196 BC Ptolemy V ascended to the throne of Egypt.
1306 Robert The Bruce was crowned King of Scotland at Scone.
1309 Pope Clement V excommunicated Venice and all its population.
1613 The first English child born in Canada at Cuper’s Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy.
1625 Charles I beccame King of England, Scotland and Ireland as well as claiming the title King of France.
1782 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1794 The United States Government established a permanent navy and authorized the building of six frigates.
1794 Denmark and Sweden formed a neutrality compact.
1814 War of 1812: Forces under General Andrew Jackson defeated the Creek at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.
1836 Texas Revolution: Goliad massacre – Antonio López de Santa Anna ordered the Mexican army to kill about 400 Texans at Goliad, Texas.
1836 Kirtland Temple in Ohio was dedicated in an 8 hour long service led by Joseph Smith, Jr. and Sidney Rigdon.
1846 Mexican-American War: Siege of Fort Texas.
1851 – First reported sighting of the Yosemite Valley by Europeans.
1854 Crimean War: The United Kingdom declared war on Russia.
1863 Sir Henry Royce, English automobile pioneer, was born (d. 1933).
1871 The first international rugby football match, England v. Scotland, was played in Edinburgh at Raeburn Place.
1881 Rioting took place in Basingstoke in protest against the daily vociferous promotion of rigid Temperance by the Salvation Army.
1883 English Salvation Army officers, Captain George Pollard and Lieutenant Edward Wright, arrived at Port Chalmers on a mission to establish a New Zealand branch of the quasi-military Christian evangelical movement, which had been founded in the slums of London’s East End in 1865.
1886 Apache warrior, Geronimo, surrendered to the U.S. Army, ending the main phase of the Apache Wars.
1899 Gloria Swanson, American actress, was born (d. 1983).
1906 The Alpine Club of Canada was founded in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
1910 A fire during a barn-dance in Ököritófülpös, Hungary, killed 312.
1912 James Callaghan, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was born (d. 2005).
1917 Cyrus Vance, American politician, was born (d. 2002).
1924 Sarah Vaughan, American singer, was born (d. 1990).
1931 David Janssen, American actor, was born (d. 1980).
1938 The Battle of Taierzhuang.
1941 Yugoslavian Air Force officers toppled the pro-axis government in a bloodless coup.
1943 Battle of the Komandorski Islands – In the Aleutian Islands battle started when United States Navy forces intercepted Japanese attempting to reinforce a garrison at Kiska.
1945 Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan’s ports and waterways began.
1950 Tony Banks, English musician (Genesis), was born.
1958 Nikita Khrushchev became Premier of the Soviet Union.
1959 Andrew Farriss, Australian musician (INXS), was born.
1963 Beeching axe: Dr. Richard Beeching issued a report calling for huge cuts to the United Kingdom’s rail network.
1964 The Good Friday Earthquake, the most powerful earthquake in U.S. history at a magnitude of 9.2 struck South Central Alaska, killing 125 people and inflicting massive damage to the city of Anchorage.
1969 Mariner 7 was launched.
1970 Concorde made its first supersonic flight.
1975 Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System began.
1975 Fergie, American pop singer (The Black Eyed Peas), was born.
1976 The first 4.6 miles of the Washington Metro subway system opened.
1977 Tenerife disaster: Two Boeing 747 airliners collided on a foggy runway on Tenerife in the Canary Islands, killing 583 (all 248 on KLM and 335 on Pan Am). 61 survived on the Pan Am flight.
1980 The Norwegian oil platform Alexander Kielland collapsed in the North Sea, killing 123 of its crew of 212.
1980 Silver Thursday: A steep fall in silver prices, resulting from the Hunt Brothers attempting to corner the market in silver, led to panic on commodity and futures exchanges.
1984 Ernie Abbott, the caretaker at Wellington’s Trades Hall, was killed instantly when he moved a booby-trapped suitcase.
1986 A car bomb exploded at Russell Street Police HQ in Melbourne, killing 1 police officer and injuring 21 people.
1990 The United States begins broadcasting TV Martí to Cuba in an effort to bridge the information blackout imposed by the Castro regime.
1993 Jiang Zemin was appointed President of the People’s Republic of China.
1993 – Italian former minister and Christian Democracy leader Giulio Andreotti was accused of mafia allegiance by the tribunal of Palermo.
1994 – One of the biggest tornado outbreaks in recent memory hit the Southeastern United States. One tornado slammed into a church in Piedmont, Alabama during Palm Sunday services killing 20 and injuring 90.
1994 – The Eurofighter took its first flight in Manching, Germany.
1998 The Food and Drug Administration approved Viagra for use as a treatment for male impotence.
1999 An F-117 Nighthawk was shot down during the Kosovo War.
2002 – Passover Massacre: A Palestinian suicide bomber kills 29 people partaking of the Passover meal in Netanya, Israel.
2004 HMS Scylla (F71), a decommissioned Leander class frigate, was sunk as an artificial reef off Cornwall, the first of its kind in Europe.
2009 – Situ Gintung, an artificial lake in Indonesia, failed killing at least 99 people.
2009 – A suicide bomber killed at least 48 at a mosque in the Khyber Agency of Pakistan.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Apocrisiary – a delegate or deputy; especially, the pope’s nuncio or legate at Constantinople; a person appointed to give answers.
Clever clover management boosts output at Tempello – Tony Benny:
Tempello Station has been in David Grigg’s family for 101 years. The 4800-hectare property lies between the Awatere and Wairau Valleys, climbing from 100 metres, just out of Renwick, up to 1000m in the hills south of Blenheim.
It’s mix of intensively managed flats and lower hill country and lightly stocked high run country and carries 10,495 stock units, 51.4 per cent cattle and 48.6 per cent sheep. There’s also 13ha in grapes, grown on contract.
Over the past 10 years or so, David and wife Jo have fine-tuned their system and by getting the most out of their sub clover they’ve upped total meat production from 60 tonnes to 76 tonnes, despite having fewer ewes. . .
Special Quarterly Edition
Special edition: Cherry picking in the USA and the US dairy renaissance
A better milk price will have to wait until next season after all
Parity against the Australian dollar is a possibility for the NZ dollar this year
Special topic: Cherry picking in the USA: The US dairy renaissance
The NZ dairy production outlook is not as bad as first feared according to the latest ASB Farmshed Economics Report. Prices have moved to reflect this changing view – up sharply in February on the plunging production fears, and then down by a lesser amount as those fears eased. . .
A new aerial imaging tool is capturing the attention of the agriculture sector with its ability to provide nutrient, soil and water information about land.
Massey University bought the $500,000 imaging system from Finland for a primary growth partnership programme involving the Ministry for Primary Industries and fertiliser company Ravensdown, which aims to improve how fertiliser is applied to hill country.
The university’s Professor in Precision Agriculture, Ian Yule, says the sensor, which is attached to a plane, can capture large amounts of information on the nutrient content of land. That information may have previously been inaccessible.
“We can use it to identify the nutrient concentration in pasture or any crop that we would want to look at. We can identify different plant types, different species. We think we can find the differences between cultivars and so on, just from looking at the crop from the air. It’s a very fast developing technology but I think we’re kind of in the forefront with it here, with the use we’re trying to make of it.” . . .
It was a natural progression for Greymouth’s Kelvin and Heather McKay to take out the 2015 West Coast/Top of the South Sharemilker/Equity Farmer of the Year title – the couple were last year’s runners-up and placed third in 2013.
Kelvin and Heather McKay were the major winners at the 2015 West Coast/Top of the South Dairy Industry Awards at Shantytown last night, winning $7100 in prizes. The other big winners were Thomas and Hannah Oats, the region’s 2015 Farm Managers of the Year, and Danny Mitchell, the 2015 Dairy Trainee of the Year.
“Entering the competition made us look closely at all aspects of our business,” the McKay’s said. “It has made us focus more on what it is we want to achieve and identify areas of our farming operation which we can improve.” . . .
Kiwifruit grower and post-harvest entity Te Awanui Huka Pak has congratulated growers for turning out in record numbers for the Kiwifruit Industry Strategy Project (KISP) grower referendum.
“Maori are a key driving force in the kiwifruit industry, and the KISP process was about ensuring that this industry creates wealth for Maori both now and for future generations” says Te Awanui Huka Pak Chair Neil Te Kani.
“With a record voter turnout and over 90% support for all recommendations, the kiwifruit industry is in a strong position to deliver a strong economic growth platform for Maori” says Mr Te Kani.
“Te Awanui Huka Pak are strong supporters of the Single Point of Entry (SPE) structure as this is a crucial element to increase wealth for Maori in the industry. To see 98% grower support for the SPE is a fantastic result, and one that I endorse” says Mr Te Kani.
