Gigglemug – an habitually or perpetually smiling face.
Why people oppose GMOs even though science says they are safe – Stefaan Blancke:
Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have met with enormous public opposition over the past two decades. Many people believe that GMOs are bad for their health – even poisonous – and that they damage the environment. This is in spite of overwhelming scientific evidence that proves that GMOs are safe to eat, and that they bring environmental benefits by making agriculture more sustainable.
Why is there such a discrepancy between what the science tells us about GMOs, and what people think? To be sure, some concerns, such as herbicide resistance in weeds and the involvement of multinationals, are not without basis, but they are not specific to GMOs. Hence, another question we need to answer is why these arguments become more salient in the context of GMOs. . .
Win over dumping celebrated – Patrick O’Sullivan:
Local growers are celebrating after winning their fight against the relaxation of anti-dumping measures.
They have been lobbying against a proposed relaxation of the measures, which threatened the local canning industry.
Cabinet had agreed in principle to change the rules which would have resulted in anti-dumping duties only after damage to local industry was proven, with the duties removed after an Automatic Termination Period (ATP).
Dumping is illegal under World Trade Organisation agreements. . .
El Niño predicted to give farmers a rough ride over spring and summer – Michael Forbes and Caleb Harris:
Climate scientists are warning farmers to brace for a large-scale El Nino, with rainfall expected to drop by 15 per cent in some regions and increase by the same amount in others.
The National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (Niwa) is projecting the upper North Island and east coast of both islands will be hardest hit by dry conditions, which could mimic the devastating drought that shaved $618 million, or 0.9 per cent, off national GDP in 1997-98.
Principal climate scientist Andrew Tait said there was a 97 per cent chance El Nino would continue until October and a more than 90 per cent chance it would persist through until April 2016. . .
A man who knows a thing or two about how tough farmers are doing it right now is helping out with a free meal.
Retired Lepperton farmer Bob Pigott said the industry has always had its ups and downs, but the current conditions were pretty dire.
As a way to lend a helping hand, Pigott has donated $1000 in meal vouchers at Sporty’s Cafe and Bar in New Plymouth, for sharemilkers who are in need of a night away from the stress of the job.
“To go from $8.25 to $3.85 payout, I mean, it’s pretty disastrous.
“It’s part and parcel of the job though isn’t it, prices go down and come back again – it’s happening again but I think it’s a lot worse this time.” . . .
. . . the social investment approach is not about cutting costs in the short term.
It is about working out where to spend money – possibly more money – to save it in the long term.
And it is about spending money only on things that work. – Audrey Young
12 Gaius Caligula, Roman Emperor, was born (d. 41).
1218 Al-Kamil became Sultan of Egypt, Syria and northern Mesopotamia on the death of his father Al-Adil.
1422 Henry VI became King of England at the age of 9 months.
1803 Lewis and Clark started their expedition to the west.
1841 – The brig Sophia Pate, was wrecked on a sandbar at the entrance to the Kaipara Harbour with the loss of 21 lives.
1870 Maria Montessori, Italian educator, was born (d. 1952).
1880 Wilhelmina I of the Netherlands, was born (d. 1962).
1886 An earthquake killed 100 in Charleston, South Carolina.
1888 Mary Ann Nichols was murdered, the first of Jack the Ripper’s known victims.
1894 The new Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration (IC&A) Act, a flagship policy of Richard Seddon’s Liberal government, made New Zealand the first country in the world to outlaw strikes in favour of compulsory arbitration. There were no major strikes for 11 years and wages and conditions generally improved.
1894 Albert Facey, Australian writer, was born (d. 1982).
1918 Alan Jay Lerner, American lyricist, was born (d. 1986).
1920 Polish-Bolshevik War: A decisive Polish victory in the Battle of Komarów.
1940 Pennsylvania Central Airlines Trip 19 crashed near Lovettsville, Virginia. The CAB investigation of the accident was the first investigation to be conducted under the Bureau of Air Commerce act of 1938.
1940 Jack Thompson, Australian actor, was born.
1943 The USS Harmon, the first U.S. Navy ship to be named after a black person, was commissioned.
1945 The Liberal Party of Australia was founded by Robert Menzies.
1945 Van Morrison, Northern Irish singer-songwriter and musician, was born.
1949 The retreat of the Greek Democratic Army in Albania after its defeat in mountain Grammos marked the end of the Greek Civil War.
1949 Richard Gere, American actor, was born.
1957 The Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia) gained its independence from the United Kingdom.
1958 A parcel bomb sent by Ngo Dinh Nhu, younger brother and chief adviser of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem, failed to kill Sihanouk of Cambodia.
1958 Serge Blanco, French rugby union footballer, was born.
1962 Trinidad and Tobago became independent.
1965 Willie Watson, New Zealand cricketer, was born.
1965 The Aero Spacelines Super Guppy aircraft made its first flight.
1974 Leader of the Labour Party since 1965 and Prime Minister from late 1972, Norman Kirk, ’Big Norm’, died suddenly at the age of 51. He was the fifth New Zealand PM to die in office.
1978 William and Emily Harris, founders of the Symbionese Liberation Army, pleaded guilty to the 1974 kidnapping of
1986 Aeroméxico Flight 498 collided with a Piper PA-28 over Cerritos, California, killing 67 in the air and 15 on the ground.
1986 The Soviet passenger liner Admiral Nakhimov sank in the Black Sea after colliding with the bulk carrier Pyotr Vasev, killing 423.
1991 Kyrgyzstan declared its independence from the Soviet Union.
1992 Pascal Lissouba was inaugurated as the President of the Republic of the Congo .
1993 HMS Mercury, shore establishment of the Royal Navy, closed after 52 years in commission.
1994 The Provisional Irish Republican Army declared a ceasefire.
1997 Diana, Princess of Wales, her companion Dodi Al-Fayed and driver Henri Paul died in a car crash in Paris.
1998 North Korea reportedly launches Kwangmyongsong, its first satellite.
1999 The first of a series of bombings in Moscow, killing one person and wounding 40 others.
1999 – A LAPA Boeing 737-200 crashed during takeoff from Jorge Newbury Airport in Buenos Aires, killing 65, including 2 on the ground.
2005 A stampede on Al-Aaimmah bridge in Baghdad killed 1,199 people.
2006 Edvard Munch’s famous painting The Scream, which was stolen on August 22, 2004, was recovered in a raid by Norwegian police.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Cakeage – a charge made by a restaurant for serving a cake that they have not supplied themselves.
This reminds me of the first time my parents took me to a good restaurant.
At the end of the meal I perused the bill and in one of those thousand-acre voices children are wont to employ, said, “Corkage, what’s corkage? We didn’t eat any of that.”
Just one today. I found it on Facebook and in case someone whose grammar is better than that of its author notices, whoever is behind it doesn’t know the difference between you’re and your.
These are little scraps of magic & when you paste them together you get a memory of something fine & strong, she said. Sometimes it takes till you’re 40 to see it though….
Scraps of Magic ©2015 Brian Andreas, posted with permission.
You can sign up for a daily dose of whimsy like this by email at Story People.
Sunday’s soapbox is yours to use as you will – within the bounds of decency and absence of defamation. You’re welcome to look back or forward, discuss issues of the moment, to pontificate, ponder or point us to something of interest, to educate, elucidate or entertain, amuse, bemuse or simply muse but not to abuse.
Great minds discuss ideas; average minds discuss events; small minds discuss people. – Eleanor Roosevelt.
1363 Beginning date of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the forces of two Chinese rebel leaders— Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang—were pitted against each other in what is one of the largest naval battles in history, during the last decade of the ailing, Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty.
1574 Guru Ram Das became the Fourth Sikh Guru/Master.
1590 Tokugawa Ieyasu entered Edo Castle.
1720 Samuel Whitbread, English brewer, was born (d. 1796).
1791 HMS Pandora sank after running aground on a reef the previous day.
1797 Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, English writer, was born (d. 1851).
1800 Gabriel Prosser led a slave rebellion in Richmond, Virginia.
1813 Battle of Kulm: French forces defeated by Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.
1813 Creek War: Creek Red Sticks carried out the Fort Mims Massacre.
1835 Melbourne was founded.
1836 The city of Houston was founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen.
1862 American Civil War: Battle of Richmond: Confederates under Edmund Kirby Smith routed a Union army under General Horatio Wright.
1862 – American Civil War: Union forces were defeated in Second Battle of Bull Run.
1871 Ernest Rutherford, Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate, was born (d. 1937).
1903 Guide Joseph Warbrick and three tourists were killed instantly whenRoturua’s Waimangu geyser erupted unexpectedly.
1908 Fred MacMurray, American actor, was born (d. 1991).
1912 Nancy Wake AC GM, New Zealand-born World War II secret agent, was born (d. 2011).
1914 Battle of Tannenberg.
1918 Fanny Kaplan shot and seriously injured Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin.
1922 Battle of Dumlupinar, final battle in Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922).
1926 – Kawarau Falls dam became operational.
1930 Warren Buffett, American entrepreneur, was born.
1935 John Phillips, American singer/songwriter (The Mamas & the Papas), was born (d. 2001).
1942 World War II: Battle of Alam Halfa began.
1943 Jean-Claude Killy, French skier, was born.
1945 Hong Kong was liberated from Japan by British Armed Forces.
1945 – Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces, General Douglas MacArthur landed at Atsugi Air Force Base.
1946 Peggy Lipton, American actress, was born.
1951 Dana, Irish singer and politician, was born.
1956 Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opened.
1962 Japan conducted a test of the NAMC YS-11, its first aircraft since the war and its only successful commercial aircraft.
1963 Hotline between the leaders of the U.S.A. and the Soviet Union went into operation.
1967 Thurgood Marshall was confirmed as the first African American Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
1972 Cameron Diaz, American actress, was born.
1974 – A powerful bomb exploded at the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries headquarters in Marunouchi, Tokyo – 8 killed, 378 injured.
1984 The Space Shuttle Discovery took off on its maiden voyage.
1995 – NATO launches Operation Deliberate Force against Bosnian Serb forces.
1999 – East Timor voted for independence from Indonesia in a referendum.
2003 – While being towed across the Barents Sea, the de-commissioned Russian submarine K-159 sank, taking 9 of her crew and 800 kg of spent nuclear fuel with her.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Manspreading – the practice whereby a man, especially one travelling on public transport, adopts a sitting position with his legs wide apart, in such a way as to encroach on an adjacent seat or seats.
Leave Fonterra to sort itself (or not) – Stephen Franks:
The amalgamation/monolith structure of Fonterra was a mistake. But it is what we have and pulling it to bits now could compound the mistake.
The Fonterra monopoly came from a conjunction of dairy politics with the instincts of a leftist Clarke Cabinet, at a time when they needed to rebuild trust with business. The Fonterra ‘capture the value chain’ slogans appealed to a Cabinet nurtured on coop=good/big battalions/commanding heights socialism. So they legislatively outflanked the Commerce Commission, relegated official reservations, and created the monolith.
The Herald has an excellent review of the reasoning and the outcomes by Tony Baldwin, an official at key times. But his recommendations could be used to support those who’d like now to pull levers the other way, and impose new structures, equally well meant, equally sloganistic, and equally without knowing the future any more reliably. . .
Why hasn’t Fonterra worked? – Tony Baldwin:
Created in 2001, Fonterra was heralded as a ‘breakthrough idea’ meant to help New Zealand ‘catch the knowledge wave’. 14 years on, there’s been no economic transformation, writes Tony Baldwin.
“Potentially better than an oil well,” boasted Fonterra’s founding chairman, John Roadley, in 2002.
“White gold” is another favourite label.
Over many decades, New Zealand has invested massively in raw milk as a pathway to economic prosperity. It’s why Fonterra was formed. . . .
(BusinessDesk) – Landcorp Farming, which is taking on debt to convert former forestry land into dairy farms, won’t pay a dividend this year, highlighting the friction between the state-owned farmer’s long-term strategy and the government’s demand for regular payments in preference to investment.
New Zealand’s largest corporate farmer posted an 84 percent decline in annual profit to $4.9 million, in line with its forecast of $1 million to $6 million, as revenue fell 12 percent to $213.5 million on weak milk and lamb prices.
Debt rose 25 percent to $222 million, mostly to fund dairy conversions on the 26,000 hectare Wairakei Estate north of Taupo, slated to become the biggest milk producer in the southern hemisphere. Landcorp is 12 years into a 40-year lease to operate and develop the estate. . .
Entering the 2015 Ballance Farm Environment Awards (BFEA) proved a thoroughly enjoyable experience for Northland farmers Ian and Sandy Page.
The Pages own Tahere Farm near Whangarei in the Pataua North district. Previously a run-down unit, the couple has spent many years developing the 162ha farm into a model of sustainability. With the whole title area under QEII National Trust covenant, BFEA judges said Tahere was like a privately owned regional park, farmed in the public interest.
“By entering an open space covenant, Ian and Sandy have invited the world to share their dreams.”
Tahere has about 62ha of indigenous forest. Another 59ha runs sheep and beef and the balance is in production forestry. . .
A team developing a nutraceutical that could help regulate blood glucose levels thereby support the treatment of type II diabetes has won the University’s 2015 Proof of Concept grant.
The $50,000 grant, offered by the University’s commercialisation arm, Otago Innovation, is aimed at transforming novel research at Otago into a marketable idea, product or service.
Dr Phil Heyward and Dr Alex Tups of the Department of Physiology are working on the nutraceutical, which involves a plant product. They are collaborating with Associate Professor Nigel Perry of Plant and Food Research and Pat Silcock, the Manager of Food Science’s Product Development Research Centre, who each bring essential expertise to the project. . .
Some of the country’s best viticulturists and vineyards have been recognised for their grape growing skills.
The Bragato wine awards were announced in Hawke’s Bay last night as part of the New Zealand Winegrowers Romeo Bragato conference.
A Villa Maria chardonnay, with grapes grown by Brett Donaldson, won the Bragato Trophy.
And a Villa Maria cabernet sauvignon merlot, made from grapes grown by Phil Holden in Hawke’s Bay, won the champion domaine wine.
Chair of the judges, Ben Glover, said the competition recognises the grape growing behind a top drop. . .
A night of nerves, skill and finesse surrounded the all-female finalists of the inaugural Tonnellerie de Mercurey 2015 New Zealand Young Winemaker competition last night.
Hawke’s Bay Winemaker, Lauren Swift took the inaugural title after she battled it out following three days of winemaking challenges at the Romeo Bragato conference.
Lauren says, “It was an extremely tough competition, I’m really thrilled with the result. It’s been such a great opportunity for me, and has already opened a number of doors and given me so much confidence. . . .
A friend emailed these random reflections yesterday:
I changed my car horn to gunshot sounds. People move out of the way much faster now!
Gone are the days when girls used to cook like their mothers. Now they drink like their fathers.
You know that tingly little feeling you get when you really like someone? That’s common sense leaving your body.
I don’t like making plans for the day because then the word “premeditated” gets thrown around in the courtroom.
I didn’t make it to the gym today. That makes five years in a row.
I decided to change calling the bathroom the John and renamed it the Jim. I feel so much better saying I went to the Jim this morning.
Last year I joined a support group for procrastinators. We haven’t met yet…
I don’t need anger management. I need people to stop irritating me!
Old age is coming at a really bad time!
When I was a child I thought Nap Time was a punishment… now, as a grown up, it just feels like a small vacation!
The biggest lie I tell myself is… “I don’t need to write that down, I’ll remember it.”
My people skills are just fine. It’s my tolerance to idiots that needs work.
If God wanted me to touch my toes, he would’ve put them on my knees.
The kids text me “plz” which is shorter than please. I text back “no” which is shorter than “yes.”
I’m going to retire and live off of my savings. Not sure what I’ll do that second week.
I’ve lost my mind and I’m pretty sure my wife took it!
Even duct tape can’t fix stupid… but it can muffle the sound!
Why do I have to press one for English when you’re just gonna transfer me to someone I can’t understand anyway?
Of course I talk to myself, sometimes I need expert advice.
Oops! Did I roll my eyes out loud?
Saturday’s soapbox is yours to use as you will – within the bounds of decency and absence of defamation. You’re welcome to look back or forward, discuss issues of the moment, to pontificate, ponder or point us to something of interest, to educate, elucidate or entertain, amuse, bemuse or simply muse, but not abuse.
708 Copper coins were minted in Japan for the first time.
1350 Battle of Winchelsea (or Les Espagnols sur Mer): The English naval fleet under King Edward III defeated a Castilian fleet of 40 ships.
1475 The Treaty of Picquigny ended a brief war between France and England.
1526 Battle of Mohács: The Ottoman Turks led by Suleiman the Magnificent defeated and kill the last Jagiellonian king of Hungary and Bohemia.
1632 John Locke, English philosopher, was born (d. 1704).
1655 Warsaw fell without resistance to a small force under the command of Charles X Gustav of Sweden during The Deluge.
1758 The first American Indian Reservation was established, at Indian Mills, New Jersey.
1786 Shays’ Rebellion, an armed uprising of Massachusetts farmers, began in response to high debt and tax burdens.
1809 Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American physician and writer, was born (d. 1894).
1833 The United Kingdom legislated the abolition of slavery in its empire.
1842 Treaty of Nanking signing ended the First Opium War.
1862 Andrew Fisher, 5th Prime Minister of Australia, was born (d. 1928).
1869 The Mount Washington Cog Railway opened, making it the world’s first rack railway.
1871 Emperor Meiji ordered the Abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration.
1876 Charles F. Kettering, American inventor, was born (d. 1958).
1885 Gottlieb Daimler patented the world’s first motorcycle.
1898 The Goodyear tyre company was founded.
1907 The Quebec Bridge collapsed during construction, killing 75 workers.
1910 Japan changed Korea‘s name to Chōsen and appoints a governor-general to rule its new colony.
1911 Ishi, considered the last Native American to make contact with European Americans, emerged from the wilderness of northeastern California.
1914 New Zealand forces captured German Samoa.
1915 US Navy salvage divers raised F-4, the first U.S. submarine sunk by accident.
1915 Ingrid Bergman, Swedish actress, was born (d. 1982).
1915 Nathan Pritikin, American nutritionist, was born (d. 1985).
1923 Richard Attenborough, English film director, was born (d. 2014).
1924 Dinah Washington, American singer, was born (d. 1963).
1929 Thom Gunn, British poet, was born (d. 2004).
1930 The last 36 remaining inhabitants of St Kilda were voluntarily evacuated to other parts of Scotland.
1943 German-occupied Denmark scuttled most of its navy;Germany dissolved the Danish government.
1944 Slovak National Uprising – 60,000 Slovak troops turned against the Nazis.
1949 Soviet atomic bomb project: The Soviet Union tested its first atomic bomb, known as First Lightning or Joe 1, at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan.
1958 Lenny Henry, British writer, comedian and actor, was born.
1958 Michael Jackson, American pop singer, was born (d. 2009).
1958 United States Air Force Academy opened in Colorado Springs.
1966 The Beatles performed their last concert before paying fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
1970 Chicano Moratorium against the Vietnam War. Police riot killed three people, including journalist Ruben Salazar.
1991 Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union suspended all activities of the Soviet Communist Party.
1991 Libero Grassi, an Italian businessman from Palermo was killed by the Mafia after taking a solitary stand against their extortion demands.
1996 Vnukovo Airlines Flight 2801, a Tupolev Tu-154, crashed into a mountain on the Arctic island of Spitsbergen, killing all 141 aboard.
1997 At least 98 villagers were killed by the Armed Islamic Group of Algeria GIA in the Rais massacre, Algeria.
2003 Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, and nearly 100 worshippers were assassinated in a terrorist bombing, as they left a mosque in Najaf.
2005 Hurricane Katrina devastated much of the U.S. Gulf Coast from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle, killing more than 1,836 and causing over $80 billion in damage.
2007 – 2007 United States Air Force nuclear weapons incident: six US cruise missiles armed with nuclear warheads were flown without proper authorization from Minot Air Force Base to Barksdale Air Force Bae.
2012 – The opening ceremony of the Summer Paralympic Games was held in London.
2012 – At least 26 miners were killed and 21 missing after a blast in theXiaojiawan coal mine, located at Panzhihua in Sichuan Province, China.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Poetry – literary work in which the expression of feelings and ideas is given intensity by the use of distinctive style and rhythm; writing that formulates a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience in language chosen and arranged to create a specific emotional response through meaning, sound, and rhythm; poems collectively or as a genre of literature; a quality of beauty and intensity of emotion regarded as characteristic of poems; something regarded as comparable to poetry in its beauty; the art of rhythmical composition, written or spoken, for exciting pleasure by beautiful, imaginative, or elevated thoughts; literary work in metrical form; verse; prose with poetic qualities.
Mr E and J Bloggs posed the questions for which they get my thanks.
If they’ve stumped us all they can claim a virtual bunch of daffodils by leaving the answers below.
Prime Minister John Key, who is also Minister of Tourism, has announced a further $935,000 will be invested to help complete the Alps 2 Ocean cycle trail.
“Once finished, the 310km trail will be a major tourism asset for the Waitaki and Mackenzie Districts, helping attract both local and international visitors to the area,” Mr Key says.
“There is strong support from local tourism operators, and a growing number of international tourists are already using the trail, with an estimated 25 per cent more users in January 2015, compared with the same period last year.
The Alps 2 Ocean cycle trail is one of 23 Great Rides that make up Nga Haerenga – the New Zealand Cycle Trail.
“The Great Rides have proven to be a significant driver of local and international tourism which is helping New Zealand stay on the international map as a top tourist destination,” Mr Key says.
“The trails are also boosting economic growth in the regions with reports from individual trails indicating that more than 1,200 jobs have been created.
“Figures also indicate at least 60 new businesses have been established as a result of the Great Rides being built, and over 40 businesses have expanded their operations to cope with the new demand from cyclists.
“The funding announced today will help build on that success, creating more opportunities for the region and New Zealand as a whole,” Mr Key says.
This additional funding, made available through the National Cycleway Fund announced in Budget 2015, will bring the total Government contribution to the Alps 2 Ocean Cycle Trail to $3,705,000, and to almost $55 million to construct the trails nationally.
The local community has raised $955,000 of co-funding to contribute to the completion costs.
The 41 km section to be completed will connect Sailors Cutting on the shores of Lake Benmore with Duntroon, meaning users will no longer have to cycle on State Highway 83.
This is great news for the Mackenzie and Waitaki Districts, and the many thousands of people who will use the cycle way.
Cycling on the road is neither safe nor enjoyable.
The cycle way is already providing a financial boost for the districts even though it has yet to be completed.
Neighbours offer homestays in their historic homestead and enjoyed heavy bookings last summer from people using the cycle trail.
Other existing businesses on the route report similar increases in patrons and new businesses have been established to service and supply cyclists.
The A2O cycleway starts near Mount Cook and finishes in Oamaru which Lonely Planet dubbed New Zealand’s coolest town.
. . . The nature of CYF is chaotic because it deals with chaotic people. The organisation is in crisis because it exists to respond to crisis. No law changes, or system revamps, or ‘best practice’ applications will change that.
I feel sorry for the people who work with deeply dysfunctional families. The best of them burn out, and the worst become desensitized.
This latest from the Commissioner, and then s panel to “transform” CYF are just part and parcel of the ongoing drama that is chasing the tail of inter-generational social malaise driven by paying people to have babies. . . – Lindsay Mitchell
She was responding to the release of The Children’s Commissioner Dr Russell Wills’s State of Care report.
489 Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths defeats Odoacer at the Battle of Isonzo, forcing his way into Italy.
1189 Third Crusade: the Crusaders began the Siege of Acre under Guy of Lusignan.
1349 6,000 Jews were killed in Mainz, accused of being the cause of the plague.
1511 The Portuguese conquered Malacca.
1542 Turkish-Portuguese War (1538-1557) – Battle of Wofla: the Portuguese were scattered, their leader Christovão da Gama captured and later executed.
1619 Ferdinand II was elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1640 Second Bishop’s War: King Charles I’s English army lost to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn.
1749 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer and scientist (d. 1832).
1774 Elizabeth Ann Seton, American-born Catholic saint, was born (d. 1821).
1789 William Herschel discovered a new moon of Saturn.
1810 Battle of Grand Port – the French accepted the surrender of a British Navy fleet.
1828 Leo Tolstoy, Russian author, was born (d. 1910).
1830 The Tom Thumb presaged the first railway service in the United States.
1845 The first issue of Scientific American magazine was published.
1859 A geomagnetic storm caused the Aurora Borealis to shine so brightly it was seen clearly over parts of USA, Europe, and as far away as Japan.
1862 American Civil War: Second Battle of Bull Run.
1879 Cetshwayo, last king of the Zulus, was captured by the British.
1884 Peter Fraser, former Prime Minister of New Zealand, was born (d. 1950).
1898 Caleb Bradham renamed his carbonated soft drink “Pepsi-Cola”.
1901 Silliman University was founded in the Philippines, the first American private school in the country.
1906 John Betjeman, English poet, was born (d. 1984).
1913 Queen Wilhelmina opened the Peace Palace in The Hague.
1914 World War I: the Royal Navy defeated the German fleet in the Battle of Heligoland Bight.
1916 World War I: Germany declared war on Romania.
1916 – World War I: Italy declared war on Germany.
1917 Ten Suffragettes wre arrested while picketing the White House.
1924 Janet Frame, New Zealand author, was born (d. 2004).
1924 The Georgian opposition stages the August Uprising against the Soviet Union.
1930 Windsor Davies, British actor, was born.
1937 Toyota Motors became an independent company.
1943 World War II: in Denmark, a general strike against the Nazi occupation started.
1948 Danny Seraphine, American musician (Chicago), was born.
1951 Wayne Osmond, American singer (The Osmonds), was born.
1953 Nippon Television broadcast Japan’s first television show, including its first TV advertisement.
1954 Pauline Parker and Juliet Hulme were convicted of murdering Parker’s mother Honora.
1955 Black teenager Emmett Till was murdered in Mississippi, galvanizing the nascent American Civil Rights Movement.
1964 The Philadelphia race riot began.
1965 Shania Twain, Canadian singer, was born.
1979 An IRA bomb exploded on the Grand Place in Brussels.
1986 United States Navy officer Jerry A. Whitworth was sentenced to 365 years imprisonment for espionage for the Soviet Union.
1990 Iraq declared Kuwait to be its newest province.
1990 The Plainfield Tornado: an F5 tornado hit Plainfield and Joliet, Illinois, killing 28 people.
1991 Ukraine declared its independence from the Soviet Union.
1991 Collapse of the Soviet Union – Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.
1992 Canterbury’s “Big Snow“.
2003 An electricity blackout cut off power to around 500,000 people living in south east England and brought 60% of London’s underground rail network to a halt.
2011 – Hurricane Irene struck the United States east coast, killing 47 and causing an estimated $15.6 billion in damage.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia