On November 30:
1554 Philip Sidney, English courtier, soldier, and writer, was born (d. 1586).
1667 Jonathan Swift, Irish writer and satirist, was born (d. 1745).
1718 – Swedish king Charles XII died during a siege of the fortress Fredriksten in Norway.
1782 – American Revolutionary War: Treaty of Paris — Representatives from the United States and Great Britain signed preliminary peace articles (later formalised as the 1783 Treaty of Paris).
1786 – Peter Leopold Joseph of Habsburg-Lorraine, Grand Duke of Tuscany, promulgated a penal reform making his country the first state to abolish the death penalty. Consequently, November 30 is commemorated by 300 cities around the world as Cities for Life Day.
1803 – In New Orleans, Louisiana, Spanish representatives officially transferred the Louisiana Territory to a French representative.
1804 – The Democratic-Republican-controlled United States Senate began an impeachment trial against Federalist-partisan Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase.
1810 Oliver Winchester, American gunsmith, was born (d. 1880).
1824 – First ground was broken at Allenburg for the building of the original Welland Canal.
1829 – First Welland Canal opened for a trial run.
1835 Mark Twain, American writer, was born (d. 1910).
1853 – Crimean War: Battle of Sinop — The Imperial Russian Navy under Pavel Nakhimov destroyed the Ottoman fleet under Osman Pasha at Sinop, a sea port in northern Turkey.
1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Franklin — The Army of Tennessee led by General John Bell Hood mounted a dramatically unsuccessful frontal assault on Union positions commanded by John McAllister Schofield around Franklin, Tennessee, Hood lost six generals and almost a third of his troops.
1868 – The inauguration of a statue of King Charles XII of Sweden.
1872 – The first-ever international football match took place at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow, between Scotland and England.
1874 Sir Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Nobel laureate,was born (d. 1965).
1886 – The Folies Bergère staged its first revue.
1902 – American Old West: Second-in-command of Butch Cassidy’s Wild Bunch gang, Kid Curry Logan, was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment with hard labour.
1908 – A mine explosion in the mining town of Marianna, Pennsylvania killed 154.
1934 – The steam locomotive Flying Scotsman became the first to officially exceed 100mph.
1936 – The Crystal Palace was destroyed by fire.
1939 – Winter War: Soviet forces crossed the Finnish border in several places and bombed Helsinki and several other Finnish cities, starting the war.
1942 – Guadalcanal Campaign: Battle of Tassafaronga — A smaller squadron of Japanese destroyers led by Raizō Tanaka defeated a US cruiser force under Carleton H. Wright.
1953 – Edward Mutesa II, the kabaka (king) of Buganda was deposed and exiled to London by Sir Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda.
1953 June Pointer, American singer (Pointer Sisters), was born (d. 2006).
1954 – In Sylacauga, the Hodges Meteorite crashed through a roof and hit a woman taking an afternoon nap in the only documented case of a human being hit by a rock from space.
1955 Billy Idol (born William Michael Albert Broad), British musician, was born.
1965 Ben Stiller, American actor, was born.
1966 – Barbados gained independence.
1967 – The People’s Republic of South Yemen gained independence.
1967 – The Pakistan Peoples Party was founded by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto.
1971 – Iran seized the Greater and Lesser Tunbs from the United Arab Emirates.
1981 – Cold War: Representatives from the United States and the Soviet Union began to negotiate intermediate-range nuclear weapon reductions in Europe.
1989 – Deutsche Bank board member Alfred Herrhausen was killed by a Red Army Faction terrorist bomb.
1993 – U.S. President Bill Clinton signed the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (the Brady Bill) into law.
1994 – MS Achille Lauro fire off Somalia coast.
1995 – Official end of Operation Desert Storm.
1998 – Exxon and Mobil signed a $73.7 billion agreement to merge, creating Exxon-Mobil, the world’s largest company.
1999 – In Seattle, protestests against the WTO meeting by anti-globalization protesters caught police unprepared and forced the cancellation of opening ceremonies.
1999 – British Aerospace and Marconi Electronic Systems merged to form BAE Systems, Europe’s largest defense contractor and the fourth largest aerospace firm in the world.
2004 – Longtime Jeopardy! champion Ken Jennings of Salt Lake City, Utah finally lost, leaving him with US$2,520,700, television’s biggest game show winnings.
2004 – Lion Air Flight 538 crash landed in Surakarta, Central Java, killing 26.
2005 – John Sentamu became the first black archbishop in the Church of England with his enthronement as the 97th Archbishop of York.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia