338 BC A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean.
216 BC Second Punic War: Battle of Cannae – The Carthaginian army lead by Hannibal defeated a numerically superior Roman army under command of consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro.
1377 – Russian troops were defeated in the Battle on Pyana River, while drunk.
1798 – French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of the Nile (Battle of Aboukir Bay) concluded with a British victory.
1835 – Elisha Gray, American inventor and entrepreneur, was born (d. 1901).
1870 Tower Subway, the world’s first underground tube railway, opened in London.
1895 – Matt Henderson, New Zealand cricketer was born (d. 1970).
1916 World War I: Austrian sabotage caused the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto.
1923 Shimon Peres, Israeli politician, Prime Minister of Israel and the ninth President of Israel, was born.
1924 James Baldwin, American author, was born (d. 1987).
1924 Carroll O’Connor, American actor, was born (d. 2001).
1925 Alan Whicker, British journalist and broadcaster, was born.
1932 Peter O’Toole, Irish-born actor, was born (d. 2013).
1932 – The positron (antiparticle of the electron) was discovered by Carl D. Anderson.
1934 Gleichschaltung: Adolf Hitler became Führer of Germany.
1937 The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 was passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal.
1942 Isabel Allende, Chilean author, was born.
1943 Rebellion in the Nazi death camp of Treblinka.
1943 World War II: PT-109 was rammed by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri and sank. Lt. John F. Kennedy, future U.S. President, saved all but two of his crew.
1944 Birth of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia.
1945 World War II: Potsdam Conference, where the Allied Powers discussed the future of defeated Germany, concluded.
1967 The second Blackwall Tunnel opened in Greenwich, London.
1968 The 1968 Casiguran Earthquake hit Casiguran, Aurora, Philippines killing more than 270 people and wounding 261.
1973 A flash fire killed 51 at the Summerland amusement centre at Douglas, Isle of Man.
1980 A bomb exploded at the railway station in Bologna, killing 85 people and wounding more than 200.
1983 USS Texas was met by anti-nuclear protesters while visiting Auckland.
1985 Delta Air Lines Flight 191, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar crashed at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport killing 137.
1989 Pakistan was re-admitted back into the Commonwealth of Nations, for restoring democracy.
1989 1989 Valvettiturai massacre by Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka killing 64 Tamil civilians.
1990 Iraq invaded Kuwait.
1992 Barbara Kendall won gold at Barcelona.
2005 – Air France Flight 358, landed at Toronto Pearson International Airport, and ran off the runway causing the plane to burst into flames. There were 12 serious injuries but no fatalities.
2014 – At least 146 people were killed and more than 114 injured in an explosion at a factory near Shanghai.
2018 – Apple Inc. became the first U.S. company to be valued at over $1 trillion.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia