July 1 in history

01/07/2011

69  Tiberius Julius Alexander ordered his Roman legions in Alexandria to swear allegiance to Vespasian as emperor.

Vespasianus01 pushkin edit.png

1097  Battle of Dorylaeum: Crusaders under Bohemond of Taranto defeated a Seljuk army under Qilich Arslan I.

 
Dorylee2.jpg

1520  La Noche Triste: Joint Mexican Indian force led by Aztecs under Cuitláhuac defeated Spanish Conquistadors under Hernán Cortés.

 
Cuitláhuac

1569  Union of Lublin: The Kingdom of Poland and Great Duchy of Lithuania confirm a real union, the united countrywas called the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth or the Republic of Both Nations.

 

1690  Glorious Revolution: Battle of the Boyne ( in Julian calendar).

 
BattleOfBoyne.gif

1770 Lexell’s Comet passed closer to the Earth than any other comet in recorded history, approaching to a distance of 0.0146 a.u.

1782  American privateers attacked Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.

1837 A system of the civil registration of births, marriages and deaths was established in England and Wales.

1855 Quinault Treaty signed, Quinault and Quileute ceded their land to the United States.

1858  The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace’s papers on evolution to the Linnean Society.

1862  The Russian State Library was founded.

 

1862  American Civil War: The Battle of Malvern Hill – final battle in the Seven Days Campaign, part of the George B. McClellan’s Peninsula Campaign.

Battle of Malvern Hill.png

1863  Keti Koti, Emancipation Day in Suriname, marking the abolition of slavery by the Netherlands.

1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Gettysburg began.

Battle of Gettysburg, by Currier and Ives.png

1867  The British North America Act, 1867 took effect as the Constitution of Canada, creating the Canadian Confederation and the federal dominion of Canada; John A. Macdonald was sworn in as the first Prime Minister.

 

1869 William Strunk Jr.,  American grammarian, was born (d. 1946).

 
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1879 Charles Taze Russell published the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.

 

1881  The world’s first international telephone call was made between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine., United States.

1881 General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army, came into effect.

1885 The United States terminated reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.

1892 The Homestead Strike, a strike by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers against the Carnegie Steel Company, began.

 

1898  Spanish-American War: The Battle of San Juan Hill was fought in Santiago de Cuba.

 
San Juan Hill by Kurz and Allison.JPG

1899 Thomas A. Dorsey, American composer, was born (d. 1993).

1899 Charles Laughton, English actor, was born (d. 1962).

 

1903 Amy Johnson, English pilot, was born (d. 1941).

 

1906 Estée Lauder, American entrepreneur, was born (d. 2004).

1908 SOS was adopted as the international Distress signal.

1915 Leutnant Kurt Wintgens achieved the first known aerial victory with a synchronized gun-equipped fighter plane, the Fokker M.5K/MG Eindecker.

 
=Sanke Card Portrait of Kurt Wintgens.jpg

1916 Olivia de Havilland, British-born actress, was born.

1916  World War I: First day on the Somme – On the first day of the Battle of the Somme 19,000 soldiers of the British Army were killed and 40,000 wounded.

 
Tyneside Irish Brigade advancing on La Boisselle sector.

1921 The Communist Party of China was founded.

 
The emblem of the Communist Party of China.

1928 Bobby Day, American musician was born, (d 1990).

1931  United Airlines began service (as Boeing Air Transport).

 

1933 The Canadian Parliament suspended all Chinese immigration.

1934 Jean Marsh, English actress, was born.

 

1934 Sydney Pollack, American film director, was born (d. 2008).

 

1935  Regina, Saskatchewan police and Royal Canadian Mounted Police ambushed strikers participating in On-to-Ottawa-Trek.

1935 – Grant Park Music Festival began its tradition of free summer symphonic music concert series in Chicago’s Grant Park which continues as the United States’ only annual free outdoor classical music concert series.

1942  World War II: First Battle of El Alamein.

1stAlameinBritDefense.jpg

1942  Australian Federal Government became sole collector of Income Tax (State Income Tax Abolished).

1943 Tokyo City merged with Tokyo Prefecture and was dissolved. Since then, no city in Japan has had the name “Tokyo“. (Present-day Tokyo is not a city.)

1945 Deborah Harry, American musician (Blondie), was born.

 

1947  The Philippine Air Force was established.

PAF Seal.png

1948  Quaid-i-Azam inaugurated Pakistan’s central bank, the State Bank of Pakistan.

 
State Bank of Pakistan

1951 Fred Schneider, American singer (The B-52′s), was born.

 

1952 Dan Aykroyd, Canadian actor, was born.

 1953 Jadranka Kosor, Prime Minister of Croatia, was born.

 

1953 – Lawrence Gonzi, Maltese Prime Minister, was born.

1958  The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation linked television broadcasting across Canada via microwave.

1958 Flooding of Canada’s St. Lawrence Seaway began.

 

1959  The Party of the African Federation held its constitutive conference.

1959  Specific values for the international yard, avoirdupois pound and derived units (e.g. inch, mile and ounce) were adopted after agreement between the U.S., U.K. and other commonwealth countries.

1960  Independence of Somalia.

1960 – Ghana became a Republic and Kwame Nkrumah became its first President.

 

 1961 Diana, Princess of Wales, was born (d. 1997).

1962  Independence of Rwanda.

1962  Independence of Burundi.

1963  ZIP Codes were introduced for United States mail.

1963 – The British Government admitted that former diplomat Kim Philby had worked as a Soviet agent.

 

1967 – The European Community was formally created out of a merger with the Common Market, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Commission.

Pillars of the European Union.svg

About this image

1967 – Canada celebrated the 100th anniversary of the British North America Act, 1867, which officially made Canada its own federal dominion.

 

1968  The CIA’s Phoenix Program was officially established.

1968 – The Nuclear non-proliferation treaty was signed in Washington, D.C., London and Moscow by sixty-two countries.

 

1968 – Formal separation of the United Auto Workers from the AFL-CIO.

1970  President General Yahya Khan abolished One-Unit of West Pakistan restoring the provinces.

 

1972  The first Gay Pride march in England.

1976  Portugal granted autonomy to Madeira.

   

1978 The Northern Territory in Australia is granted Self-Government.

Flag of  Northern Territory
 

1979  Sony introduced the Walkman.

 

1980  O Canada officially became the national anthem of Canada.

O Canada.png

1981  The Wonderland Murders occurred in the early morning hours, allegedly masterminded by businessman and drug dealer Eddie Nash.

1983 A North Korean Ilyushin Il-62 jet crashed into the Fouta Djall Mountains in Guinea-Bissau, killing all 23 people on board.

1987 American radio station WFAN in New York City was launched as the world’s first all-sports radio station.

1988  The government announced that it had agreed to the Waitangi Tribunal’s recommendation that Bastion Point in Auckland be returned to Ngati Whatua ownership.

Bastion Point land returned

1991 The Warsaw Pact was officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague.

1997 China resumed sovereignty over the city-state of Hong Kong, ending 156 years of British colonial rule.

A flag with a white 5-petalled flower design on solid red background A red circular emblem, with a white 5-petalled flower design in the centre, and surrounded by the words "Hong Kong" and "中華人民共和國香港特別行政區"

1999  The Scottish Parliament was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth on the day that legislative powers were officially transferred from the old Scottish Office in London to the new devolved Scottish Executive in Edinburgh.

Coat of arms or logo.

2000 – The Oresund Bridge, connecting Sweden and Denmark, opened for traffic.

2002 The International Criminal Court was established to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression.

2002 – A Bashkirian Airlines (flight 2937) Tupolev TU-154 and a DHL Boeing 757 collided in mid-air over Ueberlingen, killing 71.

2004 Saturn Orbit insertion of Cassini-Huygens began at 01:12 UTC and ended at 02:48 UTC.

Cassini Saturn Orbit Insertion.jpg

2006 – The first operation of Qinghai-Tibet Railway in China.

 

2007 Smoking in England was banned in all public indoor spaces. With the ban already in force in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, this means it is illegal to smoke in indoor public places anywhere in the UK. The ban was also put into effect in Australia.

2008 Rioting erupted in Mongolia in response to allegations of fraud surrounding the 2008 legislative elections.

2009  Croatian Prime Minister Ivo Sanader resigned giving no specific reason. Jadranka Kosor was announced as the next Prime Minister, the first woman ever to hold the post.

 

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia

 

September 6 in history

06/09/2010

On September 6:

394  Battle of the Frigidus: The Christian Roman Emperor Theodosiu I defeated and killed the pagan usurper Eugenius and his Frankish magister militum Arbogast.

 

1522 The Victoria, the only surviving ship of Ferdinand Magellan’s expedition, returned to Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Spain, becoming the first ship to circumnavigate the world.

 

1620  The Pilgrims sailed from Plymouth on the Mayflower to settle in North America.

MayflowerHarbor.jpg

1628 Puritans settled Salem.

 

1634 Thirty Years’ War: In the Battle of Nördlingen the Catholic Imperial army defeated Protestant armies of Sweden and Germany.

 

1669 The siege of Candia ended with the Venetian fortress surrendering to the Ottomans.

Candia III.jpg

1729 Moses Mendelssohn, German philosopher, was born (d. 1786).

1757 Marquis de Lafayette, French soldier and statesman, was born (d. 1834).

Gilbert du Motier Marquis de Lafayette.jpg

1781 The Battle of Groton Heights resulted a British victory.

Fort trumbull.jpg

1800 Catharine Beecher, American educator, was born (d. 1878).

 

1847  Henry David Thoreau left Walden Pond and moved in with Ralph Waldo Emerson and his family.

 

1860 Jane Addams, American social worker, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, was born (d. 1935).

 

1870  Louisa Ann Swain of Laramie, Wyoming became the first woman in the United States to cast a vote legally.

1885 Eastern Rumelia declared its union with Bulgaria.

 

1888  Charles Turner became the first bowler to take 250 wickets in an English season.

CTBTurner.jpg

1901 Anarchist Leon Czolgosz shot and fatally wounded US President William McKinley.

 

1919 Wilson Greatbatch, American inventor (cardiac pacemaker), was born.

1930 Argentine president Hipólito Yrigoyen was deposed in a military coup.

 

1937  Spanish Civil War: The start of the Battle of El Mazuco.

1939 World War II: The Battle of Barking Creek.

1940 King Carol II of Romania abdicated and was succeeded by his son Michael.

 

 

1943 Roger Waters, British musician (Pink Floyd), was born.

1943 The Monterrey Institute of Technology, was founded in Monterrey, Mexico.

1948 New Zealand citizenship was established.

 New Zealand citizenship established

1948  Juliana became Queen of the Netherlands.

 

1949 Allied military authorities relinquished control of former Nazi Germany assets back to German control.

1955 Istanbul Pogrom: Istanbul’s Greek and Armenian minority were the target of a government-sponsored pogrom.

 

1957 José Sócrates, Prime Minister of Portugal, was born.

 

1963 Alice Sebold, American novelist, was born.

 

1965  India retaliated following Pakistan’s failed Operation Grand Slam which resulted in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.

 

1966 The architect of Apartheid, Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd, was stabbed to death during a parliamentary meeting.

1968  Swaziland became independent.

1970 Two passenger jets bound from Europe to New York were simultaneously hijacked by Palestinian terrorist members of PFLP and taken to Dawson’s Field in Jordan.

1972  Munich Massacre: 9 Israeli athletes and a German policeman taken hostage at the Munich Olympic Games by the Palestinian “Black September” terrorist group died  at the hands of the kidnappers during a failed rescue attempt.

 

1976   Soviet air force pilot Lt. Viktor Belenko landed a MiG-25 jet fighter on the island of Hokkaidō and requests political asylum in the United States.

1985  Midwest Express Airlines Flight 105, a Douglas DC-9 crashed just after takeoff from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, killing 31.

1986 In Istanbul, two terrorists from Abu Nidal’s organisation killed 22 and wounded six inside the Neve Shalom synagogue during Shabbat services.

1991 – The name Saint Petersburg was restored to Russia’s second largest city, which had been renamed Leningrad in 1924.

Coat of Arms of Saint Petersburg (2003).png
Coat of arms
Flag of Saint Petersburg Russia.svg

1997  Funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales  which was watched by a television audience of more than 2.5 billion.

 

Sourced from NZ History & Wikipedia


From a different planet

27/06/2009

When Princess Diana died I felt as if I’d just arrived from another planet.

Any death of a relatively young person is sad and when it’s a public figure it will obviously get publicity. But I couldn’t understand the wall to wall idolatry and anguish.

I’m feeling a bit the same way now over the deaths of Farah Fawcett and Michael Jackson.

I recognise her face, name and that of Charlie’s Angels but don’t think I ever watched the programme.

I know who he was. But absorbed such a strong negative impression of him from accidental encounters with increasingly mad, bad and/or sad stories about him that I was put off his music and can’t recall ever listening to it.

A lot of other people had much stronger and more positive connections with one or both of them and that’s reflected in the media. But here on Planet Homepaddock I just acknowledge the deaths as sad in the abstract and with sympathy for their families and friends.


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