Each day’s blog has started with a history post for more than 10 years.
It doesn’t take long to do each one but not very much time every day adds up and it is time I need/want to spend on other things.
Neo-liberal is almost used as a derogatory label.
If, as Politikiwi’s political values quiz says, it means:
Neo-liberals believe in economic liberalism, favouring austerity and the privatisation of government services
I’m not so sure I am one.
An economic liberal, yes.
Favoring austerity? It depends. I’m in favour of a government that takes only as much as is necessary and prioritises needs over wants.
But I also support social investment and policies which aim to tackle root causes of problems. That often necessitate spending more sooner to reduce the need to spend more later.
Privatisation of government services? Some definitely, but not all.
However, the answers I gave to the quiz calls me a a neo-liberal:
It says I”m centrist on the social axis, strongly capitalist, balanced on the national axis and moderate on the state one.
Wikipedia defines neo-liberal as: ideas associated with laissez-faire economic liberalism and free market capitalism.
By those measures and that definition, I am proud to be one.
On January 26:
1500 Vicente Yáñez Pinzón became the first European to set foot on Brazil.
1531 Lisbon was hit by an earthquake–thousands died.
1564 The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
1565 Battle of Talikota, between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Islamic sultanates of the Deccan, led to the subjugation, and eventual destruction of the last Hindu kingdom in India, and the consolidation of Islamic rule over much of the Indian subcontinent.
1589 Job was elected as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
1699 Treaty of Carlowitz was signed.
1714 Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor, was born (d. 1785).
1722 Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader, was born (d. 1805).
1736 Stanislaus I of Poland abdicated his throne.
1808 Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia.
1813 Juan Pablo Duarte, Dominican Republic’s founding father, was born (d. 1876).
1838 Tennessee enacted the first prohibition law in the United States.
1841 The United Kingdom formally occupied Hong Kong.
1844 Governor Fitzroy arrived to investigate the Wairau incident.
1855 Point No Point Treaty was signed in Washington Territory.
1857 Trinley Gyatso, Tibetan, The 12th Dalai Lama, was born .
1880 Douglas MacArthur, American general, was born (d. 1964).
1892 Bessie Coleman, American pioneer aviator, was born (d. 1926).
1904 Seán MacBride, Irish statesman, Nobel Prize Laureate, was born (d. 1988).
1905 Maria von Trapp, Austrian-born singer, was born (d. 1987).
1907 The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III was officially introduced into British Military Service, and remains the oldest military rifle still in official use.
1908 Stéphane Grappelli, French jazz violinist, was born (d. 1997).
1911 – Richard Strauss‘s opera Der Rosenkavalier debuted at the Dresden State Opera.
1913 Jimmy Van Heusen, American songwriter, was born (d. 1990).
1918 Nicolae Ceauşescu, Romanian dictator, was born (d. 1989).
1920 Former Ford Motor Company executive Henry Leland launchedthe Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.
1922 Michael Bentine, British comedian and founding member of The Goons, was born (d. 1996).
1924 St.Petersburg was renamed Leningrad.
1925 Paul Newman, American actor, philanthropist, race car driver and race team owner, was born (d. 2008).
1930 The Indian National Congress declared 26 January as Independence Day or as the day for Poorna Swaraj (Complete Independence) which occurred 20 years later.
1934 The Apollo Theater reopened in Harlem.
1934 – German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact was signed.
1942 World War II: The first United States forces arrived in Europe landing in Northern Ireland.
1945 Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist, was born (d. 1987).
1952 Black Saturday in Egypt: rioters burnt Cairo’s central business district, targeting British and upper-class Egyptian businesses.
1955 Eddie Van Halen, Dutch musician (Van Halen), was born.
1957 Bubble wrap was invented by Alfred Fielding and Marc Chavannes.
1958 Japanese ferry Nankai Maru capsised off southern Awaji Island, 167 killed.
1958 Ellen DeGeneres, American actress and comedian, was born.
1961 Janet G. Travell becamethe first woman to be appointed physician to the president (Kennedy).
1962 Ranger 3 was launched to study the moon.
1978 The Great Blizzard of 1978, a rare severe blizzard with the lowest non-tropical atmospheric pressure ever recorded in the US, struck the Ohio – Great Lakes region with heavy snow and winds up to 100 mph (161 km/h).
1988 Andrew Lloyd Webber‘s The Phantom of the Opera had its first performance on Broadway at the Majestic Theatre.
1992 Boris Yeltsin announced that Russia would stop targeting United States cities with nuclear weapons.
1998 Lewinsky scandal: On American television, U.S. President Bill Clinton denied having had “sexual relations” with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
2001 An earthquake in Gujarat, India, killed more than 20,000.
2004 President Hamid Karzai signed the new constitution of Afghanistan.
2004 – A decomposing whale exploded in Tainan, Taiwan.
2005 – Glendale train crash: Two trains derailled killing 11 and injuring 200 in Glendale, California.
Sourced from NZ History Oline & Wikipedia
On January 24:
76 – Hadrian, Roman Emperor, was born (d. 138).
1670 William Congreve, English playwright, was born (d. 1729).
1679 – King Charles II disbanded Parliament.
1742 – Charles VII Albert became Holy Roman Emperor.
1848 – California Gold Rush: James W. Marshall found gold at Sutter’s Mill near Sacramento.
1857 The University of Calcutta was formally founded as the first full-fledged university in south Asia.
1862 Bucharest proclaimed capital of Romania.
1864 Marguerite Durand, French feminist leader, was born (d. 1936).
1865 General Cameron left Wanganui with 1200 Imperial troops to invade southern Taranaki.
1916 – In Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad, the Supreme Court of the United States declared the federal income tax constitutional.
1924 –Petrograd, formerly Saint Petersburg, was renamed Leningrad.
1928 Desmond Morris, British anthropologist, was born.
1930 – Bernard Matthews, British poultry industry figure , was born (d. 2010).
1941 Neil Diamond, American singer, was born.
1952 Vincent Massey was sworn in as the first Canadian-born Governor-General of Canada.
1957 Adrian Edmondson, English comedian, was born.
1961 – 1961 Goldsboro B-52 crash: A bomber carrying two H-bombs broke up in mid-air over North Carolina. One weapon nearly detonated.
1972 Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi was found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II.
1977 Massacre of Atocha in Madrid, during the Spanish transition to democracy.
1986 Voyager 2 passed within 81,500 km (50,680 miles) of Uranus.
2003 The United States Department of Homeland Security officially began operation.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.
On January 23:
971 In China, the war elephant corps of the Southern Han were soundly defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops. The Southern Han state was forced to submit to the Song Dynasty, ending not only Southern Han rule, but also the first regular war elephant corps employed in a Chinese army that had gained the Southern Han victories throughout the 10th century.
1556 The deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake, hit Shaanxi province, China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000.
1570 The assassination of regent James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray threw Scotland into civil war.
1571 The Royal Exchange opened in London.
1579 The Union of Utrecht formed a Protestant republic in the Netherlands.
1719 The Principality of Liechtenstein was created within the Holy Roman Empire.
1789 Georgetown College, the first Roman Catholic college in the United States, was founded.
1793 Second Partition of Poland: Russia and Prussia partitioned Poland for the second time.
1813 Camilla Collett, Norwegian writer and feminist, was born (d. 1895).
1849 Elizabeth Blackwell the USA’s first female doctor, was awarded her M.D. by the Medical Institute of Geneva, New York.
1855 John Moses Browning, American inventor, was born (d. 1926).
1855 A magnitude 8.2 earthquake hit the Welington region.
1855 The first bridge over the Mississippi River opened.
1870 U.S. cavalrymen killed 173 Native Americans, mostly women and children, in the Marias Massacre.
1897 Sir William Samuel Stephenson, Canadian soldier, W.W.II codename, Intrepid. Inspiration for James Bond., was born (d. 1989).
1897 Elva Zona Heaster was found dead.The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.
1899 Emilio Aguinaldo was sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.
1904 Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund was devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead.
1907 Charles Curtis of Kansas became the first Native American U.S. Senator.
1912 The International Opium Convention was signed at The Hague.
1920 The Netherlands refused to surrender ex-Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany to the Allies.
1948 Anita Pointer, American singer (Pointer Sisters), was born.
1951 Yachts left Wellington bound for Lyttelton in an ocean yacht race to celebrate Canterbury’s centenary. Only one, Tawhiri, officially finished the race. Two other yachts, Husky and Argo, were lost along with their 10 crew members.
1960 The bathyscaphe USS Trieste broke a depth record by descending to 10,911 m (35,798 feet) in the Pacific Ocean.
1973 A volcanic eruption devastated Heimaey in the Vestmannaeyjar chain of islands off the south coast of Iceland.
1997 Madeleine Albright became the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State.
2003 Final communication between Earth and Pioneer 10
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.
On January 22:
1521 Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, opened the Diet of Worms.
1561 Sir Francis Bacon, English philosopher, was born (d. 1626).
1824 – Ashantis defeated British forces in the Gold Coast.
1840 The New Zealand Company’s first settler ship, the Aurora, arrived at Petone, marking the official commencement of the settlement that would eventually become Wellington.
1889 Columbia Phonograph was formed in Washington, D.C.
1899 Leaders of six Australian colonies met in Melbourne to discuss confederation.
1901 Edward VII was proclaimed King after the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.
1905 Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.
1906 SS Valencia ran aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.
SS Valencia shipwreck, seen from one of the rescuing ships
1924 Ramsay MacDonald became the first Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1931 Sir Isaac Isaacs was sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.
1934 Graham Kerr, British-born, New Zealand chef, was born.
1940 John Hurt, English actor, was born.
1941 British and Commonwealth troops captured Tobruk from Italian forces during Operation Compass.
1946 Iran: Qazi Muhammad declared the independent people’s Republic of Mahabad at Chuwarchira Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad. He was the new president; Hadschi Baba Scheich was the prime minister.
1946 – Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.
1957 The New York City “Mad Bomber”, George P. Metesky, was arrested and charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
1959 Knox Mine Disaster: Water breaches the River Slope Mine near Pittston City, Pennsylvania in Port Griffith; 12 miners are killed.
1960 Michael Hutchence, Australian singer (INXS), was born (d. 1997).
1965 Steven Adler, American drummer (Guns N’ Roses), was born.
1968 Apollo 5 lifted off carrying the first Lunar module into space.
1973 The Supreme Court of the United States delivered its decision in Roe v. Wade, legalizing elective abortion in all fifty states.
1984 The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, was introduced during Super Bowl XVIII with its famous “1984″ television commercial.
1987 Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shot and killed himself at a press conference on live national television, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism.
1992 Space Shuttle programme: STS-42 Mission – Dr. Roberta Bondar became the first Canadian woman in space.
1999 Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons were burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India.
2002 Kmart Corp beccame the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.
On January 21:
1189 – Philip II of France and Richard I of England began to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade.
1525 – The Swiss Anabaptist Movement was born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptised each other in the home of Manz’s mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union.
1749 – The Verona Philharmonic Theatre was destroyed by fire.
1789 The first American novel, The Power of Sympathy or the Triumph of Nature Founded in Truth, was printed in Boston, Massachusetts.
1793 – After being found guilty of treason by the French Convention, Louis XVI of France was executed by guillotine.
1824 Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, American, Confederate army general was born.
1864 – The Tauranga Campaign started during the New Zealand Land Wars.
1887 – Brisbane received a daily rainfall of 465 millimetres (18.3 inches), a record for any Australian capital city.
1893 – The Tati Concessions Land, formerly part of Matabeleland, was formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate, which is now Botswana.
1899 – Opel manufactured its first automobile.
1905 Christian Dior, French fashion designer, was born.
1908 – New York City passed the Sullivan Ordinance, making it illegal for women to smoke in public, but the measure was vetoed by the mayor.
1911 – The first Monte Carlo Rally.
1915 – Kiwanis International was founded in Detroit, Michigan.
1919 – Meeting of the First Dáil Éireann in the Mansion House Dublin. Sinn Féin adopted Ireland’s first constitution. The first engagement of Irish War of Independence, Sologhead Beg, County Tipperary.
1921 The Italian Communist Party was founded at Livorno.
1924 Benny Hill, English actor, comedian, and singer, was born (d. 1992).
1925 Albania declared itself a republic.
1938 Wolfman Jack, American disk jockey and actor, was born(d. 1995).
1940 Jack Nicklaus, American golfer, was born.
1941 Plácido Domingo, Spanish tenor, was born.
1942, Mac Davis, American musician, was born.
1944 New Zealand & Australia signed the Canberra Pact, which was an undertaking by both countries to co-operate on international matters, especially in the Pacific.
1950 Billy Ocean, West Indian musician, was born.
1953 Paul Allen, American entrepreneur, co-founder of Microsoft, was born.
1954 – The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus (SSN-571), was launched in Groton, Connecticut by Mamie Eisenhower, the First Lady of the United States.
1958 – The last Fokker C.X in military service, the Finnish Air Force FK-111 target tower, crashed, killing the pilot and winch-operator.
1968 Battle of Khe Sanh – One of the most publicised and controversial battles of the Vietnam War began.
1974 Rove McManus, Australian television host and comedian, was born.
1976 – Commercial service of Concorde began with London-Bahrain and Paris-Rio routes.
1976 Emma Bunton, English singer (Spice Girls), was born.
1977 – President Jimmy Carter pardoned nearly all American Vietnam War draft evaders.
1981 – Tehran released United States hostages after 444 days.
1997 – Newt Gingrich became the first leader of the United States House of Representatives to be internally disciplined for ethical misconduct.
1999 – War on Drugs: In one of the largest drug busts in American history, the United States Coast Guard intercepted a ship with over 4,300 kg (9,500 lb) of cocaine on board.
2002 – The Canadian Dollar set all-time low against the US Dollar (US$0.6179).
2008 – Black Monday in worldwide stock markets. FTSE 100 had its biggest ever one-day points fall, European stocks closed with their worst result since 11 September 2001, and Asian stocks dropped as much as 15%.
Sourced from NZ hisotry Online & Wikipedia.