Each day’s blog has started with a history post for more than 10 years.
It doesn’t take long to do each one but not very much time every day adds up and it is time I need/want to spend on other things.
The best way of forgetting how you think you feel is to concentrate on what you know you know. – Mary Stewart who was born on this day in 1916.
1111 Highest Galician nobility led by Pedro Fróilaz de Traba and the bishop Diego Gelmírez crowned Alfonso VII as “King of Galicia“.
1176 The Battle of Myriokephalon.
1462 The Battle of Świecino (also known as the Battle of Żarnowiec) during Thirteen Years’ War.
1577 The Peace of Bergerac was signed between Henry III of France and the Huguenots.
1631 Sweden won a major victory at the Battle of Breitenfeld against the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years War.
1778 The Treaty of Fort Pitt was signed, the first formal treaty between the United States and a Native American tribe (the Lenape or Delaware Indians).
1787 The United States Constitution was signed in Philadelphia.
1809 Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War, the territory which became Finland was ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
1859 Joshua A. Norton declared himself “Emperor Norton I” of the United States.
1862 American Civil War: George B. McClellan halted the northward drive of Robert E. Lee’s Confederate army in the single-day Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest day in American history.
1862 American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion resulted in the single largest civilian disaster during the war.
1883 William Carlos Williams, American writer, was born (d. 1963).
1894 The Battle of Yalu River, the largest naval engagement of the First Sino-Japanese War.
1908 The Wright Flyer flown by Orville Wright, with Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge as passenger, crashed killing Selfridge who became the first airoplane fatality.
1914 Andrew Fisher became Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
1916 Mary Stewart, English novelist, was born (d. 2014).
1916 World War I: Manfred von Richthofen (“The Red Baron”), a flying ace of the German Luftstreitkräfte, won his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France.
1923 Hank Williams, American musician, was born (d. 1953).
1924 The Border Defence Corps was established in the Second Polish Republic for the defence of the eastern border against armed Soviet raids and local bandits.
1928 The Okeechobee Hurricane struck southeastern Florida, killing upwards of 2,500 people.
1929 Sir Stirling Moss, English race car driver, was born.
1931 Anne Bancroft, American actress, was born (d. 2005).
1939 Taisto Mäki became the first man to run the 10,000 metres in under 30 minutes, in a time of 29:52.6.
1941 World War II: A decree of the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch in the face of the Great Patriotic War, was issued
1944 World War II: Allied Airborne troops parachuted into the Netherlands as the “Market” half of Operation Market Garden.
1945 Bruce Spence, New Zealand actor, was born.
1949 The Canadian steamship SS Noronic burned in Toronto Harbour with the loss of over 118 lives.
1956 Television was first broadcast in Australia.
1976 The first Space Shuttle, Enterprise, was unveiled by NASA.
1978 The Camp David Accords were signed by Israel and Egypt.
1980 After weeks of strikes at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdańsk, Poland, the nationwide independent trade union Solidarity was established.
1980 Former Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza Debayle was killed.
1983 Vanessa Williams became the first black Miss America.
1991 – The first version of the Linux kernel (0.01) was released to the Internet.
1992 An Iranian Kurdish leader and his two joiners were assassinated by political militants in Berlin.
1993 Last Russian troops left Poland.
2001 The New York Stock Exchange reopened for trading after the September 11 Attacks, the longest closure since the Great Depression.
2004 Tamil was declared the first classical language in India.
2006 Fourpeaked Mountain in Alaska erupted, marking the first eruption for the long-dormant volcano in at least 10,000 years.
2007 AOL, once the largest ISP in the U.S., officially announced plans to refocus the company as an advertising business and to relocate its corporate headquarters from Dulles, Virginia to New York.
2011 – Occupy Wall Street movement begins in Zucotti Park, New York City.
2016 – Two bombs exploded in Seaside Park, New Jersey, and Manhattan, New York. 31 people were injured in the Manhattan bombing.
2018 – A Russian reconnaissance aircraft carrying 15 people on board was brought down by a Syrian surface-to-air missile over the Mediterranean Sea
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
We are pragmatists. We don’t stick to any ideology. Does it work? Let’s try it, and if it does work, fine, let’s continue it. If it doesn’t work, toss it out, try another one. We are not enamored with any ideology. Lee Kuan Yew who was born on this day in 1923.
1386 King Henry V of England, was born (d. 1422).
1400 Owain Glyndŵr was declared Prince of Wales by his followers.
1701 James Francis Edward Stuart, sometimes called the “Old Pretender”, became the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland.
1776 American Revolutionary War: the Battle of Harlem Heights was fought.
1795 The first occupation by United Kingdom of Cape Colony, South Africa with the Battle of Hout Bay.
1812 Russians set fire to Moscow shortly after midnight.
1858 Andrew Bonar Law, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1923)
1875 James C. Penney, American department store founder, was born (d. 1971).
1893 Settlers race in Oklahoma for prime land in the Cherokee Strip.
1898 H.A. Rey, American children’s author, creator of “Curious George”, was born (d. 1977).
1905 New Zealand’s first fully representative rugby team to tour the Northern Hemisphere, the ‘Originals, started the All Black tradition including the haka and the ‘All Black’ name.
1908 General Motors was founded.
1919 The American Legion was incorporated.
1920 The Wall Street bombing: a bomb in a horse wagon explodes in front of the J. P. Morgan building in New York City – 38 killed and 400 injured.
1923 Lee Kuan Yew, Minister Mentor of Singapore, was born (d. 2015).
1924 – Lauren Bacall, American actress, was born (d. 2014).
1925 – B. B. King, American musician, was born.
1925 – Charles Haughey, Prime Minister of Ireland, was born (d. 2006).
1926 – Eric Gross, Austrian-Australian composer was born (d. 2011).
1928 – Lady Gwen Thompson, English author and educator, was born (d. 1986).
1930 Anne Francis, American actress, was born (d. 2011).
1931 Hanging of Omar Mukhtar.
1942 Bernie Calvert, British musician (The Hollies), was born.
1942 – Dennis Conner, American sailor, was born.
1945 World War II: Surrender of the Japanese forces in Hong Kong, presided over by British Admiral Cecil Harcourt.
1947 Typhoon Kathleen hit Saitama, Tokyo and Tone Rivr area, at least 1,930 killed.
1948 Kenney Jones, English musician (The Small Faces; Faces; The Who), was born.
1955 Juan Perón was deposed in Argentina.
1956 David Copperfield, American magician, was born.
1963 Malaysia was formed from Malaya, Singapore, British North Borneo (Sabah) and Sarawak.
1970 King Hussein of Jordan declared military rule following the hijacking of four civilian airliners by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) which resulted in the formation of the Black SeptemberPalestinianparamilitary unit.
1975 Papua New Guinea gains its independence from Australia.
1975 The first prototype of the MiG-31 interceptor made its maiden flight.
1976 Shavarsh Karapetyan saved 20 people from a trolleybus that had fallen into Erevan reservoir.
1978 An earthquake measuring 7.5-7.9 on the Richter scale hit the city of Tabas, Iran killing about 25,000 people.
1982 Sabra and Shatila massacre in Lebanon.
1987 The Montreal Protocol was signed to protect the ozone layer from depletion.
1990 A rail link between China and Kazakhstan was completed at Dostyk, adding an important connection to the Eurasian Land Bridge.
1991 The trial of deposed Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega began in the United States.
1992 Black Wednesday: the Pound Sterling was forced out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism by currency speculators and forced to devalue against the Deutschmark.
2005 Camorra boss Paolo Di Lauro was arrested in Naples.
2007 One-Two-GO Airlines Flight 269 carrying 128 crew and passengers crashed in Thailand killing 89 people.
2007 – Mercenaries working for Blackwater Worldwide allegedly shoot and kill 17 Iraqi civilians in Nisour Square, Baghdad; all criminal charges against them are later dismissed, sparking outrage in the Arab world.
2013 – A gunman killed twelve people at the Navy Yard in Washington, D.C.
2014 – The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant launched its Kobane offensive against Syrian–Kurdish forces.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
921 At Tetin Saint Ludmila was murdered at the command of her daughter-in-law.
994 Major Fatimid victory over the Byzantine Empire at the Battle of the Orontes.
1254 Marco Polo, Italian explorer, was born (d. 1324).
1616 The first non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe was opened in Frascati, Italy.
1649 Titus Oates, English minister and plotter, was born (d. 1705).
1762 Seven Years War: Battle of Signal Hill.
1820 Constitutionalist revolution in Lisbon.
1830 The Liverpool to Manchester railway line opened.
1831 The locomotive John Bull operated for the first time in New Jersey on the Camden and Amboy Railroad.
1851 Saint Joseph’s University was founded in Philadelphia.
1857 William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States, was born (d. 1930).
1879 Joseph Lyons, 10th Prime Minister of Australia, was born (d. 1939).
1881 Ettore Bugatti, Italian automobile engineer and designer, was born (d. 1947).
1883 The Bombay Natural History Society was founded in Bombay (Mumbai).
1889 Robert Benchley, American author, was born (d. 1945).
1890 Agatha Christie, English writer, was born (d. 1976).
1894 First Sino-Japanese War: Japan defeated China in the Battle of Pyongyang.
1916 World War I: Tanks were used for the first time in battle, at the Battle of the Somm
1928 Tich Freeman became the only bowler to take 300 wickets in an English cricket season.
1935 The Nuremberg Laws deprived German Jews of citizenship.
1935 Nazi Germany adopted a new national flag with the swastika.
1937 Fernando de la Rúa, 51st President of Argentina, was born.
1940 World War II: The climax of the Battle of Britain, when the Royal Air Force shot down large numbers of Luftwaffe aircraft.
1942 World War II: U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS Wasp was torpedoed at Guadalcanal
1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill met in Quebec as part of the Octagon Conference to discuss strategy.
1945 Hans-Gert Pöttering, German politician, President of the European Parliament, was born.
1945 A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroyed 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond.
1947 RCA released the 12AX7 vacuum tube.
1947 Typhoon Kathleen hit the Kanto Region in Japan killing 1,077.
1948 The F-86 Sabre set the world aircraft speed record at 671 miles per hour (1,080 km/h).
1952 United Nations gave Eritrea to Ethiopia.
1958 A Central Railroad of New Jersey commuter train ran through an open drawbridge at the Newark Bay, killing 58.
1959 Nikita Khrushchev became the first Soviet leader to visit the United States.
1961 Hurricane Carla struck Texas with winds of 175 miles per hour.
1962 The Soviet ship Poltava headed toward Cuba, one of the events that sets into motion the Cuban Missile Crisis.
1963 The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing: Four children killed at an African-American church in Birmingham, Alabama.
1966 U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson, responding to a sniper attack at the University of Texas at Austin, wrote a letter to Congress urging the enactment of gun control legislation.
1968 The Soviet Zond 5 spaceship was launched, becoming the first spacecraft to fly around the Moon and re-enter the Earth’s atmosphere.
1969 Iron and steel from local ironsand (titanomagnetite) was produced for the first time at New Zealand Steel’s mill at Glenbrook, south of Auckland.
1971 Nathan Astle, New Zealand cricketer, was born.
1972 A Scandinavian Airlines System domestic flight from Gothenburg to Stockholm was hijacked and flown to Malmö-BulltoftaAirport.
1974 Air Vietnam flight 727 was hijacked, then crashed while attempting to land with 75 on board.
1976 The Rangatira arrived in Wellington from Lyttelton for the last time, bringing to an end more than 80 years of regular passenger ferry services between the two ports.
1981 The Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approved Sandra Day O’Connor to become the first female justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
1981 – The John Bull became the oldest operable steam locomotive in the world when the Smithsonian Institution operated it under its own power outside Washington, D.C.
1983 Israeli premier Menachem Begin resigned.
1984 Prince Harry of Wales, was born.
1987 United States Secretary of State George Shultz and Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze signed a treaty to establish centres to reduce the risk of nuclear war.
1993 Liechtenstein Prince Hans-Adam II disbanded Parliament.
2008 Lehman Brothers filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, the largest bankruptcy filing in U.S. history.
2012 – Muslim protesters shouting anti-American slogans clashed with police, injuring 19 people, outside the US embassy in Sydney, Australia.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia