November 11

November 11, 2009

On November 11:

1634  Following pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes “An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery“.

1675: Gottfried Leibniz demonstrated integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = ƒ(x).

1880 Australian Bushranger Ned Kelly was hanged at Melbourne Gaol.

 

 

1918 World War I ended when Germany signed an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car outside Compiègne in France. The war officially stopped at 11:00 (The eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month).

 Armistice Day celebrations in Auckland were postponed in an attempt to prevent the spread of influenza but the rest of the coutnry celebrated.

1918 Poland regained its independence.

1922  Kurt Vonnegut, American novelist, was born.

1924 Prime Minister Alexandros Papanastasiou proclaimed the first Greek Republic.

1926  U.S. Route 66 was established.

U.S. Route 66 shield

1928  Carlos Fuentes, Mexican writer, was born.

1930 Patent number US1781541 was awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein refrigerator.

 

1942 The troop ship Awatea was sunk and all on board but the ship’s cat escaped alive.

1945 Daniel Ortega, President of Nicaragua, was born.

1962 – Demi Moore, American actress, was born.

1965  In Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe), the white-minority government of Ian Smith unilaterally declard independence.

Flag Coat of arms

1968  A second republic was declared in the Maldives.

1974 Leonardo DiCaprio, American actor, was born.

1975  Australian constitutional crisis of 1975: Australian Governor-General Sir John Kerr dismissed the government of Gough Whitlam and commissions Malcolm Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister.

 

Gough Whitlam speaking on the steps of Parliament House, Canberra, following his dismissal.
1978  Lou Vincent, New Zealand cricketer, was born.
1992 The Church of England in Britain voted to allow the ordination of women priests.
2006  The New Zealand war memorial monument was unveiled by Queen Elizabeth II in London,  commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army.
 
Sourced from BBC On This Day, NZ History Online & Wikipedia.

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