On March 8:
1126 Alfonso VII was proclaimed king of Castile and Leon, after the death of his mother Urraca.
1495 John of God, Portuguese-born friar and saint, was born.
1655 John Casor becomes the first legally-recognized slave in what became the United States.
1775 Thomas Paine’s “African Slavery in America,” the first article in the U.S. calling for the emancipation of slaves and the abolition of slavery was published.
1782 Gnadenhütten massacre: Ninety-six Native Americans in Gnadenhutten, Ohio, who had converted to Christianity were killed by Pennsylvania militiamen in retaliation for raids carried out by other Indians.
1817 The New York Stock Exchange was founded.
1856 Bramwell Booth, the 2nd General of The Salvation Army, was born.
1859 Kenneth Grahame, English author, was born.
1917 The U.S. Senate votes to limit filibusters by adopting the cloture rule.
1921 Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier was assassinated.
1924 The Castle Gate mine disaster killed 172 coal miners near Castle Gate, Utah.
1929 Frank Borzage’s Street Angel, a silent picture with a recorded musical soundtrack, screened at Wellington’s Paramount Theatre – before this silent movies had been accompained by live music.
1937 Juvénal Habyarimana, President of Rwanda, was born.
1942 The Dutch surrender to Japanese forces on Java.
1943 Lynn Redgrave, English actress, was born.
1957 Egypt re-opened the Suez Canal after the Suez Crisis.
1963 The Ba’ath Party came to power in Syria in a Coup d’état by a clique of quasi-leftist Syrian Army officers calling themselves the National Council of the Revolutionary Command.
1966 – A bomb planted by young Irish protesters destroyed Nelson’s Pillar in Dublin.
1974 Charles de Gaulle Airport opened in Paris.
1980 The first festival of rock music kicked off in the Soviet Union.
2004 A new constitution was signed by Iraq’s Governing Council.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia