Hallux – big toe; the first or innermost digit of the foot of humans; the innermost digit of the hind foot of vertebrates.
I spent a long time trying to find my center until I looked closely one night & found it had wheels & moved easily in the slightest breeze, so now I spend less time sitting and more time sailing. – Center On Wheels © 2014 Brian Andreas – posted with permission.
You can buy books, posters, cards, ornaments and more and sign up for a daily dose of whimsy like this by email at Story People.
Sunday’s soapbox is yours to use as you will – within the bounds of decency and absence of defamation. You’re welcome to look back or forward, discuss issues of the moment, to pontificate, ponder or point us to something of interest, to educate, elucidate or entertain, amuse, bemuse or simply muse, but not abuse.
Great achievement is usually born of great sacrifice, and is never the result of selfishness. Napoleon Hill
313 Roman emperor Licinius unified the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule.
1006 Supernova SN 1006, the brightest supernova in recorded history, appeared in the constellation Lupus.
1315 Enguerrand de Marigny was hanged on the public gallows at Montfaucon.
1492 Spain gave Christopher Columbus his commission of exploration.
1513 Edmund de la Pole, Yorkist pretender to the English throne, was executed on the orders of Henry VIII.
1651 Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, French educational reformer, Catholic saint, was born (d. 1719).
1671 Petar Zrinski, the Croatian Ban from the Zrinski family, was executed.
1789 George Washington took the oath of office to become the first elected President of the United States.
1794 The Battle of Boulou was fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.
1803 Louisiana Purchase: The United States purchased the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million, more than doubling the size of the young nation.
1838 Nicaragua declared independence from the Central American Federation.
1864 Pai Marire warriors were defeated at Sentry Hill.
1865 ex-Governor Robert Fitzroy committed suicide.
1871 The Camp Grant Massacre took place in Arizona Territory.
1900 Hawaii became a territory of the United States, with Sanford B. Doleas governor.
1900 Casey Jones died in a train wreck in Vaughn, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express.
1904 The Louisiana Purchase Exposition World’s Fair opened in St. Louis, Missouri.
1907 Honolulu, Hawaii became an independent city.
1909 Queen Juliana of the Netherlands, was born (d. 2004).
1925 Dodge Brothers, Inc was sold to Dillon, Read & Company for $146 million plus $50 million for charity.
1927 The Federal Industrial Institute for Women, opened in Alderson, West Virginia, as the first women’s federal prison in the United States.
1933 Willie Nelson, American musician, was born.
1937 The Philippines held a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; more than 90% voted in the affirmative.
1938 The animated cartoon short Porky’s Hare Hunt debuted in movie theatres, introducing Happy Rabbit.
1938 The first televised FA Cup Final took place between Huddersfield Town and Preston North End.
1939 The 1939-40 New York World’s Fair opened
1943 World War II: Operation Mincemeat: The submarine HMS Seraphsurfaced in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Spain to deposit a dead man planted with false invasion plans and dressed as a British military intelligence officer.
1945 World War II: Fuehrerbunker: Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun committed suicide after being married for one day. Soviet soldiers raised the Victory Banner over the Reichstag building.
1946 King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, was born.
1947 The Boulder Dam was renamed Hoover Dam a second time.
1948 The Organization of American States was established.
1949 António Guterres, former Prime Minister of Portugal, was born.
1953 In Warner Robins, Georgia, an F4 tornado killed 18 people.
1953 Merrill Osmond, American musician (The Osmonds), was born.
1954 Jane Campion, New Zealand film director, was born.
1956 Former Vice President and Senator Alben Barkley died during a speech in Virginia. He collapsed after proclaiming “I would rather be a servant in the house of the lord than sit in the seats of the mighty.”
1959 Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada, was born.
1973 Watergate Scandal: U.S. President Richard Nixon announced that top White House aids H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman and others had resigned.
1980 Accession of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands.
1988 Queen Elizabeth II officially opened World Expo ’88 in Brisbane, Australia.
1993 Virgin Radio broadcast for the first time in the United Kingdom.
1995 U.S. President Bill Clinton became the first President to visit Northern Ireland.
1999 Cambodia joined the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)bringing the number of members to 10.
2004 U.S. media release graphic photos of American soldiers abusing and sexually humiliating Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison.
2008 Two skeletal remains found near Ekaterinburg, Russia were confirmed by Russian scientists to be the remains of Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia and one of his sisters Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna.
2009 Chrysler filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
2009 – Seven people were killed and 17 injured at a Queen’s Day parade in Apeldoorn, Netherlands in an attempted assassination on Queen Beatrix.
2010 – Hailed as the largest World’s Fair in history, Expo 2010 opened in Shangai.
2013 – A powerful explosion occurred in an office building in Prague, Czech Republic, believed to have been caused by natural gas, injures 43 people.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Niobous – of, relating to, or containing trivalent niobium.
A dog walked into a post office and picked up a blank telegraph form.
He then wrote on it, “Woof. Woof. Woof. Woof. Woof. Woof. Woof. Woof. Woof.” and handed the form to the assistant
The assistant took the form, looked it over and then said, “You know, there are only nine words here. You could add another ‘Woof’ for the same price.”
The dog shook his head at the assistant and said, “But that would make no sense at all.”
Saturday’s soapbox is yours to use as you will – within the bounds of decency and absence of defamation. You’re welcome to look back or forward, discuss issues of the moment, to pontificate, ponder or point us to something of interest, to educate, elucidate or entertain, amuse, bemuse or simply muse, but not abuse.
I htink 99 times and I find nothing. I stop thinking, swim in silence and the truth comes to me. – Albert Einstein
1429 Joan of Arc arrived to relieve the Siege of Orleans.
1624 Cardinal Richelieu became Prime Minister of Louis XIII.
1672 Franco-Dutch War: Louis XIV of France invaded the Netherlands.
1707 Scotland and England unified in United Kingdom of Great Britain.
1832 Évariste Galois released from prison.
1861 American Civil War: Maryland’s House of Delegates voted not to secede from the Union.
1863 William Randolph Hearst, American publisher, was born (d. 1951).
1864 – The British attacked the Ngāi Te Rangi stronghold of Pukehinahina (Gate Pā) with the heaviest artillery bombardment and one of the largest forces used in the New Zealand Wars.
1869 – The assault on Gate Pa started.
1881 – The steamer Tararua, en route from Port Chalmers to Melbourne, struck a reef at Waipapa Point, Southland. Of the 151 passengers and crew on board, 131 were lost including 12 women and 14 children.
1899 Duke Ellington, American jazz pianist and bandleader, was born (d. 1974).
1901 Hirohito, Emperor of Japan, was born (d. 1989).
1903 A 30 million cubic-metre landslide killed 70 in Frank, Alberta.
1915 Donald Mills, American singer (Mills Brothers), was born (d. 1999).
1916 Easter Rebellion: Martial law in Ireland was lifted and the rebellion was officially over with the surrender of Irish nationalists to British authorities in Dublin.
1933 Rod McKuen, American poet and composer, was born.
1934 Otis Rush, American musician, was born.
1938 Bernard Madoff, American convict, who was a financier and Chairman of the NASDAQ stock exchange, was born.
1945 World War II: The German Army in Italy unconditionally surrendered to the Allies.
1945 World War II: Start of Operation Manna.
1945 – The Dachau concentration camp was liberated by United States troops.
1945 – The Italian commune of Fornovo di Taro was liberated from German forces by Brazilian forces.
1946 Former Prime Minister of Japan Hideki Tojo and 28 former Japanese leaders were indicted for war crimes.
1952 Anzus came into force.
1953 The first U.S. experimental 3D-TV broadcast showed an episode ofSpace Patrol on Los Angeles ABC affiliate KECA-TV.
1954 Jerry Seinfeld, American comedian, was born.
1957 – Daniel Day-Lewis, British-Irish actor, was born.
1958 Michelle Pfeiffer, American actress, was born.
1958 Eve Plumb, American actress, was born.
1965 Pakistan’s Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission(SUPARCO) successfully launched its seventh rocket in its Rehber series.
1967 After refusing induction into the United States Army the day before (citing religious reasons), Muhammad Ali was stripped of his boxing title.
1968 The controversial musical Hair opened on Broadway.
1970 Andre Agassi, American tennis player, was born.
1970 Vietnam War: United States and South Vietnamese forces invaded Cambodia to hunt Viet Cong.
1974 President Richard Nixon announced the release of edited transcripts of White House tape recordings related to the Watergate scandal.
1975 Vietnam War: Operation Frequent Wind: The U.S. began to evacuate U.S. citizens from Saigon prior to an expected North Vietnamese takeover. U.S. involvement in the war ended.
1979 Jo O’Meara, British singer (S Club), was born.
1980 Corazones Unidos Siempre Chi Upsilon Sigma National Latin Sorority Inc. was founded.
1980 Kian Egan, Irish singer (Westlife), was born.
1986 Roger Clemens then of the Boston Red Sox set a major league baseball record with 20 strikeouts in nine innings against the Seattle Mariners.
1986 A fire at the Central library of the City of Los Angeles Public Librarydamaged or destroyed 400,000 books and other items.
1991 A cyclone struck the Chittagong district of southeastern Bangladesh with winds of around 155 mph, killing at least 138,000 people and leaving as many as 10 million homeless.
1992 Riots in Los Angeles following the acquittal of police officers charged with excessive force in the beating of Rodney King. Over the next three days 53 people were killed and hundreds of buildings were destroyed.
1997 The Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 enters into force, outlawing the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons by its signatories.
1999 The Avala TV Tower near Belgrade was destroyed in the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.
2002 The United States was re-elected to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, one year after losing the seat that it had held for 50 years.
2004 Dick Cheney and George W. Bush testified before the 9/11 Commission in a closed, unrecorded hearing in the Oval Office.
2004 Oldsmobile built its final car ending 107 years of production.
2005 Syria completed withdrawal from Lebanon, ending 29 years of occupation.
2005 – New Zealand’s first civil union took place.
2011 – Wedding of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Kate Middleton.
2015 – A baseball game between the Baltimore Orioles and the Chicago White Sox set the all-time low attendance mark for Major League Baseball. Zero fans were in attendance for the game, as the stadium was officially closed to the public due to the 2015 Baltimore protests.
Sourced from NZ History Online and Wikipedia.
Nucivorous – feeding on nuts; nut eater.
Stronger lamb prices and plenty of grass have bumped up the season’s forecast profit for sheep and beef farmers.
Beef + Lamb New Zealand’s (B+LNZ) Mid-Season Update revises up its forecast for profit before tax to $75,200 for the All Classes Sheep and Beef Farm. Six months ago, the outlook had not been so good ($67,000 per farm), but with plenty of feed in most areas and better lamb prices, it’s a better outlook, Beef + Lamb New Zealand Chief Executive Sam McIvor says. . .
The Central Plains Water Trust holds the resource consents for the Central Plains Water Scheme. Central Plains Water Limited (the Company) owns and operates the infrastructure of the Scheme and contracts the supply of water for irrigation in the Scheme area to the farmers who are shareholders. The Trust licences the use of the consents to the Company for the taking and supply of the water, but does so with agreed conditions over and above those imposed by the resource consents. The Trust’s conditions relate to the environmental performance of the Scheme, and require that the Company impose environmental requirements on the users, set out in individual Farm Plans. Another one of the conditions is for the supply of data to the Trust on an annual basis so that the Trustees can have the data analised independently for use in publishing an Annual Sustainability Report on the environmental performance of the Scheme.
The attached report was published today on the Trust’s website: www.cpw.org.nz . . .
Shareholders of New Zealand’s biggest egg producer Mainland Poultry, have reached an agreement to sell to Private Equity firm Navis Capital.
MinterEllisonRuddWatts was lead advisor to Mainland Poultry along with ANZ Corporate Finance from Australia.
While the deal remains subject to Overseas Investment Office (OIO) approval, it is a significant transaction for the countries agricultural and FMCG industry. . .
Volumes at New Zealand’s weekly wool auction were higher than normal for this time of year as farmers try to shift bales they held back from previous auctions due to weak prices.
Some 6,160 bales were offered at yesterday’s North Island auction yesterday, 13 percent higher than volumes for the same time last year, according to AgriHQ. Some 70 percent of the wool was sold at auction, lagging behind the 75 percent clearance rate for the season to date, and well below last year’s 90 percent rate, AgriHQ said. . .
Farming, horticulture and aquaculture recognised alongside crafted products
Absolute NZ Meat is the Supreme Winner of the inaugural Outstanding NZ Food Producer Awards 2017. Their winning product Absolute Angus Porterhouse was named alongside seven category winners representing horticulture, aquaculture, cheesemaking, butchery and creators of premium crafted products.
The winners were announced in Auckland last night after a panel of 10 expert food judges tasted more than 150 products from 82 growers, farmers and crafted producers in early March 2017 at the Fresh Factory in Auckland. . .
Big cotton is planting the seeds for more subsidies – Vincent H. Smith:
Agricultural special interests have decades of practice in raiding the public purse, and it is only getting worse. Here is a case in point: cotton producers are canvassing Capitol Hill to lobby for access to a highly lucrative new set of subsidy programs.
Those programs, called Price Loss Coverage (PLC) and Agricultural Risk Coverage (ARC), were first enacted in the 2014 farm bill as a replacement for the costly Direct Payments program. As part of a trade dispute settlement with Brazil, Congress agreed that cotton would not be covered by these two programs, which are available for major crops like corn and wheat, and minor crops like oil seeds (canola, mustard seed, etc.). . .
J Bloggs and Teletext posed Thursday’s questions for which they get my thanks.
Should they have stumped us all they can claim a virtual batch of Anzac biscuits by leaving the answers below.
Before I can live with other folks I’ve got to live with myself. The one thing that doesn’t abide by majority rule is a person’s conscience. – Harper Lee who was born on this day in 1926.
1192 Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title to the throne was confirmed by election.
1611 Establishment of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, the largest Catholic university in the world.
1715 Franz Sparry, composer, was born (d. 1767).
1758 James Monroe, 5th President of the United States, was born. (d. 1831).
1792 France invaded the Austrian Netherlands (present day Belgium), beginning the French Revolutionary War.
1796 The Armistice of Cherasco was signed by Napoleon Bonaparte and Vittorio Amedeo III, the King of Sardinia, expanding French territory along the Mediterranean coast.
1862 American Civil War: Admiral David Farragut captured New Orleans.
1888 – The first British rugby team to tour New Zealand played its first match, against Otago at the Caledonian Ground in South Dunedin.
1902 Using the ISO 8601 standard Year Zero definition for the Gregorian calendar preceded by the Julian calendar, the one billionth minute since the start of January 1, Year Zero occured at 10:40 AM on this date.
1912 Odette Sansom, French resistance worker, was born (d. 1995).
1916 Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian automobile manufacturer, was born (d. 1993).
1920 Azerbaijan was added to the Soviet Union.
1922 Alistair MacLean, Scottish novelist, was born (d. 1987).
1926 Harper Lee, American author, was born.
1930 The first night game in organised baseball history took place in Independence, Kansas.
1932 A vaccine for yellow fever was announced for use on humans.
1937 – Saddam Hussein, President of Iraq, was born (d. 2006).
1941 Ann-Margret, Swedish-born actress, was born.
1948 Terry Pratchett, English author, was born (d. 2015).
1949 Former First Lady of the Philippines Aurora Quezon, 61, was assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others are also killed.
1950 Jay Leno, American comedian and television host, was born.
1952 Occupied Japan: The United States occupation of Japan ended with the ratification of Treaty of San Francisco.
1952 The Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty (Treaty of Taipei) iwa signed in Taipei between Japan and the Republic of China to officially end the Second Sino-Japanese War.
1956 Jimmy Barnes, Scottish-born singer, was born.
1960 Ian Rankin, Scottish novelist, was born.
1965 United States troops landed in the Dominican Republic to “forestall establishment of a Communist dictatorship” and to evacuate U.S. Army troops.
1967 Expo 67 opened to the public in Montreal.
1969 Charles de Gaulle resigned as President of France.
1969 – Terence O’Neill announced his resignation as Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.
1970 Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon formally authorised American combat troops to fight communist sanctuaries in Cambodia.
1974 Penélope Cruz, Spanish actress, was born.
1978 President of Afghanistan, Mohammed Daoud Khan, was overthrown and assassinated in a coup led by pro-communist rebels.
1981 Jessica Alba, American actress, was born.
1986 The aircraft carrier USS Enterprise became the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier to transit the Suez Canal, navigating from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea to relieve the USS Coral Sea.
1987 American engineer Ben Linder was killed in an ambush by U.S. funded Contras in northern Nicaragua.
1988 Near Maui, Hawaii, flight attendant Clarabelle “C.B.” Lansing was blown out of Aloha Flight 243, a Boeing 737 and fell to her death when part of the plane’s fuselage rips open in mid-flight.
1994 Former C.I.A. official Aldrich Ames pleaded guilty to giving U.S. secrets to the Soviet Union and later Russia.
1996 Whitewater controversy: Bill Clinton gave a 4½ hour videotaped testimony for the defence.
1996 – In Tasmania Martin Bryant went on a shooting spree, killing 35 people and seriously injuring 21 more.
2008 – A train collision in Shandong, China, killed 72 people and injured 416 more.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Paries – the wall of an organ, bodily cavity or cell; one of several parallel layers of material arranged one on top of another .
You’re invited to pose the questions.
Anyone who stumps everyone will win a virtual batch of Anzac biscuits.
Teams from the local Rural Support Trust and Red Cross have been documenting destroyed pastures, damaged homes and inundated orchards, as they carry out assessment visits to flood-affected farms and orchards in the Bay of Plenty.
“Our farming and growing families have been very stoic in getting through the flooding, and now our visit is a chance for them to sit down, have a cup of tea, and see what they need to move forwards with recovery,” says Igor Gerritson from the Bay of Plenty Rural Support Trust.
“What’s immediately clear is the extra cost associated with the evacuations of about 5000 cows, and the pressing need to buy feed for stock whose grazing is destroyed by floodwaters. The cost of transporting stock out alone is estimated to be $75,000 in the first week of the event.” . .
Fifty years of Canterbury farming revolution – Keith Woodford,
The ideas for this article were triggered by a recent reunion of former Ministry of Agriculture Canterbury farm advisers. There were about 45 of us who got together to tell tales of former years. Our collective experiences that day went back to 1946 when Austin Ebert joined what was then the Department of Agriculture, followed by Les Bennetts in 1947, and then Lyndsay Galloway and Dave Reynolds a few years later.
I was one of the later recruits, joining as a fresh-faced and very ‘wet behind the ears’ 22-year old at the end of 1969, having just completed a four-year agricultural science degree at Lincoln University. Compared to many, my farm adviser career was short. I only lasted two years, one year either side of two years back at Lincoln for a Master of Agricultural Science degree, before heading off to South America for mountain-climbing and other adventures. But those two years as a farm adviser were enough to create many memories, and also to learn many lessons, both from colleagues and some very experienced farmers. . .
Cropping farmers throughout New Zealand are feeling the impact of a wet autumn, with two cyclones this month leaving many crops underwater or too wet to get machinery in to harvest it.
New Zealand has been drenched in recent weeks, with the remnants of Cyclones Cook and Debbie causing widespread flooding.
Federated Farmers spokesperson Katie Milne said farmers across the country had been hit in different ways by the storms and while some areas had plenty of feed, others were struggling. . .
Pumped Dry – Central Otago farmers’ fight for water – Ian Telfer:
Alarm is growing in the farms and orchards in the country’s driest region as irrigation rights granted during the Otago Gold Rush expire, and new environmentally sustainable allocations loom.
More than 400 so-called deemed permits, which underpin Central Otago’s economy, have to be replaced with modern water permits within five years, and large cracks are appearing in the process.
The Carrick Water Race has run for 140 years, and survived, but its users might now have to dig deep to save it.
The historical hand-dug water channel has snaked its way downhill since the gold rush days, carrying water from Coal Creek high up in the mountains to the water-short land of Bannockburn. . .
(BusinessDesk) – A2 Milk Co’s third-quarter sales beat expectations as Chinese and Australian demand outstripped the milk marketer’s projections and the company sees annual revenue jumping by almost 49 percent.
The Auckland-based, Sydney-headquartered company forecasts revenue of $525 million in the year ending June 30, up from $352.8 million a year earlier, it said in a statement. A2 generated sales of $388.1 million in the nine months ended March 31, with the third quarter infant formula sales exceeding expectations. . .
Canadian Milkroad trilogy – Eric Crampton:
According to recent estimates from the OECD, the artificially high agricultural prices in Canada transfer $3.5 billion from consumers to producers annually — nearly $3 billion from milk alone. Spread over the 8 billion litres of annual production, it’s effectively a hidden milk tax of 37 cents per litre.
For producers, this is a big deal. At the end of 2015, there were just under 11,500 dairy farms in Canada. The $3 billion that supply management allows them to extract each year is equivalent to $260,000 per farm. Much of this is capitalized into the value of the quotas they are required to hold. A single one in BC and Alberta, for example, is currently worth roughly $40,000; in Ontario and Quebec, they go for $24,000. With nearly one million dairy cows in Canada, quotas are collectively worth tens of billions of dollars, an important cause of our country’s higher production costs. . .
Earth Day isn’t relevant here – Uptown Farms:
The last few days social media has been blowing up with Earth Day celebrations. Earth Day was born in 1970 by protestors in response to “the deterioration of the environment,” according to EarthDay.org.
This morning on our farm, we will get up and go to work like we always do.
We will check cows that are grazing our crop fields, currently seeded with turnips, radishes, and cereal rye. We refer to that mixture as cover crops, which we’ve been using on the farm for the last eight years or so, and they provide immeasurable environmental benefit. They reduce our chemical usage, runoff and erosion while increasing our soil organic matter and soil microbes. That means healthier fields and healthier environment surrounding our fields. . .
Canterbury’s leading agritech companies, who contribute to the country’s $3 billion agtech sector, will be showcasing their solutions to increase productivity and profitability in agriculture, at a TechWeek event on 10 May 2017.
Robotics, software, pasture mapping and management are some of the solutions being integrated into on-farm practices across New Zealand, and will be exhibited at Lincoln Hub’s ‘Showcasing Agtech’ event in Lincoln.
For the first time in Tech Week’s history, events are being held outside Auckland, including the showcase, which has been developed to raise the profile of Canterbury Agtech companies, as well as create a conversation around sustainability and growth in the agriculture industry. . .
The New Zealand forestry industry set a new record last year for the annual forest harvest. There is no denying the fact that the sector is on a high right now. On the back of booming log exports to China, low shipping rates and strong domestic demand, wood harvesting has reached record levels.
This year forestry export revenues are forecast to rise even further. For the year ending June of this year, they’re forecast to increase by 5.8% to NZ$5.4 billion, and climb a further 8.8% to NZ$5.9 billion in the year to June 2018. With the supply of harvestable wood also forecast to rise even higher over the next five years, logging contractors and transport operators from around the country will continue to be extremely busy. . .
We do not write in order to be understood; we write in order to understand. – Cecil Day Lewis who was born on this day in 1904.
Apropos of which, he also said:
First, I do not sit down at my desk to put into verse something that is already clear in my mind. If it were clear in my mind, I should have no incentive or need to write about it.
1124 David I became King of Scots.
1296 – Battle of Dunbar: The Scots were defeated by Edward I of England.
1495 Suleiman the Magnificent, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire was born (d. 1566).
1509 Pope Julius II placed the Italian state of Venice under interdict.
1565 Cebu was established as the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines.
1578 Duel of the Mignons claimed the lives of two favourites of Henry III of France and two favorites of Henry I, Duke of Guise.
1650 The Battle of Carbisdale: A Royalist army invaded mainland Scotland from Orkney Island but was defeated by a Covenanter army.
1749 First performance of Handel’s Fireworks Music in Green Park, London.
1773 The British parliament the Tea Act, designed to save the British East India Company by granting it a monopoly on the North American tea trade.
1777 American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Ridgefield: A British invasion force engaged and defeated Continental Army regulars and militia irregulars.
1791 Samuel F. B. Morse, American inventor, was born (d. 1872).
1805 First Barbary War: United States Marines and Berbers attacked the Tripolitan city of Derna (The “shores of Tripoli” part of the Marines’ hymn).
1806 – Moehanga (Ngāpuhi) became the first recorded Māori visitor to England.
1810 Beethoven composed his famous piano piece, Für Elise.
1813 War of 1812: United States troops captured the capital of Upper Canada, York (present day Toronto).
1822 Ulysses S. Grant, Civil War general and 18th President of the United States, was born. (d. 1885).
1840 Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster was laid by Lady Sarah Barry, wife of architect Sir Charles Barry.
1861 President of the United States Abraham Lincoln suspended the writ ofhabeas corpus.
1865 The New York State Senate created Cornell University as the state’s land grant institution.
1865 – The steamboat Sultana, carrying 2,400 passengers, exploded and sank in the Mississippi River, killing 1,700, most of whom were Union survivors of the Andersonville and Cahaba Prisons.
1893 New Zealand’s Premier John Ballance died.
1904 Cecil Day-Lewis, Irish poet and writer, was born (d. 1972).
1927 Carabineros de Chile (Chilean national police force and gendarmery) was created.
1927 Coretta Scott King, American civil rights activist and wife of Martin Luther King, Jr, was born (d. 2006).
1927 Sheila Scott, English aviatrix, was born (d. 1988).
1932 Pik Botha, South African politician, was born.
1941 – World War II: The Communist Party of Slovenia, the Slovene Christian Socialists, the left-wing Slovene Sokols (also known as “National Democrats”) and a group of progressive intellectuals established theLiberation Front of the Slovenian People.
1945 World War II: German troops were finally expelled from Finnish Lapland.
1945 World War II: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceased publication.
1945 World War II: Benito Mussolini was arrested by Italian partisans in Dongo, while attempting escape disguised as a German soldier.
1947 Peter Ham, Welsh singer and songwriter (Badfinger) was born (d. 1975),.
1948 Kate Pierson, American singer (The B-52′s), was born.
1950 Apartheid: In South Africa, the Group Areas Act was passed formally segregating races.
1951 – Ace Frehley, American musician (Kiss), was born.
1959 The last Canadian missionary left China.
1959 Sheena Easton, Scottish singer, was born.
1960 Togo gained independence from French-administered UN trusteeship.
1967 Expo 67 officially opened in Montreal with a large opening ceremony broadcast around the world.
1967 Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange, Dutch heir apparent, was born.
1967 Erik Thomson, Australian actor, was born.
1972 Constructive Vote of No Confidence against German Chancellor Willy Brandt failed under obscure circumstances.
1974 10,000 march in Washington, D.C. calling for the impeachment of US President Richard Nixon.
1977 28 people were killed in the Guatemala City air disaster.
1981 Xerox PARC introduced the computer mouse.
1987 The U.S. Department of Justice barred the Austrian President Kurt Waldheim from entering the United States, saying he had aided in the deportation and execution of thousands of Jews and others as a German Army officer during World War II.
1992 The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, comprising Serbia and Montenegro, was proclaimed.
1992 Betty Boothroyd became the first woman to be elected Speaker of the British House of Commons in its 700-year history.
1993 All members of the Zambia national football team lost their lives in a plane crash off Libreville, Gabon in route to Dakar to play a 1994 FIFA World Cup qualifying match against Senegal.
1994 South African general election, 1994: The first democratic general election in South Africa, in which black citizens could vote.
1996 The 1996 Lebanon war ended.
2002 The last successful telemetry from the NASA space probe Pioneer 10.
2005 The superjumbo jet aircraft Airbus A380 made its first flight from Toulouse.
2006 Construction began on the Freedom Tower for the new World Trade Centre.
2007 Estonian authorities removed the Bronze Soldier, a Soviet Red Army war memorial in Tallinn, amid political controversy with Russia.
2011 – The April 25–28, 2011 tornado outbreak devastated parts of the Southeastern United States, especially the states of Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, and Tennessee. 205 tornadoes touched down on April 27 alone, killing more than 300 and injuring hundreds more.
2012 – At least four explosions hit the Ukrainian city of Dnipropetrovsk with at least 27 people injured.
2014 – A tornado outbreak over much of the eastern United States killed more than 45 people.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Bema – the altar part or sanctuary in ancient and Orthodox churches; the enclosed space surrounding the altar; the sanctuary or chancel; an open space between the end of the nave arcade and the apse ion a basilica; the podium or platform in a synagogue from which the Torah and Prophets are read; the platform from which orators spoke in ancient Athens.
Farmers feel dairying presented unjustly in TV programme – Joyce Wyllie:
None of us chose where we were born or which family we were delivered into. I’m very blessed with wonderful parents and reared on a farm up a valley north of Gisborne. My happy, stimulating childhood was varied and colourful except for learning about right and wrong, that was back and white. Our home had no TV, but plenty of books, routines, chores, homework, good habits and a healthy sense of fairness.
Mum and Dad were both people of high integrity who valued honesty and justice and taught us to treat our neighbours as we would like to be treated. Those solid standards were set for us to live up to and I hope to pass them on to the next generation for our children’s benefit. Consequently I am conscious of fairness and won’t be the only one who has noticed with increasing alarm the put downs, insults and the unjust tactics we witness on TV screens every day.
It’s meant to pass as entertainment, or debate, or news, and occasionally as documentary. Recently the programme, The Price of Milk, was heavily promoted proudly touting to be giving the farmers’ side of the story. . .
A Nelson dairy farmer is jump-starting a craft milk industry.
Seventh-generation dairy farmer Julian Raine’s family has been dairy farming for more than 80 years.
The family is now on a mission to bring back “how milk used to be” to the mainstream market.
“We are not highly industrialised, we are kind of the equivalent of craft beer in the dairy industry.” . .
Beef and lamb help correct iron deficiency – Rod Slater:
Calling on all farmers, it’s your time to wave your flag proudly in a bid to support raising iron levels across our country.
As we know, beef and lamb is one of the most iron rich foods in our diet and next month marks World Iron Awareness Week running from May 1 – 7. Like everything we do in our offices, World Iron Awareness Week is something we are very passionate about – it’s hard not to be when you hear some of the facts around iron deficiency in New Zealand.
– low iron levels are evident in one in 14 adult women over the age of 15 years.
– 8 out of 10 toddlers don’t meet the recommended daily intake of dietary iron.
– 14 per cent of children under the age of 2 are iron deficient.
– 40 per cent of New Zealand women don’t get enough iron in their diet, and many go on to experience iron deficiency. . .
Zespri forecasts record profit from Gold3 licence revenue – Tina Morrison
(BusinessDesk) – Zespri International, the country’s kiwifruit export marketing body, expects to post a record profit this year due to increased revenue from the allocation of licences to grow the Gold3 variety.
The Mount Maunganui-based company forecast net profit of between $98 million and $103 million in the year ending March 31, 2018, it said in a letter to growers and shareholders. That’s ahead of its expectation for the 12 months ended March 31 this year of between $71 million and $74 million, and up from a profit of $35.8 million in 2016. . .
Agricultural systems are leaky and losses of phosphorus, nitrogen, organic matter and suspended solids can impact on water quality.
While direct contamination of surface water can be prevented by avoiding livestock access and effluent discharge, it is less straightforward to prevent losses over and through soil that can eventually reach waterways.
These less direct losses are affected by complex hydrological and chemical factors.
Gypsum has long been used as a soil conditioner and fertiliser but it is only recently that gypsum’s potential for reducing agricultural emissions to waterways has been researched. . .
Hogan warns of UK-US ‘bloodbath’ in future agri-trade talks – Philip Clarke:
EU agriculture commissioner Phil Hogan is predicting a “bloodbath” over the terms of any future UK-US free-trade agreement after Brexit.
Addressing an event organised by the Irish Farmers Association (IFA) in County Kildare, Mr Hogan said the UK had made it clear it intends to pursue its own international trade agenda once it leaves the European Union.
See also: Countryside Alliance demands ‘pragmatic’ trade deals
However, he said “fault lines” were already emerging with respect to any UK-US trade agreement. . .