May 14

14/05/2010

On May 14:

1264  Battle of Lewes: Henry III was captured and forced to sign the Mise of Lewes, making Simon de Montfort the de facto ruler of England.

 

1483  Coronation of Charles VIII of France (Charles l’Affable).

1509 Battle of Agnadello: French forces defeated the Venetians.

1608  The Protestant Union was founded in Auhausen.

1610 Henry IV of France was assassinated bringing Louis XIII to the throne.

1643  Four-year-old Louis XIV became King of France upon the death of his father, Louis XIII.

 

1727 Thomas Gainsborough, English artist ,was born (d. 1788).

1747  A British fleet under Admiral George Anson defeated the French at first battle of Cape Finisterre.

Bay of Biscay map.png

1796  Edward Jenner administered the first smallpox vaccination.

1804 The Lewis and Clark Expedition departed from Camp Dubois and began its journey by traveling up the Missouri River.

 

1811 Paraguay gained independence from Spain.

1836 The Treaties of Velasco were signed.

1861 The Canellas meteorite, an 859-gram chondrite type meteorite, struck  the earth near Barcelona.

1863 American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson.

Battle of Jackson
 

1868 Japanese Boshin War: end of the Battle of Utsunomiya Castle.

UtsunomiyaCastle.jpg

1870 The first game of rugby in New Zealand was played in Nelson between Nelson College and the Nelson Rugby Football Club.

1879  The first group of 463 Indian indentured labourers arrives in Fiji aboard the  Leonidas.

1889  The children’s charity the NSPCC was launched in London.

 

1907 The Plunket Society was formed.

Plunket Society formed

1913   New York Governor William Sulzer approved the charter for the Rockefeller Foundation, which began operations with a $100 million donation from John D. Rockefeller.

Rockefeller Foundation logo.png

1925  Virginia Woolf‘s novel Mrs Dalloway was published.

 
Mrs. Dalloway cover.jpg

1926 Eric Morecambe, British comedian, was born  (d. 1984).

 

1927 Cap Arcona was launched at the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg.

Cap Arcona 1.JPG

1929 Barbara Branden, Canadian writer and lecturer, was born.

The Passion of Ayn Rand.jpg

1929Wilfred Rhodes took his 4000th first-class wicket during a performance of 9 for 39 at Leyton.

A man with a moustache, wearing a cap, white shirt with rolled-up sleeves, white trousers, cricket pads and gloves, holds a cricket bat on his left side. The bat has white stripes at the bottom. He is walking on grass in front of a wall behind which can be seen spectators.

1931  Ådalen shootings: five people were killed in Ådalen, Sweden, as soldiers open fired on an unarmed trade union demonstration.

 

1935 The Philippines ratified an independence agreement.

1939 Lina Medina became  the world’s youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five.

1940 ‘H’.  (Herbert) Jones, British Soldier (VC recipient), was born (d. 1982).

San-Carlos-Cemetery.JPG

1940  World War II: Rotterdam was bombed by the German Luftwaffe.

1940  World War II: The Netherlands surrendered to Germany.

1940  The Yermolayev Yer-2, a long-range Soviet medium bomber, has its first flight.

A twin-engined, low-winged, metal monoplane with a twin tail and conventional undercarriage

1943  A Japanese submarine sank  AHS Centaur off the coast of Queensland.

A single-funnelled merchant ship at rest. The ship is painted white, with a dark horizontal band along the hull, interspersed by dark crosses. The number "47" is painted near the bow, in a black box above the line.

1948  Israel was declared to be an independent state and a provisional government established.

A white flag with horizontal blue bands close to the top and bottom, and a blue star of David in the middle

1955 Cold War: Eight communist bloc countries signed a mutual defense treaty -the Warsaw Pact.

1961  American civil rights movement: The Freedom Riders bus was fire-bombed near Anniston, Alabama, and the civil rights protesters were beaten by an angry mob.

1966 Fabrice Morvan, French music artist (Milli Vanilli), was born.

1970  The Red Army Faction was established in Germany.

RAF-Logo.svg

1973 Human Space Flight: Skylab, the United States’ first space station was launched.

1975 Carlos Spencer, New Zealand rugby player, was born.

Carlos Spencer.jpg

1986 Pride of Baltimore was lost at sea.

Pride of Baltimore II

1988 Carrollton bus collision: a drunk driver travelling the wrong way hit a converted school bus carrying a church youth group killing  27.

2004 The Constitutional Court of South Korea overturned the impeachment of President Roh Moo-hyun.

2005  The former USS America, a decommissioned supercarrier was deliberately sunk in the Atlantic Ocean after four weeks of live-fire exercises.

USS America (CV-66)

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia


March 12 in history

12/03/2010

On March 12:

538  Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths ended his siege of Rome leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general, Belisarius.

1622  Ignatius of Loyola, founder of the Jesuits, was canonized a saint by the Catholic Church.

1689 The Williamite war in Ireland began.

BattleOfBoyne.gif

1821  Sir John Abbott, third Prime Minister of Canada, was born.

1831 Clement Studebaker, American automobile pioneer, was born.

 The Studebaker brothers

1832 The Filippo Taglioni ballet La Sylphide received its première performance at the Paris Opéra.

 

1832 Charles Boycott, British land agent and source of the term to boycott, was born.

 

1864 Arthur’s Pass was “discovered”.

 Arthur's Pass 'discovered'

 1868 Henry O’Farrell attempted to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.

1880 Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction, was born.

1881 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, first President of Turkey was born.

1881 Andrew Watson made his Scotland debut as the world’s first black international football player and captain.

1894  Coca-Cola was sold in bottles for the first time.

 

1908 Rita Angus, New Zealand painter, was born.

 

1912 The Girl Guides (later renamed the Girl Scouts of the USA) were founded in the United States.

1913  Canberra Day: The future capital of Australia was officially named Canberra.

1918 Moscow became the capital of Russia again after Saint-Petersburg held this status for 215 years.

1928 The St. Francis Dam in California failed, killing over 600 people.

 

1930 Mahatma Gandhi led a 200-mile march, known as the Dandi March, to the sea in defiance of British opposition, to protest the British monopoly on salt.

 

1932 Barbara Feldon, American actress and model, was born.

Get Smart.gif

1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt addressed the nation for the first time as President of the United States in the first of his “fireside chats“.

 

1934 Konstantin Päts and General Johan Laidoner staged a coup in Estonia, and banned all political parties.

 Johan Laidoner01.jpg

1938 Anschluss: German troops occupied Austria.

 

1940 Finland signed the Moscow Peace Treaty with the Soviet Union, ceding almost all of Finnish Karelia.

 

1946 Liza Minnelli, American singer and actress, was born.

1947 The Truman Doctrine was proclaimed to help stem the spread of Communism.

1948  James Taylor, American musician, was born.

1957 Marlon Jackson, American singer and musician (The Jackson 5), was born.

 

1966 Suharto became President of Indonesia.

1968  Mauritius achieved independence.

1971 The March 12 Memorandum, was sent to the Demirel government of Turkey and the government resigned.

1992Mauritius becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

1993 Several bombs exploded in Mumbai killing about 300 and injuring hundreds more.

1993 North Korea said it planned to withdraw from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and refused to allow inspectors access to its nuclear sites.

1993 – The Blizzard of 1993 – Snow began to fall across the eastern portion of the US with tornadoes, thunder snow storms, high winds and record low temperatures.

 

1994 The Church of England ordained its first female priests.

2003 Zoran Đinđić, Prime Minister of Serbia, was assassinated in Belgrade.

2004 A President of South Korea, Roh Moo-hyun, was impeached by its national assembly for the first time in the nation’s history.

2005 Tung Chee Hwa, the first Chief Executive of Hong Kong, stepped down from his post after his resignation was approved by the Chinese central government.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia


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