On October 27:
1466 Desiderius Erasmus Roterdamus, Dutch humanist and theologian, was born.
Desiderius Erasmus in 1523 as depicted by Hans Holbein the Younger
1728 James Cook, British naval captain and explorer, was born.
1795 The United States and Spain signed the Treaty of Madrid, which establishes the boundaries between Spanish colonies and the U.S.
1811 Isaac Singer, American inventor, was born.
1854 Sir William Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys’ Brigade, was born.
1858 Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of the United States, was born.
1873 Emily Post, American etiquette author, was born.
1914 Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet, was born.
1932 Sylvia Plath, American poet, was born.
1939 John Cleese, British actor and writer, was born.
1943 New Zealand troops made their first opposed land since Gallipoli when soldiers from 8 Brigade, New Zealand 3rd Division, helped their American allies clear Mono Island of its Japanese defenders.
1945 Luis Inácio Lula da Silva, President of Brazil.
1950 Fran Lebowitz, American writer, was born.
1958 Simon Le Bon, English singer (Duran Duran), was born.
1970 Alama Ieremia, Samoan born All Black, was born.
1986 The British government suddenly deregulated financial markets, leading to a total restructuring of the way in which they operated in the country, in an event now referred to as Big Bang.
Sourced from NZ History Online and Wikipedia.