So many people walk around with a meaningless life. They seem half-asleep, even when they’re busy doing things they think are important. This is because they’re chasing the wrong things. The way you get meaning into your life is to devote yourself to loving others, devote yourself to your community around you, and devote yourself to creating something that gives you purpose and meaning. – Mitch Albom who celebrates his 59th birthday today.
1430 Siege of Compiègne: Joan of Arc was captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne.
1498 Girolamo Savonarola was burned at the stake in Florence on the orders of Pope Alexander VI.
1568 The Netherlands declared their independence from Spain.
1568 Dutch rebels led by Louis of Nassau, brother of William I of Orange, defeated Jean de Ligne, Duke of Aremberg and his loyalist troops in theBattle of Heiligerlee, opening the Eighty Years’ War.
1618 The Second Defenestration of Prague precipitated the Thirty Years’ War.
1701 After being convicted of piracy and of murdering William Moore, Captain William Kidd was hanged.
1706 Battle of Ramillies: John Churchill, the 1st Duke of Marlborough, defeated a French army under Marshal Villeroi.
1805 Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned King of Italy with the Iron Crown of Lombardy in the Cathedral of Milan.
1810 Margaret Fuller, American journalist and feminist, was born (d. 1850).
1813 Simón Bolívar entered Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and was proclaimed El Libertador (“The Liberator”).
1820 James Buchanan Eads, American engineer and inventor, was born (d. 1887).
1844 Declaration of the Báb: a merchant of Shiraz announced that he was a Prophet and founded a religious movement. He is considered to be a forerunner of the Bahá’í Faith, and Bahá’ís celebrate the day as a holy day.
1846 Mexican-American War: President Mariano Paredes of Mexico unofficially declared war on the United States.
1855 Isabella Ford, English socialist, feminist, trade unionist and writer, was born (d. 1924).
1861 – The first major gold rush in Otago started after Tasmanian Gabriel Read found gold ‘shining like the stars in Orion on a dark, frosty night’ near the Tuapeka River.
1863 Organisation of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan.
1863 The Siege of Port Hudson.
1863 American Civil War: Sergeant William Harvey Carney became the first African American to be awarded the Medal of Honor, for his heroism in the Assault on the Battery Wagner.
1873 The Canadian Parliament established the North West Mounted Police, the forerunner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
1875 Alfred P. Sloan, American long-time president and chairman of General Motors, was born (d. 1966).
1907 The unicameral Parliament of Finland gathered for its first plenary session.
1911 The New York Public Library was dedicated.
1915 World War I: Italy joined the Allies after they declared war on Austria-Hungary.
1923 Launch of Belgium’s SABENA airline.
1928 Nigel Davenport, English actor, was born (d. 2013).
1929 The first talking cartoon of Mickey Mouse, “The Karnival Kid“, was released.
1933 Joan Collins, English actress, was born.
1934 American bank robbers Bonnie and Clyde were ambushed by police and killed in Black Lake, Louisiana.
1934 The Auto-Lite Strike culminated in the “Battle of Toledo”, a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers.
1939 The U.S. Navy submarine USS Squalus sank during a test dive, causing the death of 24 sailors and two civilian technicians.
1945 World War II: Heinrich Himmler, the head of the SS, committed suicide while in Allied custody.
1949 Alan Garcia, President of Peru, was born.
1951 Tibetans signed the Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet with China.
1956 Mark Shaw, New Zealand rugby footballer, was born.
1958 Explorer 1 ceased transmission.
1958 – Mitch Albom, American journalist, author, and screenwriter, was born.
1966 Te Arikinui Dame Te Atairangikaahu, the first Maori Queen, was crowned.
1967 Egypt closed the Straits of Tiran and blockaded the port of Eilat at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping, laying the foundations for the Six Day War.
1995 Oklahoma City bombing: The remains of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building were imploded.
1995 The first version of the Java programming language was released.
1998 The Good Friday Agreement was accepted in a referendum in Northern Ireland with 75% voting yes.
2002 The “55 parties ca;use”of the Kyoto protocol was reached after its ratification by Iceland.
2004 Part of Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport‘s Terminal 2E collapsed, killing four people and injuring three others.
2005 The fastest roller coaster in the world, Kingda Ka opened at Six Flags Great Adventure.
2006 Alaskan stratovolcano Mount Cleveland erupted.
2010 – Jamaican police began a manhunt for drug lord Christopher “Dudus” Coke, after the United States requested his extradition, leading tothree days of violence during which at least 73 bystanders were killed.
2014 – Seven people, including the perpetrator,were killed and another 13 injured in a killing spree near the campus of University of California, Santa Barbara.
2015 – At least 46 people were killed as a result of floods caused by a tornado in Texas and Oklahoma.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.
Sooterkin – a sweetheart; the mythical black afterbirth of Dutch women that was believed to result from their warming themselves on stove; something imperfect or unsuccessful.
This begs the question: do cats and other pets cook their meat in the wild?
I always say that non-violence is not the weapon of the weak. It is the weapon of the strong. – Betty Williams who celebrates her 74th birthday today.
334 BC The Macedonian army of Alexander the Great defeated Darius III of Persia in the Battle of the Granicus.
1455 Wars of the Roses: at the First Battle of St Albans, Richard, Duke of York, defeated and captured King Henry VI of England.
1724 Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne, French explorer was born (d. 1772).
1762 Sweden and Prussia signed the Treaty of Hamburg.
1807 A grand jury indicted former Vice President of the United StatesAaron Burr on a charge of treason.
1807 Most of the English town of Chudleigh was destroyed by fire.
1809 On the second and last day of the Battle of Aspern-Essling (near Vienna), Napoleon was repelled by an enemy army for the first time.
1813 Richard Wagner, German composer, was born (d. 1883).
1819 The SS Savannah left port at Savannah, Georgia, on a voyage to become the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean.
1826 HMS Beagle departed on its first voyage.
1840 The transporting of British convicts to the New South Wales colony was abolished.
1842 Farmers Lester Howe and Henry Wetsel discovered Howe Cavernswhen they stumbled upon a large hole in the ground.
1844 Persian Prophet The Báb announced his revelation, founding Bábism. He announced to the world the coming of “He whom God shall make manifest”
1844 – Mary Cassatt, American painter and educator, was born (d. 1926).
1846 – Rita Cetina Gutiérrez, Mexican poet, educator, and activist, was born (d. 1908).
1848 Slavery was abolished in Martinique.
1856 Congressman Preston Brooks of South Carolina beat SenatorCharles Sumner with a cane in the hall of the United States Senate for a speech Sumner had made attacking Southerners who sympathized with the pro-slavery violence in Kansas (“Bleeding Kansas“).
1859 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, British physician and writer, was born (d. 1930).
1871 The U.S. Army issued an order for abandonment of Fort Kearny in Nebraska.
1884 The first representative New Zealand rugby team played its first match, defeating a Wellington XV 9-0.
1897 The Blackwall Tunnel under the River Thames was officially opened.
1903 Launch of the White Star Liner, SS Ionic.
1906 The 1906 Summer Olympics, not now recognized as part of the official Olympic Games, opened in Athens.
1906 The Wright brothers were granted U.S. patent number 821,393 for their “Flying-Machine”.
1907 Laurence Olivier, English stage and screen actor, was born (d. 1989).
1915 Lassen Peak eruptsed.
1915 Three trains collided in the Quintinshill rail crash near Gretna Green,, killing 227 people and injuring 246.
1936 Aer Lingus (Aer Loingeas) was founded by the Irish government as the national airline of the Republic of Ireland.
1936 M. Scott Peck, American psychiatrist and writer, was born (d. 2005).
1939 World War II: Germany and Italy signed the Pact of Steel.
1942 Mexico entered World War II on the side of the Allies.
1942 The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbanded, and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, was formed.
1946 George Best, Northern Irish footballer, was born (d. 2005).
1947 Cold War: in an effort to fight the spread of Communism, U.S. President Harry S. Truman signed the Truman Doctrine granting $400 million in military and economic aid to Turkey and Greece, each battling an internal Communist movement.
1958 Sri Lankan riots of 1958: a watershed event in the race relationship of the various ethnic communities of Sri Lanka. The total number of deaths is estimated to be 300, mostly Sri Lankan Tamils.
1950 Bernie Taupin, English songwriter, was born.
1955 Iva Davies, Australian rock star (Icehouse), was born.
1960 An earthquake measuring 9.5 on the moment magnitude scale, now known as the Great Chilean Earthquake, hit southern Chile – the most powerful earthquake ever recorded.
1962 Continental Airlines Flight 11 crashed after bombs explode on board.
1963 Assassination attempt of Greek left-wing politician Gregoris Lambrakis.
1964 U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announced the goals of his Great Society social reforms to bring an “end to poverty and racial injustice” in America.
1967 The L’Innovation department store in the centre of Brussels burned down – the most devastating fire in Belgian history, resulting in 323 dead and missing and 150 injured.
1968 The nuclear-powered submarine the USS Scorpion sank with 99 men aboard 400 miles southwest of the Azores.
1969 Apollo 10‘s lunar module flew within 8.4 nautical miles (16 km) of the moon’s surface.
1970 Naomi Campbell, British model and actress, was born.
1972 Ceylon adoptseda new constitution, ecoming a Republic, changed its name to Sri Lanka, and joined the Commonwealth of Nations.
1992 After 30 years, 66-year-old Johnny Carson hosted The Tonight Showfor the last time.
1997 Kelly Flinn, US Air Force’s first female bomber pilot certified for combat, accepted a general discharge in order to avoid a court martial.
1998 Lewinsky scandal: a federal judge ruled that United States Secret Service agents could be compelled to testify before a grand jury.
2003 Annika Sörenstam became the first woman to play the PGA Tour in 58 years.
2004 Hallam, Nebraska, was wiped out by a powerful F4 tornado (part of the May 2004 tornado outbreak sequence) that broke a width record at 2.5 miles (4.0 km) wide, and killed one resident.
2008 The Late-May 2008 tornado outbreak sequence unleashed 235 tornadoes, including an EF4 and an EF5 tornado, between 22 May and 31 May 2008. The tornadoes struck 19 US states and one Canadian province.
2011– An EF5 Tornado struck the US city of Joplin, Missouri killing 161 people, the single deadliest US tornado since modern record keeping began in 1950.
2013 – British soldier Lee Rigby was murdered in a London Street.
2014 – General Prayuth Chan-ocha of the Royal Thai Armed Forces announced a military coup d’état, following six months of political turmoil.
2014 – An explosion occurred in the city ofÜrümqi, the capital of China’s far-western Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, resulting in at least 43 deaths and 91 injuries.
2015 – The Republic of Ireland became the first nation in the world to legalise gay marriage in a public referendum.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia