Expiate – atone, make amends or reparation for.
Teletext gets my thanks for posing the questions and can claim a virtual chocolate cake for stumping us all by leaving the answers below.
Success follows life turnaround – Sally Brooker:
A young man who went into dairy farming after ”falling in with the wrong crowd” at school is earning accolades.
Jack Raharuhi (24) has been named the West Coast-Top of the South Dairy Manager of the Year.
He was presented with $4680 in prizes at the recent New Zealand Dairy Industry Awards regional awards dinner in Shantytown.
Mr Raharuhi, who manages a 482ha Landcorp property in Westport with 1150 cows, began milking through a Gateway programme at Buller High School nine years ago.
”Dad pulled me out of school and into full-time employment as a farm assistant for Landcorp. I’ve been with them ever since.”
He has worked his way up the industry, now overseeing a second-in-charge programme that involves training and mentoring others in the Landcorp cluster. . .
Māori Development Minister Te Ururoa Flavell and Primary Industries Minister Nathan Guy have congratulated this year’s Ahuwhenua Trophy competition sheep and beef farming finalists, celebrating excellence in Māori farming.
Announced today at a Parliamentary event, the three finalists are Omapere Rangihamama Trust (Kaikohe), RA & JG King Partnership, Puketawa Station (Eketahuna) and Pukepoto Farm Trust (Ongarue).
“These beef and sheep farming stations are shining examples of the commitment Māori farmers have to sustainably developing their land for future generations. I’m proud to acknowledge and celebrate the key role Māori play in New Zealand’s primary industries,” says Mr Guy.
“The asset base of the Māori economy is worth over $42 billion, most of which is strongly focussed on the primary industries. Māori collectively own 40% of forestry land, 38% of fishing quota, and 30% of lamb production, to name just a few examples. . .
From Seychelles to farming at Toko Mouth – Sally Rae:
It’s a long way from the Seychelles to Toko Mouth.
The path to farm ownership for coastal South Otago farmer Simon Davies has been an interesting one, including working in the seafood industry both in New Zealand and abroad.
Mr Davies (45) and his wife Joanna, with their two young daughters Georgina (3) and 7-month-old Juliette, farm Coombe Hay, a 750ha sheep and beef property boasting spectacular sea views.
Toko Mouth, 50km south of Dunedin and 15km southeast of Milton, is at the mouth of the Tokomairiro River and has about 70 holiday homes. . .
Minister for Primary Industries Nathan Guy has welcomed the launch of a new tool to monitor drought in New Zealand’s regions.
Developed by NIWA with the support of the Ministry for Primary Industries, the New Zealand Drought Index uses the best scientific information available to determine the status of drought across the country. It is a tool to acknowledge the onset, duration and intensity of drought conditions.
“Until now there hasn’t been one definitive definition of a drought,” says Mr Guy.
“Applying the latest scientific knowledge and technology like this index does, helps us to know exactly what is happening and can better inform producers, agri-businesses, councils and the Government to make the right decisions at the right time.” . .
The Beef + Lamb New Zealand Farmer Council has elected Marton farmer, William Morrison as its next national chairman.
Morrison replaces retiring King Country farmer, Martin Coup who has been the chairman since 2012.
The Beef + Lamb New Zealand Farmer Councils are aligned to the organisation’s geographic electorates and they were established in 2010 as a network for guiding and advising Beef + Lamb New Zealand in identifying farmers’ extension and research and development needs. . .
One of Southland’s largest farming stations is on the market for the first time in 40 years.
Strong interest is expected in the sale of Glenlapa Station, a significant property encompassing 5271 hectares of prime pastureland in Northern Southland. The expansive station has a tremendous capacity of more than 20,000 stock units, making it one of the largest and most successful farms in the region.
New Zealand Sotheby’s International Realty sales associate Russell Reddell says it’s uncommon for a property of this magnitude to be up for public sale. . .
The latest DairyNZ science and innovation will be revealed at Farmers’ Forum events across the country in May.
A selection of science topics will feature at the regional forums, free to farmers, with DairyNZ staff summarising key research.
Session one, ‘Are you making money from milk or milk from money?’, will look at the results of DairyNZ’s farm systems research into the profitability of marginal milk (the milk produced after fixed costs are paid). In response to debate around which farming system is most profitable, DairyNZ has assessed the cost of marginal milk from data analyses and farm systems research. The findings will be presented to help farmers consider marginal milk in their decision making. . .
New Zealand is missing a prime opportunity to combine its sustainable timber resources with an innovative manufacturing system to build faster and more efficiently.
Daryl Patterson, Head of Operational Excellence at Lend Lease Australia, states Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) is that missing link.
CLT is an engineered wood system made from several layers of dimensional lumber boards, stacked crossways and bonded together.
Speaking at the Wood Processors & Manufacturers Association of New Zealand (WPMA) and Property Council New Zealand Tall Timber Buildings seminar last week, Mr Patterson questioned why, given New Zealand’s ample timber resources, there is not greater use of CLT in our construction sector. . .
A strong woman is a woman determined to do something others are determined not be done. Marge Piercy who celebrates her 81st birthdaay today.
She also said:
Life is the first gift, love is the second, and understanding the third.
1146 Bernard of Clairvaux preached his sermon in a field at Vézelay, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade.
1492 Queen Isabella of Castille issued the Alhambra decree, ordering her 150,000 Jewish subjects to convert to Christianity or face expulsion.
1596 René Descartes, French mathematician, was born (d. 1650).
1621 Andrew Marvell, English poet, was born (d. 1678).
1717 A sermon on “The Nature of the Kingdom of Christ” by Benjamin Hoadly, the Bishop of Bangor, provokes the Bangorian Controversy.
1732 Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer, was born (d. 1809).
1774 American Revolutionary War: The Great Britain ordered the port of Boston, Massachusetts closed pursuant to the Boston Port Act.
1822 The massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt, depicted by the French artist Eugène Delacroix.
1851 – Francis Bell, New Zealand lawyer and politician, 20th Prime Minister of New Zealand, was born (d. 1936).
1854 Commodore Matthew Perry signed the Treaty of Kanagawa with the Japanese government, opening the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate to American trade.
1864 – Rewi’s last stand. The last battle of the Waikato War began when the spearhead of a 1200-strong British force charged an apparently weak Māori position at Ōrākau, south-east of Te Awamutu.
1866 The Spanish Navy bombed the harbour of Valparaíso, Chile.1885 The United Kingdom established a protectorate over Bechuanaland.
1889 The Eiffel Tower was inaugurated.
1903 Richard Pearse made a powered flight in an early aircraft.
1906 The Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (laterNational Collegiate Athletic Association) is established to set rules for amateur sports in the United States.
1909 Construction began on the RMS Titanic.
1912 Construction was completed on the RMS Titanic.
1917 The United States took possession of the Danish West Indies after paying $25 million to Denmark, and renames the territory the United States Virgin Islands.
1920 – Deborah Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, British aristocrat, socialite and author, was born (d. 2014).
1921 The Royal Australian Air Force was formed.
1926 John Fowles, English author, was born (d. 2005).
1930 The Motion Pictures Production Code was instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in film for the next thirty eight years.
1931 An earthquake destroyed Managua, Nicaragua, killing 2,000.
1933 The Civilian Conservation Corps was established with the mission of relieving rampant unemployment.
1934 – Richard Chamberlain, American actor, was born.
1935 Herb Alpert, American trumpeter and band leader, was born.
1936 Marge Piercy, American writer, was born.
1940 The funeral of Labour Prime Minister Michael Joseph Savage took place.
1942 World War II: Japanese forces invaded Christmas Island, then a British possession.
1942 Holocaust in Ivano-Frankivsk (then called Stanislawow), western Ukraine. German Gestapo organised the first deportation of 5,000 Jews from Stanislawow ghetto to Belzec death camp.
1946 – The first election was held in Greece after World War II.
1947 César Gaviria Trujillo, former President of Colombia, was born.
1948 Al Gore, former Vice President of the United States and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, was born.
1955 Angus Young, Scottish-born Australian guitarist (AC/DC), was born.
1955 Robert Vance, New Zealand cricketer, was born.
1959 The 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, crossed the border into India and was granted political asylum.
1964 The Dictatorship in Brazil, under the aegis of general Castello Branco, began.
1965 Iberia Airlines Convair 440 crashed into the sea on approach to Tangier, killing 47 of 51 occupants.
1966 The Soviet Union launched Luna 10 which became the first space probe to enter orbit around the Moon.
1970 Explorer 1 re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere (after 12 years in orbit).
1972 Alejandro Amenábar, Spanish film director, was born.
1979 The last British soldier left Malta which declared its Freedom Day (Jum il-Helsien).
1986 – Six metropolitan county councils were abolished in England.
1990 200,000 protestors took to the streets of London to protest against the newly introduced Poll Tax.
1991 The Islamic Constitutional Movement, or Hadas, was established in Kuwait.
1991 Georgian independence referendum, 1991: nearly 99 percent of the voters supported the country’s independence from the Soviet Union.
199 The journal Nature reported the finding in Ethiopia of the first completeAustralopithecus afarensis skull.
1995 In Corpus Christi, Texas, Latin superstar Selena Quintanilla Perez was shot and killed by Yolanda Saldivar, the president of her own fan club.
1998 Netscape released the code base of its browser under an open-source license agreement; with code name Mozilla and which was spun off into the non-profit Mozilla Foundation.
2004 In Fallujah, Iraq, 4 American private military contractors working for Blackwater USA, were killed and their bodies mutilated after being ambushed.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Esoterica – things understood by or meant for a select few; recondite matters or items; things that are impractical; curiosa; esoteric or highly specialized subjects or publications.
You’re invited to pose the questions.
Anyone who stumps everyone will win a virtual chocolate cake.
Taihape farmer opens up about depression – Gerard Hutching:
Taihape farmer Dan Mickleson has spilled his heart out on Facebook after a second bout of depression, and has been overwhelmed by the response.
“The reaction’s gone way beyond anything I imagined when I asked them to post it. I thought it might get 100 likes and 20-odd comments but when they sent me the tracking stats this morning it’s reached over 130,000 people,” he said.
Entitled “Real Men Don’t Cry”, the 1000-word admission of Mickleson’s struggles was posted on the NZ Farming Facebook page.
I’m a food producer not a farmer: Richard Kidd – Gerald Piddock:
Richard Kidd is not just a sheep and beef farmer, he is a food producer.
It is a small but subtle twist on words that he believed has helped him better connect with urban consumers.
Just calling himself a farmer was too broad, he said.
“We have a better story to say than we are just farmers. We are producing food that the public has to eat and I think they deserve to know that it’s well farmed, as free as chemicals as possible and a good story behind it.” . .
Engineering student’s start-up has billion-dollar prospects – Madison Reidy:
Growing up on a 300-cow dairy farm in Matamata exposed Craig Piggott to the problems farmers face.
With a first class honours engineering degree and a year’s experience building rockets for Rocket Lab under his belt, he is now solving them with his own agri-tech invention.
Piggott, 22, came up with the idea for a GPS tracking, solar powered cow collar while studying at Auckland University. The idea could not wait until he graduated, he said. . .
Substantial reductions in the intensity of greenhouse gas emissions at a South Canterbury farm show environmental gains can be made hand in hand with a farm’s growth, scientists say.
Record keeping back to 1991, when Bill and Shirley Wright took on the sheep and cattle farm at Cave, has allowed scientists to study the profile of greenhouse gas emissions over time in an evolving farm system.
Analysis of the Wrights’ farm system in the last couple of years has also provided important insights into nitrate leaching (the loss of nitrogen), and what impacts on the amount of leaching and how best it can be managed. . .
(BusinessDesk) – Synlait Milk, the NZX-listed dairy company, posted a 3.8 percent lift in first-half profit as higher sales offset increased investment in people and business development.
Profit increased to $10.6 million, or 6.34 cents per share, in the six months ended Jan. 31, from $10.2 million, or 6.99 cents, a year earlier, the Rakaia-based company said in a statement. Sales jumped 35 percent to $288.7 million. The year-earlier earnings included a $2.9 million unrealised foreign exchange loss. . .
Fonterra has launched a unique nutrition programme for pregnant women in Hong Kong, developing a website endorsed by professional dieticians to give women access to healthy, nutritious at-home dining recipes and tips for eating well when dining out during pregnancy.
The programme, called ‘Anmum You & B’, also offers access to fine dining seminars where pregnant women can receive personalised food and nutrition advice from certified dieticians.
The programme’s introductory video was viewed more than 1.5 million times in one week – accounting for more than half of the 3.5 million females living in Hong Kong. . .
Over 2000 owners of Te Aroha Aggregation farm in Waihi are celebrating a major milestone in its development, with an open day on Saturday. The day signifies the start of responsibility for the farm being passed back to the owners.
For the last three years, owners and trustees of the Māori-owned dairy farm have been supported by Te Tumu Paeroa to develop the skills and experience in governance so they can self-manage the successful enterprise.
Since 1989, Te Tumu Paeroa have been responsible trustee to Te Aroha Aggregation. Saturday’s ceremony signifies an important step for owners in the transition of management responsibility to them. . .
CRV Ambreed has made a genetic discovery that it anticipates will result in a more sustainable dairy industry and potentially reduce nitrogen leaching on New Zealand farms by 20% within 20 years.
In what’s thought to be an international first, the dairy herd improvement company has announced it will market bulls that are desirable for traditional traits as well as being genetically superior for a new trait that is related to urea nitrogen in milk.
CRV Ambreed is now selling semen from bulls whose daughters will have reduced concentration of Milk Urea Nitrogen (MUN) under a LowN Sires™ brand. MUN is a measure of the amount of nitrogen contained as milk urea, and CRV Ambreed R&D Manager Phil Beatson says there’s overwhelming international evidence of a direct connection between MUN and the amount of nitrogen excreted in urine when fed different diets. . .
There is no religion without love, and people may talk as much as they like about their religion, but if it does not teach them to be good and kind to man and beast, it is all a sham. Anna Sewell who was born on this day in 1820.
240 BC 1st recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet.
1296 Edward I sacked Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England.
1746 Francisco Goya, Spanish painter, was born (d. 1828).
1811 Robert Bunsen, German chemist, was born (d. 1899).
1814 Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces marched into Paris.
1820 Anna Sewell, British author, was born (d. 1878).
1842 Anesthesia was used for the first time in an operation by Dr Crawford Long.
1844 One of the most important battles of the Dominican War of Independence from Haiti took place near the city of Santiago de los Caballeros.
1853 Vincent van Gogh, Dutch painter, was born (d. 1890).
1855 Origins of the American Civil War: Bleeding Kansas – “Border Ruffians” from Missouri invaded Kansas and forced election of a pro-slavery legislature.
1856 The Treaty of Paris was signed, ending the Crimean War.
1858 Hymen Lipman patented a pencil with an attached rubber.
1863 Danish prince Wilhelm Georg was chosen as King George of Greece.
1864 Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist, was born (d. 1943).
1885 The Battle for Kushka triggered the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gave rise to war between the British and Russian Empires.
1909 The Queensboro Bridge opened, linking Manhattan and Queens.
1910 The Mississippi Legislature founded The University of Southern Mississippi.
1913 Frankie Laine, American singer, was born (d. 2007).
1918 Outburst of bloody March Events in Baku and other locations of Baku Governorate.
1928 Tom Sharpe, English satirical author, was born (d. 2013).
1930 Rolf Harris, Australian artist and entertainer, was born.
1937 Warren Beatty, American actor and director, was born.
1940 Sino-Japanese War: Japan declared Nanking to be the capital of a new Chinese puppet government, nominally controlled by Wang Ching-wei.
1941 Graeme Edge, British musician (Moody Blues), was born.
1945 Eric Clapton, British guitarist, was born.
1945 – World War II: a defecting German pilot delivered a MesserschmittMe 262A-1 to the Americans.
1949 A riot broke out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joined NATO.
1950 Robbie Coltrane, Scottish actor and comedian, was born.
1954 Yonge Street subway line opened in Toronto, the first subway in Canada.
1959 Peter Hugh McGregor Ellis, who was convicted of child abuse at the Christchurch Civic Creche, was born.
1961 The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs was signed in New York.
1962 MC Hammer, American rap musician, was born.
1964 Tracy Chapman, American singer, was born,
1965 Vietnam War: A car bomb exploded in front of the US Embassy, Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others.
1968 Celine Dion, Canadian singer, was born.
1972 Vietnam War: The Easter Offensive began after North Vietnamese forces cross into the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) of South Vietnam.
1979 Airey Neave, a British MP, was killed by a car bomb as left the Palace of Westminster. The Irish National Liberation Army claimed responsibility.
1979 Norah Jones, American musician, was born.
1981 President Ronald Reagan was shot in the chest outside a Washington, D.C., hotel by John Hinckley, Jr.
2004 – Historian Michael King died.
2006 The United Kingdom Terrorism Act 2006 became law.
2009 – Twelve gunmen attacked the Manawan Police Academy in Lahore, Pakistan.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Exigent – pressing; demanding immediate attention; requiring immediate action or aid;
Health risk concerns for orchard workers – Pam Jones:
Cromwell orchardists are concerned about the public health risks of continued freedom camping by fruitpickers.
While no cases of illness have been reported, the summerfruit industry body says it has serious concerns about the conditions in which some orchard workers are living and the possibility of a breakout of transferrable disease.
Summerfruit New Zealand chairman and Cromwell orchardist Tim Jones said the possible impact on export crops was discussed at Summerfruit’s board meeting last month and about five Cromwell orchardists were concerned. . .
New leader steps up in agri-tech – Sally Rae:
Tracmap’s new chairman says it is an exciting time for the Mosgiel-based agri-tech company.
Chris Dennison, who farms at Hilderthorpe, in North Otago, replaces Pat Garden, from Millers Flat, who has stepped down after just over a decade.
TracMap was established by Colin Brown in 2006 after he identified a gap in the market for a rugged and easy-to-use GPS guidance and mapping system, specifically designed for New Zealand conditions.
He initially saw the opportunity in ground spreading and the application was pushed wider as it had been developed. . .
Competition provided impetus – Sally Rae:
Winning the Southland Otago Sharemilker Equity Farmer of the Year title gave Jono and Kelly Bavin so much more than a trophy.
Mr and Mrs Bavin, now regional managers for Southland Otago in the New Zealand Dairy Industry Awards, won the regional title in 2015, which coincided with the dairy downturn starting ”to bite”.
But because they had entered the competition, and really evaluated their business and where it was going, that helped them get through the next two years.
”There’s not many times in your life you pick up your business, throw it on the ground and rearrange it again. That’s what we did,” Mr Bavin said.
Had they not made the decision to enter the competition, then ”things could have been totally different” for the Southland couple. . .
Calamity on the Coast – Peter Burke:
A ghastly period: that’s how DairyNZ West Coast consulting officer Ross Bishop describes the situation facing the region’s dairy farmers.
They are deeply frustrated and struggling to maintain faith in their dairy company Westland Milk Products, he says.
The company is in a financial mess and chief executive Toni Brendish has the unenviable task of trying to return it to a reasonable financial footing. Already she has made clear there will be a lower payout for farmers and job losses at its factories. . .
Failure to meet its own goals for reproductive performance (industry targets) has been much talked about at Lincoln University Dairy Farm (LUDF).
Farmers at a February 23 focus day debated the analysis presented and anecdotal comparisons with other farms in the region.
Taking a long term view, particularly if the current season is excluded, reproductive performance has improved on the farm over the past 13 years. But drilling into the detail reveals the farm only once met the industry target of 78% six-week in-calf rate (2013 mating period). Since then the trend in six-week in-calf rates has declined, raising many questions about what is limiting performance. . .
Allen Meadows is a self-confessed, “obsessive” Burgundy lover. So much so that his life is spent compiling advice and information on the world’s foremost Pinot Noir region.
His quarterly reviewBurghound.com was the first of its kind to dedicate itself to the wines of a particular region – and has become the go-to for lovers of the variety.
While his reviews offer regular updates on Oregon and Californian Pinot, it is not often that other New World countries are included in his extremely popular review. Hence a tasting of 221 wines from New Zealand was an amazing achievement, organised by NZW’s Marketing Manager USA, David Strada. Just getting Meadows to a tasting was an accomplishment – but the end results which featured in Issue 64 of Burghound.com (October 2016) were even more so. . .
A rise in the number of timber tree seedlings being produced indicates a recent decline in plantation forest replanting may be reversing.
An MPI survey of all 28 commercial forest nurseries in New Zealand shows stock sales in 2016 for planting this year were 52.2 million seedlings, compared with 49.5 million the year before.
Forest Owners Association Chief Executive David Rhodes says the increase in seedling sales is a positive sign the industry is gearing up for increased production, even if the trees planted now will not be harvested for about another 30 years. . .
Life took over 4 billion years to evolve into you, and you’ve about 70 more years to enjoy it. Don’t just pursue happiness, catch it. Eric Idle who celebrates his 74th birthday today.
1549 Salvador da Bahia, the first capital of Brazil, was founded.
1632 Treaty of Saint-Germain was signed, returning Quebec to French control after the English had seized it in 1629.
1638 Swedish colonists established the first settlement in Delaware, naming it New Sweden.
1790 John Tyler, 10th President of the United States, was born (d. 1862).
1792 King Gustav III of Sweden died after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade ball 13 days earlier.
1799 Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was born (d. 1869).
1806 Construction was authorised of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, the first United States federal highway.
1809 King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicated after a coup d’état.
1831 Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniak rebel against Turkey.
1849 The United Kingdom annexed the Punjab.
1865 American Civil War: The Battle of Appomattox Court House began.
1867 Queen Victoria gave Royal Assent to the British North America Actwhich established the Dominion of Canada on July 1.
1870 Pavlos Melas, Greek officer who organized and participated in the Greek Struggle for Macedonia, was born (d. 1904).
1871 The Royal Albert Hall was opened by Queen Victoria.
1879 Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Kambula: British forces defeated 20,000 Zulus.
1882 The Knights of Columbus were established.
1900 John McEwen, eighteenth Prime Minister of Australia, was born (d. 1980).
1901 Skipppers Bridge over the Shotover River opened.
1902 William Walton, English composer, was born (d. 1983).
1911 The M1911 .45 ACP pistol became the official U.S. Army side arm.
1916 Eugene McCarthy, American politician, was born (d. 2005).
1930 Heinrich Brüning was appointed German Reichskanzler.
1936 In Germany, Adolf Hitler received 99% of the votes in a referendum to ratify Germany’s illegal reoccupation of the Rhineland, receiving 44.5 million votes out of 45.5 million registered voters.
1937 – Smarck Michel, Haitian businessman and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Haiti, was born (d. 2012).
1942 Nazi sabotage hoax – career criminal Sydney Ross met the minister of national service, Robert Semple, in Wellington and claimed he had been approached by a German agent to join a sabotage cell and that Nazi agents had landed by submarine and were living at Ngongotaha, Rotorua. Ross was taken to see Prime Minister Peter Fraser, who referred the matter to Major Kenneth Folkes, a British intelligence officer brought to New Zealand to set up the Security Intelligence Bureau.
1942 The Bombing of Lübeck was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.
1943 Eric Idle, English actor, writer, and composer, was born.
1943 Sir John Major, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was born.
1943 Vangelis, Greek musician and composer, was born .
1945 Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England.
1957 The New York, Ontario and Western Railway made its final run.
1961 The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified, allowing residents of Washington, D.C. to vote in presidential elections.
1963 Elle Macpherson, Australian model, was born.
1968 Lucy Lawless, New Zealand actress and singer, was born.
1971 – A Los Angeles, California jury recommended the death penalty forCharles Manson and three female followers.
1973 Vietnam War: The last United States combat soldiers left South Vietnam.
1974 NASA’s Mariner 10 became the first spaceprobe to fly by Mercury.
1993 Catherine Callbeck became premier of Prince Edward Island and Canada’s first female to be elected in a general election as a premier.
1999 The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above the 10,000 mark (10,006.78) for the first time ever, during the height of the internet boom.
2004 Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia joined NATO as full members.
2004 The Republic of Ireland became the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants.
2008- 35 Countries & more 370 cities joined Earth Hour for the first time.
2010 – Two female suicide bombers hit the Moscow Metro system at the peak of the morning rush hour, killing 40.
2013 – At least 36 people were killed when a 16-floor building collapsed in the commercial capital Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
2013 – A landslide killed 66 people in China’s Tibetan Autonomous Region near Lhasa.
2014 – The first same-sex marriages in England and Wales were performed.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Contusion – an injury in which the subsurface tissue is injured but the skin is not broken; a region of injured tissue or skin in which blood capillaries have been ruptured; a bruise.
NZ primary sector commentators argue for genetic modification – Gerard Hutching:
New Zealand could not pretend to be an agricultural Silicon Valley if it did not embrace genetic modification, farming leader Malcolm Bailey has said.
“It would be Silicon Valley without the silicon,” he told the Future Farms conference being held in Palmerston North.
Bailey, who is chairman of the Dairy Companies Association of New Zealand and former Federated Farmers president, said there were a number of different types of GM. He was not advocating the use of transgenics, where genes from a plant are mixed with those from an animal. . .
Elite soils sprouting houses – Bernard Orsman:
Pukekohe market gardeners, the Bhana family, live in a rural zone but across the road houses are sprouting up on a paddock they were cropping potatoes two years ago.
In the past 10 years, about 16 per cent of Pukekohe’s dark brown, volcanic soil has been taken over for houses, and more is under threat from the city’s new planning rulebook.
More than 5000 new houses are in the pipeline in Pukekohe and neighbouring Paerata – and another 9000 are planned in the two areas over the next decade.
“We are genuinely worried the elite soils are getting eaten up for housing,” says Bharat Bhana, whose family have been growing vegetables in Pukekohe since 1957. . .
Dam water would be useful in an emergency – Steve Wyn-Harris:
I am a sheep and beef farmer and was on the farm on Monday the 13th just gone.
When Jamie Mackay of The Country radio show rang me at midday for our regular chat on farming in Hawke’s Bay and wanted to talk about the drought I told him and his listeners that we had a far more pressing situation to discuss.
I spoke that in 33 years of farming I had never been more alarmed at the risk of fire. Conditions out on my farm and elsewhere were terrifying.
The wind was blowing around 100km. It was hot. Very hot, over 30 degrees. Humidity was very low with the air flow coming across from a scorching and dry Australia. And there was plenty of fuel on ground and dry scrub and trees. I said folk needed to take great care not to use machinery or anything that could cause sparks. . .
Special gene makes heat-resistant cows – Alexa Cook:
A New Zealand company has produced a new breed of dairy cow which can keep producing decent amounts of milk in hot and humid conditions.
Most cows struggle to maintain milk production if they are under stress from heat. The “Slick” gene bulls are believed to be the first type of dairy bull in New Zealand to pass on heat tolerance to their daughters.
The bulls are named Slick Pathos, Slick Eros and his brother, Slick Himeros, after the Greek gods of love and sexual desire. Their genetics have been 10 years in the making.
New Zealand company Dairy Solutionz and STGenetics launched their Kiwipole breed in the US at the Tulare World Ag Expo. . .
Two more kiwi have found a safe haven in Northland thanks,in part, to a group of Fonterra farmers and Fonterra’s Living Water partnership with the Department of Conservation.
The two birds, Geoff and Charlie, were transferred from Limestone Island near Whangarei to the Tanekaha Community Pest Control Area last weekend to join 12 others released there about a year ago.
Fonterra farmers have worked for years to rid stoats and other predators from the area, work that has been part-funded in over the past two years by the Living Water partnership. . .
Fonterra’s Australian business is in good shape and performing well, says Fonterra Australia managing director René Dedoncker.
The Fonterra Co-operative Group Ltd announced its half-year results for its global operations, posting a NZD$418 million net profit after tax, up two per cent.
Fonterra Australia has contributed to this overall result which René says comes on the back of “all the hard work with our turnaround, making sure we’re focussing on areas where we have a clear advantage.
“We had to make tough decisions with our transformation. Our three businesses are now delivering good results for us, although there are headwinds ahead,” René says. . .
Prosperity or egalitarianism – you have to choose. I favour freedom – you never achieve real equality anyway: you simply sacrifice prosperity for an illusion. – Mario Vargas Llosa who celebrates his 81st birthday today.
37 Roman Emperor Caligula accepted the titles of the Principate, entitled to him by the Senate.
193 – Roman Emperor Pertinax was assassinated by Praetorian Guards, who then sold the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus.
845 Paris was sacked by Viking raiders, probably under Ragnar Lodbrok, who collected a huge ransom in exchange for leaving.
1472 Fra Bartolommeo, Italian artist, was born (d. 1517).
1483 – Raphael, Italian painter and architect, was born (d. 1520).
1515 Saint Teresa of Avila, Spanish Carmelite nun, was born (d. 1582).
1750 Francisco de Miranda, Venezuelan revolutionary, was born (d. 1816).
1760 Thomas Clarkson, British abolitionist, was born (d. 1846).
1795 Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland, a northern fief of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceased to exist and became part of Imperial Russia.
1809 Peninsular War: France defeated Spain in the Battle of Medelin.
1834 The United States Senate censuresd President Andrew Jackson for his actions in de-funding the Second Bank of the United States.
1860 First Taranaki War: The Battle of Waireka started.
1871 The Paris Commune was formally establised.
1920 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak in the Great Lakes region and Deep South states.
1921 Dirk Bogarde, English actor, was born (d. 1999).
1935 Michael Parkinson, English broadcaster, was born.
1936 Mario Vargas Llosa, Peruvian author and politician, was born.
1939 Spanish Civil War: Generalissimo Francisco Franco conquered Madrid.
1941 Battle of Cape Matapan – British Admiral Andrew Browne Cunningham led the Royal Navy in the destruction of three major Italian heavy cruisers and two destroyers.
1942 Neil Kinnock, British politician, was born.
1946 The United States State Department released the Acheson-Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.
1946 Alejandro Toledo, former President of Peru, was born,
1948 John Evan, British musician (Jethro Tull), was born.
1948 – Milan Williams, American musician (The Commodores) was born (d. 2006).
1948 – Matthew Corbett, English retired actor, was born.
1955 New Zealand cricket experienced its darkest day, when its 11 batsman could muster only 26 runs against England at Eden Park.
1968 Brazilian high school student Edson Luís de Lima Souto was shot by the police in a protest for cheaper meals at a restaurant for low-income students.
1969 Greek poet and Nobel Prize laureate Giorgos Seferis made a statement on the BBC World Service opposing the junta in Greece.
1969 – The McGill français movement protest – the second largest protest in Montreal’s history with 10,000 trade unionists, leftist activists, CEGEP some McGill students at McGill’s Roddick Gates.
1978 – The US Supreme Court handed down a 5-3 decision in Stump v. Sparkman, 435 U.S. 349, a controversial case involving involuntary sterilization and judicial immunity.
1979 – Operators failed to recognise that a relief valve was stuck open in the primary coolant system of Three Mile Island’s Unit 2 nuclear reactor following an unexpected shutdown. As a result, enough coolant drained out of the system to allow the core to overheat and partially melt down.
1979 – The British House of Commons passed a vote of no confidenceagainst James Callaghan’s government, precipitating a general election.
1983 The Australia-New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement (ANZCERTA), better known as CER, was signed. It was New Zealand’s first comprehensive bilateral trade agreement – and one of the first agreements of this kind in the world.
1990 President George H. W. Bush posthumously awarded Jesse Owensthe Congressional Gold Medal.
1994 Zulus and African National Congress supporters battled in central Johannesburg, resulting in 18 deaths.
1999 – Kosovo War: Serb paramilitary and military forces killed 146 Kosovo Albanians in the Izbica massacre.
2000 A Murray County, Georgia, school bus was hit by a CSX freight train which killed three children.
2003 In a “friendly fire” incident, two A-10 Thunderbolt II attack aircraft from the Idaho Air National Guard’s 190th Fighter Squadron attacked British tanks participating in the invasion of Iraq, killing British soldierMatty Hull.
2005 The 2005 Sumatran earthquake rocked Indonesia, and at magnitude 8.7 was the second strongest earthquake since 1965.
2006 At least 1 million union members, students and unemployed took to the streets in France in protest at the government’s proposed First Employment Contract law.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Abstruse – difficult to penetrate or understand; obscure.
24-hour shearing marathon for suicide prevention raises thousands – Leighton Keith:
The buzz of clippers went silent and was replaced by cheers and applause in a Taranaki woolshed as a 24-hour shearing marathon came to an end.
The event, held just out of Whangamomona on Sunday, had been organised by John Herlihy to raise awareness for suicide prevention following the death of his son Michael in January 2016.
Michael’s death, a suspected suicide, shocked New Zealand’s close knit shearing community and came just 10 days before he and his five brothers, Paul, Mark, Craig, Tim and Dean were planning to set a new world record by shearing 3000 lambs in just eight hours. . .
Linkwater dairy farmers Jason and Amber Templeman entered the region’s leading environment awards to show the positive aspects of the dairy industry, they say.
“The dairy industry has been getting a lot of bad publicity over environment standards,” Jason says.
“Entering the awards was an opportunity for us to show what the dairy industry was doing positively.” . .
In the field – Guy Williams:
For the past two summers, teams of academics and students from the University of Otago have made field trips into a stretch of spectacular high country between Arrowtown and Lake Wanaka. Queenstown reporter Guy Williams finds out what they are up to.
It is a glorious morning after a night of wind, rain and broken sleep at the Skippers camping ground.
On the final day of a three-day field trip to Coronet Peak Station, two University of Otago summer bursary students are helping Dr Christoph Matthaei, a freshwater ecologist from the university’s zoology department, take water samples from a tributary of the Shotover River.
The hustle and bustle of Queenstown is only 20km to the south, but in this gully on the flanks of the Harris Mountains, it feels like the middle of nowhere.
The trio are on the western edge of Mahu Whenua (Healing the Land), the name given to a vast tract of country encompassing four high country stations stretching from Arrowtown most of the way to Wanaka’s Glendhu Bay. . .
Commodity prices hide ‘solid’ Fonterra performance – Dene Mackenzie:
Volatile commodity prices hid a solid performance from dairy company Fonterra when it reported its first-half profit last week, Forsyth Barr broker Lyn Howe said.
In a detailed analysis of the result, Ms Howe said Fonterra had continued to shift volume from commodity areas towards its higher value consumer and foodservice business.
Fonterra posted normalised earnings of $607million for the six months ended January, down 9% on the previous corresponding period. The result was ahead of Forsyth Barr expectations. . .
Yili expects more jobs as plant grows – Shannon Gillies:
A promise of more jobs came from dairy giant Yili as it celebrated the opening of its stage two development at its Glenavy production plant on Saturday.
Official celebrations were in Auckland, but Glenavy and surrounding areas should be gearing up for employment opportunities at the Oceania Dairy production plant, a company spokeswoman said.
She said while stage two was not operational, it was due to be ready for production in August. . .
The feature of the South Island wool sale on Thursday was the sale of a small amount of merino wool offered by Rata Peaks Station, Ashburton, CP Wool spokesman Roger Fuller said.
The wool created heated demand from exporters. A line of merino hogget 17.7 micron reached 3104c clean and 1900c greasy.
”This was on the back of the Australian market reaching highs not seen for many years.” . .
The 2018 New Zealand Dairy Industry Awards are heading south!
At the Southland-Otago Dairy Industry Awards dinner on Saturday in Invercargill, it was announced that the 2018 New Zealand Dairy Industry Awards will hold their national awards dinner at ILT Stadium in Invercargill on 12 May 2018.
The last time the Nationals were held in the South Island was 2011, when they were held in Queenstown.
The awards oversee the Share Farmer of the Year, Dairy Manager of the Year and Dairy Trainee of the Year competitions. . .