1355 The St. Scholastica’s Day riot broke out in Oxford leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead in two days.
1763 The 1763 Treaty of Paris ended the French and Indian War and France ceded Quebec to Great Britain.
1775 Charles Lamb, English essayist, was born (d. 1834).
1798 Louis Alexandre Berthier invaded Rome.
1870 The YWCA was founded.
1893 Jimmy Durante, American actor/comedian, was born (d. 1980).
1894 Harold Macmillan, British Prime Minister, was born (d. 1986).
1906 HMS Dreadnought (1906) was launched.
1913 – News of the failure of Captain Robert Falcon Scott’s expedition to the South Pole was telegraphed secretly from Oamaru.
1923 Texas Tech University was founded as Texas Technological College in Lubbock.
1930 Robert Wagner, American actor, was born.
1931 New Delhi became the capital of India.
1934 Fleur Adcock, New Zealand poet, was born.
1937 Roberta Flack, American singer, was born.
1947 Italy ceded most of Venezia Giulia to Yugoslavia.
1950 Mark Spitz, American swimmer, was born.
1952 Lee Hsien Loong, Prime Minister of Singapore, was born.
1955 – Greg Norman, Australian golfer, was born.
1967 The provision of free milk in schools ended.
1967 – The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified.
1981 – A fire at the Las Vegas Hilton hotel-casino killed eight and injured 198.
1982 Iafeta Paleaaesina, New Zealand rugby league player, was born.
1989 Ron Brown became the first African American to lead a major American political party when he was elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee.
2009 – The communication satellites Iridium 33 and Kosmos-2251 collided in orbit, destroying both.
2013 – Thirty six people were killed and 39 injured in a stampede in Allahabad, India, during the Kumbh Mela festival.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia