On December 19:
1154 Henry II of England was crowned at Westminster Abbey.
1606 The Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery left England carrying settlers who found, at Jamestown, Virginia, the first of the thirteen colonies that became the United States.
1683 Philip V of Spain, was born.
1820 Mary Livermore, American journalist and women’s rights advocate, was born.
1915 Édith Piaf, French singer and actress, was born.
1920 King Constantine I was restored as King of the Hellenes after the death of his son Alexander I of Greece and a plebiscite.
1923 Gordon Jackson, Scottish actor, was born.
1924 The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost was sold in London.
1925 Robert B. Sherman, American songwriter, was born.
1932 BBC World Service began broadcasting as the BBC Empire Service.
1934 Pratibha Patil, President of India, was born.
1941 The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Neptune struck enemy mines and sank off Libya – more than 750 men lost their lives including 150 New Zealanders.
1941 Adolf Hitler became Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the German Army.
1941 – Maurice White, American singer and songwriter (Earth, Wind & Fire), was born.
1944 Zal Yanovsky, Canadian guitarist (The Lovin’ Spoonful, was born.
1946 Start of the First Indochina War.
1972 Apollo program: The last manned lunar flight, Apollo 17, crewed by Eugene Cernan, Ron Evans and Harrison Schmitt, returned to Earth.
1983 The original FIFA World Cup trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, was stolen from the headquarters of the Brazilian Football Confederation.
1984 The Sino-British Joint Declaration, stating that the People’s Republic of China would resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and the United Kingdom would restore Hong Kong to China with effect from July 1, 1997 was signed in Beijing by Deng Xiaoping and Margaret Thatcher.
1998 Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives forwarded articles I and III of impeachment against President Bill Clinton to the Senate.
2001 A record high barometric pressure of 1085.6 hPa (32.06 inHg )was recorded at Tosontsengel, Khövsgöl Province, Mongolia.
2001 – Argentine economic crisis: December 2001 riots – Riots erupted in Buenos Aires.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.