December 25 in history

25/12/2009

On December 25:

800 Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.

1000 Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

1066  William the Conqueror was crowned as king of England, at Westminster Abbey.

1000 Baldwin of Boulogne is crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.

1130  Count Roger II of Sicily was crowned as the first King of Sicily.

 Detail of the mosaic with Roger II receiving the crown by Christ, Martorana, Palermo.

1223 St. Francis of Assisi assembles the first Nativity scene.

Painting by Jusepe de Ribera

1643  Christmas Island was founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

1814 At Oihi Beach in the Bay of Islands, Samuel Marsden preached in English to a largely Maori gathering, launching the Christian missionary phase of New Zealand history. Marsden’s service was translated by the Nga Puhi leader Ruatara.

NZ's first Christian service?

1818 The first performance of “Silent Night” took place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.

 Autograph of the carol by  Franz Xaver Gruber.

1821  Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, was born.

   

 1865 Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army, was born.

 

1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist, was born.

1887 Conrad Hilton, American hotelier, was born.

1889 Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest), was born.

1890  Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts, was born.

 Ripley’s Odditorium in Hollywood

1899 Humphrey Bogart, American actor, was born.

1908 Quentin Crisp, English author, was born.

1913  Tony Martin, American singer and actor, was born.

1914 James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist, was born.

1918 Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, Nobel laureate, was born.

1918 Ahmed Ben Bella, politician, first President of Algeria, was born.

 Ben Bella (right) after his arrest by the French army

1932  A magnitude 7.6 earthquake in Gansu, China kills ~70,000 people.

1941 Battle of Hong Kong ended, beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong.

1944 Kenny Everett, British entertainer, was born.

Kenny Everett.jpg

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China went into effect.

1949  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan was born.

1949 Sissy Spacek, American actress, was born.

1950 The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, was taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.

 

1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor, was born.

1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish singer, was born.

1963 Turkish Cypriot Bayrak Radio began transmitting in Cyprus after Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

1968 Apollo 8 performed the  first successful Trans Earth Injection (TEI) maneouver, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.

1989  Nicolae Ceauşescu, former communist dictator of Romania and his wife Elena are condemned to death and executed under a wide range of charges.

 

1990 The first successful trial run of the system which would become the World Wide Web.
 The Web’s historic logo designed by Robert Cailliau
 
1991  Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union (the union itself is dissolved the next day).
 
1991 Ukraine‘s referendum was finalized and Ukraine officially left the Soviet Union.
 
  • 2003 – The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe, released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappeared shortly before its scheduled landing.
  • Beagle 2 replica.jpg
       

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


    October 14 in history

    14/10/2009

    On October 14:

    1066 the forces of William the Conqueror defeated the English army and killed King Harold II of Englandin the Battle of Hastings.

    King of England and Duke of Normandy (more…)
    The Duke of Normandy in the Bayeux Tapestry

    1322  Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeated King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland’s independence.

    Robertthebruce.jpg

    1644 William Penn, English founder of Pennsylvania, was born.

    1789 George Washington proclaimsedthe first Thanksgiving Day.

    1882 Irish politician Eamon de Valera was born.

    1882 the University of the Punjab was founded in present day Pakistan.

    1884 George Eastman patented paper-strip photographic film.

    1888 NZ writer – Katherine Mansfield was born.

     

    1890  Dwight D. Eisenhower, U.S. general and 34th President of the United States was born.

    1894 – E. E. Cummings, American poet was born.

    1926 Winnie-the-Pooh, by A.A. Milne, was first published.

    1927 English actor R

    Pooh Shepard 1926.png
    Winnie-the-Pooh (original version from 1926)
     

    1927 –English actor Roger Moore was born.

    1939 – Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer was born.

     Ralph Lauren 3x4.jpg

    1940 English singer  Cliff Richard was born.

    1962 – The Cuban Missile Crisis began when a U-2 flight over Cuba took photos of Soviet nuclear weapons being installed.

    1968 Jim Hines of the USA became the first man to break the ten second barrier in the 100 metres Olympic final at Mexico City with a time of 9.95 sec.

     1979 The body of Marty Johnstone, leader of the Mr Asia drug syndicate was found in Lancashire.

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


    September 28 in history

    28/09/2009

    On September 28:

    551: Confucious, the Chinese philosopher was born.

    1066 The Norman conquest of England began with the invasion led by William the Conqueror.

    King of England and Duke of Normandy
    The Duke of Normandy in the Bayeux Tapestry

    1571:Italian artist  Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio was born.


    Chalk portrait of Caravaggio by Ottavio Leoni, c. 1621.

    1844 Sir Robert Stout, Premier and chief Justice, was born.

    . . . in 1878  (he) introduced the Electoral Bill which made woman ratepayers eligible to vote and to stand for Parliament. In 1887 he supported Vogel’s Women’s Suffrage Bill. He won for women the right to vote for licensing committees, and was largely responsible for the Married Women’s Property Act 1884, which declared a married woman capable of acquiring, holding and disposing of property in her own right. Stout later worked, in close association with his wife, to limit the testamentary freedom of husbands so that property could not be willed away from wives. In 1896 he introduced a Limitation of the Power of Disposition by Will Bill. The Testator’s Family Maintenance Act 1900 was a modified form of this proposal.

    1889: The first General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) defined the length of a meter as the distance between two lines on a standard bar of an alloy of platinum with ten percent iridium, measured at the melting point of ice.

    1899 Premier Richard Seddon asked parliament to approve approve an offer to the British government of a contingent of mounted rifles to help in the Boer War.

    1901 US television host Ed Sullivan was born.

    1916 English-bron Australian actor Peter Finch was born.

    1928: Sir Alexander Fleming noticed a bacteria-killing mould growing in his laboratory, discovering what later became known as penicillin.

    1934 French model and actress Brigtte Bardot was born.

    1946 English singer Helen Shapiro was born.

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


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