The University of Notre Dame in Indiana compiled the new list, which puts New Zealand and Scandinavian countries at the top and sub-Saharan African countries at the bottom.
The rankings reflect a combination of the preparations each country has made and how vulnerable they are, in terms of their location and climate. Factors taken into account include reliability of safe drinking water, crop yields, infrastructure and heatwave hazards.
New Zealand is ranked the fourth-most ready and fifth-least vulnerable, but is pipped on the overall list by Norway, which is the fourth-least vulnerable country and fifth-most ready. . .
Top 10 countries placed to deal with climate change
Bottom 10 countries
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Central African Republic
The report’s analysis of New Zealand shows:
|Projected change of cereal yields||2.23||0|
|Projected population growth||0.03||0.165|
|food import dependency||0.35||0.345|
|Projected change of annual runoff||-0.01||0.012|
|Projected change of annual groundwater recharge||-0.01||0.023|
|Fresh water withdrawal rate||1.45||0.015|
|water dependency ratio||0||0|
|Access to reliable drinking water||100.00||0|
|Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases||1.03||0.132|
|Projected change of malaria hazard||0.50||0.439|
|Dependency on external resource for health services||0||0|
|Access to improved sanitation facilities||–||–|
|Projected change of biome distribution||0.63||0.656|
|Projected change of marine biodiversity||3.11||1.000|
|Natural capital dependency||0.12||0.216|
|Engagement in international environmental conventions||0.53||0.470|
|Projected change of heatwave hazard||75.45||0.666|
|Projected change of flood hazard||0.05||0.302|
|Age dependency ratio||0.34||0.140|
|Quality of trade and transport infrastructure||3.42||0.395|
|Projected change of hydropower generation capacity||0||0|
|Projected change of sea level rise impacts||0.01||0.126|
|Dependency on imported energy||14.27||0.143|
|Population living under 5m above sea level||12.56||0.521|
Most of the political focus is on attempts to counter climate change.
Ensuring we are prepared to deal with its impact is at least as important.
A big part of that is drought-proofing agriculture with more reliable irrigation to ensure we can feed ourselves and produce food for countries not able to produce enough themselves.