March 2 in history

March 2, 2010

On March 2:

1986 Louis V became King of the Franks.

1127 Assassination of Charles the Good, Count of Flanders.

1316  Robert II of Scotland, was born.
Robert II of Scotland.png
1545 Thomas Bodley, English diplomat and library founder, was born.
1578 George Sandys, English colonist and poet, was born.
1717 The Loves of Mars and Venus was the first ballet performed in England.

1791 Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.

1793 Sam Houston, President of the Republic of Texas, was born.

1807  The U.S. Congress passes an act to “prohibit the importation of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States… from any foreign kingdom, place, or country.”

1808 The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a Scottish learned society, was held in Edinburgh.

 Robert Jameson, founder and life president of the Wernerian Society

1815 Signing of Kandyan treaty by British invaders and Sri Lankan King.

1836 Texas Revolution: Declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico.

 

1842 The Grand National steeplechase at Aintree was won by Gaylad, ridden by Tom Olliver who won two other Grand national winners.

1855 Alexander II became Tsar of Russia.

1861 Tsar Alexander I signed the emancipation reform into law, abolishing Russian serfdom.

1863 The U.S. Congress authorizes track width of 4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) for Union Pacific Railroad.

1865 The Volkner Incident: Missionary Carl Völkner was hanged from a willow tree  near his church at Opotiki during the East Cape War.

Missionary Carl Volkner killed at Opotiki

1877 Just two days before inauguration, the U.S. Congress declares Rutherford B. Hayes the winner of the election even though Samuel J. Tilden had won the popular vote on November 7, 1876.

1888 The Convention of Constantinople was signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace.

1901 The U.S. Congress passed the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops.

 

1903 In New York City the Martha Washington Hotel opened, becoming the first hotel exclusively for women.

1904 Dr. Seuss (Theodor Seuss Geisel), American author, was born.

1917 The enactment of the Jones-Shafroth Act  granted Puerto Ricans United States citizenship.

1917 Desi Arnaz, Cuban-born actor and bandleader, was born.

1917 Nicholas II of Russia abdicated the throne in favor of his brother Michael II.

 

1919 The first Communist International meets in Moscow.

1923 George Basil Cardinal Hume, Archbishop of Westminster,, was born.

 

1931 Mikhail Gorbachev, President of the Soviet Union and Nobel laureate, was born.

1931 Tom Wolfe, American author, was born.

1933 The film King Kong opened at New York’s Radio City Music Hall.

 

1937  The Steel Workers Organizing Committee signed a surprise collective bargaining agreement with U.S. Steel, leading to unionization of the United States steel industry.

1938 Ricardo Lagos, President of Chile, was born.

1938 Lawrence Payton, American singer and songwriter (The Four Tops), was born.

 

1939 Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli was elected Pope and took the name Pius XII.

Pacelli12.jpg

1942  Lou Reed, American singer and guitarist, was born.

1943  Tony Meehan, English drummer (The Shadows), was born.

1946 Ho Chi Minh was elected the President of North Vietnam.

1948 Rory Gallagher, Irish guitarist, was born.

1949 Captain James Gallagher landed his B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II in Fort Worth, after completing the first non-stop around-the-world aeroplane flight in 94 hours and one minute.

 

1949 – The first automatic street light was installed in New Milford, Conn..

1950 Karen Carpenter, American singer and drummer (The Carpenters), was born.

1953 The Academy Awards were first broadcast on television by NBC.

1955 King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicated the throne in favor of his father, King Norodom Suramarit.

 

1955  Jay Osmond, American musician (The Osmonds), was born.

1956 John Cowsill, American musician (The Cowsills), was born.

 

1956 Mark Evans, Australian bassist (AC/DC), was born.

1956 Morocco declared its independence from France.

1962 Jon Bon Jovi, American musician (Bon Jovi), was born.

1962 In Burma, the army led by General Ne Win seized power in a coup d’état.

1968 Daniel Craig, English actor, was born.

1969 The first test flight of the Anglo-French Concorde was conducted.

 

1970 Rhodesia declared itself a republic.

1972  The Pioneer 10 space probe was launched from Cape Canaveral.

Pioneer 10 at Jupiter.gif

1977 Chris Martin, English musician (Coldplay), was born.

1978 Czech Vladimír Remek becomes the first non-Russian or non-American to go into space aboard Soyuz 28.

VladimirRemek.jpg

1989 Twelve European Community nations agreed to ban the production of all chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the end of the century.

1990  Nelson Mandela elected deputy President of the African National Congress.

Nelson Mandela on his 90th birthday in 2008.

1991 Battle at Rumaila Oil Field brings an end to the 1991 Gulf War.

1992 Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, San Marino, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan joined the United Nations.

2004  Al Qaeda carried out the Ashoura Massacre, killing 170 and wounding over 500.

Sourced from NZ History On Line & WIkipedia


December 31 in history

December 31, 2009

On December 31:

400  Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gaul.

1229  James I of Aragon the Conqueror entered Medina Mayurqa (now known as Palma, Spain)  consummating the Christian conquest of the island of Majorca.

1599  The British East India Company was chartered.

The Company flag, after 1707

1687– The first Huguenots set sail from France to the Cape of Good Hope.

1695 A window tax was imposed in England, causing many shopkeepers to brick up their windows to avoid the tax.

1729 Charles Edward Stuart, pretender to the British throne, was born.

1759 Arthur Guinness signed a 9,000 year lease at £45 per annum and started brewing Guinness.

1853 Sir George Grey left New Zealand after finishing hisfirst  term as Governor.

Grey leaves NZ after first term as Governor
1857 Queen Victoria chose Ottawa, Ontario, as the capital of Canada.
                           
1869 Henri Matisse, French painter, was born.
1878  Elizabeth Arden, Canadian businesswoman, was born.

1879 Thomas Edison demonstrated incandescent lighting to the public for the first time.

1904 The first New Year’s Eve celebration is held in Times Square (then known as Longacre Square) in New York.

1908  Simon Wiesenthal, Austrian Holocaust survivor, was born.

1909  Manhattan Bridge opened.

1923 The chimes of Big Ben were broadcast on radio for the first time by the BBC.

1937 Sir Anthony Hopkins, Welsh actor, was born.

1943 John Denver, American singer and songwriter, was born.

1943 Sir Ben Kingsley, English actor was born.

1943  Pete Quaife, English bassist (The Kinks) was born.

Four smiling young men leaning over the back of a green park bench, a row of three-story-tall residential buildings behind them. The man on the left wears a brown sports jacket and white turtleneck; the man to his right wears a black-and-white-striped pullover shirt; the man to his right (standing straighter, just behind the other three) wears a black suit and tie; the man on the far right wears a black sports jacket and white shirt.Original lineup in 1965. From left: Pete Quaife, Dave Davies, Ray Davies, Mick Avory.

1946 President Harry Truman officially proclaimed the end of hostilities in World War II.

1951 The Marshall Plan expired after distributing more than $13.3 billion USD in foreign aid to rebuild Europe.[1]

1955  The General Motors Corporation became the first U.S. corporation to make over $1 billion USD in a year.

General Motors.svg

1960 The farthing coin ceased to be legal tender in the United Kingdom.

1963  The Central African Federation officially collapsed and split into Zambia, Malawi and Rhodesia.

1965  Nicholas Sparks, American author, was born.

1980 – Richie McCaw, New Zealand rugby player, was born.

Richie McCaw

1983 – The AT&T Bell System is broken up by the United States Government.

1991  All official Soviet Union institutions ceased operations by this date and the Soviet Union was officially dissolved.

1992 Czechoslovakia was dissolved, resulting in the creation of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

 

 

      

 

 

1998  The European Exchange Rate Mechanism froze the values of the legacy currencies in the Eurozone, and established the value of the euro currency.

 Banknotes

 

 Coins

1999  Boris Yeltsin resigned as President of Russia, leaving Prime Minister Vladimir Putin as the acting President.

1999 – The United States Government hands control of the Panama Canal (as well all the adjacent land to the canal known as the Panama Canal Zone) to Panama. This act complied with the signing of the 1977 Torrijos-Carter Treaties.

2004  The official opening of Taipei 101, the tallest skyscraper at that time in the world, standing at a height of 509 metres (1,670 ft).

Taipei101.portrait.altonthompson.jpg

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


December 21 in history

December 21, 2009

On December 21:

1118  Thomas Becket, Lord Chancellor of England and Archbishop of Canterbury was born.

1598  Battle of Curalaba: The revolting Mapuche, led by cacique Pelentaru, inflicted a major defeat on Spanish troops in southern Chile.

1620 William Bradford and the Mayflower Pilgrims landed on what is now known as Plymouth Rock in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

 The Landing of the Pilgrims., by Henry A. Bacon, 1877

1682 Calico Jack Rackham, English pirate, was born.

Rackham,Jack.JPG

1804  Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was born.

 

1815  Thomas Couture French painter and teacher, was born.

1843 Thomas Bracken, Irish-born New Zealand, was born.

1844 – The Rochdale Pioneers commenced business at their cooperative in Rochdale, England, starting the Cooperative movement.

1861  Medal of Honor: Public Resolution 82, containing a provision for a Navy Medal of Valor, was signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln.

1872  HMS Challenger, commanded by Captain George Nares, sailed from Portsmouth.

HMS Challenger Painting of Challenger by William Frederick Mitchell

1883 The first Permanent Force cavalry and infantry regiments of the Canadian Army were formed: The Royal Canadian Dragoons and The Royal Canadian Regiment.

RCD cap badge.jpg Royalcanadianregt.jpg

1892  Rebecca West, British writer, was born.

Portrait of Rebecca West

1905  Anthony Powell, British author, was born.

1913 Arthur Wynne‘s “word-cross”, the first crossword puzzle, was published in the New York World.

1917  Heinrich Böll, German writer and Nobel laureate, was born.

1937 – Jane Fonda, American actress, was born.

1937  Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, the first full-length animated film, premiered at the Carthay Circle Theater.

1946 Carl Wilson, American musician (The Beach Boys), was born.

1958 Charles de Gaulle was elected President of France when his Union des Démocrates pour la République party gained 78.5% of the vote.

  • 1962Rondane National Park was established as Norway‘s first national park.
  • 1964 More than 170 years of New Zealand whaling history came to a close when J. A. Perano and Company caught its last whale off the coast near Kaikoura.

    NZ whalers harpoon their last victim

    1967  Louis Washkansky, the first man to undergo a heart transplant, died 18 days after the transplant.

    1968 Apollo 8, the first manned mission to the moon, was launched from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. At 2h:50m:37s Mission elapsed time (MES), the crew performed the first ever manned Trans Lunar Injection and became the first humans to leave Earth’s gravity.

    Apollo-8-patch.png

    1971 New Zealand Railways (NZR) launched a new tourist-oriented steam passenger venture, the Kingston Flyer.

    Full steam ahead for Kingston Flyer

    1979 Lancaster House Agreement: An independence agreement for Rhodesia was signed in London by Lord Carrington, Sir Ian Gilmour, Robert Mugabe, Joshua Nkomo, Bishop Abel Muzorewa and S.C. Mundawarara.

     Bishop Abel Muzorewa signing the Lancaster House Agreement seated next to British Foreign Secretary Lord Carrington.

    1988  A bomb exploded on board Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, killing 270.

     Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


    December 2 in history

    December 2, 2009

    On December 2:

    1779 Madeleine Sophie Barat, French saint, was born.

     

    1805 Henry Wells, Founder of American Express, was born.

    1862 USS Cairo sank on the Yazoo River, becoming the first armored ship to be sunk by an electrically detonated mine.

    USS Cairo

    1863  Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter, was born.


    Self Portrait with Skeleton Arm, 1895

    1870  Joseph H. Rainey of South Carolina became the first black U.S. congressman.

     

    1893 Edward G. Robinson, American actor, was born.

    1900 Sammy Davis, Sr., American dancer, was born.

    1901 Guglielmo Marconi received the first transatlantic radio signal at Signal Hill in St John’s, Newfoundland.

    1911 Delhi replaced Calcutta as the capital of India.

    1915  Frank Sinatra, American singer and actor, was born.

    1917 The six o’clock swill began.

     1927  Robert Noyce, American inventor of the microship, was born.

    1929 John Osborne, English dramatist, was born.

     1935  Lebensborn Project, a Nazi reproduction programme, was founded by Heinrich Himmler.

     

    A Lebensborn birth house

    1938  Connie Francis, American singer, was born.

    1940 – Dionne Warwick, American singer, was born.

    1941  Adolf Hitler announced the extermination of the Jews at a meeting in the Reich Chancellery.

    1948 Batang Kali Massacre – 14 members of the Scots Guards stationed in Malaysia allegedly massacred 24 unarmed civilians and set fire to the village.

    1949 – Bill Nighy, English actor, was born.

    1950  Paula Ackerman, the first woman appointed to perform rabbinical functions in the United States, led the congregation in her first services.

    1963 Kenya gained its independence from the United Kingdom.

    1964 Prime Minister Jomo Kenyatta became the first President of the Republic of Kenya.

    1965 Will Carling, English rugby union footballer, was born.

    1979  Rhodesia changed its name to Zimbabwe.

    1982 Women’s peace protest at Greenham Common – 30,000 women held hands and formed a human chain around the 14.5 kilometres (9.0 mi) perimeter fence.

    1988 The Clapham Junction rail crash killed thirty-five and injures hundreds after two collisions of three commuter trains.

    Clapham Junction Railway Accident - Hidden Report cover - HMSO.jpg

    1991  Russian Federation gained independence from the USSR.

    2006 Peugeot produces its last car at the Ryton Plant signalling the end of mass car production in Coventry, formerly a major centre of the British motor industry.

    Sourced from NZ HIstory Online & Wikipedia.


    November 11

    November 11, 2009

    On November 11:

    1634  Following pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes “An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery“.

    1675: Gottfried Leibniz demonstrated integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = ƒ(x).

    1880 Australian Bushranger Ned Kelly was hanged at Melbourne Gaol.

     

     

    1918 World War I ended when Germany signed an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car outside Compiègne in France. The war officially stopped at 11:00 (The eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month).

     Armistice Day celebrations in Auckland were postponed in an attempt to prevent the spread of influenza but the rest of the coutnry celebrated.

    1918 Poland regained its independence.

    1922  Kurt Vonnegut, American novelist, was born.

    1924 Prime Minister Alexandros Papanastasiou proclaimed the first Greek Republic.

    1926  U.S. Route 66 was established.

    U.S. Route 66 shield

    1928  Carlos Fuentes, Mexican writer, was born.

    1930 Patent number US1781541 was awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein refrigerator.

     

    1942 The troop ship Awatea was sunk and all on board but the ship’s cat escaped alive.

    1945 Daniel Ortega, President of Nicaragua, was born.

    1962 – Demi Moore, American actress, was born.

    1965  In Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe), the white-minority government of Ian Smith unilaterally declard independence.

    Flag Coat of arms

    1968  A second republic was declared in the Maldives.

    1974 Leonardo DiCaprio, American actor, was born.

    1975  Australian constitutional crisis of 1975: Australian Governor-General Sir John Kerr dismissed the government of Gough Whitlam and commissions Malcolm Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister.

     

    Gough Whitlam speaking on the steps of Parliament House, Canberra, following his dismissal.
    1978  Lou Vincent, New Zealand cricketer, was born.
    1992 The Church of England in Britain voted to allow the ordination of women priests.
    2006  The New Zealand war memorial monument was unveiled by Queen Elizabeth II in London,  commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army.
     
    Sourced from BBC On This Day, NZ History Online & Wikipedia.

    October 24 in history

    October 24, 2009

    On October 24:

    1260 Chartres Cathedral was dedicated.

    Cathedral of Chartres

    1857 Sheffield F.C., the world’s first football club, was founded.

    logo

    1861 The First Transcontinental Telegraph line across the United States was completed, spelling the end for the 18-month-old Pony Express.

     

    Wood engraving depiction of the construction of the first Transcontinental Telegraph, with a Pony Express rider passing.

    1882 English actress Dame Sybil Thorndike was born.

    1892 Goodison Park, the world’s first association football specific stadium was opened.

    1901 – Annie Edson Taylor became the first person to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel.

    1913 Union members and non-unionised workers clashed on Wellington wharves.

    1919 South Island explorer Donald Sutherland died.

    1929 “Black Thursday” stock market crash on the New York Stock Exchange.

    Crowd gathering on Wall Street after the 1929 crash
     
    1930 Sultan Ahmad Shah, King of Malaysia was born.
    1936 Bill Wyman, English musician from The Rolling Stones, was born.
    1944 New Zealand born film director Martin Campbell was born.
    1945 The United Nations was founded.
    1954 Autralian politician Malcolm Turnbull was born.
    1964 Northern Rhodesia gained independence from the United Kingdom and became the Republic of Zambia.

     

     

    1973 Jeff Wilson, New Zealand rugby player and cricketer, was born.
    1980  The Polish government legalised Solidarity trade union.
    Astilleros de Gdansk.jpg
    2003 Concorde made its last commercial flight.
    2008 “Bloody Friday” on which many of the world’s stock exchanges experienced the worst declines in their history, with drops of around 10% in most indices.
     
    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.

    %d bloggers like this: