Each day’s blog has started with a history post for more than 10 years.
It doesn’t take long to do each one but not very much time every day adds up and it is time I need/want to spend on other things.
Neo-liberal is almost used as a derogatory label.
If, as Politikiwi’s political values quiz says, it means:
Neo-liberals believe in economic liberalism, favouring austerity and the privatisation of government services
I’m not so sure I am one.
An economic liberal, yes.
Favoring austerity? It depends. I’m in favour of a government that takes only as much as is necessary and prioritises needs over wants.
But I also support social investment and policies which aim to tackle root causes of problems. That often necessitate spending more sooner to reduce the need to spend more later.
Privatisation of government services? Some definitely, but not all.
However, the answers I gave to the quiz calls me a a neo-liberal:
It says I”m centrist on the social axis, strongly capitalist, balanced on the national axis and moderate on the state one.
Wikipedia defines neo-liberal as: ideas associated with laissez-faire economic liberalism and free market capitalism.
By those measures and that definition, I am proud to be one.
On January 26:
1500 Vicente Yáñez Pinzón became the first European to set foot on Brazil.
1531 Lisbon was hit by an earthquake–thousands died.
1564 The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
1565 Battle of Talikota, between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Islamic sultanates of the Deccan, led to the subjugation, and eventual destruction of the last Hindu kingdom in India, and the consolidation of Islamic rule over much of the Indian subcontinent.
1589 Job was elected as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
1699 Treaty of Carlowitz was signed.
1714 Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor, was born (d. 1785).
1722 Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader, was born (d. 1805).
1736 Stanislaus I of Poland abdicated his throne.
1808 Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia.
1813 Juan Pablo Duarte, Dominican Republic’s founding father, was born (d. 1876).
1838 Tennessee enacted the first prohibition law in the United States.
1841 The United Kingdom formally occupied Hong Kong.
1844 Governor Fitzroy arrived to investigate the Wairau incident.
1855 Point No Point Treaty was signed in Washington Territory.
1857 Trinley Gyatso, Tibetan, The 12th Dalai Lama, was born .
1880 Douglas MacArthur, American general, was born (d. 1964).
1892 Bessie Coleman, American pioneer aviator, was born (d. 1926).
1904 Seán MacBride, Irish statesman, Nobel Prize Laureate, was born (d. 1988).
1905 Maria von Trapp, Austrian-born singer, was born (d. 1987).
1907 The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III was officially introduced into British Military Service, and remains the oldest military rifle still in official use.
1908 Stéphane Grappelli, French jazz violinist, was born (d. 1997).
1911 – Richard Strauss‘s opera Der Rosenkavalier debuted at the Dresden State Opera.
1913 Jimmy Van Heusen, American songwriter, was born (d. 1990).
1918 Nicolae Ceauşescu, Romanian dictator, was born (d. 1989).
1920 Former Ford Motor Company executive Henry Leland launchedthe Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.
1922 Michael Bentine, British comedian and founding member of The Goons, was born (d. 1996).
1924 St.Petersburg was renamed Leningrad.
1925 Paul Newman, American actor, philanthropist, race car driver and race team owner, was born (d. 2008).
1930 The Indian National Congress declared 26 January as Independence Day or as the day for Poorna Swaraj (Complete Independence) which occurred 20 years later.
1934 The Apollo Theater reopened in Harlem.
1934 – German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact was signed.
1942 World War II: The first United States forces arrived in Europe landing in Northern Ireland.
1945 Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist, was born (d. 1987).
1952 Black Saturday in Egypt: rioters burnt Cairo’s central business district, targeting British and upper-class Egyptian businesses.
1955 Eddie Van Halen, Dutch musician (Van Halen), was born.
1957 Bubble wrap was invented by Alfred Fielding and Marc Chavannes.
1958 Japanese ferry Nankai Maru capsised off southern Awaji Island, 167 killed.
1958 Ellen DeGeneres, American actress and comedian, was born.
1961 Janet G. Travell becamethe first woman to be appointed physician to the president (Kennedy).
1962 Ranger 3 was launched to study the moon.
1978 The Great Blizzard of 1978, a rare severe blizzard with the lowest non-tropical atmospheric pressure ever recorded in the US, struck the Ohio – Great Lakes region with heavy snow and winds up to 100 mph (161 km/h).
1988 Andrew Lloyd Webber‘s The Phantom of the Opera had its first performance on Broadway at the Majestic Theatre.
1992 Boris Yeltsin announced that Russia would stop targeting United States cities with nuclear weapons.
1998 Lewinsky scandal: On American television, U.S. President Bill Clinton denied having had “sexual relations” with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
2001 An earthquake in Gujarat, India, killed more than 20,000.
2004 President Hamid Karzai signed the new constitution of Afghanistan.
2004 – A decomposing whale exploded in Tainan, Taiwan.
2005 – Glendale train crash: Two trains derailled killing 11 and injuring 200 in Glendale, California.
Sourced from NZ History Oline & Wikipedia
On January 24:
76 – Hadrian, Roman Emperor, was born (d. 138).
1670 William Congreve, English playwright, was born (d. 1729).
1679 – King Charles II disbanded Parliament.
1742 – Charles VII Albert became Holy Roman Emperor.
1848 – California Gold Rush: James W. Marshall found gold at Sutter’s Mill near Sacramento.
1857 The University of Calcutta was formally founded as the first full-fledged university in south Asia.
1862 Bucharest proclaimed capital of Romania.
1864 Marguerite Durand, French feminist leader, was born (d. 1936).
1865 General Cameron left Wanganui with 1200 Imperial troops to invade southern Taranaki.
1916 – In Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad, the Supreme Court of the United States declared the federal income tax constitutional.
1924 –Petrograd, formerly Saint Petersburg, was renamed Leningrad.
1928 Desmond Morris, British anthropologist, was born.
1930 – Bernard Matthews, British poultry industry figure , was born (d. 2010).
1941 Neil Diamond, American singer, was born.
1952 Vincent Massey was sworn in as the first Canadian-born Governor-General of Canada.
1957 Adrian Edmondson, English comedian, was born.
1961 – 1961 Goldsboro B-52 crash: A bomber carrying two H-bombs broke up in mid-air over North Carolina. One weapon nearly detonated.
1972 Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi was found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II.
1977 Massacre of Atocha in Madrid, during the Spanish transition to democracy.
1986 Voyager 2 passed within 81,500 km (50,680 miles) of Uranus.
2003 The United States Department of Homeland Security officially began operation.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.
On January 23:
971 In China, the war elephant corps of the Southern Han were soundly defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops. The Southern Han state was forced to submit to the Song Dynasty, ending not only Southern Han rule, but also the first regular war elephant corps employed in a Chinese army that had gained the Southern Han victories throughout the 10th century.
1556 The deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake, hit Shaanxi province, China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000.
1570 The assassination of regent James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray threw Scotland into civil war.
1571 The Royal Exchange opened in London.
1579 The Union of Utrecht formed a Protestant republic in the Netherlands.
1719 The Principality of Liechtenstein was created within the Holy Roman Empire.
1789 Georgetown College, the first Roman Catholic college in the United States, was founded.
1793 Second Partition of Poland: Russia and Prussia partitioned Poland for the second time.
1813 Camilla Collett, Norwegian writer and feminist, was born (d. 1895).
1849 Elizabeth Blackwell the USA’s first female doctor, was awarded her M.D. by the Medical Institute of Geneva, New York.
1855 John Moses Browning, American inventor, was born (d. 1926).
1855 A magnitude 8.2 earthquake hit the Welington region.
1855 The first bridge over the Mississippi River opened.
1870 U.S. cavalrymen killed 173 Native Americans, mostly women and children, in the Marias Massacre.
1897 Sir William Samuel Stephenson, Canadian soldier, W.W.II codename, Intrepid. Inspiration for James Bond., was born (d. 1989).
1897 Elva Zona Heaster was found dead.The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.
1899 Emilio Aguinaldo was sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.
1904 Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund was devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead.
1907 Charles Curtis of Kansas became the first Native American U.S. Senator.
1912 The International Opium Convention was signed at The Hague.
1920 The Netherlands refused to surrender ex-Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany to the Allies.
1948 Anita Pointer, American singer (Pointer Sisters), was born.
1951 Yachts left Wellington bound for Lyttelton in an ocean yacht race to celebrate Canterbury’s centenary. Only one, Tawhiri, officially finished the race. Two other yachts, Husky and Argo, were lost along with their 10 crew members.
1960 The bathyscaphe USS Trieste broke a depth record by descending to 10,911 m (35,798 feet) in the Pacific Ocean.
1973 A volcanic eruption devastated Heimaey in the Vestmannaeyjar chain of islands off the south coast of Iceland.
1997 Madeleine Albright became the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State.
2003 Final communication between Earth and Pioneer 10
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.
On January 22:
1521 Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, opened the Diet of Worms.
1561 Sir Francis Bacon, English philosopher, was born (d. 1626).
1824 – Ashantis defeated British forces in the Gold Coast.
1840 The New Zealand Company’s first settler ship, the Aurora, arrived at Petone, marking the official commencement of the settlement that would eventually become Wellington.
1889 Columbia Phonograph was formed in Washington, D.C.
1899 Leaders of six Australian colonies met in Melbourne to discuss confederation.
1901 Edward VII was proclaimed King after the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.
1905 Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.
1906 SS Valencia ran aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.
SS Valencia shipwreck, seen from one of the rescuing ships
1924 Ramsay MacDonald became the first Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1931 Sir Isaac Isaacs was sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.
1934 Graham Kerr, British-born, New Zealand chef, was born.
1940 John Hurt, English actor, was born.
1941 British and Commonwealth troops captured Tobruk from Italian forces during Operation Compass.
1946 Iran: Qazi Muhammad declared the independent people’s Republic of Mahabad at Chuwarchira Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad. He was the new president; Hadschi Baba Scheich was the prime minister.
1946 – Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.
1957 The New York City “Mad Bomber”, George P. Metesky, was arrested and charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
1959 Knox Mine Disaster: Water breaches the River Slope Mine near Pittston City, Pennsylvania in Port Griffith; 12 miners are killed.
1960 Michael Hutchence, Australian singer (INXS), was born (d. 1997).
1965 Steven Adler, American drummer (Guns N’ Roses), was born.
1968 Apollo 5 lifted off carrying the first Lunar module into space.
1973 The Supreme Court of the United States delivered its decision in Roe v. Wade, legalizing elective abortion in all fifty states.
1984 The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, was introduced during Super Bowl XVIII with its famous “1984″ television commercial.
1987 Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shot and killed himself at a press conference on live national television, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism.
1992 Space Shuttle programme: STS-42 Mission – Dr. Roberta Bondar became the first Canadian woman in space.
1999 Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons were burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India.
2002 Kmart Corp beccame the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.
On January 21:
1189 – Philip II of France and Richard I of England began to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade.
1525 – The Swiss Anabaptist Movement was born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptised each other in the home of Manz’s mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union.
1749 – The Verona Philharmonic Theatre was destroyed by fire.
1789 The first American novel, The Power of Sympathy or the Triumph of Nature Founded in Truth, was printed in Boston, Massachusetts.
1793 – After being found guilty of treason by the French Convention, Louis XVI of France was executed by guillotine.
1824 Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, American, Confederate army general was born.
1864 – The Tauranga Campaign started during the New Zealand Land Wars.
1887 – Brisbane received a daily rainfall of 465 millimetres (18.3 inches), a record for any Australian capital city.
1893 – The Tati Concessions Land, formerly part of Matabeleland, was formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate, which is now Botswana.
1899 – Opel manufactured its first automobile.
1905 Christian Dior, French fashion designer, was born.
1908 – New York City passed the Sullivan Ordinance, making it illegal for women to smoke in public, but the measure was vetoed by the mayor.
1911 – The first Monte Carlo Rally.
1915 – Kiwanis International was founded in Detroit, Michigan.
1919 – Meeting of the First Dáil Éireann in the Mansion House Dublin. Sinn Féin adopted Ireland’s first constitution. The first engagement of Irish War of Independence, Sologhead Beg, County Tipperary.
1921 The Italian Communist Party was founded at Livorno.
1924 Benny Hill, English actor, comedian, and singer, was born (d. 1992).
1925 Albania declared itself a republic.
1938 Wolfman Jack, American disk jockey and actor, was born(d. 1995).
1940 Jack Nicklaus, American golfer, was born.
1941 Plácido Domingo, Spanish tenor, was born.
1942, Mac Davis, American musician, was born.
1944 New Zealand & Australia signed the Canberra Pact, which was an undertaking by both countries to co-operate on international matters, especially in the Pacific.
1950 Billy Ocean, West Indian musician, was born.
1953 Paul Allen, American entrepreneur, co-founder of Microsoft, was born.
1954 – The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus (SSN-571), was launched in Groton, Connecticut by Mamie Eisenhower, the First Lady of the United States.
1958 – The last Fokker C.X in military service, the Finnish Air Force FK-111 target tower, crashed, killing the pilot and winch-operator.
1968 Battle of Khe Sanh – One of the most publicised and controversial battles of the Vietnam War began.
1974 Rove McManus, Australian television host and comedian, was born.
1976 – Commercial service of Concorde began with London-Bahrain and Paris-Rio routes.
1976 Emma Bunton, English singer (Spice Girls), was born.
1977 – President Jimmy Carter pardoned nearly all American Vietnam War draft evaders.
1981 – Tehran released United States hostages after 444 days.
1997 – Newt Gingrich became the first leader of the United States House of Representatives to be internally disciplined for ethical misconduct.
1999 – War on Drugs: In one of the largest drug busts in American history, the United States Coast Guard intercepted a ship with over 4,300 kg (9,500 lb) of cocaine on board.
2002 – The Canadian Dollar set all-time low against the US Dollar (US$0.6179).
2008 – Black Monday in worldwide stock markets. FTSE 100 had its biggest ever one-day points fall, European stocks closed with their worst result since 11 September 2001, and Asian stocks dropped as much as 15%.
Sourced from NZ hisotry Online & Wikipedia.
On January 20:
1356 Edward Balliol abdicated as King of Scotland.
1523 Christian II was forced to abdicate as King of Denmark and Norway.
1649 Charles I of England went on trial for treason and other “high crimes”.
1840 – Willem II became King of the Netherlands.
1841 Hong Kong Island was occupied by the British.
1887 The United States Senate allowed the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base.
1892 At the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts, the first official basketball game was played.
1896 George Burns, American actor, comedian, was born (d. 1996).
1899 Clarice Cliff, English ceramic, was born (d. 1972).
1910 Joy Adamson, Austrian naturalist and writer, was born (d. 1980).
1921 The first Constitution of Turkey was adopted, making fundamental changes in the source and exercise of sovereignty by consecrating the principle of national sovereignty.
1926 Patricia Neal, American actress, was born (d. 2010).
1929 In Old Arizona, the first full-length talking motion picture filmed outdoors, was released.
1930 Buzz Aldrin, American astronaut, was born.
1934 Tom Baker, British actor, was born.
1936 Edward VIII became King of the United Kingdom.
1937 Franklin Roosevelt was inaugurated for a second term as President of the United States. This was the first inauguration scheduled on January 20, following adoption of the 20th Amendment. Previous inaugurations were scheduled on March 4.
1950 Liza Goddard, British actress, was born.
1952 Paul Stanley, American musician (Kiss), was born.
1957 Scott Base opened in Antarctica.
1959 The first flight of the Vickers Vanguard.
1960 Hendrik Verwoerd announces a plebiscite on whether South Africa should become a Republic.
1961 John F. Kennedy was inaugurated as the youngest man, and first-ever Roman Catholic, to become elected President of the United States.
1965 Sophie, The Countess of Wessex, was born.
1987 Church of England envoy Terry Waite was kidnapped in Lebanon.
1990 Black January – crackdown of Azerbaijani pro-independence demonstrations by Soviet army in Baku.
2009 Barack Obama was inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States of America – the United States’ first African-American president.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.
On January 19:
1419 – Hundred Years’ War: Rouen surrendered to Henry V of England completing his reconquest of Normandy.
1511 – Mirandola surrendered to the French.
1607 San Agustin Church in Manila, now the oldest church in the Philippines, was officially completed.
1736 James Watt, Scottish inventor, was born (d. 1819).
1764 John Wilkes was expelled from the British House of Commons for seditious libel.
1788 Second group of ships of the First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay.
1806 – The United Kingdom occupied the Cape of Good Hope.
1807 Robert E. Lee, American Confederate general, was born (d. 1870).
1809 Edgar Allan Poe, American writer and poet, was born (d. 1849).
1817 An army of 5,423 soldiers, led by General José de San Martín, crossed the Andes from Argentina to liberate Chile and then Peru.
1839 Paul Cézanne, French painter, was born (d. 1906).
1845 Hone Heke cut down the British flag pole for the third time.
1883 The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, began service at Roselle, New Jersey.
1893 Henrik Ibsen‘s play The Master Builder premiered in Berlin.
1899 – Anglo-Egyptian Sudan was formed.
1915 German zeppelins bombed the cities of Great Yarmouth and King’s Lynn killing more than 20, in the first major aerial bombardment of a civilian target.
1917 – Silvertown explosion: 73 killed and 400 injured in an explosion in a munitions plant in London.
1923 Jean Stapleton, American actress, was born.
1935 Johnny O’Keefe, Australian singer, was born (d. 1978).
1939 Phil Everly, American musician, was born.
1942 Michael Crawford, British singer and actor, was born.
1943 Janis Joplin, American singer, was born (d. 1970).
1943 Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, was born.
1945 Soviet forces liberated the Łódź ghetto. Out more than 200,000 inhabitants in 1940, less than 900 had survived the Nazi occupation.
1946 Dolly Parton, American singer and actress, was born.
1946 General Douglas MacArthur established the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals.
1947 Rod Evans, British musician (Deep Purple), was born.
1951 Dewey Bunnell, American singer and songwriter (America), was born.
1966 Indira Gandhi was elected Prime Minister of India.
1972 – Princess Kalina of Bulgaria, was born.
1977 – Snow fell in Miami, Florida for the only time time in the history of the city.
1978 The last Volkswagen Beetle made in Germany left VW’s plant in Emden.
1981 United States and Iranian officials signed an agreement to release 52 American hostages after 14 months of captivity.
1983 Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie was arrested in Bolivia.
1983 – The Apple Lisa, the first commercial personal computer from Apple Inc. to have a graphical user interface and a computer mouse, was announced.
1996 The barge North Cape oil spill occurred as an engine fire forced the tugboat Scandia ashore on Moonstone Beach in South Kingstown, Rhode Island.
1997 Yasser Arafat returned to Hebron after more than 30 years and joined celebrations over the handover of the last Israeli-controlled West Bank city.
2006 – The New Horizons probe was launched by NASA on the first mission to Pluto.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
On January 18:
532 – Nika riots in Constantinople failed.
1126 – Emperor Huizong abdicated the Chinese throne in favour of his son Emperor Qinzong.
1486 – King Henry VII of England married Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV.
1520 – King Christian II of Denmark and Norway defeated the Swedes at Lake Åsunden.
1670 Henry Morgan captured Panama.
1779 Peter Mark Roget, British lexicographer, was born (d. 1869).
1813 Joseph Glidden, American farmer who patented barbed wire, was born (d. 1906).
1849 Sir Edmund Barton, 1st Prime Minister of Australia, was born (d. 1920).
1854 Thomas Watson, American telephone pioneer, was born (d. 1934).
1871 – Wilhelm I of Germany was proclaimed the first German Emperor in the ‘Hall of Mirrors’ of the Palace of Versailles.
1882 A. A. Milne, English author, was born (d. 1956).
1884 Dr. William Price attempted to cremate the body of his infant son, Jesus Christ Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom.
1886 Modern field hockey was born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England.
1903 President Theodore Roosevelt sent a radio message to King Edward VII: the first transatlantic radio transmission originating in the United States.
1904 Cary Grant, English actor, was born (d. 1986).
1913 Danny Kaye, American actor, was born (d. 1987).
1916 A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite struck a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri.
1919 The Paris Peace Conference opened in Versailles.
1919 Ignacy Jan Paderewski became Prime Minister of the newly independent Poland.
1919 Bentley Motors Limited was founded.
1933 Ray Dolby, American inventor (Dolby noise reduction system), was born .
A group of SS men on the street of Warsaw Ghetto during the uprising
1944 Paul Keating, twenty-fourth Prime Minister of Australia, was born.
1944 The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosted a jazz concert for the first time. The performers were Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge and Jack Teagarden.
1944 – Soviet forces liberate Leningrad, effectively ending a three year Nazi siege, known as the Siege of Leningrad.
Diorama of the Siege of Leningrad, in the Museum of the Great Patriotic War, in Moscow
1945 Liberation of the Budapest ghetto by the Red Army.
1954 Tom Bailey, English musician (Thompson Twins), was born.
1955 Battle of Yijiangshan.
1958 – Willie O’Ree, the first African Canadian National Hockey League player, made his NHL debut.
1969 United Airlines Flight 266 crashed into Santa Monica Bay resulting in the loss of all 32 passengers and six crew members.
1974 A Disengagement of Forces agreement was signed between the Israei and Egyptian governments, ending conflict on the Egyptian front of the Yom Kippur War.
1977 Scientists identified a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires’ disease.
1977 – Australia’s worst rail disaster at Granville, Sydney killed 83.
1978 The European Court of Human Rights found the United Kingdom government guilty of mistreating prisoners in Northern Ireland, but not guilty of torture.
1980 Upper Hutt’s Jon Stevens made it back-to-back No.1 singles when ‘Montego Bay’ bumped ‘Jezebel’ from the top of the New Zealand charts.
2000 The Tagish Lake meteorite hit the Earth.
A 159 gram fragment of the Tagish Lake meteorite
2002 Sierra Leone Civil War declared over.
2003 A bushfire killed 4 people and destroyed more than 500 homes in Canberra.
2005 The Airbus A380,, the world’s largest commercial jet, was unveiled at a ceremony in Toulouse.
2007 The strongest storm in the United Kingdom in 17 years killed 14 people, Germany’s worst storm since 1999 with 13 deaths. Hurricane Kyrill, caused at least 44 deaths across 20 countries in Western Europe. Other losses included the Container Ship MSC Napoli destroyed by the storm off the coast of Devon.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
On January 17:
1287– King Alfonso III of Aragon invaded Minorca.
1377 Pope Gregory XI moved the Papacy back to Rome from Avignon.
1524 Beginning of Giovanni da Verrazzano‘s voyage to find a passage to China.
1648 England’s Long Parliament passed the Vote of No Addresses, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War.
1773 Captain James Cook and his crew became the first Europeans to sail below the Antarctic Circle.
1820 Anne Brontë, British author, was born (d. 1849).
1853 The New Zealand Constitution Act (UK) of 1852, which established a system of representative government for New Zealand, was declared operative by Governor Sir George Grey.
1863 David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister, was born (d. 1945).
1865 Charles Fergusson, Governor-General of New Zealand, was born (d. 1951).
1877 May Gibbs, Australian children’s author, was born.
1899 Al Capone, American gangster, was born (d. 1947) .
1899 Nevil Shute, English author, was born (d. 1960).
1905 Peggy Gilbert, American jazz saxophonist and bandleader, was born (d. 2007).
1917 The United States paid Denmark $25 million for the Virgin Islands.
1927 – Norman Kaye, Australian actor and musician, was born (d. 2007)
1928 Vidal Sassoon, English cosmetologist, was born .
1929 Popeye the Sailor Man, a cartoon character created by Elzie Crisler Segar, first appeared in the Thimble Theatre comic strip.
1933 Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan, French-born Pakistani diplomat (UN High Commissioner for Refugees), was born (d. 2003).
1933 Shari Lewis, American ventriloquist, was born(d. 1998).
1941 Dame Gillian Weir, New Zealand organist, was born.
1942 Muhammad Ali, American boxer, was born.
1942 Ita Buttrose, Australian journalist and businesswoman, was born.
1945 – The Nazis began the evacuation of the Auschwitz concentration camp as Soviet forces closed in.
1946 The UN Security Council held its first session.
1949 Mick Taylor, British musician (The Rolling Stones), was born.
1949 The Goldbergs, the first sitcom on American television, first aired.
1950 The Great Brinks Robbery – 11 thieves stolel more than $2 million from an armored car Company’s offices in Boston, Massachusetts.
1956 Paul Young, English musician, was born.
1961 President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivered a televised farewell address to the nation three days before leaving office, in which he warned against the accumulation of power by the “military-industrial complex“.
1962 Jim Carrey, Canadian actor and comedian, was born.
1964 Michelle Obama, First Lady of the United States, was born.
1973 Ferdinand Marcos became “President for Life” of the Philippines.
1982 “Cold Sunday” in the United States -temperatures fell to their lowest levels in over 100 years in numerous cities.
1983 The tallest department store in the world, Hudson’s, flagship store in downtown Detroit closed due to high cost of operating.
1989 Stockton massacre: Patrick Purdy opened fire with an assault rifle at the Cleveland Elementary School playground, killing five children and wounding 29 others and one teacher before taking his own life.
1991 Gulf War: Operation Desert Storm began early in the morning.
1995 The Great Hanshin earthquake: A magnitude 7.3 earthquake near Kobe, Japan, caused extensive property damage and killed 6,434 people.
2002 Mount Nyiragongo erupted in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, displacing an estimated 400,000 people.
2007 The Doomsday Clock was set to five minutes to midnight in response to North Korea nuclear testing.
2008 – British Airways Flight 38 crash landed just short of London Heathrow Airport with no fatalities.
2010 – Rioting began between Muslim and Christian groups in Jos, Nigeria, resulting in at least 200 deaths.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.
On January 16:
27 BC The title Augustus was bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate.
1120 The Council of Nablus was held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.
1362 A storm tide in the North Sea destroyed the German city of Rungholt on the island of Strand.
1412 The Medici family was appointed official banker of the Papacy.
1492 The first grammar of the Spanish language, was presented to Queen Isabella I.
1547 Ivan IV of Russia (Ivan the Terrible) became Tsar of Russia.
1581 The English Parliament outlawed Roman Catholicism.
1707 The Scottish Parliament ratified the Act of Union, paving the way for the creation of Great Britain.
1853 – Andre Michelin, French industrialist, was born (d. 1931).
1853 Gen Sir Ian Hamilton, British military commander, was born (d. 1947).
1874 Robert W. Service, Canadian poet, was born (d. 1958).
1896 Defeat of Cymru Fydd at South Wales Liberal Federation AGM, Newport, Monmouthshire.
1900 The United States Senate accepted the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounced its claims to the Samoan islands.
1901 Frank Zamboni, American inventor, was born (d. 1988).
1902 – Eric Liddell, Scottish runner, was born (d. 1945).
1906 Diana Wynyard, British actress, was born (d. 1964).
1908 – Ethel Merman, American actress and singer, was born (d. 1984).
1919 The United States ratified the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, authorising Prohibition in the United States one year after ratification.
1941 The War Cabinet approved the formation of the Women’s Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF) to enable the Royal New Zealand Air Force to release more men for service overseas. Within 18 months a Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps and Women’s Royal Naval Service had been created.
1944 Jim Stafford, American singer and songwriter, was born.
1948 Dalvanius Prime, New Zealand entertainer, was born (d. 2002).
1952 – King Fuad II of Egypt, was born.
1959 Sade, Nigerian-born singer, was born.
1970 Buckminster Fuller received the Gold Medal award from the American Institute of Architects.
1979 The Shah of Iran fled Iran with his family and relocated in Egypt.
1986 First meeting of the Internet Engineering Task Force.
1991 The United States went to war with Iraq, beginning the Gulf War (U.S. Time).
1992 El Salvador officials and rebel leaders signed the Chapultepec Peace Accords in Mexico City ending a 12-year civil war that claimed at least 75,000.
2001 – The First surviving wikipedia edit was made: UuU
2001 Congolese President Laurent-Désiré Kabila was assassinated by one of his own bodyguards.
2001 US President Bill Clinton awarded former President Theodore Roosevelt a posthumous Medal of Honor for his service in the Spanish-American War.
2002 The UN Security Council unanimously established an arms embargo and the freezing of assets of Osama bin Laden, Al-Qaida, and the remaining members of the Taliban.
2006 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf was sworn in as Liberia’s new presiden becoming Africa’s first female elected head of state.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
On January 15:
588 BC – Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon laid siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah’s reign.
69 – Otho seized power in Rome, proclaiming himself Emperor of Rome, but rules for only three months before committing suicide.
1493 – Christopher Columbus set sail for Spain from Hispaniola, ending his first voyage to the New World.
1559 Elizabeth I was crowned queen of England in Westminster Abbey.
1622 Molière, (Jean-Baptiste Poquelin) French playwright, was born (d. 1673).
1759 The British Museum opened.
1842 Blessed Mary McKillop, Australian saint, was born (d. 1909).
1893 Ivor Novello, Welsh composer and actor, was born (d. 1951).
1902 King Saud of Saudi Arabia, was born (d. 1969).
1906 Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate, was born (d. 1975).
1909 Jean Bugatti, German-born automobile designer, was born (d. 1939).
1913 Lloyd Bridges, American actor, was born (d. 1998).
1914 Hugh Trevor-Roper, English historian, was born (d. 2003).
1919 Maurice Herzog, French mountaineer, first to ascend an 8000m peak, Annapurna in 1950, was born .
1919 – Boston Molasses Disaster: A large molasses tank in Boston burst and a wave of molasses poured through the streets, killing 21 people and injuring 150 others.
1929 Martin Luther King, Jr., American civil rights leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, was born (d. 1968).
1936 The first building to be completely covered in glass was completed in Toledo, Ohio ( built for the Owens-Illinois Glass Company).
1943 – The world’s largest office building, The Pentagon, was dedicated in Arlington, Virginia.
1966 The government of Abubakar Tafawa Balewa in Nigeria was overthrown in a military coup d’état.
1969 The Soviet Union launched Soyuz 5.
1970 United States Vice-President Spiro Agnew’s three-day visit to New Zealand sparked some of the most violent anti-Vietnam War demonstrations seen in this country.
1973 Citing progress in peace negotiations, President Richard Nixon announced the suspension of offensive action in North Vietnam.
1977 The Kälvesta air disaster killed 22 people, the worst air crash in Sweden‘s history.
1991 The United Nations’ deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from occupied Kuwait expired, preparing the way for the start of Operation Desert Storm.
2001 Wikipedia, a free Wiki content encyclopedia, went online.
2005 – ESA’s SMART-1 lunar orbiter discovered elements including calcium, aluminum, silicon, iron, and other surface elements on the moon.
2009 US Airways Flight 1549 made an emergency landing into the Hudson River shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia Airport in New York City. All passengers and crew members survived.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.
On January 14:
83 BC Marcus Antonius, Roman politician, was born (d. 30 BC).
1301 Andrew III of Hungary died, ending the Arpad dynasty.
1514 Pope Leo X issued a papal bull against slavery.
1724 – King Philip V of Spain abdicated the throne.
1761 The Third Battle of Panipat between the Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durrani and the Marhatas. The Afghan victory changed the course of Indian History.
1784 United States Congress ratified the Treaty of Paris with Great Britain.
1814 Treaty of Kiel: Frederick VI of Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden in return for Pomerania.
1875 Albert Schweitzer, Alsatian physician, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1965).
1883 – Nina Ricci, Italian-born French fashion designer (d. 1970)
1886 Hugh Lofting, English author, was born (d. 1947).
1891 Bob Fitzsimmons won the world middleweight boxing title.
1938 – Norway claimed Queen Maud Land in Antarctica.
1940 Sir Trevor Nunn, English theatre director and film director, was born.
1941 Faye Dunaway, American actress, was born
1943 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill began the Casablanca Conference to discuss strategy and study the next phase of World War II.
1943 – Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first President of the United States to travel via aeroplane while in office when he travelled from Miami, Florida to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill.
1950The first prototype of the MiG-17 made its maiden flight.
1970 Diana Ross & The Supremes’ final concert appearance at The Frontier Hotel- Las Vegas
1972 Queen Margrethe II of Denmark ascended the throne, the first Queen of Denmark since 1412 and the first Danish monarch not named Frederick or Christian since 1513.
1999 Toronto, Mayor Mel Lastman was the first mayor in Canada to call in the Army to help with emergency medical evacuations and snow removal after more than one meter of snow paralysed the city.
On January 13:
532 – Nika riots in Constantinople.
888 – Odo, Count of Paris became King of the Franks.
1435 – Sicut Dudum was promulgated by Pope Eugene IV about the enslaving of black natives in Canary Islands by Spanish Natives.
1547 – Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey was sentenced to death.
1607 The Bank of Genoa failed after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain.
1822 The design of the Greek flag was adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
1830 The Great fire of New Orleans, Louisiana began.
Remnants of an Army by Elizabeth Butler
1847 The Treaty of Cahuenga ended the Mexican-American War in California.
1885 Alfred Fuller, Canadian businessman, The “Fuller Brush Man”, was born (d. 1973).
1890 Thomas William Murphy or ‘Torpedo Billy’, became the first New Zealander to win a world title in professional boxing.
1893 The Independent Labour Party of the UK had its first meeting.
1915 An earthquake in Avezzano, Italy killed 29,800.
1926 Michael Bond, British writer, was born.
1939 The Black Friday bush fires burnt 20,000 square kilometres of land in Australia, claiming the lives of 71 people.
1942 Carol Cleveland, English actress and only significant female performer in Monty Python’s Flying Circus, was born.
1942 Henry Ford patented a plastic automobile, which was 30% lighter than a regular car.
1942 First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.
1953 Marshal Josip Broz Tito was chosen as President of Yugoslavia.
1958 Moroccan Liberation Army ambushed Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera.
1966 Robert C. Weaver became the first African American Cabinet member by being appointed United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
1970 Shonda Rhimes, American screenwriter/creator Grey’s Anatomy, was born.
1985 A passenger train plunged into a ravine at Ethiopia, killing 428 in the worst rail disaster in Africa.
1992 – Japan apologised for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery (Comfort women) during World War II.
2001 An earthquake in El Salvador, killed more than 800.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.
On January 12:
475 Basiliscus becomes Byzantine Emperor, with a coronation ceremony in the Hebdomon palace in Constantinople.
1528 – Gustav I of Sweden crowned king.
1539 – Treaty of Toledo signed by King Francis I of France and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
1729 Edmund Burke, Irish statesman, was born (d. 1797).
1777 Mission Santa Clara de Asís was founded in what is now Santa Clara, California.
1808 The meeting that led to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society,was held in Edinburgh.
1848 The Palermo rising in Sicily against the Bourbon kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
1863, Swami Vivekananda, Indian philosopher, was born (d. 1902).
1866 The Royal Aeronautical Society was formed in London.
1872 Yohannes IV was crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years.
1876 Jack London, American author, was born.
1893 Hermann Göring, German Nazi official, was born.
1895 The National Trust was founded in the United Kingdom.
1906 Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman‘s cabinet (which included amongst its members H. H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarked on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election.
1908 A long-distance radio message was sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time.
1911 The University of the Philippines College of Law was formally established; three future Philippine presidents were among the first enrollees.
1915 The Rocky Mountain National Park was formed by an act of U.S. Congress.
1915 The United States House of Representatives rejected a proposal to give women the right to vote.
1916 Pieter Willem Botha, South African politician, was born (d. 2006).
1917 Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian spiritualist, was born (d. 2008).
1918 Finland’s “Mosaic Confessors” law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens.
1932 Hattie W. Caraway became the first woman elected to the United States Senate.
1932 Des O’Connor, British television presenter, was born.
1941 Long John Baldry, British blues singer, was born (d. 2005).
1945 Maggie Bell, Scottish singer (Stone the Crows), was born.
1946 Cynthia Robinson, American musician (Sly & the Family Stone), was born.
1951 Kirstie Alley, American actress, was born.
1952 John Walker, New Zealand middle distance runner, was born.
1954 Queen Eilzabeth II opened a special session of the New Zealand Parliament in its centennial year. It was the first time New Zealand’s Parliament had been opened by a reigning monarch
1964 Rebels in Zanzibar began the Zanzibar Revolution and proclaimed a republic.
1968 Heather Mills, British activist and model, was born.
1970 Biafra capitulated, ending the Nigerian civil war.
1974 Melanie Chisholm, British singer (Spice Girls), was born.
1976 The UN Security Council voted 11-1 to allow the Palestine Liberation Organisation to participate in a Security Council debate (without voting rights).
1992 A new constitution, providing for freedom to form political parties, was approved by a referendum in Mali.
1998 Nineteen European nations agree to forbid human cloning.
2004 The world’s largest ocean liner, RMS Queen Mary 2, made its maiden voyage.
2005 Deep Impact launched from Cape Canaveral on a Delta 2 rocket.
2006 The foreign ministers of the United Kingdom, France, and Germany declared that negotiations with Iran over its nuclear program have reached a dead end and recommend that Iran be referred to the United Nations Security Council.
2006 A stampede during the Stoning the Devil ritual on the last day at the Hajj in Mina, Saudi Arabia, killed at least 362 Muslim pilgrims.
2010 – The 2010 Haiti earthquake killed at least 230,000 and destroyed the majority of the capital Port-au-Prince.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.
On January 11:
630 – Prophet of Islam Muhammad led an army of 10,000 Muslims to conquer Mecca.
1158 – Vladislav II became King of Bohemia.
1569 First recorded lottery in England.
1693 Mt. Etna erupted in Sicily. A powerful earthquake destroyed parts of Sicily and Malta.
1786 Joseph Jackson Lister, English opticist and physicist, was born (d. 1869).
1807 Ezra Cornell, American businessman and university founder, was born (d. 1874).
1846 Ruapekapeka pa was occupied by British troops. Debate raged as to whether the pa was simply abandoned by its defenders or captured by the British.
1879 The Anglo-Zulu War began.
1885 Jack Hoxie, American actor, rodeo performer, was born (d. 1965).
1885 – Alice Paul, American women’s rights activist, was born (d. 1977).
1915 –Robert Blair Mayne, British sldier, co-founder Special Air Service, was born (d. 1955).
1919 Romania annexed Transylvania.
1922 First use of insulin to treat diabetes in a human patient.
1934 Sir Charles Antony Richard Hoare, British computer scientist, was born.
1935 Amelia Earhart was the first woman to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
1938 Arthur Scargill, British politician, was born.
1949 First recorded case of snowfall in Los Angeles.
1962 An avalanche on Huascaran in Peru caused 4,000 deaths.
1964 – United States Surgeon General Dr. Luther Leonidas Terry, M.D., published a report saying that smoking may be hazardous to health – the first such statement made by the U.S. government.
1986 The Gateway Bridge, Brisbane in Queensland was officially opened.
1998– Sidi-Hamed massacre in Algeria killed more than 100 people.
2007 – China conducted the first successful anti-satellite missile test of any nation since 1985.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.
On January 10:
Oil painting by Auguste Millière
1806 Dutch settlers in Cape Town surrendered to the British.
1815 Sir John Alexander Macdonald, first Prime Minister of Canada, was born (d. 1891).
1834 Lord Acton, British historian, was born (d. 1902).
1838 French Bishop Jean Baptiste François Pompallier, a priest and brother of the Society of Mary, arrived at Hokianga.
1863 The London Underground, the world’s oldest underground railway, opened between London Paddington station and Farringdon station.
1903 Barbara Hepworth, English sculptor, was born (d. 1975).
1908 Bernard Lee, English actor was born (d. 1981).
1930 Roy Edward Disney, American film executive, was born (d. 2009).
1936 Burnum Burnum, Australian activist, actor and author, was born (d. 1997).
1945 Rod Stewart, Scottish singer, was born.
1948 Donald Fagen, American musician (Steely Dan), was born.
1949 George Foreman, American boxer, was born.
1959 Fran Walsh, New Zealand screenwriter, was born.
1960 – Brian Cowen, Taoiseach of Ireland, was born.
1972 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman returned to the newly independent Banglades as president after spending over nine months in prison in Pakistan.
1974 Jemaine Clement, New Zealand actor, was born.
1990 Time Warner was formed from the merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications Inc.
2001 – A large piece of the chalk cliff at Beachy Head collapsed into the sea.
2005 – A mudslide in La Conchita, California, killed10 people, injured many more and closed Highway 101, the main coastal corridor between San Francisco and Los Angeles, for 10 days.
On January 9:
1349 The Jewish population of Basel, Switzerland, believed by the residents to be the cause of the ongoing Black Death, was rounded up and incinerated.
1431 Judges’ investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc began in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government.
1768 Philip Astley staged the first modern circus in London.
1773 – Cassandra Austen, English watercolorist and sister of Jane Austen, was born (d. 1845).
1793 Jean-Pierre Blanchard became the first person to fly in a balloon in the United States.
1799 British Prime Minister William Pitt introduced income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon.
1806 – Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson received a state funeral and was interred in St Paul’s Cathedral.
1816 Sir Humphry Davy tested the Davy lamp for miners at Hebburn Colliery.
1822 Portuguese prince Pedro I of Brazil decided to stay in Brazil against the orders of the Portuguese king João VI, starting the Brazilian independence process.
1854 Jennie Jerome, American society beauty and mother of Winston Churchill, was born (d. 1921).
1859 Carrie Chapman Catt, American suffragist leader, was born (d. 1947).
1861 The “Star of the West” incident near Charleston, South Carolina – considered by some historians to be the “First Shots of the American Civil War”.
1878 Umberto I became King of Italy.
1880 – The Great Gale of 1880 devastated parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow.
1894 New England Telephone and Telegraph installed the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
1896 Warwick Braithwaite, New Zealand-born British conductor, was born (d. 1971).
1898 Gracie Fields, English music hall performer, was born (d. 1979).
1902 Saint Josemaría Escrivá, Spanish Catholic priest and founder of Opus Dei, was born (d. 1975) .
1903 Hallam Tennyson, 2nd Baron Tennyson, son of the poet Alfred Tennyson, became the second Governor-General of Australia.
1905 According to the Julian Calendar which was used at the time, Russian workers staged a march on the Winter Palace that ended in the massacre by Tsarist troops known as Bloody Sunday, setting off the Russian Revolution of 1905.
1908 Simone de Beauvoir, French author, was born.
1913 Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States, was born (d. 1994).
1916 The Battle of Gallipoli concluded with an Ottoman Empire victory when the last Allied forces were evacuated from the peninsula.
1916 Peter Twinn, English World War II code-breaker, was born (d. 2004) .
1923 Katherine Mansfield died.
1928 Judith Krantz, American author, was born.
1933 Wilbur Smith, Zambian-British novelist, was born.
1939 Susannah York, British actress, was born.
1941 Joan Baez, American singer and activist, was born.
1942 Lee Kun-hee, Korean industrialist, chairman of Samsung, was born.
1944 Jimmy Page, British musician and producer (Led Zeppelin), was born.
1948 Bill Cowsill, American singer (The Cowsills), was born (d. 2006).
1951 Crystal Gayle, American singer, was born.
1951 – The United Nations headquarters officially opened in New York City.
1953 Morris Gleitzman, British-Australian children’s author, was born.
1978 – AJ McLean, American singer (Backstreet Boys), was born.
1980 Sergio García, Spanish golfer, was born.
2005 Rawhi Fattouh succeeded Yasser Arafat as head of the Palestine Liberation Organization .
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
1297 Monaco gained its independence.
1734 Premiere of George Frideric Handel’s Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.
1746 Second Jacobite Rising: Bonnie Prince Charlie occupied Stirling.
1835 The United States national debt was 0 for the only time.
1862 Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publisher, was born (d. 1934).
1863 Geologist Julius von Haast led an exploratory expedition in search of a route from the east to the west coasts of the South Island.
1867 African American men were granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C.
1867 Emily Greene Balch, American writer and pacifist, Nobel Peace Prize laureate, was born (d. 1961).
1946 Robby Krieger, American musician (The Doors), was born.
1947 David Bowie, English musician, was born.
1959 – Fidel Castro‘s Cuban Revolution was completed with the take over of Santiago de Cuba.
1959 Paul Hester, Australian drummer (Crowded House), was born (d. 2005).
1962 – The Harmelen train disaster killed 93 people in The Netherlands.
1964 President Lyndon B. Johnson declared a “War on Poverty” in the United States.
1973 – Soviet space mission Luna 21 was launched.
1975 Ella Grasso became Governor of Connecticut, becoming the first woman to serve as a Governor in the United States other than by succeeding her husband .
2004 The RMS Queen Mary 2, the largest passenger ship ever built, was christened by her namesake’s granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II.
2005 – The nuclear sub USS San Francisco collided at full speed with an undersea mountain south of Guam. One man was killed, but the sub surfaces and was repaired.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.