On January 16:
27 BC The title Augustus was bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate.
1412 The Medici family was appointed official banker of the Papacy.
1492 The first grammar of the Spanish language, was presented to Queen Isabella I.
1547 Ivan IV of Russia (Ivan the Terrible) became Tsar of Russia.
1581 The English Parliament outlawed Roman Catholicism.
1853 – Andre Michelin, French industrialist, was born.
1853 Gen Sir Ian Hamilton, British military commander, was born.
1874 Robert W. Service, Canadian poet, was born.
1896 defeat of Cymru Fydd at South Wales Liberal Federation AGM, Newport, Monmouthshire.
1900 The United States Senate accepted the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounced its claims to the Samoan islands.
1901 Frank Zamboni, American inventor, was born.
1902 – Eric Liddell, Scottish runner, was born.
1906 Diana Wynyard, British actress, was born.
1908 – Ethel Merman, American actress and singer, was born.
1919 The United States ratified the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, authorizing Prohibition in the United States one year after ratification.
1941 The War Cabinet approved the formation of the Women’s Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF) to enable the Royal New Zealand Air Force to release more men for service overseas. Within 18 months a Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps and Women’s Royal Naval Service had been created.
1944 Jim Stafford, American singer and songwriter, was born.
1948 Dalvanius Prime, New Zealand entertainer, was born.
1952 – King Fuad II of Egypt, was born.
1959 Sade, Nigerian-born singer, was born.
1979 The Shah of Iran fled Iran with his family and relocated in Egypt.
1986 First meeting of the Internet Engineering Task Force.
1991 The United States went to war with Iraq, beginning the Gulf War (U.S. Time).
2006 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf was sworn in as Liberia’s new presiden becoming Africa’s first female elected head of state.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia