November 19 in history

On November 19:

1600  King Charles I of England was born.

1805  Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat and Suez Canal engineer, was born.

1816  Warsaw University was established.


1863 U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address at the dedication of the military cemetery ceremony at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.


The only confirmed photo of Abraham Lincoln at Gettysburg (circled), taken about noon, just after Lincoln arrived and some three hours before the speech.

1905  Tommy Dorsey, American bandleader, was born.

1916  Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn established Goldwyn Pictures.

A Goldwyn Picture.JPG

1917  Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India was born.

1933  Larry King, American TV personality, was born.

1942  Calvin Klein, American clothing designer, was born.

1942  Battle of StalingradSoviet Union forces under General Georgy Zhukov launched the Operation Uranus counterattacks at Stalingrad, turning the tide of the battle in the USSR’s favor.

1961  Meg Ryan, American actress, was born.

1962  Jodie Foster, American actress, was born.

1969  Football player Pelé scored his 1,000th goal.

Pelé 23092007.jpg

1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat

became the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel.

1984 A series of explosions at the PEMEX petroleum storage facility at San Juan Ixhuatepec in Mexico City starts a major fire and kills about 500 people.

Pemex logo.png
1992 The Fred Hollows Foundation was launched in New Zealand.
1997 , Bobbi McCaughey gave birth to septuplets in the second known case where all seven babies were born alive. They became the first set of septuplets to survive infancy, with all seven alive in 2009.
1998  Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee began impeachment hearings against U.S. President Bill Clinton.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.

2 Responses to November 19 in history

  1. Andrei says:


    Columns of grandsons, stiff at attention;
    gun carriage, coffin, riderless horse.
    Wind brings no sound of their glorious Russian
    trumpets, their weeping trumpets of war.
    Splendid regalia deck out the corpse:
    thundering Zhukov rolls towrd death’s mansion.

    As a commander, making walls crumble,
    he held a sword less sharp than his foe’s.
    Brilliant maneuvers across Volga flatlands
    found him, like Pompey, fallen and humbled–
    like Belisarius banned and disgraced.

    How much dark blood, soldier’s blood did he spill then
    on alien fields? Did he weep for his men?
    As he lay dying, did he recall them–
    swathed in white sheets at the end?
    He gives no answer. What will he tell them,
    meeting in hell? “We were fighting to win.”

    Zhukov’s right arm, which once was enlisted
    in a just cause, will battle no more.
    Sleep! Russian history holds, as is fitting,
    space for the exploits of those who, though bold,
    marching triumphant through foreign cities,
    trembled in terror when they came home.

    Marshal! These words will be swallowed by Lethe,
    utterly lost, like your rough soldier boots.
    Still, take this tribute, though it is little,
    to one who somehow–here I speak truth
    plain and aloud–has saved our embattled
    homeland. Drum, beat! And shriek out, bullfinch fife!

    –Joseph Brodsky


  2. homepaddock says:

    Thanks for introducing me to that poem, Andrei.


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