I do not want art for a few any more than education for a few, or freedom for a few. – William Morris who was born on this day in 1834.
1401 Turko-Mongol emperor Timur sacked Damascus.
1603 James VI of Scotland also became James I King of England.
1731 Naturalization of Hieronimus de Salis Parliamentary Act was passed.
1765 The Britain passed the Quartering Act that required the Thirteen Colonies to house British troops.
1770 Kidnap victim, Ngati Kahu leader Ranginui, died on board the French ship Saint Jean Baptiste.
1820 Fanny Crosby, American hymnist, was born (d. 1915).
1832 In Hiram, Ohio a group of men beat, tarred and feathered Mormon leader Joseph Smith, Jr..
1834 William Morris, English writer and designer, was born (d. 1896).
1837 Canada gave African men the right to vote.
1878 HMS Eurydice sank, killing more than 300.
1907 The first issue of the Georgian Bolshevik newspaper Dro was published.
1923 Greece became a republic.
1930 Steve McQueen, American actor, was born (d. 1980).
1934 U.S. Congress passed the Tydings-McDuffie Act allowing the Philippines to become a self-governing commonwealth.
1944 Ardeatine Massacre: German troops killed 335 Italian civilians in Rome.
1947 Christine Gregoire, 22nd governor of Washington, was born.
1949 Nick Lowe, British musician, was born.
1951 Tommy Hilfiger, American fashion designer, was born.
1959 The Party of the African Federation (PFA) was launched by Léopold Sédar Senghor and Modibo Keita.
1965 NASA spacecraft Ranger 9, equipped to convert its signals into a form suitable for showing on domestic television, brought images of the Moon into ordinary homes before crash landing.
1970 Sharon Corr, Irish musician (The Corrs), was born.
1972 The United Kingdom imposed “Direct Rule” over Northern Ireland.
1973 Kenyan track runner Kip Keino defeated Jim Ryun at the first-ever professional track meet in Los Angeles, California.
1976 Argentina’s military forces deposed president Isabel Perón and start the National Reorganization Process.
1976 A general strike took place in the People’s Republic of Congo
1980 Archbishop Óscar Romero was killed while celebrating Mass in San Salvador.
1986 The Loscoe gas explosion ledto new UK laws on landfill gas migration and gas protection on landfill sites.
1990 Keisha Castle-Hughes, Australian/New Zealand actress, was born.
1998 Jonesboro massacre: two students, ages 11 and 13, fired upon teachers and students at Westside Middle School in Jonesboro, Arkansas; five people were killed and ten were wounded.
1998 A tornado swept through Dantan in India killing 250 people and injuring 3000 others.
1999 Kosovo War: NATO commenced air bombardment against Yugoslavia, marking the first time NATO has attacked a sovereign country.
1999 – Mont Blanc Tunnel Fire: 39 people died when a Belgian transport truck carrying flour and margarine caught fire in the Mont Blanc Tunnel.
2003 The Arab League voted 21-1 in favor of a resolution demanding the immediate and unconditional removal of US and British soldiers from Iraq.
2008 Bhutan officially became a democracy, with its first ever general election.
2014 – A train overran the buffers at Chicago O’Hare Airport station, injuring 32 people.
2015 – Germanwings Flight 9525 crashed in the French Alps in an apparent mass murder-suicide, killing all 150 people on board.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Coprolite – a piece of fossilised dung.
You are invited to pose the questions.
Anyone who stumps everyone will win a virtual basket of quinces.
Four people have been killed, including a police officer, in a major terrorist incident just yards from the Houses of Parliament this afternoon. . .
This is another incident to add to the tragic list with innocent people killed or injured and other lives changed forever.
You see in times of crisis that extremist forces, populist forces, have a better ground to oversimplify things and to manipulate feelings. Feelings of fear. – Jose Manuel Barroso who celebrates his 61st birthday today.
1174 Jocelin, abbot of Melrose, was elected bishop of Glasgow.
1645 William Kidd, Scottish sailor, was born (d. 1701).
1708 James Francis Edward Stuart landed at the Firth of Forth.
1801 Tsar Paul I of Russia was struck with a sword, then strangled, and finally trampled to death in his bedroom at St. Michael’s Castle.
1806 After traveling through the Louisiana Purchase and reaching the Pacific Ocean, explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark and their “Corps of Discovery” began their journey home.
1821 Battle and fall of city of Kalamata, Greek War of Independence.
1848 The immigrant ship John Wikcliffe anchored at Port Chalmerscarrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand.
1848 Otago province was founded.
1857 Elisha Otis‘s first lift was installed at 488 Broadway New York City.
1862 The First Battle of Kernstown, Virginia, marked the start of Stonewall Jackson’s Valley Campaign.
1868 The University of California was founded.
1879 War of the Pacific between Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully took over Arica and Tarapacá leaving Bolivia as a landlocked country.
1896 The Raines Law was passed by the New York State Legislature, restricting Sunday sale of alcohol to hotels.
1903 The Wright Brothers applied for a patent on their invention of one of the first successful airplanes.
1905 Joan Crawford, American actress, was born (d. 1977).
1919 Benito Mussolini founded his Fascist political movement.
1921 Donald Campbell, British car and motorboat racer, was born (d. 1967).
1929 Sir Roger Bannister, English runner, was born.
1935 Signing of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
1939 Hungarian air force attacked the headquarters of Slovak air force in the city of Spišská Nová Ves, killed 13 people and began the Slovak–Hungarian War.
1942 In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces captured the Andaman Islands.
1949 Ric Ocasek, American musician (The Cars), was born.
1956 Pakistan becamesthe first Islamic republic in the world. (Republic Day in Pakistan).
1956 José Manuel Barroso, Portuguese politician, president of the European Commission, was born.
1965 NASA launched Gemini 3, the United States’ first two-man space flight.
1980 Archbishop Óscar Romero of El Salvador gave his famous speech appealing to men of the El Salvadoran armed forces to stop killing the Salvadorans.
1983 Strategic Defense Initiative: President Ronald Reagan made his initial proposal to develop technology to intercept enemy missiles.
1994 – Aeroflot Flight 593 crashed in Siberia when the pilot’s fifteen-year old son accidentally disengaged the autopilot, killing all 75 people on board.
1994 – A United States Air Force (USAF) F-16 aircraft collided with a USAF C-130 at Pope Air Force Base and then crashed, killing 24 United States Army soldiers on the ground in the Green Ramp disaster.
1999 Gunmen assassinated Paraguay’s Vice President Luis María Argaña.
2001 The Russian Mir space station was disposed of, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean.
2003 In Nasiriyah, Iraq, 11 soldiers of the 507th Maintenance Company and 18 U.S. Marines were killed during the first major conflict of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
2005 – A major explosion at the Texas City Refinery killed 15 workers.
2007 Burnley Tunnel catastrophe in Melbourne.
2007 – The Iranian Navy seizes Royal Navy personnel in the waters between Iran and Iraq.
2009 – FedEx Express Flight 80: A McDonnell Douglas MD-11 flying from Guangzhou, China crashed at Tokyo Narita International Airport, Japan, killing both the captain and the co-pilot.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia