On October 1:
1843 The News of the World tabloid began publication in London.
1920 US actor Walter Matthau was born.
1924 US President Jimmy Carter was born.
1935 actress Julie Andrews was born.
1936 Francisco Franco was named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.
Franco in the La guerra ha terminado painting
1945 US musician Donny Hathaway was born.
1946 Mensa International was founded.
1960 Nigeria gained independence.
1961 East and West Cameroon merged as the republic of Cameroon.
1978 Tuvalu gained independence.
1986 GST was introduced.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.