January 26 in history

January 26, 2010

On January 26:

340  King Edward III of England is declared King of France.

1500  Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot on Brazil.

1531  Lisbon was hit by an earthquake–thousands die.

1564 The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.

1565 Battle of Talikota, fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Islamic sultanates of the Deccan, led to the subjugation, and eventual destruction of the last Hindu kingdom in India, and the consolidation of Islamic rule over much of the Indian subcontinent.

1589  Job was elected as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.

1699  Treaty of Carlowitz was signed.

 Poland after the Treaty of Karlowitz
1700 A magnitude 9 Cascadia Earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America.

1714 Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor, was born.

1722 Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader, was born.

1736 Stanislaus I of Poland abdicated his throne.

1788 The British First Fleet, led by Arthur Phillip, sailed into Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour) to establish Sydney, the first permanent European settlement on the continent.

ArthurPhilip.jpg

1808 Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia.

The arrest of Bligh propaganda cartoon from around 1810.jpgA contemporary propaganda cartoon of Bligh’s arrest produced to show Bligh as being a coward[1]

1813 Juan Pablo Duarte, Dominican Republic’s founding father, was born.

1838 Tennessee enacted the first prohibition law in the United States.

1841 The United Kingdom formally occupied Hong Kong.

1844 Governor Fitzroy arrived to investigate the Wairau incident

Governor FitzRoy arrives to investigate Wairau incident
 

1855 Point No Point Treaty was signed in Washington Territory.

1857 Trinley Gyatso, Tibetan, The 12th Dalai Lama, was born.

12thDalai Lama.jpg

1880 Douglas MacArthur, American general, was born.

MacArthur Manila.jpg

1885 Troops loyal to The Mahdi conquered Khartoum.

1892 Bessie Coleman, American pioneer aviator, was born.

1904  Seán MacBride, Irish statesman, Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

1905 The Cullinan Diamond was found at the Premier Mine near Pretoria.

 Glass copies of the nine diamonds cut from the Cullinan

1905 Maria von Trapp, Austrian-born singer, was born,

1907 The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III was officially introduced into British Military Service, and remains the oldest military rifle still in official use.

SMLE Mk III.jpg

1908  Stéphane Grappelli, French jazz violinist, was born.

1911 Glenn H. Curtiss flew the first successful American seaplane.

1911 – Richard Strauss‘ opera Der Rosenkavalier debuted at the Dresden State Opera.

1913 Jimmy Van Heusen, American songwriter, was born.

1918 Nicolae Ceauşescu, Romanian dictator, was born.

1920 Former Ford Motor Company executive Henry Leland launchedthe Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.

1922 Michael Bentine, British comedian and founding member of The Goons, was born.

1924 St.Petersburg was renamed Leningrad.

1925  Paul Newman, American actor, philanthropist, race car driver and race team owner, was born.

1930 The Indian National Congress declared 26 January as Independence Day or as the day for Poorna Swaraj (Complete Independence) which occurred 20 years later.

1934 The Apollo Theater reopened in Harlem.

1934 – German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact was signed.

1939 Spanish Civil War: Troops loyal to nationalist General Francisco Franco and aided by Italy took Barcelona.

The El Campesino directing Republican soldiers at Villanueva de la Canada.jpg

1942 World War II: The first United States forces arrived in Europe landing in Northern Ireland.

1945  Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist, was born.

1950 The Constitution of India came into force, forming a republic. Rajendra Prasad was sworn in as its first President. 

1952  Black Saturday in Egypt: rioters burnt Cairo’s central business district, targeting British and upper-class Egyptian businesses.

1955  Eddie Van Halen, Dutch musician (Van Halen), was born.

1958 Japanese  ferry Nankai Maru capsised off southern Awaji Island, 167 killed.

1958 Ellen DeGeneres, American actress and comedian, was born.

Ellen DeGeneres (2004).jpg

  • 1961 Janet G. Travell  was the first woman to be appointed physician to the president (Kennedy).
  • 1962  Ranger 3 was launched to study the moon.

    Ranger 3

    1965  Hindi became the official language of India.

    1978  The Great Blizzard of 1978, a rare severe blizzard with the lowest non-tropical atmospheric pressure ever recorded in the US, struck the Ohio – Great Lakes region with heavy snow and winds up to 100 mph (161 km/h).

  • 1980Israel and Egypt established diplomatic relations.
  • 1984 Floods devestated Southland.

    Floods devastate Southland
     

    1988  Andrew Lloyd Webber‘s The Phantom of the Opera had its first performance on Broadway at the Majestic Theatre.

    1991  Mohamed Siad Barre was removed from power in Somalia, ending centralized government, and was succeeded by Ali Mahdi.

    1992  Boris Yeltsin announced that Russia would stop targeting United States cities with nuclear weapons.

    1998 Lewinsky scandal: On American television, U.S. President Bill Clinton denied having had “sexual relations” with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.

    2001 An earthquake in Gujarat, India, caused more than 20,000 deaths.

    2004 President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan.

  • 2004 – A decomposing  whale exploded in the town of Tainan, Taiwan.
  • Sourced from NZ History Online & WIkipedia.


    December 19 in history

    December 19, 2009

    On December 19:

    1154  Henry II of England was crowned at Westminster Abbey.

    1606  The Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery left England carrying settlers who found, at Jamestown, Virginia, the first of the thirteen colonies that became the United States.

    1683  Philip V of Spain, was born.

    1820 Mary Livermore, American journalist and women’s rights advocate, was born.

    1906 Leonid Brezhnev, leader of the Soviet Union, was born.
     

    The evacuation of Suvla Bay

    1915 Édith Piaf, French singer and actress, was born.

    1920  King Constantine I was restored as King of the Hellenes after the death of his son Alexander I of Greece and a plebiscite.

    1923  Gordon Jackson, Scottish actor, was born.

    1924  The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost was sold in London.

    AX 201 at the Rolls-Royce centenary celebrations, Manchester, 2004

     1925 Robert B. Sherman, American songwriter, was born.

    1932  BBC World Service began broadcasting as the BBC Empire Service.

    BBC World Service logo

    1934  Pratibha Patil, President of India, was born.

    1941 The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Neptune struck enemy mines and sank off Libya – more than 750 men lost their lives including 150 New Zealanders.

    HMS <em>Neptune</em> lost in Mediterranean minefield

    1941 Adolf Hitler became Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the German Army.

    1941 – Maurice White, American singer and songwriter (Earth, Wind & Fire), was born.

    1944 Zal Yanovsky, Canadian guitarist (The Lovin’ Spoonful, was born.

    1946  Start of the First Indochina War.

    1972  Apollo program: The last manned lunar flight, Apollo 17, crewed by Eugene Cernan, Ron Evans and Harrison Schmitt, returned to Earth.

    Apollo 17-insignia.png

    1983  The original FIFA World Cup trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, was stolen from the headquarters of the Brazilian Football Confederation.

     

    1984 The Sino-British Joint Declaration, stating that the People’s Republic of China would resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and the United Kingdom would restore Hong Kong to China with effect from July 1, 1997 was signed in Beijing by Deng Xiaoping and Margaret Thatcher.

    1998  Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives forwarded articles I and III of impeachment against President Bill Clinton to the Senate.

    2001  A record high barometric pressure of 1085.6 hPa (32.06 inHg )was recorded at Tosontsengel, Khövsgöl Province, Mongolia.

    2001 – Argentine economic crisis: December 2001 riots – Riots erupted in Buenos Aires.

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


    November 19 in history

    November 19, 2009

    On November 19:

    1600  King Charles I of England was born.

    1805  Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat and Suez Canal engineer, was born.

    1816  Warsaw University was established.

    Bramauw.jpg

    1863 U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address at the dedication of the military cemetery ceremony at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

     

    The only confirmed photo of Abraham Lincoln at Gettysburg (circled), taken about noon, just after Lincoln arrived and some three hours before the speech.

    1905  Tommy Dorsey, American bandleader, was born.

    1916  Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn established Goldwyn Pictures.

    A Goldwyn Picture.JPG
     

    1917  Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India was born.

    1933  Larry King, American TV personality, was born.

    1942  Calvin Klein, American clothing designer, was born.

    1942  Battle of StalingradSoviet Union forces under General Georgy Zhukov launched the Operation Uranus counterattacks at Stalingrad, turning the tide of the battle in the USSR’s favor.

    1961  Meg Ryan, American actress, was born.

    1962  Jodie Foster, American actress, was born.

    1969  Football player Pelé scored his 1,000th goal.

    Pelé 23092007.jpg

    1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat

    became the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel.

    1984 A series of explosions at the PEMEX petroleum storage facility at San Juan Ixhuatepec in Mexico City starts a major fire and kills about 500 people.

    Pemex logo.png
     
    1992 The Fred Hollows Foundation was launched in New Zealand.
    1997 , Bobbi McCaughey gave birth to septuplets in the second known case where all seven babies were born alive. They became the first set of septuplets to survive infancy, with all seven alive in 2009.
     
    1998  Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee began impeachment hearings against U.S. President Bill Clinton.

    Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.


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