January 4 in history

04/01/2010

On January 4:

1490  Anna of Brittany announced that all those who would ally with the king of France will be considered guilty of the crime of lese-majesty.

1493 Christopher Columbus left the New World, ending his first journey.

1642 King Charles I of England sent soldiers to arrest members of Parliament, commencing England’s slide into civil war.

1643  Sir Isaac Newton, English mathematician and natural philosopher, was born.

Head and shoulders portrait of man in black with shoulder-length gray hair, a large sharp nose, and an abstracted gaze

1698  Most of the Palace of Whitehall in London, the main residence of the English monarchs, was destroyed by fire.

1785 Jacob Grimm, German philologist and folklorist(one of the Brothers Grim), was born.

1813 Isaac Pitman, English inventor, was born.

 

1847 Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government.

1854 The McDonald Islands were discovered by Captain William McDonald aboard the Samarang.

1865 The New York Stock Exchange opened its first permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad near Wall Street in New York City.

1869 Te Kooti was defeated at Nga Tapa.

Te Kooti defeated at Nga Tapa

1878 Sofia was emancipated from Ottoman rule.

1878 Augustus John, Welsh painter, was born.

1884 The Fabian Society is founded in London.

1885  The first successful appendectomy was performed by William W. Grant on Mary Gartside.

1903 – Topsy, an elephant, was electrocuted by Thomas Edison during the War of Currents campaign.

1912 – The Scout Association was incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter.

The Scout Association

1947 – Rick Stein, English chef and television presenter, was born.

1948 – Burma regained its independence from the United Kingdom.

1958 Sir Edmund Hillary led a New Zealand party to the South Pole.

Hillary leads NZ party to Pole

1958  Sputnik 1 fell to Earth from its orbit.

1959  Luna 1 became the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon.

1962 New York City introduced a train that operates without a crew on-board.

1965 Cait O’Riordan, British musician (The Pogues), was born.

1972  Rose Heilbron became the first female judge to sit at the Old Bailey in London.

1975  Elizabeth Ann Seton became the first American-born saint.  

1991  Olivia Tennet, New Zealand actress, was born.

2004 Spirit, a NASA Mars Rover, landed successfully on Mars.

NASA Mars Rover.jpg

2007 The 110th United States Congress elected Nancy Pelosi as the first female Speaker of the House in U.S. history.

 

Sourced from NZ History Online and Wikipedia.


October 4 in history

04/10/2009

On October 4:

1537 The first complete English-language Bible (the Matthew Bible) was printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale.

1824 Mexico adopted a new constitution and became a federal republic.

 

1830 The state of Belgium  was created after separation from The Netherlands.

 

1853 The  Crimean War began when the Ottoman Empire declared war on Russia.

Malakhov1.jpg
Detail of Franz Roubaud‘s panoramic painting The Siege of Sevastopol (1904).

1876  Texas A&M University opened as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas becoming Texas‘s first public institution of higher education.

1883 The Orient Express began its first run.

1883 – The first meeting of the Boys’ Brigade took place in Glasgow.

1895 The first U.S. Open Men’s Golf Championship administered by the United States Golf Association was played at the Newport Country Club on Rhode Island.

1910 Declaration of the Portuguese Republic

1923 US actor Charlton Heston was born.

1927 Gutzon Borglum began sculpting Mount Rushmore.

1937 English writer Jackie Collins was born.

1957 Morris Yock trademarked the jandal.

1957 Sputnik I, the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth, was launched.

1991 The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty  was opened for signature.

 Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


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