Platitudinous – used too often to be interesting or thoughtful; boring and having no meaning because of being said so many times before; hackneyed; having the characteristics of a platitude; characterised by, full of or given to platitudes.
Farmers tired of bearing blame – Hamish Walker:
Farmers are working hard on improving water quality and should be supported, writes Hamish Walker.
It’s all farmers’ fault didn’t you know?
Those fenced-off waterways, new sediment traps, wetlands, all the riparian plantings, not cultivating near waterways, strategically winter grazing and everything else farmers do on-farm to protect the environment, it’s still all their fault.
What is it, you ask?
Well, Fish & Game’s anti-farming crusade would have you believe it is the water quality issue, one solely caused by farmers. . .
Farms firmly in taxman’s sights – Neal Wallace:
Agriculture will be firmly in the sights of the tax collector should the Government adopt the Tax Working Group suggestions, which propose a suite of environmental taxes and a broadened capital gains tax.
The group recommends including agriculture in a more tax-like emissions pricing scheme, introducing a nitrogen tax and taxing those who pollute and extract water, though it concedes establishing a mechanism to do that is problematic.
The report says more work is needed to develop tools to more accurately estimate diffuse water pollution and extraction but in lieu of such a system it recommends a general fertiliser tax. . .
Applications for the prestigious Rabobank Business Management Programmes have opened for 2019, with the Farm Managers Programme – the course for up-and-coming young farm leaders – returning to New Zealand for the first time in a decade.
Announcing the opening of applications for this year’s intake for the two residential programs – the Executive Development Programme (EDP) and the Farm Managers Programme (FMP), which are designed for progressive New Zealand and Australian farmers looking to take their businesses to the next level – Rabobank New Zealand chief executive Todd Charteris says it is fantastic news to have the Farm Managers Programme returning to Kiwis shores for the first time since it was last held in Christchurch in 2009.
The three finalists in this year’s Ahuwhenua Trophy for the top Māori sheep and beef farm have been announced.
They are Whangara Farms, Gisborne; Te Awahohonu Forest Trust – Gwavas Station, Tikokino near Hastings and Kiriroa Station – Eugene & Pania King, Motu, near Gisborne. . .
Gold and silver found on conservation land in Coromandel – Gerald Piddock:
OceanaGold has discovered gold and silver buried under conservation land on the Coromandel Peninsula.
But a local environmental group has vowed to fight the multinational company every step of the way if it decides to mine the precious metals.
The discovery after exploratory drilling at Wharekirauponga, inland from the holiday resort town of Whangamatā lies near the Wharekirauponga Track in the Coromandel Forest Park, which is classed as Schedule 4 land. . .
A new campaign has been launched by dairy farmers to promote the health benefits of milk to the public.
Mission 4 Milk is a campaign which sets to raise awareness about how milk can be part of a healthy lifestyle.
The campaign states: “With the rise of plant-based alternatives, the reduction of free milk in schools, and the shift away from milk marketing, the average shopper doesn’t know why they should drink milk.
“But cow’s milk is packed full of essential, natural vitamins and nutrients – many of which you won’t get anywhere else. It’s great for your bones, it’s great for your teeth, and perhaps most importantly – it’s great for your brain.”
Definitions of fair include: treating people equally without favouritism or discrimination and: without cheating or trying to achieve unjust advantage.
By either of these definitions attempting to make the tax system fairer is doomed. To take a lot more from some people than from others in very similar circumstances is not fair.
There’s rarely a tax the left doesn’t like and it is particularly enamoured of capital gains tax.
A CGT might be fair in theory but as one of the three dissenters to the Tax working Group’s recommendations, Robin Oliver, said, he’s against it in practice.
There’s a strong argument for taxing capital gains, as you put it, in theory, the problem is the practicality and of making it work. . .
Kathryn Ryan asked him if, all things being equal and as a tax expert would it be good to do it and her replied:
In the actuality of what you have to do to get such a tax in place, no.
Oliver is a former deputy head of Inland Revenue, former Treasury advisor and an expert on the tax system whose views should be taken seriously.
He gave several examples in the interview of how the CGT as recommended would not only not be fair but would lead to perverse consequences including making it more attractive for foreigners to invest in New Zealand and for New Zealanders to invest overseas, and for people to hold on to assets and businesses when without the tax they would be better to sell them; and that it would have made little difference to the housing boom.
He also said that the current law on the bright line test has low compliance and we should make current rules work before starting to think of highly punitive ones.
That would be fair.
In our country, learned ignorance is on the rise. – Paul Krugman who celebrates his 66th birthday today.
870 The Fourth Council of Constantinople closed.
1261 Margaret of Scotland, queen of Norway, was born (d. 1283).
1638 The Scottish National Covenant was signed in Edinburgh.
1787 The charter establishing the institution now known as the University of Pittsburgh was granted.
1824 Blondin, French tightrope walker, was born (d. 1897).
1827 The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad was incorporated, becoming the first railroad in America offering commercial transportation of both people and freight.
1844 A gun on USS Princeton exploded while the boat was on a Potomac River cruise, killing eight people, including two United States Cabinet members.
1849 Regular steamboat service from the west to the east coast of the United States began with the arrival of the SS California in San Francisco Bay, 4 months 21 days after leaving New York Harbour.
1865 Wilfred Grenfell, medical missionary, was born (d. 1940).
1883 The first vaudeville theatre opened in Boston, Massachusetts.
1900 The Second Boer War: The 118-day “Siege of Ladysmith” was lifted.
1912 Clara Petacci, Italian mistress of Benito Mussolini, was born (d. 1945).
1922 The United Kingdom accepted the independence of Egypt.
1925 Harry H Corbett, English actor, was born (d. 1982).
1939 The first issue of Serbian weekly magazine Politikin zabavnik was published.
1939 – The erroneous word “Dord” was discovered in the Webster’s New International Dictionary, Second Edition, prompting an investigation.
1942 Brian Jones, English musician (The Rolling Stones), was born (d. 1969).
1943 Charles Bernstein, American composer, was born.
1945 New Zealand soldier David Russell was executed by a Nazi firing squad in Italy.
1946 Robin Cook, British politician, was born.
1947 228 Incident: In Taiwan, civil disorder is put down with the loss of 30,000 civilian lives.
1953 Paul Krugman, American economist, Nobel laureate, was born.
1957 Cindy Wilson, American singer (The B-52′s), was born.
1958 A school bus in Floyd County, Kentucky hits a wrecker truck and plunged down an embankment into the rain-swollen Levisa Fork River. The driver and 26 children died in what remains the worst school bus accident in U.S. history.
1970 Daniel Handler, American writer, better known as Lemony Snicket, was born.
1972 The Asama-Sanso incident ended in Japan.
1972 The United States and People’s Republic of China signed the Shanghai Communiqué.
1974 Moana Mackey, New Zealand politician, was born.
1975 A major tube train crash at Moorgate station, London killed 43 people.
1985 The Provisional Irish Republican Army carried out a mortar attack on the Royal Ulster Constabulary police station at Newry, killing nine officers in the highest loss of life for the RUC on a single day.
1986 Olof Palme, Prime Minister of Sweden was assassinated in Stockholm.
1991 The first Gulf War ended.
1993 Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agents raided the Branch Davidian church in Waco, Texas with a warrant to arrest the group’s leaderDavid Koresh. Four BATF agents and five Davidians die in the initial raid, starting a 51-day standoff.
1997 – The North Hollywood shootout took place.
2001 – Six passengers and four railway staff are killed and a further 82 people suffer serious injuries in the Selby rail crash.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Iatrogenic – relating to illness caused by medical examination or treatment; caused by the diagnosis, manner, or treatment of a physician; a complication that happens to a person after getting medical treatment.
South Canterbury’s Opuha Dam an example for the country – Joanne Holden:
Opuha Dam is a water storage “success story” National MPs would like to see adopted around the country.
The 20-year-old dam was the first stop on Friday for National’s Primary Industries Caucus Committee – hosted by Rangitata MP Andrew Falloon – as they toured Mid and South Canterbury’s primary industry spots.
On the trip were MPs Nathan Guy, Jacqui Dean, Matt King, Hamish Walker, and List MP Maureen Pugh, who also visited Heartland Potato Chips in Washdyke, the Managed Aquifer Recharge in Hinds, and spoke to South Canterbury community members about the future of primary industries. . .
Farm conflicts in tourist hotspot – Neal Wallace:
A billionaire lives on a lifestyle property on one side of Chris and Emma Dagg’s Queenstown farm. On the other is a multi-millionaire.
The exclusive Millbrook Resort is nearby and actor Tom Cruise was a neighbour while filming in New Zealand.
The Daggs’ 424ha farm in the Wakatipu Basin between Queenstown and Arrowtown includes some of NZ’s most sort after land for residential development.
A short drive from Queenstown, the rural setting provides a desirable place for the rich and famous to live, putting pressure on landowners in a region short of land, houses and sections. . .
Rain in Waikato was good news for farmers but more is needed to keep the threat of drought at bay.
Until the weekend, the region had only received 0.4 millimetres of rain leaving soil moisture levels dangerously low.
Federated Farmers Waikato president Andrew McGiven said the 10 millimetres of rain received over the weekend “was a good start”. . .
Lanercost open to all farmers – Tim Fulton:
The first Future Farm is contributing to the rehabilitation of a bruised Canterbury farm and community. Tim Fulton reports.
Visitors to Lanercost can see its potential as a sheep and beef demonstration farm, the lessees say.
The North Canterbury hill country property near Cheviot is 1310ha modelled on a farm at Lincoln that has allowed the dairy industry to assess innovation.
Farmer Carl Forrester and Mendip Hills manager Simon Lee have a lease to run the 1310ha Lanercost in partnership with Beef + Lamb New Zealand and Lanercost’s owner, the T D Whelan Trust. . .
Police officers have highlighted how ‘heart-breaking’ it is to see some farmers suffer from extreme loneliness and isolation. The issue of loneliness in the farming community has been highlighted by Dyfed-Powys Police, who have a small team of specialist rural officers. PC Gerwyn Davies and PCSO Jude Parr are working closely with mental healthy charity the DPJ Foundation. They have referred several farmers to the charity for counselling and mental health support. . .
Soil ecologist challenges mainstream thinking on climate change – Candace Krebs:
How cropland and pastures are managed is the most effective way to remedy climate change, an approach that isn’t getting the attention it deserves, according to a leading soil ecologist from Australia who speaks around the world on soil health.
“Water that sits on top of the ground will evaporate. Water vapor, caused by water that evaporates because it hasn’t infiltrated, is the greenhouse gas that has increased to the greatest extent since the Industrial Revolution,” said Christine Jones, while speaking at the No Till on the Plains Conference in Wichita in late January. . .
A comprehensive capital gains tax that was inflation indexed and set at a modest rate could be okay.
The CGT proposed by the Tax Working Group fails on all three points.
One of the motivations for contemplating a CGT at all is fairness.
But Liam Hehir gives some examples that show how what’s proposed is anything but fair:
John is a supermarket manager and Alice has a small business as an in-home childcare provider.
They deduct part of their mortgage interest and outgoings from her taxable income, which helps them make ends meet.
Because they do this, however, they will have to pay Cullen’s tax when they sell their home.
Justin and Dana also have a house and children. Dana has a well-paying job as a dentist, which enables Justin to be a stay-at-home dad.
They have no need to use any part of their home for business purposes so will reap capital gains on their home untouched by the Cullen’s tax.
Terry is an IT contractor who worked hard to get on the property ladder.
Because house prices are expensive, he needs rent paying flatmates. He dutifully includes the rent in his tax return and claims a deduction for expenses.
When he decides to move he will become liable to pay Cullen’s tax on part of the sale proceeds.
Nick has a master of fine arts degree. It hasn’t led to a well paying job, but he is lucky to be supported by a family trust fund.
This has enabled him to buy a house and a number of paintings, some of which have become valuable in their own right. Nick decides he wants to travel the world on a voyage of self-discovery. He sells his property and art and incurs no liability to pay Cullen’s tax. . .
He gives several other examples which show how arbitrary and unfair the CGT proposal is.
There are plenty more, for example: Sue and Sam are lower order sharemilkers who save enough to buy a block of land on which they graze young stock. They get the opportunity to go 50-50 sharemilking, would have to sell the land to buy cows. Having 33% taken off them for CGT wouldn’t leave them enough to buy the stock without taking out a sizeable loan.
Pam and Pete are lower order sharemilkers on her parents’ farm. They save enough to buy a small block of land on which they graze young stock. Her parents give them the opportunity to go 50-50 sharemilking and gift them the money to do it.
It’s not hard to think of many more examples where the CGT will stop people getting ahead and it would also be far-reaching.
The list of 20 is only those who will pay directly. It doesn’t include everyone who will be affected indirectly, which will be everyone who buys goods or services from any business i.e. everyone.
There would be small tax cuts but they wouldn’t go far once costs start rising because of the CGT.
Whether you call it fairness or politics of envy, the motivation behind the CGT is to reduce inequality but it won’t do that.
The wealthy will find ways to avoid it and even if they don’t would still have plenty left.
Middle income people will have a third of their modest savings and investments eaten by the tax and they, like the poor will be hurt further by rising prices.
The CGT as proposed will not reduce inequality. It will provide a perverse incentive to over-invest in owner-occupied homes and it will apply a hand brake to the risk taking, innovation and investment which promote economic growth which creates jobs and – the government’s new word of the moment – wellbeing.
Science is the poetry of the intellect and poetry the science of the heart’s affections. – Lawrence Durrell who was born on this day in 1912.
1560 The Treaty of Berwick, which expelled the French from Scotland, was signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland.
1594 Henry IV was crowned King of France.
1797 The Bank of England issued the first one-pound and two-pound notes.
1807 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet, was born (d. 1882).
1812 Poet Lord Byron gave his first address as a member of the House of Lords, in defense of Luddite violence against Industrialism in his home county of Nottinghamshire.
1844 The Dominican Republic gained independence from Haiti.
1863 – Joaquín Sorolla, Spanish painter, was born (d. 1923).
1869 – Alice Hamilton, American physician and academic, was born (d. 1970).
1872 – Alexandru Vaida-Voevod, Romanian politician, Prime Minister of Romania, was born (d. 1950).
1900 British military leaders received an unconditional notice of surrender from Boer General Piet Cronje at the Battle of Paardeberg.
1900 The British Labour Party was founded.
1902 John Steinbeck, American writer, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1968).
1912 Lawrence Durrell, British writer, was born (d. 1990).
1913 – Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish soldier and politician, President of Poland, was born (d. 1989).
1914 – Winifred Atwell, Trinidadian pianist, was born (d. 1983).
1921 The International Working Union of Socialist Parties was founded in Vienna.
1922 A challenge to the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, allowing women the right to vote, was rebuffed by the Supreme Court of the United States in Leser v. Garnett.
1927 – Peter Whittle, English-New Zealand mathematician and theorist, was born.
1930 Joanne Woodward, American actress, was born.
1932 Elizabeth Taylor, British-American actress, was born (d.2011).
1933 Reichstag fire: Germany’s parliament building in Berlin was set on fire.
1934 Ralph Nader, American author, activist and political figure, was born.
1939 – Don McKinnon, English-New Zealand farmer and politician, 12th Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand, Secretary-General of the Commonwealth of Nations, was born.
1939 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that sit-down strikes violated property owners’ rights and were therefore illegal.
1941 – Paddy Ashdown, British captain and politician, was born.
1943 The Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, exploded, killing 74 men.
1943 – The Rosenstrasse protest started in Berlin.
1945 Lebanon declared Independence.
1951 The Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution, limiting Presidents to two terms, was ratified.
1951 Troops were sent on to Wellington and Auckland wharves to load and unload ships during the waterfront dispute.
1953 – Ian Khama, English-Botswanan lieutenant and politician, 4th President of Botswana, was born.
1961 The first congress of the Spanish Trade Union Organisation was inaugurated.
1964 The government of Italy asked for help to keep the Leaning Tower of Pisa from toppling over.
1967 Dominica gained independence from the United Kingdom.
1974 – People magazine was published for the first time.
1986 The United States Senate allowed its debates to be televised on a trial basis.
1989 Venezuela was rocked by the Caracazo riots.
1991 Gulf War: U.S. President George H. W. Bush announced that “Kuwait is liberated”.
1999 Olusegun Obasanjo became Nigeria‘s first elected president since mid-1983.
2002 Ryanair Flight 296 caught fire at London Stansted Airport.
2002 – Godhra train burning: a Muslim mob killed 59 Hindu pilgrims returning from Ayodhya;
2003 Rowan Williams was enthroned as the 104th Archbishop of Canterbury.
2007 – The Chinese Correction: the Shanghai Stock Exchange fell 9%, the largest drop in 10 years.
2010 – Central Chile was struck by an 8.8 magnitude earthquake.
2012 – A section of a nine-story apartment building in the city of Astrakhan, Russia, collapsed in a natural gas explosion, killing ten people and injuring at least 12 others.
2013 – At least 19 people were killed when a fire broke out at an illegal market in Kolkata, India.
2013 – Five people (including the perpetrator) were killed and five others injured in a shooting at a factory in Menznau, Switzerland.
2015 – Assassination of Boris Nemtsov occured.
2015 – A gunman killed seven people then himself in a series of shootings in Tyrone, Missouri.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Testaceous – of a dull, brick-red colour; having a hard outer shell; of relating to or derived from shells.
With almost half of New Zealand’s land area committed to pasture and crops it would be easy to think that despite our growing population there is still plenty of land to spare.
But in the past two decades some of the country’s highest quality land has gone under cement and tarmac for urban development. Despite having a population the size of Melbourne in a land area the size of Britain some people are starting to question whether a country that earns its living off its soils can afford to keep paving over its key resource to support population growth.
The loss of productive soils to housing is a subject economist Shamubeel Eaqub has given considerable thought. . .
Bulls, ewes and tepees, a rare mix– Luke Chivers:
Sheep and beef farmers James and Sarah Glenn are fuelling the intergenerational Sheep and beef farmers James and Sarah Glenn are fuelling the intergenerational transfer of their farming business with a rare mix of bulls, sheep and tepees. Luke Chivers reports.
On a coastal slice of rural New Zealand a young couple are combining their passion for family with farming and tepees.
Te Akau sheep and beef farmers James and Sarah Glenn have a longstanding connection with the primary sector.
Farming dominated their teenage years. . .
Otago woman Elizabeth Graham (21) has won a national stock judging competition in Christchurch.
She is a member of the Strath Taieri Young Farmers Club, and while at the New Zealand Young Farmers Conference in Christchurch earlier this month, won the stock judging competition.
The competition attracted the young farmers teams from throughout the country.
”It was a huge honour to take out the overall title,” she said.
”This year’s competition included alpacas, which made things a little interesting.” . .
The recipient of New Zealand’s top sustainable farming award says she’d like to see more kiwifruit orchardists provide full-time employment for their staff.
Organic kiwifruit grower Catriona White and her husband Mark are the first horticulturists to win the Gordon Stephenson trophy, which is awarded to one of the 11 regional winners in the annual Farm Environment Awards.
Catriona says she and Mark pay two staff on their Opotiki orchard for a 40-hour week regardless of whether the weather allows them to work the hours or not.
“You look after your staff and your staff look after you.” . .
The Federated Farmers Meat & Wool Council is calling for compulsory regulation of the stock agent industry.
“No-one likes more rules and regulation but to protect all parties in the sale of livestock we believe it is the best way forward,” Feds’ Meat & Wool chairperson Miles Anderson says.
“Discussions about this topic have run hot and cold for years. We need some finality.”
The NZ Stock and Station Agents Association has created a code of conduct and set up an independent body that can adjudicate on complaints about the actions of stock agents. . .
Cows get own Tinder-style app for breeding – Aine Quinn:
Cows and bulls searching for “moo love” now have a mobile app to help their breeders.
A U.K. farming startup introduced a Tinder-style app, called Tudder, that lets farmers find breeding matches by viewing pictures of cattle with details of their age, location and owner. Users hear a mooing sound as they swipe — right to show they’re interested or left to reject possible matches.
Hectare, which designed the app, says it “seeks to unite sheepish farm animals with their soulmates.” Selling animals using social media can speed up a process that often involves transporting animals long distances for breeding. . .
The government is trying to persuade us that it’s doing something special in prioritising wellbeing.
That’s a message that will only be bought by people who haven’t worked out that successive governments have cared about and aimed for improved health, education, welfare, security and infrastructure which all contribute to wellbeing and that all these require a foundation of strong economic growth.
Money doesn’t buy happiness but it does buy better education, health services, welfare, security and infrastructure.
Treasury is attempting to put a value on things that contribute to wellbeing, and not doing it very well:
When gaining a friend is deemed more important than avoiding the Emergency Room in Treasury’s model it puts in doubt the analysis that should have underpinned its well-being Budget, National’s Finance spokesperson Amy Adams says.
“Serious questions need to be answered on how the Treasury is being asked to evaluate spending in Budget 2019. The Treasury’s cost benefit analysis (CBAx) model has new well-being values that that look out of step with the values of New Zealanders.
“Gaining a friend is valued at $592 in the revised CBAx – more than the $387 to avoid a trip to A&E. Having contact with a neighbour is valued at $8,572, or more than twice the value of avoiding diabetes.
“Changes to the analysis behind this Government’s policies are another example of its weakness of approach and its repeated failure to deliver.
“We’re a sports-loving nation but not many people would put a higher value on their membership of the local rugby club than access to emergency health services or serious illness.
“Governments always have Budget priorities and the risk with the ‘well-being’ framework is that it ends up being little more than a rebranding exercise.
“National understands that improving the lives of New Zealanders is ultimately about letting Kiwis keep more of what they earn and keeping the cost of living low. Kiwis are better off when they have more in their back-pockets and have access to world-class infrastructure and public services.”
You can’t put a monetary value on gaining a friend or having contact with a neighbour and even if you could that’s not the government’s business.
The government can, and should, however, manage its own spending to allow us all to keep more of what we earn and still provide first class public services.
Laughter is the sun that drives winter from the human face. – Victor Hugo who was born on this day in 1802.
364 Valentinian I was proclaimed Roman Emperor.
1361 Wenceslaus, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, was born (d. 1419).
1564 Christopher Marlowe, English dramatist, was born (d. 1593).
1794 Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen burnt down.
1802 Victor Hugo, French writer, was born (d. 1885).
1815 Napoleon Bonaparte escaped from Elba.
1829 – Levi Strauss, German-born clothing designer, was born (d. 1902).
1844 Two Wellington lawyers, William Brewer and H. Ross, undertook a duel as the result of a quarrel that had arisen from a case in the Wellington County Court. When the two men faced off in Sydney Street, Brewer fired into the air but ‘received Mr. Ross’ ball in the groin’. He died a few days later.
1846 William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody, American frontiersman, was born (d. 1917).
1848 The second French Republic was proclaimed.
1852 John Harvey Kellogg, American surgeon, advocate of dietary reform, was born (d. 1943).
1861 Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary, Lenin’s wife, was born (d. 1939).
1863 U.S. President Abraham Lincoln signed the National Currency Actinto law.
1866 Herbert Henry Dow, American chemical industrialist, was born (d. 1930).
1870 In New York City, a demonstration of the first pneumatic subwayopened to the public.
1885 The Berlin Act, which resulted from the Berlin Conference regulating European colonization and trade in Africa, was signed.
1887 – At the Sydney Cricket Ground, George Lohmann became the first bowler to take eight wickets in a Test innings.
1909 Fanny Cradock, English food writer and broadcaster, was born (d. 1994).
1914 Robert Alda, American actor, was born (d. 1986).
1916 Jackie Gleason, American actor, writer, composer, and comedian, was born (d. 1987).
1919 An act of the U.S. Congress established most of the Grand Canyon as the Grand Canyon National Park.
1928 Fats Domino, American musician, was born.
1928 Ariel Sharon, Israeli Prime Minister, was born (d. 2014).
1929 The Grand Teton National Park was created.
1932 Johnny Cash, American singer, was born (d. 2003).
1935 The Luftwaffe was re-formed.
1936 – In the February 26 Incident, young Japanese military officers attempted to stage a coup against the government.
1947 – Sandie Shaw, English singer, was born.
1949 Elizabeth George, American novelist, was born.
1950 Helen Clark, former Prime Minister of New Zealand, was born.
1952 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced that his nation had an atomic bomb.
1954 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Prime Minister of Turkey, was born.
1954 Ernst August, Prince of Hanover, heir to the deposed Kingdom of Hanover and a husband of Princess Caroline of Monaco., was born.
1958 Susan J. Helms, Astronaut, was born.
1968 Tim Commerford, American bass player (Rage Against the Machine), was born.
1972 The Buffalo Creek Flood caused by a burst dam killed 125 in West Virginia.
1987 Iran-Contra affair: The Tower Commission rebuked President Ronald Reagan for not controlling his national security staff.
1990 The Sandinistas were defeated in Nicaraguan elections.
1991 Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein announced the withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait.
1993 World Trade Centre bombing: A truck bomb parked below the North Tower of the World Trade Center exploded, killing 6 and injuring more than a thousand.
1995 The United Kingdom’s oldest investment banking institute, Barings Bank, collapsed after a securities broker, Nick Leeson, lost $1.4 billion by speculating on the Singapore International Monetary Exchange using futures contracts.
2000 Mount Hekla in Iceland erupted.
2001 The Taliban destroyed two giant statues of Buddha in Bamyan, Afghanistan.
2003 War in Darfur started.
2012 – A train derailed in Burlington, Ontario, Canada killing at least three people and injuring 45.
2013 – A hot air balloon crashed near Luxor, Egypt, killing 19 people.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.
Knurl – a small projecting knob or ridge, especially in a series around the edge of something; small protuberance, excrescence, or knob; one of a series of small ridges or beads on a metal surface to aid in gripping; lined or crossgrained pattern of ridges or indentations rolled or pressed into a part for grip; to impress with a series of fine ridges or serrations; a short, thickset person.