On October 4:
1537 The first complete English-language Bible (the Matthew Bible) was printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale.
1824 Mexico adopted a new constitution and became a federal republic.
1830 The state of Belgium was created after separation from The Netherlands.
1853 The Crimean War began when the Ottoman Empire declared war on Russia.
Detail of Franz Roubaud‘s panoramic painting The Siege of Sevastopol (1904).
1876 Texas A&M University opened as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas becoming Texas‘s first public institution of higher education.
1883 The Orient Express began its first run.
1883 – The first meeting of the Boys’ Brigade took place in Glasgow.
1895 The first U.S. Open Men’s Golf Championship administered by the United States Golf Association was played at the Newport Country Club on Rhode Island.
1910 Declaration of the Portuguese Republic.
1923 US actor Charlton Heston was born.
1927 Gutzon Borglum began sculpting Mount Rushmore.
1937 English writer Jackie Collins was born.
1957 Morris Yock trademarked the jandal.
1957 Sputnik I, the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth, was launched.
1991 The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty was opened for signature.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.