanism by which his team is judged. Nearly as important is the manner in which his team conduct themselves.
Whatever the result tomorrow, the All Blacks won’t rush to leave Twickenham. There is post-match protocol to observe and that is not just the media and drug-testing obligations.
The All Blacks post-match protocol looks just like it did 30 years ago, because Hansen has placed considerable importance on his team embracing what can only be called old-school values.
The stakes couldn’t be higher, the pressure couldn’t be greater but Hansen can’t see why that should prevent rugby tradition from being observed.
The game was fostered on a spirit of fraternity and shared experience and to not observe that is to disrespect a core tenet of the game. The third half, as the French call it, has always been rugby’s greatest point of difference.
If no one bothered to engage with the opposition; to put aside the past 80 minutes and realise that everyone involved is chasing the same dream and united by the same beliefs, how long before rugby would morph into football in regard to culture and attitudes?
How long before players would leave the ground with barely a nod and a handshake, jump into expensive sports cars, already having forgotten who they have played and still not certain they know the first name of all the players in their own team?
Hansen has made a stand to preserve the parts of rugby that make it the game it is. “One of the important things to me about rugby is enjoying it,” he says. “When you are in such a big pressure cooker as the All Blacks, it can easily be lost.
“The first thing we had to acknowledge was to stop and enjoy each test. We do that sensibly but we acknowledge we have played another group of men who have tried to do what we have done. So we say, ‘would you guys like to come in? [to our changing room]’.
“Not all teams accept that. Some do and South Africa are one that always comes in. When we are over there we go in. When I played, some of the best moments in rugby were with the guys who you have just gone 80 minutes with and you find out they are just like us. They are ordinary guys and you make lifelong friendships.”
The extent to how the old-school culture pervades has been striking at this World Cup. The All Blacks, tournament favourites and loaded with superstars, have been impeccably professional on the field, proudly amateur in ethos off it. . . .
For the last part of the past decade things were worse because the All Blacks’ schedule was dominated by tests against the Wallabies.
The relationship between the two was strained, awkward and, at times, plain awful. The Wallabies rejected an invitation to join the All Blacks in their changing room after a 2010 test in Christchurch. A few months later in Hong Kong they accepted – after they had won in the last minute and had aggressively and endlessly celebrated. The invitation hadn’t been accepted so they could genuinely reflect on the test but seemed to be more about taking the opportunity to gloat. It was a powerful moment – confirming for Hansen that if he ever landed the top job, he would instil in his players the courage and depth of character to be the same person regardless of outcome.
“When you play really well and get beaten you have to accept it,” he says. “You can’t change it – it has happened, you have had your chance and you have to do that with the same humbleness that you do winning. We have got to respect the way we want to be respected ourselves and there is nothing worse than seeing a winner gloating or a team that loses sulking.
“It is okay to hurt but you don’t have to be arrogant and I think rugby is a great game in teaching you some core values of being grateful and being humble.
“I don’t think it is driven by being liked. It is driven by that’s how we want to live. That’s the identity we believe the legacy of the All Blacks has demanded from us. It is really important to us that we live that way – that identity and those values all the time.” . .
Both teams have so much to play for but the All Blacks have the added incentive of giving captain Richie McCaw a win and several others a win in what is expected to be their final game in the team.
Life isn’t always like a fairy tale but all fingers and toes are crossed that tomorrow’s match will finish that way for the All Blacks.
Saturday’s soapbox is yours to use as you will – within the bounds of decency and absence of defamation. You’re welcome to look back or forward, discuss issues of the moment, to pontificate, ponder or point us to something of interest, to educate, elucidate or entertain, amuse, bemuse or simply muse but not to abuse.
Reading is to the mind what exercise is to the body – Joseph Addison
475 Romulus Augustulus was proclaimed Western Roman Emperor.
1517 Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posted his 95 theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg.
1587 Leiden University Library opened.
1795 John Keats, British poet, was born (d. 1821).
1860 Juliette Low, American founder of the Girl Scouts (d. 1927)
1861 American Civil War: Citing failing health, Union General Winfield Scott resigned as Commander of the United States Army.
1863 The Land Wars resumed as British forces in New Zealand led byGeneral Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of the Waikato.
1864 Nevada was admitted as the 36th U.S. state.
1876 A monster cyclone ravaged India, resulting in over 200,000 deaths.
1887 Chiang Kai-shek, Nationalist Chinese leader, former Republic of China president, was born(d. 1975).
1908 Muriel Duckworth, Canadian activist, was born (d. 2009).
1913 Dedication of the Lincoln Highway, the first road across the United States.
1913 – The Indianapolis Street Car Strike and subsequent riot began.
1917 World War I: Battle of Beersheba – “last successful cavalry charge in history”.
1918 Banat Republic was founded.
1920 Dick Francis, British jockey-turned-novelist, was born (d. 2010).
1923 The first of 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees at Marble Bar, Western Australia.
1924 World Savings Day was announced in Milan by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks).
1926 Magician Harry Houdini died of gangrene and peritonitis that developed after his appendix ruptured.
1931 Dan Rather, American television journalist, was born.
1938 Great Depression: In an effort to restore investor confidence, theNew York Stock Exchange unveiled a fifteen-point programme aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.
1940 The Battle of Britain ended.
1941 After 14 years of work, drilling was completed on Mount Rushmore.
1941 The destroyer USS Reuben James was torpedoed by a German U-boat near Iceland, killing more than 100 United States Navy sailors.
1943 World War II: An F4U Corsair accomplished the first successfulradar-guided interception.
1949 Bob Siebenberg, American drummer (Supertramp), was born.
1954 Algerian War of Independence: The Algerian National Liberation Front began a revolt against French rule.
1956 Suez Crisis: The United Kingdom and France began bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.
1963 An explosion at the Indiana State Fair Coliseum (now Pepsi Coliseum) in Indianapolis killed 74 people during an ice skating show.
1968 Vietnam War October surprise: Citing progress with the Paris peace talks, US President Lyndon B. Johnson announced he had ordered a complete cessation of “all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam” effective November 1.
1973 Mountjoy Prison helicopter escape. Three Provisional Irish Republican Army members escaped from Mountjoy Prison aboard a hijacked helicopter.
1984 Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two security guards.
1985 Keri Hulme’s novel The Bone People won the Booker Prize.
1986 The 5th congress of the Communist Party of Sweden was inaugurated. During the course of the congress the party name is changed to the Solidarity Party and the party ceases to be a communist party.
1994 An American Eagle ATR-72 crashed in Roselawn, Indiana, after circling in icy weather, killing 68 passengers and crew.
1998 Iraq disarmament crisis began: Iraq announced it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.
1999 EgyptAir Flight 990 crashed off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, killing all 217 on-board.
1999 – Yachtsman Jesse Martin returned to Melbourne after 11 months of circumnavigating the world, solo, non-stop and unassisted.
2000 Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 Flight 006 collided with construction equipment upon takeoff in Taipei, Taiwan killing 79 passengers and four crew members.
2000 – A chartered Antonov An-26 exploded after takeoff in Northern Angola killing 50.
2002 A federal grand jury in Houston, Texas indicts former Enron Corp. chief financial officer Andrew Fastow on 78 counts of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of his ex-employer.
2014 – Virgin Galactic’s SpaceShipTwo crashed in the Mojave Desert during a test flight,
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Nithing – an exceptionally vile, despicable person; someone completely without honour; coward; villain; a person who breaks the law or a code of honour; an outlaw.
Andrei and J Bloggs posed the questions, for which they get my thanks.
If they stumped us all they can claim a virtual round of Whitestone Windsor Blue by leaving the answers below.
Literature is news that stays news. – Ezra Pound who was born on this day in 1840.
And a bonus quote from him apropos the lack of civilisation in too many places:
A civilized man is one who will give a serious answer to a serious question. Civilization itself is a certain sane balance of values.
1137 Battle of Rignano between Ranulf of Apulia and Roger II of Sicily.
1270 The Eighth Crusade and siege of Tunis ended by an agreement between Charles I of Sicily and the sultan of Tunis.
1340 Battle of Rio Salado.
1470 Henry VI returned to the English throne after Earl of Warwick defeated the Yorkists in battle.
1485 King Henry VII was crowned.
1501 Ballet of Chestnuts – a banquet held by Cesare Borgia in the Papal Palace with fifty prostitutes or courtesans in attendance for the entertainment of the guests.
1735 John Adams, second President of the United States, was born (d. 1826).
1751 Richard Sheridan, Irish playwright, was born(d. 1816).
1831 Escaped slave Nat Turner was captured and arrested for leading the bloodiest slave rebellion in United States history.
1863 Danish Prince Wilhelm arrived in Athens to assume his throne as George I, King of the Hellenes.
1864 Second war of Schleswig ended. Denmark renounced all claim to Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg, which come under Prussian and Austrian administration.
1865 The Native Land Court was created.
1894 Domenico Melegatti obtained a patent for a procedure to be applied in producing pandoro industrially.
1896 Kostas Karyotakis, Greek poet, was born (d. 1928).
1905 Czar Nicholas II of Russia granted Russia’s first constitution, creating a legislative assembly.
1918 A petition with more than 240,000 signatures was presented to Parliament, demanding an end to the manufacture and sale of alcohol in New Zealand.
1918 The Ottoman Empire signed an armistice with the Allies, ending the First World War in the Middle East.
1920 The Communist Party of Australia was founded in Sydney.
1922 Benito Mussolini was made Prime Minister of Italy.
1929 The Stuttgart Cable Car was constructed.
1941 World War II: Franklin Delano Roosevelt approved U.S. $1 billion in Lend-Lease aid to the Allied nations.
1941 – 1,500 Jews from Pidhaytsi (in western Ukraine) were sent by Nazis to Belzec extermination camp.
1945 Jackie Robinson of the Kansas City Monarchs signed a contract for the Brooklyn Dodgers to break the baseball colour barrier.
1945 Henry Winkler, American actor, was born.
1947 The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which was the foundation of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), is founded.
1950 Pope Pius XII witnessed “The Miracle of the Sun” while at the Vatican.
1953 Cold War: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally approved the top secret document National Security Council Paper No. 162/2, which stated that the United States’ arsenal of nuclear weapons must be maintained and expanded to counter the communist threat.
1960 Diego Maradona, Argentine footballer, was born.
1960 Michael Woodruff performed the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.
1961 The Soviet Union detonated the hydrogen bomb Tsar Bomba over Novaya Zemlya; at 58 megatons of yield, it is still the largest explosive device ever detonated, nuclear or otherwise.
1961 – Because of “violations of Lenin’s precepts”, it was decreed that Joseph Stalin‘s body be removed from its place of honour inside Lenin’s tomb and buried near the Kremlin wall with a plain granite marker instead.
1970 In Vietnam, the worst monsoon to hit the area in six years causes large flooded, kills 293, leaves 200,000 homeless and virtually halts the Vietnam War.
1972 A collision between two commuter trains in Chicago, Illinois killed 45 and injured 332.
1973 The Bosporus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey was completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus for the first time.
1974 The Rumble in the Jungle boxing match between Muhammad Ali and George Foreman took place in Kinshasa, Zaire.
1975 Prince Juan Carlos became Spain’s acting head of state, taking over for the country’s ailing dictator, Gen. Francisco Franco.
1980 El Salvador and Honduras signed a peace treaty to put the border dispute fought over in 1969′s Football War before the International Court of Justice.
1983 The first democratic elections in Argentina after seven years of military rule.
1985 Space Shuttle Challenger lifted off for mission STS-61-A, its final successful mission.
1987 In Japan, NEC released the first 16-bit home entertainment system, the TurboGrafx-16, known as PC Engine.
1991 The Madrid Conference for Middle East peace talks opened.
1993 Greysteel massacre: The Ulster Freedom Fighters, a loyalist terrorist group, open fire on a crowded bar in Greysteel. Eight civilians were killed and thirteen wounded.
1995 Quebec sovereignists narrowly lost a referendum for a mandate to negotiate independence from Canada (vote is 50.6% to 49.4%).
2000 The last Multics machine was shut down.
2002 British Digital terrestrial television (DTT) Service Freeview begins transmitting in parts of the United Kingdom.
2005 The rebuilt Dresden Frauenkirche (destroyed in the firebombing of Dresden during World War II) was reconsecrated after a thirteen-year rebuilding project.
2013 – 45 people died after a bus fuel tank caught fire in the Indian city of Mahbubnagar.
2014 – Sweden became the first European Union member state to officially recognise the State of Palestine.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Telesthesia – an impression supposedly received at a distance without the normal operation of the organs of sense; supposed response to or perception of distant stimuli by extrasensory means.
While I’m blogging lighter, anyone else is welcome to pose the questions with no need to follow the five-question formula I used.
Anyone who stumps us all will win a virtual round of Whitestone Windsor Blue cheese (that goes beautifully with asparagus which is now in season).
Riche McCaw was born in Oamaru. He was brought up on the family farm in the Hakataramea Valley, and started his schooling and his rugby in Kurow .
The town is celebrating its favourite son and paying tribute to other All Blacks who once called this place home.
All fingers and toes are crossed that there will be a third bale with the kiwi skewering a wallaby added on Sunday.
I have found you an argument; I am not obliged to find you an understanding. – James Boswell who was born on this day in 1740.
539 BC – Cyrus the Great entered the city of Babylon and detained Nabonidus.
437 Valentinian III, Western Roman Emperor, married Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of his cousin Theodosius II, Eastern Roman Emperor in Constantinople unifying the two branches of the House of Theodosius.
1268 Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the Hohenstaufen dynasty of Kings of Germany and Holy Roman Emperors, was executed with his companion Frederick I, Margrave of Baden by Charles I of Sicily, a political rival and ally to the hostile Roman Catholic church.
1390 First trial for witchcraft in Paris leading to the death of three people.
1422 Charles VII of France became king.
1463 – Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician and philosopher, was born (d. 1512).
1467 Battle of Brustem: Charles the Bold defeated Liege.
1618 Sir Walter Raleigh was beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I.
1658 Action of 29 October (Naval battle).
1675 Leibniz made the first use of the long s (∫) as a symbol of the integral in calculus.
1740 James Boswell, Scottish biographer of Samuel Johnson was born (d. 1795).
1787 Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni received its first performance in Prague.
1863 Eighteen countries meeting in Geneva agreed to form theInternational Red Cross.
1863 American Civil War: Battle of Wauhatchie – forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant warded off a Confederate attack led by General James Longstreet.
1886 The first ticker-tape parade took place in New York City when office workers spontaneously threw ticker tape into the streets as the Statue of Liberty was dedicated.
1891 Fanny Brice, American singer (d. 1951), was born.
1894 SS Wairarapa was wrecked off Great Barrier Island.
1918 The German High Seas Fleet was incapacitated when sailorsmutinied on the night of the 29th-30th, an action which triggered the German revolution.
1921 The Link River Dam, a part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, was completed.
1922 Victor Emmanuel III, appointed Benito Mussolini Prime Minister.
1923 Turkey became a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire.
1929 The New York Stock Exchange crashed in the Crash of ’29 or “Black Tuesday”, ending the Great Bull Market of the 1920s and beginning the Great Depression.
1941 Holocaust: In the Kaunas Ghetto over 10,000 Jews were shot by German occupiers at the Ninth Fort, a massacre known as the “Great Action”.
1942 Holocaust: Leading British clergymen and political figures held a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany’s persecution of Jews.
1944 Denny Laine, English musician (Moody Blues, Ginger Baker’s Air Force, Wings), was born.
1944 The city of Breda in the Netherlands was liberated by 1st Polish Armoured Division.
1945 Getulio Vargas, president of Brazil, resigned.
1946 Peter Green, English guitarist (Fleetwood Mac), was born.
1947 Richard Dreyfuss, American actor, was born.
1948 Safsaf massacre.
1954 – Lee Child, English author was born.
1955 The Soviet battleship Novorossiisk struck a World War II mine in the harbor at Sevastopol.
1956 Suez Crisis began: Israeli forces invaded the Sinai Peninsula and pushed Egyptian forces back toward the Suez Canal.
1956 Tangier Protocol signed: The international city Tangier was reintegrated into Morocco.
1956 Kafr Qasim massacre: Israeli Border Police (Magav) shoot and kill 48 Arab civilians for unknowingly disobeying curfue orders imposed by Israeli army in Kafr Qasim, an Arab village.
1957 Israel’s prime minister David Ben Gurion and five of his ministers were injured when a hand grenade was tossed into Israel’s parliament, the Knesset.
1961 Syria left the United Arab Republic.
1964 Tanganyika and Zanzibar united to form the Republic of Tanzania.
1964 – A collection of irreplaceable gems, including the 565 carat (113 g)Star of India, was stolen from the American Museum of Natural History in New York.
1966 National Organization For Women was founded.
1967 Montreal’s World Fair, Expo 67, closed.
1969 The first-ever computer-to-computer link was established onARPANET, the precursor to the Internet.
1969 US Supreme Court ruled that school districts must end segregation “now and hereafter”.
1980 Demonstration flight of a secretly modified C-130 for an Iran hostage crisis rescue attempt ended in crash landing leading to cancellation of Operation Credible Sport.
1983 More than 500,000 people demonstrated against cruise missiles in The Hague.
1985 Major General Samuel K. Doe was announced the winner of the first multi-party election in Liberia.
1986 British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher opened the last stretch of the M25 motorway.
1991 The American Galileo spacecraft made its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid.
1995 The Hoax film Forgotten Silver screened.
1998 Apartheid: In South Africa, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission presented its report, which condemned both sides for committing atrocities.
1998 – Space Shuttle Discovery blasted off on STS-95 with 77-year old John Glenn on board, making him the oldest person to go into space.
1998 – ATSC HDTV broadcasting in the United States was inaugurated with the launch of STS-95 space shuttle mission.
1998 A Turkish Airline flight with a crew of 6 and 33 passengers was hijacked by a Kurdish militant who ordered the pilot to fly to Switzerland. The plane instead landed in Ankara after the pilot tricked the hijacker into thinking that he was landing in the Bulgarian capital of Sofia to refuel.
1998 – Hurricane Mitch, the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history, made landfall in Honduras.
1998 The Gothenburg nightclub fire in Sweden claimed 63 lives and injures 200
1999 A large cyclone devastated Orissa, India.
2002 Ho Chi Minh City ITC Inferno, a fire destroyed a luxurious department store where 1500 people shopping. Over 60 people died.
2004 The Arabic news network Al Jazeera broadcast an excerpt from avideo of Osama bin Laden in which the terrorist leader first admitted direct responsibility for the September 11, 2001 attacks and references the 2004 U.S. presidential election.
2004 In Rome, European heads of state signed the Treaty and Final Act establishing the first European Constitution.
2005 Delhi bombings killed more than 60.
2012 – Hurricane Sandy hit the east coast of the United States, killing 148 directly and 138 indirectly, while leaving nearly $70 billion in damages and causing major power outages.
2013 – Turkey opened a sea tunnel connecting Europe and Asia across the Bosphorus Strait in Istanbul.
2014 – A mudslide in south-central Sri Lanka killed at least 16 people.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Enervate – to deprive of or lessen force, strength or vitality; destroy the vigour of; weaken; wear our; lacking in energy or vitality.
But life has a habit of knocking you sideways so you have to be prepared to stand firm. Yes, from time to time I am a complete wreck, but I do my weeping silently, by myself. . . – Dame Cleo Laine who celebrates her 88th birthday today.
306 Maxentius was proclaimed Roman Emperor.
312 Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine I defeated Maxentius, becoming the sole Roman Emperor.
1466 Desiderius Erasmus, Dutch humanist and theologian, was born (d. 1536).
1510 Francis Borgia, Spanish duke and Jesuit priest, was born (d. 1572).
1516 Battle of Yaunis Khan: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeated the Mameluks near Gaza.
1531 Battle of Amba Sel: Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi again defeated the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia.
1538 The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, was established.
1628 The 14-month Siege of La Rochelle ended with the surrender of the Huguenots.
1636 A vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony established the first college in what became the United States, today known as Harvard University.
1664 The Duke of York and Albany’s Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, was established.
1707 The 1707 Hōei earthquake caused more than 5,000 deaths in Honshu, Shikoku and Kyūshū.
1776 American Revolutionary War: Battle of White Plains – British Army forces arrived at White Plains, attacked and captured Chatterton Hill from the Americans.
1834 The Battle of Pinjarra in the Swan River Colony – between 14 and 40 Aborigines were killed by British colonists.
1848 The first railway in Spain – between Barcelona and Mataró – was opened.
1885 Thomas Twyford built the first porcelain toilet.
1886 President Grover Cleveland dedicated the Statue of Liberty.
1890 – New Zealand’s first Labour Day celebrations were held.
1891 The Mino-Owari Earthquake, the largest earthquake in Japan’s history, struck Gifu Prefecture.
1903 Evelyn Waugh, English writer, was born (d. 1966)
1918 Czechoslovakia was granted independence from Austria-Hungary marking the beginning of independent Czechoslovak state, after 300 years.
1918 – New Polish government in Western Galicia was established.
1919 The U.S. Congress passed the Volstead Act over President Woodrow Wilson’s veto, paving the way for Prohibition to begin the following January.
1922 March on Rome: Italian fascists led by Benito Mussolini marched on Rome and take over the Italian government.
1929 Black Monday, major stock market upheaval during the Wall Street Crash of 1929.
1936 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt rededicated the Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary.
1940 World War II: Greece rejected Italy’s ultimatum. Italy invadedGreece through Albania, marking Greece’s entry into World War II.
1941 Hank Marvin, English guitarist (The Shadows) was born.
1942 The Alaska Highway (Alcan Highway) is completed through Canada to Fairbanks.
1948 Swiss chemist Paul Müller was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the insecticidal properties of DDT.
1954 The modern Kingdom of the Netherlands is re-founded as a federal monarchy.
1955 Bill Gates, American software executive, was born.
1960 Landon Curt Noll, Astronomer, Cryptographer and Mathematician: youngest to hold the world record for the largest known prime 3 times, was born.
1962 Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet Union leader Nikita Khrushchev announced he had ordered the removal of Soviet missile bases in Cuba.
1965 Nostra Aetate, the “Declaration on the Relation of the Church with Non-Christian Religions” of the Second Vatican Council, was promulgated by Pope Paul VI; it absolved the Jews of responsibility for the death of Jesus, reversing Innocent III’s 760 year-old declaration.
1965 – Construction on the St. Louis Arch was completed.
1967 Julia Roberts, American actress, was born.
1971 Britain launched its first satellite, Prospero, into low Earth orbit atop a Black Arrow carrier rocket.
1982 Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party won elections, leading to first Socialist government in Spain after death of Franco. Felipe Gonzalezbecame Prime Minister-elect.
1985 Sandinista Daniel Ortega became president of Nicaragua.
1995 289 people were killed and 265 injured in Baku Metro fire.
1998 An Air China jetliner was hijacked by disgruntled pilot Yuan Bin and flown to Taiwan.
2006 Funeral service for those executed at Bykivnia forest, outside Kiev, Ukraine. 817 Ukrainian civilians (out of some 100,000) executed by Bolsheviks at Bykivnia in 1930s – early 1940s were reburied.
2009 The 28 October 2009 Peshawar bombing killed 117 and wounds 213.
2009 – NASA successfully launched the Ares I-X mission, the only rocket launch for its later-cancelled Constellation programme.
2013 – 5 people were killed and 38 injured after a car crashed into barriers just outside the Forbidden City in Tiananmen Square, Beijing.
2014 – An unmanned Antares rocket carrying NASA’s Cygnus CRS Orb-3 resupply mission to the International Space Station exploded seconds after taking off from the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in Virginia.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Havelock – a covering attached to a cap to protect the neck from the sun or bad weather.
And by the way, everything in life is writable about if you have the outgoing guts to do it, and the imagination to improvise. The worst enemy to creativity is self-doubt. – Sylvia Plath –
312 Constantine the Great was said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross.
939 Edmund I succeeded Athelstan as King of England.
1275 Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam.
1524 Italian Wars: The French troops laid siege to Pavia.
1553 Condemned as a heretic, Michael Servetus was burned at the stake.
1644 Second Battle of Newbury in the English Civil War.
1728 James Cook, British naval captain and explorer, was born (d. 1779).
1795 The United States and Spain signed the Treaty of Madrid, which established the boundaries between Spanish colonies and the U.S.
1811 Isaac Singer, American inventor, was born (d. 1875).
1838 Missouri governor Lilburn Boggs issued the Extermination Order, which ordered all Mormons to leave the state or be exterminated.
1858 Theodore Roosevelt, 26th USA President, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, was born (d. 1919).
1870 Marshal François Achille Bazaine with 140,000 French soldiers surrendered to Prussian forces at Metz in one of the biggest French defeats of the Franco-Prussian War.
1904 The first underground New York City Subway line opened.
1914 Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet, was born (d. 1953).
1914 The British super-dreadnought battleship HMS Audacious (23,400 tons), was sunk off Tory Island by a minefield laid by the armed German merchant-cruiser Berlin.
1922 A referendum in Rhodesia rejected the country’s annexation to the South African Union.
1924 The Uzbek SSR was founded in the Soviet Union.
1932 Sylvia Plath, American poet, was born (d. 1963).
1939 John Cleese, British actor and writer, was born.
1943 New Zealanders from 8 Brigade, New Zealand 3rd Division, helped their American allies cleared Mono Island of its Japanese defenders.
1945 Luis Inácio Lula da Silva, President of Brazil, was born.
1950 Fran Lebowitz, American writer, was born.
1953 British nuclear test Totem 2 was carried out at Emu Field, South Australia.
1961 NASA launched the first Saturn I rocket in Mission Saturn-Apollo 1.
1962 Major Rudolf Anderson of the United States Air Force became the only direct human casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis when his U-2 reconnaissance airplane was shot down in Cuba by a Soviet-supplied SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile.
1964 Ronald Reagan delivered a speech “A Time for Choosing” which launched his political career.
1967 Catholic priest Philip Berrigan and others of the Baltimore Fourprotest the Vietnam War by pouring blood on Selective Service records.
1970 Alama Ieremia, All Black, was born.
1971 The Democratic Republic of the Congo was renamed Zaire.
1973 The Cañon City meteorite, a 1.4 kg chondrite type meteorite, struck in Fremont County, Colorado.
1981 The Soviet submarine U 137 ran aground on the east coast of Sweden.
1986 The British government suddenly deregulated financial markets, leading to a total restructuring of the way in which they operated in the country, in an event referred to as the Big Bang.
1988 Ronald Reagan decided to tear down the new U.S. Embassy in Moscow because of Soviet listening devices in the building structure.
1991 Turkmenistan achieved independence from the Soviet Union.
1992 United States Navy radioman Allen R. Schindler, Jr. was murdered by shipmate Terry M. Helvey for being gay.
1994 The U.S. prison population topped 1 million for the first time.
1994 Gliese 229B was the first Substellar Mass Object to be unquestionably identified.
1997 October 27, 1997 mini-crash: Stock markets around the world crashed because of fears of a global economic meltdown. The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 554.26 points to 7,161.15. For the first time, the New York Stock Exchange activated its “circuit breakers” twice during the day eventually making the controversial move of closing the Exchange early.
2005 Riots began in Paris after the deaths of two Muslim teenagers.
2005 The SSETI Express micro-satellite was successfully launched from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2011 – The Royal Australian Navy announced that they discovered the wreck of a World War II submarine in Simpson Harbour, Papua New Guinea during Operation RENDER SAFE.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia