1495 King Charles VIII of France entered Naples to claim the city’s throne.
1632 Galileo‘s Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems was published.
1732 George Washington, First President of the United States, was born (d. 1799).
1744 War of the Austrian Succession: The Battle of Toulon started.
1797 The Last Invasion of Britain started near Fishguard, Wales.
1819 James Russell Lowell, American poet and essayist, was born (d. 1891).
1819 By the Adams-Onís Treaty, Spain sold Florida to the United States for $US5m.
1847 Mexican-American War: The Battle of Buena Vista – 5,000 American troops drove off 15,000 Mexicans.
1855 Pennsylvania State University was founded as the Farmers’ High School of Pennsylvania.
1856 The Republican Party opened its first national meeting in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
1857 Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, English founder of the Scout movement, was born (d. 1941).
1862 Jefferson Davis was officially inaugurated for a six-year term as the President of the Confederate States of America in Richmond, Virginia.
1882 The Serbian kingdom was refounded.
1889 Olave Baden-Powell, English founder of the Girl Guides, was born (d. 1977).
1902 The Kelburn cable car opened.
1904 The United Kingdom sold a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina.
1908 Sir John Mills, English actor, was born (d. 2005).
1915 Germany instituted unrestricted submarine warfare.
1918 Robert Wadlow, American tallest ever-human, was born (d. 1940).
1922 Britain unilaterally declared the independence of Egypt.
1924 U.S. President Calvin Coolidge was the first President to deliver a radio broadcast from the White House.
1926 Kenneth Williams, English actor, was born (d. 1988).
1943 Members of White Rose were executed in Nazi Germany.
1928 Bruce Forsyth, British entertainer, was born.
1948 Communist coup in Czechoslovakia.
1950 Julie Walters, English actress, was born.
1958 Egypt and Syria joined to form the United Arab Republic.
1962 Steve Irwin, Australian herpetologist, was born (d. 2006).
1974 Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) summit conference started in Lahore.
1979 Independence of Saint Lucia from the United Kingdom.
1980 Miracle on Ice: the United States hockey team defeated the Soviet Union hockey team 4-3, in one of the greatest upsets in sports history.
1983 The Broadway flop Moose Murders opened and closed on the same night at the Eugene O’Neill Theatre.
1986 Start of the People Power Revolution in the Philippines.
1994 Aldrich Ames and his wife Maria del Rosario Casas Dupuy, were charged by the United States Department of Justice with spying for the Soviet Union.
1995 The Corona reconnaissance satellite program, was declassified.
1997 Scottish scientists announced that an adult sheep named Dolly had been successfully cloned.
2002 Angolan political and rebel leader Jonas Savimbi was killed in a military ambush.
2006 At least six men staged Britain’s biggest robbery ever, stealing £53m (about $92.5 million or 78€ million) from a Securitas depot in Tonbridge, Kent.
2011 – Christchurch was badly damaged by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake at 12:51 pm, which killed 185 people and injured several thousand.
2015 – A ferry carrying 100 passengers capsised in the Padma River, killing 70 people.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia