1338 Ly Anh Tong was enthroned as emperor of Vietnam at the age of two, starting a 37-year reign.
1499 Publication of the Catholicon, the first Breton dictionary as well as the first French dictionary.
1530 The St. Felix’s Flood destroyed the city of Reimerswaal in the Netherlands.
1605 Gunpowder Plot: A conspiracy led by Robert Catesby to blow up the English Houses of Parliament was thwarted when Sir Thomas Knyvet, a justice of the peace, found Guy Fawkes in a cellar below the House of Lords.
1688 Glorious Revolution began: William of Orange landed at Brixham.
1743 Coordinated scientific observations of the transit of Mercury were organized by Joseph-Nicolas Delisle.
1757 Seven Years’ War: Frederick the Great defeated the allied armies of France and the Holy Roman Empire at the Battle of Rossbach.
1768 Treaty of Fort Stanwix, to adjust the boundary line between Indian lands and white settlements set forth in the Proclamation of 1763 in the Thirteen Colonies.
1831 Nat Turner, American slave leader, was tried, convicted, and sentenced to death.
1838 The Federal Republic of Central America began to disintegrate when Nicaragua separated from the federation.
1850 Ella Wheeler Wilcox, American author and poet, was born (d. 1919).
1854 Crimean War: The Battle of Inkerman.
1862 Indian Wars: In Minnesota, 303 Dakota warriors were found guilty of rape and murder of whites and were sentenced to hang.
1872 In defiance of the law, suffragist Susan B. Anthony voted for the first time, and is later fined $100.
1895 George B. Selden was granted the first U.S. patent for an automobile.
1911 – Italy annexed Tripoli and Cyrenaica.
1911 Roy Rogers, American actor, was born (d. 1998).
1913 – Battle of Featherston Street – crowds of strike supporters clashed with more than 800 mounted special constables – ‘Massey’s Cossacks’.
1913 King Otto of Bavaria was deposed by his cousin, Prince Regent Ludwig, who assumed the title Ludwig III.
1913 Vivien Leigh, English actress, was born (d. 1967).
1916 The Kingdom of Poland was proclaimed by the Act of November 5th.
1916 The Everett Massacre in Everett, Washington as political differences led to a shoot-out between the Industrial Workers of the World organisers and local police.
1917 October Revolution: In Tallinn, Estonia, Communist leader Jaan Anvelt led revolutionaries in overthrowing the Provisional Government (As Estonia and Russia were still using the Julian Calendar, subsequent period references show an October 23 date).
1917 St. Tikhon of Moscow was elected the Patriarch of Moscow and of the Russian Orthodox Church.
1921 Princess Fawzia of Egypt, Queen of Iran, was born.
1931 Ike Turner, American musician, was born (d. 2007).
1937 Adolf Hitler held a secret meeting and stated his plans for acquiring “living space” for the German people.
1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected to a third term as President of the United States.
1941 Art Garfunkel, American musician, was born.
1942 The Second Battle of El Alamein was won by the British Allies.
1963 Tatum O’Neal, American actress, was born.
1967 The Hither Green rail crash killed 49 people. The survivors included Robin Gibb of the Bee Gees.
1968 United States presidential election, 1968: Republican Richard Nixon won the American presidency.
1983 Byford Dolphin diving bell accident killed five and leaves one severely injured.
1987 Govan Mbeki was released from custody after serving 24 years of a life sentence for terrorism and treason.
1990 Rabbi Meir Kahane, founder of the far-right Kach movement, was shot dead after a speech in New York.
2006 Saddam Hussein, former president of Iraq, and his co-defendants Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti and Awad Hamed al-Bandar were sentenced to death in the al-Dujail trial for the role in the massacre of the 148 Shi’as in 1982.
2007 China’s first lunar satellite, Chang’e 1 went into orbit around the Moon.
2009 US Army Major Nidal Malik Hasan allegedly killed 13 and wounded 30 at Fort Hood, Texas in the largest mass shooting ever at a US military installation.
2011 – Bank Transfer Day and a hatred of for-profit banks following a bank-caused economic collapse prompted more than 2.2 million Americans to switch to a not-for-profit credit union in order to punish bankers.
2013 – India launched the Mars Orbiter Mission, its first interplanetary probe.
2015 – An iron ore tailings dam burst in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais flooding a valley, causing mudslides in the nearby village of Bento Rodrigues and causing up to 9 deaths and 19 missing.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.