On March 4:
51 Nero, was given the title princeps iuventutis (head of the youth).
303 or 304 Martyrdom of Saint Adrian of Nicomedia.
932 Translation of the relics of martyr Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, Prince of the Czechs.
1152 Frederick I Barbarossa was elected King of the Germans.
1351 Ramathibodi became King of Siam.
1386 Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila) is crowned King of Poland.
1394 Henry the Navigator, was born.
1492 King James IV of Scotland concluded an alliance with France against England.
1570 King Philip II of Spain banned foreign Dutch students.
1611 George Abbot is appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.
1678 Antonio Vivaldi, Italian composer, was born.
1756 Sir Henry Raeburn, Scottish painter, was born.
1789 In New York City, the first United States Congress met, putting the Constitution of the United States into effect.
1790 France was divided into 83 départements, which cuts across the former provinces in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on ownership of land by the nobility.
1791 – A Constitutional Act iwa introduced by the British House of Commons which envisaged the separation of Canada into Lower Canada (Quebec) and Upper Canada (Ontario).
1794 The 11th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. Congress.
1804 Castle Hill Rebellion: Irish convicts rebel against British colonial authority in the Colony of New South Wales.
1813 Russian troops fighting the army of Napoleon reaced Berlin and the French garrison evacuated the city without a fight.
1814 Americans defeated the British at the Battle of Longwoods .
1824 The “National Institution for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck” was founded in the United Kingdom, later to be renamed The Royal National Lifeboat Institution in 1858.
1837 Chicago was incorporated as a city.
1855 Sheep rustler James Mackenzie was caught in the Upper Waitaki with 1000 sheep from the Levels Station near Timaru.
1861 First national flag of the Confederate States of America (the ‘Stars and Bars’) was adopted.
1882 Britain‘s first electric trams run in East London.
1887 Gottlieb Daimler unveiled his first automobile.
1891 Lois Wilson, founder of Al-Anon, was born.
1894 Great fire in Shanghai. Over 1,000 buildings are destroyed.
1899 Cyclone Mahina swept in north of Cooktown, Queensland, with a 12 metre (39 ft) wave that reached up to 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) inland, killing over 300.
1902 The American Automobile Association was established.
1908 The Collinwood School Fire, Collinwood, Ohio, killed 174 people.
1911 Victor Berger (Wisconsin) became the first socialist congressman in U.S.
1917 Jeannette Rankin of Montana became the first female member of the United States House of Representatives.
1918 The first case of Spanish flu occurred, the start of a devastating worldwide pandemic.
1925 Calvin Coolidge became the first President of the United States to have his inauguration broadcast on radio.
1928 Alan Sillitoe, English writer, was born.
1930 Floods ransacked Languedoc and the surrounding area in south-west France, resulting in twelve départements being submerged by water and causing the death of over 700 people.
1931 The British Viceroy of India, Governor-General Edward Frederick Lindley Wood and Mohandas Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) met to sign an agreement envisaging the release of political prisoners and allowing salt to be freely used by the poorest members of the population.
1933 Frances Perkins became United States Secretary of Labor, the first female member of the United States Cabinet.
1933 – The Parliament of Austria was suspended because of a quibble over procedure – Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss initiated authoritarian rule by decree.
1941 The United Kingdom launched Operation Claymore on the Lofoten Islands.
1945 Princess Elizabeth, joined the Women’s Auxiliary Territorial Service as a driver.
1948 Lindy Chamberlain, who maintained a dingo stole her baby and whose conviction for murdering the baby was overturned, was born.
1949 Carroll Baker, Canadian country singer and songwriter, was born.
1954 Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, announces the first successful kidney transplant.
1962 The United States Atomic Energy Commission announced that the first atomic power plant at McMurdo Station in Antarctica was in operation.
1966 Canadian Pacific Air Lines DC-8-43 exploded on landing at Tokyo International Airport, killing 64 people.
1970 French submarine Eurydice exploded.
1976 The Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention was formally dissolved resulting in direct rule of Northern Ireland from London via the British parliament.
1976 – The last flight of the second Concorde prototype aircraft to the Fleet Air Arm Museum at the Royal Naval Air Station, Yeovilton.
1977 The 1977 Bucharest Earthquake in southern and eastern Europe killed more than 1,500.
1983 Bertha Wilson was appointed the first woman to sit on the Supreme Court of Canada.
1985 The Food and Drug Administration approved a blood test for AIDS.
1986 The Soviet Vega 1 began returning images of Comet Halley and the first images ever of its nucleus.
1994 Space shuttle STS-62 (Columbia 16) launched into orbit.
1994 – Bosnia’s Bosniaks and Croats signed an agreement to form a federation in a loose economic union with Croatia.
1997 U.S. President Bill Clinton banned federally funded human cloning research.
1998 Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services: The Supreme Court of the United States ruled that federal laws banning on-the-job sexual harassment also apply when both parties are the same sex.
2001 4 March 2001 BBC bombing: a massive car bomb explodes in front of the BBC Television Centre seriously injuring 11 people. The attack was attributed to the Real IRA.
2001 Hintze Ribeiro disaster, a bridge collapses in northern Portugal, killing up to 70 people.
2002 Canada bans human embryo cloning but permits government-funded scientists to use embryos left over from fertility treatment or abortions.
2002 Multinational Force in Afghanistan: Seven American Special Operations Forces soldiers are killed as they attempt to infiltrate the Shahi Kot Valley on a low-flying helicopter reconnaissance mission.
2005 The car of released Italian hostage Giuliana Sgrena was fired on by US soldiers after it ran a roadblock in Iraq, causing the death of an Italian Secret Service Agent and injuring two passengers.
2007 Approximately 30,000 voters took advantage of electronic voting in Estonia, the world’s first nationwide voting where part of the votecasting is allowed in the form of remote electronic voting via the Internet.
2009 – The International Criminal Court (ICC) issues an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur – the first sitting head of state to be indicted by the ICC since its establishment in 2002.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia