February 2 in history

02/02/2010

On February 2:

962 Pope John XII crowned Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor.

 

1032 Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor became King of Burgundy.

1536  Pedro de Mendoza founded Buenos Aires, Argentina.

1653  New Amsterdam (later renamed The City of New York) was incorporated.

1709 Alexander Selkirk was rescued after being shipwrecked on a desert island, inspiring the book Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe.

Statue of Alexander Selkirk in Lower Largo

1790 The U.S. Supreme Court convened for the first time.

Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg

1812 Russia established a fur trading colony at Fort Ross, California.

1929  William Stanley, inventor and engineer, was born.

1848 Mexican-American War: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed.

 

1848 California Gold Rush: The first ship with Chinese emigrants arrives in San Francisco, California.

1876 The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball was formed.

1880 The first electric streetlight was installed in Wabash, Indiana.

1882 James Joyce, Irish author, was born.

Half-length portrait of man in his thirties. He looks to his right so that his face is in profile. He has a mustache, a thin beard, and medium-length hair slicked back, and wears a pince-nez and a plain dark greatcoat, looking vaguely like a Russian revolutionary. 

1882 The Knights of Columbus were formed in New Haven, Connecticut.

1887 In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania the first Groundhog Day was observed.

1899 The Australian Premiers’ Conference decided to locate Australia’s capital (Canberra) between Sydney and Melbourne.

1901 Queen Victoria’s funeral took place.

1905 Ayn Rand, Russian-born American author and philosopher, was born.

Half-length monochrome portrait photo of Ayn Rand, seated, holding a cigarette

1913 Grand Central Station opened in New York City.

Grand Central test.jpg

1922 Ulysses by James Joyce was published.

UlyssesCover.jpg

1925 Serum run to Nome: Dog sleds reached Nome, Alaska with diphtheria serum, inspiring the Iditarod race.

 Statue of Balto, the lead dog on the last relay team.

  • 1925 – The Charlevoix-Kamouraska earthquake strikes northeastern North America.
  • 1931 – Les Dawson, British comedian, was born.

    1933 Adolf Hitler dissolved the German Parliament.

    1934 The Export-Import Bank of the United States was incorporated.

    1935 Leonarde Keeler tested the first polygraph machine.

     

    1940 David Jason, English actor, was born.

    1940  Frank Sinatra debuted with the Tommy Dorsey orchestra.

    1946 The Proclamation of Hungarian Republic was made.

     
       

    1947 Farrah Fawcett, American actress, was born.

    1948 Al McKay, American guitarist and songwriter (Earth, Wind & Fire), was born.

    1957 Iskander Mirza of Pakistan laid the foundation-stone of the Guddu Barrage.

    1967 The American Basketball Association was formed.

    1971 Idi Amin replaced President Milton Obote as leader of Uganda.

    1972  The British embassy in Dublin was destroyed in protest over Bloody Sunday.

    1974 The men’s 1500-metre final at the 1974 Christchurch Commonwealth Games is called the greatest middle distance race of all time. Tanzanian Filbert Bayi won in a new world record time of 3 minutes 32.16 seconds. New Zealand’s emerging middle distance star John Walker came second, also breaking the existing world record. The remarkable feature of this race was the fact that the third, fourth (New Zealander Rod Dixon) and fifth place getters ran the fourth, fifth, and seventh fastest 1500m times to that date. The national records of five countries – Tanzania, Kenya, Australia, Great Britain and New Zealand – were all broken in this race.

    ‘The greatest middle distance race of all time’

    1974 The F-16 Fighting Falcon flew for the first time.

    1976 The Groundhog Day gale hits the north-eastern United States and south-eastern Canada.

    Groundhog Day gale of 1976
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    1987 The Philippines made a new constitution.

    1989 Soviet war in Afghanistan: The last Soviet Union armored column left Kabul.

    1989 Satellite television service Sky Television plc launched.

    1990  F.W. de Klerk allowed the African National Congress to function legally and promised to release Nelson Mandela.

    ANC logo

    1998 A Cebu Pacific Flight 387 DC-9-32 crashed into a mountain near Cagayan de Oro, Philippines, killing 104.

    2002 Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange married Máxima Zorreguieta.

     

    2007 Four tornadoes hit Central Florida, killing 21 people.

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia


    December 6 in history

    06/12/2009

    On December 6:

    1534 The city of Quito in Ecuador was founded by Spanish settlers led by Sebastián de Belalcázar.

                                                            

    1648 Colonel Pride of the New Model Army purged the Long Parliament of MPs sympathetic to King Charles I of England, in order for the King’s trial to go ahead; came to be known as “Pride’s Purge“.

    Colonel Thomas Pride refusing admission to the Presbyterian members of the Long Parliament.
    Colonel Pride refusing admission to the Presbyterian members of the Long Parliament. (Engraving, c. 1652)

    1768 The first edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica was published.

    Encyclopædia Britannica logo.jpg  

    1849 American abolitionist Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery.

    1877  The first edition of the Washington Post was published.

    WP01092008.jpg

    1884 The Washington Monument in Washington D.C. was completed.

    1897  London became the world’s first city to host licenced taxicabs.

    1900  Agnes Moorehead, American actress, was born.

     

    As Endora in Bewitched (1965)

    1917 Finland declared independence from Russia.

    1917  Halifax Explosion: In Canada, a munitions explosion killed more than 1900 people and destroys part of the City of Halifax, Nova Scotia.

    1921 The Anglo-Irish Treaty was signed in London by British and Irish representatives.

    1922 The Irish Free State came into existence

    Flag Coat of arms

    1933 U.S. federal judge John M. Woolsey ruled that the James Joyce‘s novel Ulysses was not obscene.

    UlyssesCover.jpg

    1935 New Zealand’s first Labour government took office with Michael Josepph Savage as Prime Minister.

    1947 The Everglades National Park in Florida was dedicated.

    1989 The École Polytechnique Massacre (or Montreal Massacre): an anti-feminist gunman murders 14 young women at the École Polytechnique in Montreal.

    commemorative plaque in polished stone, deeply engraved with in circle with 14 small silver disks distributed around the circle. Inside, and under the university's logo and the legend "In Memoriam" are the names of the 14 victims and the date of the massacre 

    1998 Hugo Chávez Frías, Venezuelan military officer and politician, was elected President of Venezuela.

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


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