Science, my lad, is made up of mistakes, but they are mistakes which it is useful to make, because they lead little by little to the truth. –
421 – Constantius III became co-Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
1250 – Seventh Crusade: Crusaders engaged Ayyubid forces in the Battle of Al Mansurah.
1575 Universiteit Leiden was founded and given the motto “Praesidium Libertatis”.
1587 Mary, Queen of Scots was executed at suspicion of having been involved in the Babington Plot to murder her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I of England.
1612 Samuel Butler, English poet, was born (d. 1680).
1622 King James I disbanded the English Parliament.
1692 – A doctor in Salem Village suggeseds that two girls in the family of the village minister may be suffering from bewitchment, leading to theSalem witch trials.
1693 The College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia was granted a charter by King William III and Queen Mary II.
1726 The Supreme Privy Council was established in Russia.
1807 Battle of Eylau – Napoleon defeated Russians under General Benigssen.
1828 Jules Verne, French author, was born (d. 1905).
1837 Richard Johnson became the first Vice President of the United States chosen by the United States Senate.
1849 New Roman Republic established.
1865 Delaware voters rejected the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, and voted to continue the practice of slavery.
1882 Thomas Selfridge, first person to die in an aeroplane crash, was born (d. 1908).
1909 – Elisabeth Murdoch, Australian philanthropist, was born (d. 2012).
1915 – Able Seaman William Edward Knowles became one of the first New Zealanders to be killed as a result of enemy action during the First World War.
1921 – Lana Turner, American actress, was born (d. 1995).
1924 The first state execution using gas in the United States took place in Nevada.
1925 – Jack Lemmon, American actor, director and musician, was born (d. 2001).
1931 James Dean, American actor, was born (d. 1955).
1931 All three people on board a Dominion Airline DeSoutter were killed in a crash near Wairoa. This was the first fatal air service accident in New Zealand.
1932 John Williams, American composer and conductor, was born.
1941 Nick Nolte, American actor, was born.
1948 Ron Tyson, American singer (The Temptations), was born.
1952 Elizabeth II was proclaimed Queen of the UK.
1955 John Grisham, American writer, was born.
1955 The Government of Sindh abolished the Jagirdari system in the province. One million acres (4000 km²) of land thus acquired was to be distributed among the landless peasants.
1963 Mohammad Azharuddin, Indian cricketer, was born.
1963 Travel, financial and commercial transactions by United States citizens to Cuba were made illegal by the John F. Kennedy administration.
1968 The Orangeburg massacre, a mass killing in Orangeburg, South Carolina of black students from South Carolina State University who were protesting racial segregation at the town’s only bowling alley.
1974 – Military coup in Upper Volta.
1978 Proceedings of the United States Senate were broadcast on radio for the first time.
1983 – Cory Jane, New Zealand rugby player, was born.
1983 The Melbourne dust storm .The result of the worst drought on record and a day of severe weather conditions, the 320m deep dust cloud enveloped the city, turning day to night.
1989 An Independent Air Boeing 707 crashed into Santa Maria mountain in Azores Islands killing 144.
1996 The U.S. Congress passes the Communications Decency Act.
1996 – The massive Internet collaboration “24 Hours in Cyberspace” took place.
2010 – A freak storm in the Hindukush mountains of Afghanistan triggered a series of at least 36 avalanches, burying over two miles of road, killing at least 172 people and trapping over 2,000 travelers.
2013 – A blizzard disrupted transportation and leaves hundreds of thousands of people without electricity in the Northeastern United States and parts of Canada.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.
Catachresis – the use of a word in an incorrect way or in the wrong context; use of a forced and especially paradoxical figure of speech; misuse or strained use of words, as in a mixed metaphor, occurring either in error or for rhetorical effect.
I like people until they give me reason not to, she said. Some days they just drop like flies, though, she added.
Dropping Like Flies ©2014 Brian Andreas – posted with permission.
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“Is it okay to walk on the grass in bare feet?” a visiting child asked.
It was and that’s something I take for granted.
Today’ I’m grateful for the pleasure of walking on grass in bare feet.
Sunday’s soapbox is yours to use as you will – within the bounds of decency and absence of defamation. You’re welcome to look back or forward, discuss issues of the moment, to pontificate, ponder or point us to something of interest, to educate, elucidate or entertain, amuse, bemuse or simply muse, but not abuse.
Everything that irritates us about others can lead us to an understanding of ourselves – Carl Jung.
1238 The Mongols burned the Russian city of Vladimir.
1478 Sir Thomas More, English statesman, humanist, and author, was born (d 1535).
1795 The 11th Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified.
1804 John Deere, American manufacturer (Deere & Company), was born (d. 1886).
1807 Battle of Eylau – Napoléon’s French Empire began fighting against Russian and Prussian forces of the Fourth Coalition at Eylau, Poland.
1812 Charles Dickens, English novelist, was born (d. 1870).
1863 The Royal Navy’s steam corvette HMS Orpheus, bringing supplies and reinforcements for the land wars, hit the Manukau Harbour bar and sank. Of the 259 aboard, 189 died, making it New Zealand’s worst maritime disaster.
1867 Laura Ingalls Wilder, American author, was born (d. 1957).
1870 Alfred Adler, Austrian psychologist was born (d. 1937).
1901 Arnold Nordmeyer, New Zealand politician, was born (d. 1989).
1904 A fire in Baltimore destroyed over 1,500 buildings in 30 hours.
1907 The Mud March, the first large procession organised by the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS).
1922 Hattie Jacques, English actress, was born (d. 1980).
1943 Imperial Japanese naval forces completed the evacuation of Imperial Japanese Army troops from Guadalcanal during Operation Ke, ending Japanese attempts to retake the island from Allied forces in the Guadalcanal Campaign.
1956 Mark St. John, American musician (Kiss), was born (d. 2007).
1962 Garth Brooks, American singer, was born.
1962 Eddie Izzard, British actor and comedian, was born.
1962 – David Bryan, American musician (Bon Jovi), was born.
1962 The United States banned all Cuban imports and exports.
1967 Bushfires in southern Tasmania claimed 62 lives and destroy 2,642.7 square kilometres (653,025.4 acres) of land.
1974 Grenada gained independence from the United Kingdom.
1986 Twenty-eight years of one-family rule ended in Haiti, when PresidentJean-Claude Duvalier fled.
1990 The Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party agreed to give up its monopoly on power.
1991 Haiti‘s first democratically elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, was sworn in.
1991 – The IRA launched a mortar attack on 10 Downing Street during a cabinet meeting.
1992 – The Maastricht Treaty was signed, leading to the creation of the European Union.
1995 Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, was arrested in Islamabad, Pakistan.
2009 Bushfires in Victoria left 173 dead in the worst natural disaster in Australia’s history.
2013 – At least 53 people were killed when a bus and truck collided near Chibombo, Zambia.
2014 – The opening ceremony for the 2014 Winter Olympics is held in the Russian city of Sochi.
2014 – Over 350 people were injured in the anti-government unrest in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.