421 – Constantius III became co-Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
1238 – The Mongols burned the Russian city of Vladimir.
1250 – Seventh Crusade: Crusaders engaged Ayyubid forces in the Battle of Al Mansurah.
1347 – The Byzantine civil war of 1341–1347 ended with a power-sharing agreement between John VI Kantakouzenos and John V Palaiologos.
1575 Universiteit Leiden was founded and given the motto “Praesidium Libertatis”.
1587 Mary, Queen of Scots was executed at suspicion of having been involved in the Babington Plot to murder her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I of England.
1612 Samuel Butler, English poet, was born (d. 1680).
1622 King James I disbanded the English Parliament.
1692 – A doctor in Salem Village suggeseds that two girls in the family of the village minister may be suffering from bewitchment, leading to theSalem witch trials.
1693 The College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia was granted a charter by King William III and Queen Mary II.
1726 The Supreme Privy Council was established in Russia.
1807 Battle of Eylau – Napoleon defeated Russians under General Benigssen.
1817 Juan Gregorio de las Heras crossed the Andes with an army to joinSan Martín and liberate Chile from Spain.
1828 Jules Verne, French author, was born (d. 1905).
1837 Richard Johnson became the first Vice President of the United States chosen by the United States Senate.
1849 New Roman Republic established.
1855 The Devil’s Footprints mysteriously appeared in southern Devon.
1856 Barbu Dimitrie Ştirbei abolished slavery in Wallachia.
1865 Delaware voters rejected the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, and voted to continue the practice of slavery.
1867 The Ausgleich resulted in the establishment of the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
1879 Sandford Fleming first proposed adoption of Universal Standard Time at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute.
1882 Thomas Selfridge, first person to die in an aeroplane crash, was born (d. 1908).
1887 The Dawes Act authorised the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divided it into individual allotments.
1900 British troops were defeated by Boers at Ladysmith.
1904 Battle of Port Arthur: A surprise torpedo attack by the Japanese at Port Arthur, China started the Russo-Japanese War.
1909 – Elisabeth Murdoch, Australian philanthropist, was born (d. 2012).
1910 The Boy Scouts of America was incorporated by William D. Boyce.
1915 – Able Seaman William Edward Knowles became one of the first New Zealanders to be killed as a result of enemy action during the First World War.
1915 D.W. Griffith’s controversial film The Birth of a Nation premiered in Los Angeles.
1921 – Lana Turner, American actress, was born (d. 1995).
1922 President Warren G. Harding introduced the first radio in the White House.
1924 The first state execution using gas in the United States took place in Nevada.
1925 – Jack Lemmon, American actor, director and musician, was born (d. 2001).
1931 James Dean, American actor, was born (d. 1955).
1931 All three people on board a Dominion Airline DeSoutter were killed in a crash near Wairoa. This was the first fatal air service accident in New Zealand.
1932 John Williams, American composer and conductor, was born.
1941 Nick Nolte, American actor, was born.
1948 Ron Tyson, American singer (The Temptations), was born.
1952 Elizabeth II was proclaimed Queen of the UK.
1955 John Grisham, American writer, was born.
1955 The Government of Sindh abolished the Jagirdari system in the province. One million acres (4000 km²) of land thus acquired was to be distributed among the landless peasants.
1960 – Queen Elizabeth II issued an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants would take the name “Mountbatten-Windsor“.
1962 Charonne massacre: 9 trade unionists were killed by French police at the instigation of Nazi collaborator Maurice Papon, then chief of the Paris Prefecture of Police.
1963 Mohammad Azharuddin, Indian cricketer, was born.
1963 Travel, financial and commercial transactions by United States citizens to Cuba were made illegal by the John F. Kennedy administration.
1968 The Orangeburg massacre, a mass killing in Orangeburg, South Carolina of black students from South Carolina State University who were protesting racial segregation at the town’s only bowling alley.
1969 Allende meteorite fell near Pueblito de Allende, Chihuahua, Mexico.
1971 The NASDAQ stock market index debuted.
1974 The crew of the first American space station Skylab returned to Earth after 84 days in space.
1974 – Military coup in Upper Volta.
1978 Proceedings of the United States Senate were broadcast on radio for the first time.
1979 Denis Sassou-Nguesso became the President of the Republic of the Congo.
1983 – Cory Jane, New Zealand rugby player, was born.
1983 The Melbourne dust storm .The result of the worst drought on record and a day of severe weather conditions, the 320m deep dust cloud enveloped the city, turning day to night.
1989 An Independent Air Boeing 707 crashed into Santa Maria mountain in Azores Islands killing 144.
1996 The U.S. Congress passes the Communications Decency Act.
1996 – The massive Internet collaboration “24 Hours in Cyberspace” took place.
2010 – A freak storm in the Hindukush mountains of Afghanistan triggered a series of at least 36 avalanches, burying over two miles of road, killing at least 172 people and trapping over 2,000 travelers.
2013 – A blizzard disrupted transportation and leaves hundreds of thousands of people without electricity in the Northeastern United States and parts of Canada.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.