661 – The Rashidun Caliphate ended with the death of Ali.
757 – An Lushan, leader of a revolt against the Tang dynasty and emperor of Yan, was murdered by his own son, An Qingxu.
904 – Sergius III came out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed antipope Christopher.
1676 – Feodor III became Tsar of Russia.
1814 – France defeated Russia and Prussia in the Battle of Brienne.
1834– US President Andrew Jackson ordered first use of federal soldiers to suppress a labour dispute.
1842 Auckland’s first Anniversary Day regatta was held.
“a regatta took place between a five-oared gig belonging to the Surveyor-General, and a six-oared gig belonging to the “Anna Watson,” both pulled in excellent style by amateurs. This was followed by a match for a purse of five pounds between two whale boats pulled by sailors – and by another between two large canoes, paddled by Natives.”
1845 “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe was published in the New York Evening Mirror.
1860 Anton Chekhov, Russian writer, was born (d. 1904).
1863 Bear River Massacre.
1874 John D. Rockefeller Jr., American entrepreneur, was born (d. 1960).
1880 W.C. Fields, American actor and writer was born (d. 1946).
1886 Karl Benz patented the first successful gasoline-driven automobile.
1891 Liliuokalani was proclaimed Queen of Hawaii, its last monarch.
1916 Paris was first bombed by German zeppelins.
1939 Germaine Greer, Australian writer and feminist, was born.
1940 Three trains on the Sakurajima Line, in Osaka collided and exploded while approaching Ajikawaguchi station. 181 people were killed.
1944 USS Missouri (BB-63) the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy was launched.
1944 Approximately 38 men, women, and children died in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland.
1944 In Bologna the Anatomical Theatre of the Archiginnasio was destroyed in an air-raid.
1945 Tom Selleck, American actor, screenwriter and film producer, was born.
1949 Tommy Ramone, Hungarian-born musician and record producer (The Ramones), was born.
1954 Oprah Winfrey, American talk show host and actress, was born.
1996 President Jacques Chirac announced a “definitive end” to French nuclear weapons testing.
1996 – La Fenice, Venice’s opera house, was destroyed by fire.
2001 Thousands of student protesters in Indonesia stormed parliament and demanded that President Abdurrahman Wahid resign due to alleged involvement in corruption scandals.
2002 In his State of the Union Address, United States President George W. Bush described “regimes that sponsor terror” as an Axis of Evil.
2005 The first direct commercial flights from the mainland China(from Guangzhou) to Taiwan since 1949 arrived in Taipei. Shortly afterwards, a China Airlines carrier landed in Beijing.
2006 – India’s Irfan Pathan became the first bowler to take a Test cricket hat-trick in the opening over of a match.
2009 – The Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt ruled that people who do not adhere to one of the three government-recognised religions, while not allowed to list any belief outside of those three, were still eligible to receive government identity documents.
2009 – Governor of Illinois Rod Blagojevich was convicted of several corruption charges, including the alleged solicitation of personal benefit in exchange for an appointment to the United States Senate as a replacement for then-U.S. president-elect Barack Obama.
2013 – SCAT Airlines Flight 760 crashed near the Kazakh city of Almaty, killing 21 people.
2015 – Malaysia officially declared the disappearance of missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 an accident and its passengers and crew presumed dead.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.