1457 BC – Battle of Megiddo between Thutmose III and a large Canaanite coalition under the King of Kadesh – the first battle to have been recorded in what is accepted as relatively reliable detail.
1012 BC – Solar Eclipse seen at Ugarit, 6:09–6:39 PM.
328 Athanasius was elected Patriarch bishop of Alexandria.
1092 Lincoln Cathedral was consecrated.
1450 ‘Abd al-Latif (Timurid monarch) was assassinated.
1502 Christopher Columbus left Spain for his fourth and final journey to the New World.
1671 Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempted to steal England’s Crown Jewels from the Tower of London.
1726 Five men arrested during a raid on Mother Clap‘s molly house in London were executed at Tyburn.
1800 John Brown, American abolitionist was born (d. 1859).
1837 Adam Opel, German engineer and industrialist was born (d. 1895).
1860 – J. M. Barrie, Scottish author, was born (d. 1937).
1868 The city of Reno, Nevada, was founded.
1873 Der Krach: Vienna stock market crash heralded the Long Depression.
1874 The first horse-drawn bus made its début in the city of Mumbai, traveling two routes.
1877 Mihail Kogălniceanu read, in the Chamber of Deputies, the Declaration of Independence of Romania. This day became the Independence Day of Romania.
1887 Buffalo Bill Cody’s Wild West Show opened in London.
1893 William Moulton Marston, American psychologist, writer, was born (co-creator, Wonder Woman) (d. 1947).
1901 Australia opened its first parliament in Melbourne.
1904 The steam locomotive City of Truro became the first steam engine in Europe to exceed 100mph.
1907 The first School Journal was published.
1911 The works of Gabriele D’Annunzio placed by the Vatican in the Index of Forbidden Books.
1914 Hank Snow, American country music singer and songwriter, was born (d. 1999).
1915 – Anthony Wilding, New Zealand Wimbledon champion, was killed in battle.
1915 World War I: Second Battle of Artois between German and French forces.
1919 Arthur English, English actor and comedian, was born (d. 1995).
1920 Richard Adams, English author, was born.
1920 Polish-Soviet War: The Polish army under General Edward Rydz-Śmigły celebrated its capture of Kiev with a victory parade on Khreschatyk.
1926 Admiral Richard E. Byrd and Floyd Bennett claimed to have flown over the North Pole (later discovery of Byrd’s diary seemed to indicate that this did not happen).
1927 The Australian Parliament first convened in Canberra.
1929 Kay Dotrice, British actress, was born (d. 2007)
1930 Joan Sims, British actress, was born (d. 2001)
1932 Geraldine McEwan, English actress, was born.
1933 Jessica Steele, English romance novelist, was born,
1934 – Alan Bennett, British author, was born.
1935 – Roger Hargreaves, English children’s author (Mr. Men) was born (d. 1988)
1936 Albert Finney, British actor was born.
1936 – Glenda Jackson, English actress and politician was born.
1936 Italy formally annexed Ethiopia.
1937 – Edgar Bergen and Charlie McCarthy took to the airwaves becoming an overnight radio sensation.
1940 World War II: The German submarineU-9 sank the French coastal submarine Doris near Den Helder.
1941 World War II: The German submarine U-110 was captured by the Royal Navy. On board was the latest Enigma cryptography machine which Allied cryptographers later used to break coded German messages.
1942 Holocaust: The SS murdered 588 Jewish residents of the Podolian town of Zinkiv (Khmelnytska oblast, Ukraine). The Zoludek Ghetto was destroyed and all its inhabitants murdered or deported.
1945 World War II: Ratification in Berlin-Karlshorst of the German unconditional surrender of May 8 in Rheims, France, with the signatures ofMarshal Georgy Zhukov for the Soviet Union, and for the Western Headquarters Sir Arthur Tedder, British Air Marshal and Eisenhower’s deputy, and for the German side of Colonel-General Hans-Jürgen Stumpffas the representative of the Luftwaffe, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel as theChief of Staff of OKW, and Admiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg as Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine.
1945 New Zealand celebrated victory in Europe.
1945 – Steve Katz, American musician (Blood, Sweat & Tears), was born.
1946 – King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicated and was succeeded by Humbert II.
1946 – Candice Bergen, American actress, was born.
1949 Rainier III became Prince of Monaco.
1949 Billy Joel, American musician, was born.
1950 Robert Schuman presented his proposal on the creation of an organized Europe, indispensable to the maintenance of peaceful relations.
1950 – L. Ron Hubbard‘s Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Healthwas released.
1955 Cold War: West Germany joined NATO.
1955 Sam and Friends debuted on a local United States television channel, marking the first television appearance of both Jim Henson and what would become Kermit the Frog and The Muppets.
1960 The FDA announced it would approve birth control as an additional indication for Searle’s Enovid, making Enovid the world’s first approved oral contraceptive pill.
1961 Jim Gentile of the Baltimore Orioles became the first player in baseball history to hit grand slams in consecutive innings.
1962 David Gahan, English singer (Depeche Mode), was born.
1964 Ngo Dinh Can, de facto ruler of central Vietnam under his brother President Ngo Dinh Diem before the family’s toppling, was executed.
1969 – Carlos Lamarca led the first urban guerrilla action against the military dictatorship of Brazil in São Paulo, by robbing two banks.
1970 Vietnam War: In Washington, D.C., 75,000 to 100,000 war protesters demonstrated in front of the White House.
1971 – Paul McGuigan, English bassist (Oasis), was born.
1974 Watergate Scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee opened formal and public impeachment hearings against President Richard Nixon.
1980 Liberian freighter MV Summit Venture collided with the Sunshine Skyway Bridge over Tampa Bay, making a 1,400-ft. section of the southbound span collapse. 35 people in six cars and a Greyhound bus fell 150 ft. into the water.
1980 – In Norco, California, five masked gunman hold up a Security Pacific bank, leading to a violent shoot-out and one of the largest pursuits in California history. Two of the gunmen and one police officer were killed and thirty-three police and civilian vehicles destroyed in the chase.
1987 A Polish LOT Ilyushin IL-62M “Tadeusz Kościuszko” (SP-LBG) crashed after takeoff in Warsaw killing 183 people.
1988 The new Australian Parliament House opened in Canberra.
1992 Armenian forces captured Shusha, marking a major turning point in the Karabakh War.
2001 Accra Sports Stadium Disaster: 129 football fans died in a stampede (caused by the firing of teargas by police personnel at the stadium)that followed a controversial decision by the referee handling a crucial match between arch-rivals Accra Hearts of Oak and Kumasi Asante Kotoko.
2002 The 38-day stand-off in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem ended when the Palestinians inside agree to have 13 suspected militants among them deported to several different countries.
2002 – In Kaspiysk, Russia, a remote-controlled bomb exploded during a holiday parade killing 43 and injuring at least 130.
2004 Chechen president Akhmad Kadyrov was killed in a land mine bomb blast under a VIP stage during a World War II memorial victory parade in Grozny.
2006 Estonia ratified the European Constitution.
2012 – A Sukhoi Superjet 100 aircraft crashed into Mount Salak in West Java, killing 45 people.
2015 – An Airbus A400M Atlas military transport aircraft crashed near the Spanish city of Seville with three people on board killed.
2015 – Russia staged its biggest ever military parade in Moscow’s Red Square to commemorate the 70th anniversary of Victory Day.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia