On January 12:
475 Basiliscus becomes Byzantine Emperor, with a coronation ceremony in the Hebdomon palace in Constantinople.
1729 Edmund Burke, Irish statesman, was born.
1777 Mission Santa Clara de Asís is founded in what is now Santa Clara, California.
1808 The organizational meeting that led to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society,wais held in Edinburgh.
1863, Swami Vivekananda, Indian philosopher, was born.
1866 The Royal Aeronautical Society was formed in London.
1876 Jack London, American author, was born.
1893 Hermann Göring, German Nazi official, was born.
1895 The National Trust was founded in the United Kingdom.
1906 Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman‘s cabinet (which included amongst its members H. H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election.
1908 A long-distance radio message is sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time.
1911 The University of the Philippines College of Law was formally established; three future Philippine presidents were among the first enrollees.
1915 The Rocky Mountain National Park was formed by an act of U.S. Congress.
1915 The United States House of Representatives rejected a proposal to give women the right to vote.
1916 Pieter Willem Botha, South African politician, was born.
1917 Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian spiritualist, was born.
1918 Finland’s “Mosaic Confessors” law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens.
1932 Hattie W. Caraway became the first woman elected to the United States Senate.
1932 Des O’Connor, British television presenter, was born.
1941 Long John Baldry, British blues singer, was born.
1951 Kirstie Alley, American actress, was born.
1952 John Walker, New Zealand middle distance runner, was born.
1954 Queen Eilzabeth II opened a special session of the New Zealand Parliament in its centennial year. It was the first time New Zealand’s Parliament had been opened by a reigning monarch
1968 Heather Mills, British activist and model, was born.
1976 The UN Security Council votes 11-1 to allow the Palestine Liberation Organisation to participate in a Security Council debate (without voting rights).
1992 A new constitution, providing for freedom to form political parties, was approved by a referendum in Mali.
1998 Nineteen European nations agree to forbid human cloning.
2004 The world’s largest ocean liner, RMS Queen Mary 2, made its maiden voyage.
2005 Deep Impact launched from Cape Canaveral on a Delta 2 rocket.
2006 The foreign ministers of the United Kingdom, France, and Germany declare that negotiations with Iran over its nuclear program have reached a dead end and recommend that Iran be referred to the United Nations Security Council.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.