Success is walking from failure to failure with no loss of enthusiasm – Winston Churchill.
Success is walking from failure to failure with no loss of enthusiasm – Winston Churchill.
My earliest memory of a major international event was the assassination of John Kennedy but I was too young to understand its significance.
I have a vague memory of watching the funeral of Winston Churchill on TV but don’t think I knew much about him at the time.
I would have been at primary school when the first man walked on the moon and while I’m sure we were taught about it so I would have understood what an achievement that was I can’t remember where I was or what I was doing when it happened.
My first clear memory of an historic event is learning that Margaret Thatcher had become Britain’s first female Prime Minister which happened 31 years ago today.
I was supervising correspondence school lessons on Great Mercury Island that year but it must have been school holidays because I heard the news on a radio while on a bus in Auckland.
It prompted excited conversation among the passengers and we wondered how long it would be before a woman led New Zealand.
On April 24:
1184 BC – The Greeks entered Troy using the Trojan Horse (traditional date).
1533 William I of Orange (d. 1584), was born.
1581 Vincent de Paul, French saint (d. 1660), was born.
1704 The first regular newspaper in the United States, the News-Letter, was published.
1815 Anthony Trollope, English novelist (d. 1882), was born.
1862 American Civil War: A flotilla commanded by Union Admiral David Farragut passed two Confederate forts on the Mississippi River on its way to capture New Orleans.
1877 Russo-Turkish War: Russia declared war on Ottoman Empire.
1898 The Spanish-American War: The United States declared war on Spain.
1904 The Lithuanian press ban was lifted after almost 40 years.
1907 Hersheypark, founded by Milton S. Hershey for the exclusive use of his employees, was opened.
1913 The Woolworth Building skyscraper in New York was opened.
1915 The Armenian Genocide began when Ottoman authorities arrested some 250 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders in Constantinople.:
1922 New Zealand’s first Poppy Day.
1926 The Treaty of Berlin was signed. Germany and the Soviet Union each pledged neutrality in the event of an attack on the other by a third party for the next five years.
1953 Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
1955 – The Bandung Conference ended Twenty-nine non-aligned nations of Asia and Africa finished a meeting that condemned colonialism, racism, and the Cold War.
1957 Suez Crisis: The Suez Canal was reopened following the introduction of UNEF peacekeepers to the region.
1960 A severe earthquake shook Lar in Fars province, Iran, killing more than 200 people.
1961 The 17th century Swedish ship Vasa was salvaged.
1965 Civil war broke out in the Dominican Republic when Colonel Francisco Caamaño, overthrew the triumvirate that had been in power.
1967 – Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland said in a news conference that the enemy had “gained support in the United States that gave him hope that he could win politically that which he cannot win militarily.”
1970 The first Chinese satellite, Dong Fang Hong I, was launched.
1970 – The Gambia became a republic with Dawda Jawara as the first President.
1971 Soyuz 10 docked with Salyut 1.
1980 Eight U.S. servicemen died in Operation Eagle Claw as they attempted to end the Iran hostage crisis.
1990 STS-31: The Hubble Space Telescope was launched by the Space Shuttle Discovery.
1990 – Gruinard Island, Scotland, was officially declared free of the anthrax disease after 48 years of quarantine.
1993 – An IRA bomb devastated the Bishopsgate area of London.
1996 In the United States, the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 was introduced.
2004 The United States lifted economic sanctions imposed on Libya 18 years previously, as a reward for its cooperation in eliminating weapons of mass destruction.
200 Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger was inaugurated as the 265th Pope taking the name Pope Benedict XVI.
2005 Snuppy, the world’s first cloned dog was born in South Korea.
2006 King Gyanendra of Nepal gave into the demands of protesters and restored the parliament that he dissolved in 2002.
2007 Iceland announced that Norway would shoulder the defense of Iceland during peacetime.
2007 – Gliese 581 d discovered by a Chilean observatory and believed to be a planet capable of holding extraterresial life.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
On April 5:
456 St. Patrick returned to Ireland as a missionary bishop.
1242 During a battle of the ice of Lake Peipus, Russian forces, led by Alexander Nevsky, rebuffed an invasion attempt by the Teutonic Knights.
1254 Willen van Rubroeck, a Flemish Franciscan, meets the Mongolian Khan Möngke
1566 Two-hundred Dutch noblemen, led by Hendrik van Brederode, forced themselves into the presence of Margaret of Parma and present the Petition of Compromise, denouncing the Spanish Inquisition in the Netherlands.
1621 The Mayflower set sail from Plymouth, Massachusetts on a return trip to Great Britain.
1649 Elihu Yale, American benefactor of Yale University, was born.
1792 U.S. President George Washington exercised his authority to veto a bill, the first time this power is used in the United States.
1804 High Possil Meteorite: The first recorded meteorite in Scotland fell in Possil.
1818 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile’s independence movement – led by Bernardo O’Higgins and José de San Martín – won a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.
1827 Joseph Lister, English surgeon (, was born.
1837 Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet, was born.
1862 American Civil War: The Battle of Yorktown started.
1874 Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park,opened in Birkenhead.
1879 Chile declared war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
1897 The Greco-Turkish War, also called “Thirty Days’ War”, was declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
1900 Spencer Tracy, American actor, was born.
1904 The first international rugby league match was played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan.
1908 Bette Davis, American actress, was boprn.
1916 Gregory Peck, American actor, was born.
1920 Arthur Hailey, American writer, was born.
1923 Firestone Tire and Rubber Company began production of balloon-tyres.
1929 Nigel Hawthorne, British actor, was born.
1930 In an act of civil disobedience, Mohandas Gandhi broke British law after marching to the sea and making salt.
1932 Champion race horse Phar Lap died.
1932 Alcohol prohibition in Finland ended. Alcohol sales begin in Alko liquor stores.
1932 – Dominion of Newfoundland: 10,000 rioters seized the Colonial Building leading to the end of self-government.
1933 U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 6102 “forbidding the Hoarding of Gold Coin, Gold Bullion, and Gold Certificates” by U.S. citizens.
1936 Tupelo-Gainesville tornado outbreak: An F5 tornado killed 233 in Tupelo, Mississippi.
1937 Colin Powell, U.S. Army General, 12th Chairman of the Joint Cheifs of Staff; and 65th Secretary of State, was born.
1937 Allan R. Thieme, American inventor, was born.
1944 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura were executed by the Germans.
1946 Jane Asher, British actress, was born.
1946 Soviet troops left the Danish island of Bornholm after an 11 month occupation.
1949 Fireside Theater debuted on television.
1949 – A fire in a hospital in Effingham, Illinois, killed 77 people and leads to nationwide fire code improvements in the United States.
1955 Winston Churchill resigned as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom amid indications of failing health.
1956 Fidel Castro declared himself at war with the President of Cuba.
1958 Ripple Rock, an underwater threat to navigation in the Seymour Narrows in Canada was destroyed in one of the largest non-nuclear controlled explosions of the time.
1969 Vietnam War: Massive antiwar demonstrations occured in many U.S. cities.
1976 The April Fifth Movement led to the Tiananmen incident.
1986 Three people were killed in the bombing of the La Belle Discothèque in West Berlin.
1991 An ASA EMB 120 crashed in Brunswick, Georgia, killing all 23 aboard.
1992 Several hundred-thousand abortion rights demonstrators marched in Washington, D.C.
1992 Alberto Fujimori, president of Peru, dissolvesd the Peruvian congress by military force.
1992 The Siege of Sarajevo began when Serb paramilitaries murder peace protesters Suada Dilberovic and Olga Sucic on the Vrbanja Bridge.
1998 The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge linking Shikoku with Honshū and costing about $3.8 billion, opened to traffic, becoming the largest suspension bridge in the world.
1999 Two Libyans suspected of bringing down Pan Am flight 103 in 1988 were handed over for eventual trial in the Netherlands.
2009 North Korea launched its controversial Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 rocket.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
On February 26:
364 Valentinian I was proclaimed Roman Emperor.
1361 Wenceslaus, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, was born.
1564 Christopher Marlowe, English dramatist, was born.
1794 Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen burnt down.
1802 Victor Hugo, French writer, was born.
1815 Napoleon Bonaparte escaped from Elba.
1829 – Levi Strauss, German-born clothing designer, was born.
1844 Two Wellington lawyers, William Brewer and H. Ross, undertook a duel as the result of a quarrel that had arisen from a case in the Wellington County Court. When the two men faced off in Sydney Street, Brewer fired into the air but ‘received Mr. Ross’ ball in the groin’. He died a few days later.
1848 The second French Republic was proclaimed.
1852 John Harvey Kellogg, American surgeon, advocate of dietary reform, was born.
1861 Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary, Lenin’s wife, was born.
1866 Herbert Henry Dow, American chemical industrialist, was born.
1870 In New York City, a demonstration of the first pneumatic subway opened to the public.
1885 The Berlin Act, which resulted from the Berlin Conference regulating European colonization and trade in Africa, was signed.
1909 Fanny Cradock, English food writer and broadcaster, was born.
1914 Robert Alda, American actor, was born.
1916 Jackie Gleason, American actor, writer, composer, and comedian, was born.
1919 An act of the U.S. Congress established most of the Grand Canyon as the Grand Canyon National Park.
1928 Fats Domino, American musician, was born.
1928 Ariel Sharon, Israeli Prime Minister, was born.
1929 The Grand Teton National Park was created.
1932 Johnny Cash, American singer, was born.
1935 The Luftwaffe was re-formed.
1947 Sandie Shaw, English singer, was born.
1949 Elizabeth George, American novelist, was born.
1950 Helen Clark, former Prime Minister of New Zealand, was born.
1952 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced that his nation had an atomic bomb.
1954 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Prime Minister of Turkey, was born.
1954 Ernst August, Prince of Hanover, heir to the deposed Kingdom of Hanover and a husband of Princess Caroline of Monaco., was born.
1958 Susan J. Helms, Astronaut, was born.
1972 The Buffalo Creek Flood caused by a burst dam killed 125 in West Virginia.
1987 Iran-Contra affair: The Tower Commission rebuked President Ronald Reagan for not controlling his national security staff.
1990 The Sandinistas were defeated in Nicaraguan elections.
1991 Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein announced the withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait.
1993 World Trade Center bombing: A truck bomb parked below the North Tower of the World Trade Center exploded, killing 6 and injuring more than a thousand.
1995 The United Kingdom’s oldest investment banking institute, Barings Bank, collapsed after a securities broker, Nick Leeson, lost $1.4 billion by speculating on the Singapore International Monetary Exchange using futures contracts.
2000 Mount Hekla in Iceland erupts.
2001 The Taliban destroyed two giant statues of Buddha in Bamyan, Afghanistan.
2003 War in Darfur started.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.
On February 18:
3102 BC Epoch of the Kali Yuga.
1229 The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor signed a ten-year truce with al-Kamil, regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehem with neither military engagements nor support from the papacy.
1478 George, Duke of Clarence, who was convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, was executed.
1685 Fort St. Louis was established by a Frenchman at Matagorda Bay thus forming the basis for France’s claim to Texas.
1814 The Battle of Montereau.
1841 The first ongoing filibuster in the United States Senate began and lasted until March 11.
1846 Beginning of the Galician peasant revolt.
1873 Bulgarian revolutionary leader Vasil Levski was executed in Sofia by the Ottoman authorities.
1901 Winston Churchill made his maiden speech in the House of Commons.
1906 Hans Asperger, Austrian pediatrician.
1911 The first official flight with air mail took place in Allahabad, British India, when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 km away.
1922 Helen Gurley Brown, American editor, was born.
1929 The first Academy Awards were announced.
1930 – Elm Farm Ollie becomes the first cow to fly in a fixed-wing aircraft and also the first cow to be milked in an aircraft.
1933 Yoko Ono, Japanese-born singer, was born.
1933 Mary Ure, Scottish actress, was born.
1936 Jean Auel, American writer, was born.
1946 Jean-Claude Dreyfus, French actor, was born.
1950 Cybill Shepherd, American actress, was born.
1953 Robbie Bachman, Canadian drummer (Bachman-Turner Overdrive), was born.
1954 John Travolta, American actor, was born.
1954 The first Church of Scientology was established in Los Angeles, California.
1955 Operation Teapot: Teapot test shot “Wasp” was successfully detonated at the Nevada Test Site with a yield of 1.2 kilotons.
1957 Walter Bolton, a Wanganui farmer was the last man to be hanged in New Zealand.
1957 Kenyan rebel leader Dedan Kimathi was executed by the British colonial government.
1960 Greta Scacchi, Australian actress, was born.
1965 The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
1969 The Hawthorne Nevada Airlines Flight 708 disaster occurred, killing all on board.
1977 The Space Shuttle Enterprise test vehicle was carried on its maiden “flight” sitting on top of a Boeing 747.
1979 Snow fell in the Sahara Desert in southern Algeria for the only time in recorded history.
1982 “Queen of Crime” Dame Ngaio Marsh died.
1983 Thirteen people die and one is seriously injured in the Wah Mee Massacre in Seattle, Washington. It is said to be the largest robbery-motivated mass-murder in U.S. history.
1991 The IRA exploded bombs in the early morning at both Paddington station and Victoria station in London.
2001 FBI agent Robert Hanssen was arrested for spying for the Soviet Union.
2003 Nearly 200 people died in the Daegu subway fire in South Korea.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia
Monday’s questions were:
1. What is this crop?
2. Who said “A fanatic is one who can’t change his mind and won’t change the subject”?
3. Who wrote the Alex quartet?
4. Which is the highest state highway in New Zealand?
5. What is an anaphora?
Tuesday’s answers follow the break.
On June 18:
1815 the Battle of Waterloo leads to the abdication of Napoleon Bonaparte.
1928 Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic (she was a passenger).
1940 Winston Churchill made his Finest Hour speech:
What General Weygand has called the Battle of France is over. I expect that the Battle of Britain is about to begin. Upon this battle depends the survival of Christian civilization. Upon it depends our own British life, and the long continuity of our institutions and our Empire. The whole fury and might of the enemy must very soon be turned on us. Hitler knows that he will have to break us in this Island or lose the war. If we can stand up to him, all Europe may be freed and the life of the world may move forward into broad, sunlit uplands. But if we fail, then the whole world, including the United States, including all that we have known and cared for, will sink into the abyss of a new Dark Age made more sinister, and perhaps more protracted, by the lights of perverted science. Let us therefore brace ourselves to our duties, and so bear ourselves, that if the British Empire and its Commonwealth last for a thousand years, men will still say, “This was their finest hour.”
1942 Paul McCartney was born.
The Battle of Dunkirk ended on June 3, 1940.
The following day Winston Churchill delivered his fight on the beaches speech:
We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender.
Tens of thousands of soldiers were evacuated from from Dunkirk by civilian boats. The desperation of the situation and bravery of the soldiers and their rescuers was depicted in Paul Gallico’s novel, The Snow Goose.
I suspect that anyone much younger than I am might not realise that Winston Peters is mimicking WInston Churchill’s v for victory in his advertising and may in fact think it’s an old fogey who doesn’t know how to give the fingers.
Whaleoil has another interpretation.
National has announced its maternity care policy which includes ensuring mothers have the option of staying in birthing centres longer to establish breastfeeding and be more confident before going home.
I’m delighted with this because it’s really good policy and also because I can claim a wee bit of the credit for it.
Last year National Party members were invited to pitch a policy at regional conferences. I pitched on allowing mothers to stay in birthing centres until breastfeeding was established. It was one of four chosen from all the regions to be presented at the party’s annual conference where it was greeted with enthusiasm.
The health policy committee added it to all the others up for consideration, did the research, costing and other work needed to ensure it was practical and now here it is, one of National’s commitments if we’re in government.
The pitch I put was:
Winston Churchill said: “There is no finer investment for any community than putting milk into babies.”
He didn’t specify the type, but medical science and grandma’s wisdom agree that breast is best.
The benefits range from providing antibodies which help protect the baby to reducing the risk of some cancers in women.
But breastfeeding rates in New Zealand are just 68% at six weeks and plummet to 19% at six months for Pakeha, 17-18% for Pacific women and only 13-14% for Maori.