On January 21:
1525 – The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz’s mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union.
Fragment of “Portrait of Abel Tasman, his wife and daughter” attributed to Jacob Gerritsz Cuyp,
1749 – The Verona Philharmonic Theatre was destroyed by fire.
1789 The first American novel, The Power of Sympathy or the Triumph of Nature Founded in Truth, was printed in Boston, Massachusetts.
1824 Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, American, Confederate army general was born.
1864 – The Tauranga Campaign started during the New Zealand Land Wars.
1887 – Brisbane received a daily rainfall of 465 millimetres (18.3 inches), a record for any Australian capital city.
1899 – Opel manufactured its first automobile.
1905 Christian Dior, French fashion designer, was born.
1908 – New York City passed the Sullivan Ordinance, making it illegal for women to smoke in public, but the measure was vetoed by the mayor.
1911 – The first Monte Carlo Rally.
1915 – Kiwanis International was founded in Detroit, Michigan.
1919 – Meeting of the First Dáil Éireann in the Mansion House Dublin. Sinn Féin adopted Ireland’s first constitution. The first engagement of Irish War of Independence, Sologhead Beg, County Tipperary.
1921 The Italian Communist Party was founded at Livorno.
1924 Benny Hill, English actor, comedian, and singer, was born.
1925 Albania declared itself a republic.
1938 Wolfman Jack, American disk jockey and actor, was born.
1940 Jack Nicklaus, American golfer, was born.
1941 Plácido Domingo, Spanish tenor, was born.
1942, Mac Davis, American musician, was born.
1944 New Zealand & Australia signed the Canberra Pact, which was an undertaking by both countries to co-operate on international matters, especially in the Pacific.
1950 Billy Ocean, West Indian musician, was born.
1953 Paul Allen, American entrepreneur, co-founder of Microsoft, was born.
1968 Battle of Khe Sanh – One of the most publicised and controversial battles of the Vietnam War began.
1974 Rove McManus, Australian television host and comedian, was born.
1976 – Commercial service of Concorde began with London-Bahrain and Paris-Rio routes.
1977 – President Jimmy Carter pardoned nearly all American Vietnam War draft evaders.
1981 – Tehran released United States hostages after 444 days.
2002 – The Canadian Dollar set all-time low against the US Dollar (US$0.6179).
2008 – Black Monday in worldwide stock markets. FTSE 100 had its biggest ever one-day points fall, European stocks closed with their worst result since 11 September 2001, and Asian stocks dropped as much as 15%.
Sourced from NZ hisotry Online & Wikipedia.