A sugar-free berry cider produced by McCashin’s Brewery in Stoke, Nelson, has claimed the Supreme Cider Award in a country that’s been making cider for over 2000 years.
The Rockdale Three Berry Cider was one of six McCashin’s Brewery products to gain recognition at this month’s Dublin Craft Beer Cup in Ireland, taking out a gold medal and the Supreme Cider Award.
Market representative Scott McCashin said the Supreme Award was a tremendous accolade to receive as the competition attracted entries from all around the world, and it validated the effort that McCashin’s had put into its cider production. . .
Thursday’s questions were:
1. Who said: The only way to get rid of a temptation is to yield to it.?
2. Name three of the seven deadly sins.
3. It’s châtiment in French; punizione in Italian, castigo in Spanish and whiu in Maori, what is it in English?
4. In which musical would you find the lines:
My object all sublime
I shall achieve in time—
To let the punishment fit the crime,
The punishment fit the crime;
And make each prisoner pent
A source of innocent merriment,
Of innocent merriment!
5. If someone wrongs you what’s the best response – revenge, karma, forgivenss or . . . .?
. . . (The daughter – almost age 4): “Mummy, quickly, I’m giving birth!”
…. 5 dolls immediately arrive.
“Ok, here they are. Now I’m going to a conference – can you look after them please?” – Offsetting Behaviour
1026 Pope John XIX crowned Conrad II as Holy Roman Emperor.
1484 William Caxton printed his translation of Aesop’s Fables.
1516 Conrad Gessner, Swiss naturalist, was born (d. 1565).
1552c Guru Amar Das became the Third Sikh Guru.
1636 Utrecht University was founded in the Netherlands.
1812 An earthquake destroyed Caracas, Venezuela.
1830 The Book of Mormon was published in Palmyra, New York.
1839 The first Henley Royal Regatta was held.
1859 Alfred Edward Housman, English poet, was born (d. 1936).
1874 Robert Frost, American poet, was born (d. 1963).
1881 Thessaly was freed and becomes part of Greece again.
1896 The Brunner Mine Disaster killed 65 men.
1905 Viktor Frankl, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist, was born (d. 1997).
1911 Tennessee Williams, American dramatist, was born (d. 1983).
1913 Balkan War: Bulgarian forces took Adrianople.
1917 First Battle of Gaza – British troops were halted after 17,000 Turks blocked their advance.
1931 Leonard Nimoy, American actor and director, was born (d. 2015).
1934 The driving test was introduced in the United Kingdom.
1942 Auschwitz received its first female prisoners.
1942 Erica Jong, American author, was born.
1943 Bob Woodward, American journalist, was born.
1944 Diana Ross, American singer (Supremes), was born.
1945 World War II: In Iwo Jima, US forces declared Iwo Jima secure.
1948 Richard Tandy, British keyboardist (Electric Light Orchestra), was born.
1948 Steven Tyler, American singer (Aerosmith), was born.
1954 Curtis Sliwa, American founder of the Guardian Angels, anit-crime activist, was born.
1958 The United States Army launched Explorer 3.
1967 Ten thousand people gathered for one of many Central Park Be-Ins in New York City.
1968 James Iha, American musician (The Smashing Pumpkins and A Perfect Circle), was born.
1973 Lawrence E. Page, American search engine pioneer, was born.
1974 Gaura Devi leads a group of 27 women of Laata village, Henwalghati, Garhwal Himalayas, to form circles around trees to stop them being felled, thus sparking the Chipko Movement in India.
1975 The Biological Weapons Convention entered into force.
1979 Anwar al-Sadat, Menachem Begin and Jimmy Carter signed the Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty in Washington, D.C.
1982 A ground-breaking ceremony for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was held in Washington, D.C..
1995 The Schengen Treaty went into effect.
1996 The International Monetary Fund approved a $10.2 billion loan for Russia.
1997 Thirty-nine bodies found in the Heaven’s Gate cult suicides.
1998 Oued Bouaicha massacre in Algeria: 52 people killed with axes and knives, 32 of them babies under the age of 2.
1999 The “Melissa worm” infected Microsoft word processing and e-mail systems around the world.
2005 The Taiwanese government called on 1 million Taiwanese to demonstrate in Taipei, in opposition to the Anti-Secession Law of the People’s Republic of China. Around 200,000 to 300,000 attended the walk.
2010 – The ROKS Cheonan sank off the west coast of South Korea near Baengnyeong Island in the Yellow Sea, killing 46 seamen.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia