1126 – Following the death of his mother Urraca, Alfonso VII was proclaimed king of Castile and León.
1576 – Spanish explorer Diego García de Palacio first sighted the ruins of the ancient Mayan city of Copán.
1495 John of God, Portuguese-born friar and saint, was born (d. 1550).
1655 – John Casor became the first legally-recognised slave in what became the United States.
1702 – Queen Anne, sister of Mary II, became Queen regnant of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
1748 – William V, Prince of Orange, was born (d. 1806)
1775 Thomas Paine’s,“African Slavery in America,” the first article in the U.S. calling for the emancipation of slaves and the abolition of slavery was published.
1782 – Gnadenhutten massacre:Ninety-six Native Americans in Gnadenhutten, Ohio, who had converted to Christianity were killed by Pennsylvania militiamen in retaliation for raids carried out by other Indians.
1817 – The New York Stock Exchange was founded.
1844 – King Oscar I ascended to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
1856 – Bramwell Booth, the 2nd General of The Salvation Army, was born (d. 1929).
1859 – Kenneth Grahame, English author, was born (d. 1932).
1909 – Beatrice Shilling, English motorcycle racer and engineer, ws born(d. 1990).
1917 The U.S. Senate votes to limit filibusters by adopting the cloture rule.
1921 – A world first, 34 women were appointed to train as dental nurses for the state-funded School Dental Service (SDS).
1921 Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier was assassinated.
1924 The Castle Gate mine disaster killed 172 coal miners near Castle Gate, Utah.
1929 Frank Borzage’s Street Angel, a silent picture with a recorded musical soundtrack, screened at Wellington’s Paramount Theatre – before this silent movies had been accompanied by live music.
1937 – Juvénal Habyarimana, President of Rwanda, was born.
1939 – Lidiya Skoblikova, Russian speed skater and coach was born.
1942 – World War II: Imperial Japanese Army forces captured Rangoon, Burma.
1943 – Lynn Redgrave, English actress, was born (d. 2010).
1945 Micky Dolenz, American musician (The Monkees), was born.
1946 – Randy Meisner,American musician (The Eagles) was born.
1947 Mike Allsup, American musician (Three Dog Night), was born.
1957 Egypt re-opened the Suez Canal after the Suez Crisis.
1963 The Ba’ath Party came to power in Syria in a Coup d’état by a clique of quasi-leftist Syrian Army officers calling themselves the National Council of the Revolutionary Command.
1966 – A bomb planted by young Irish protesters destroyed Nelson’s Pillar in Dublin.
1984 – Ross Taylor, New Zealand cricketer was born.
2004 A new constitution was signed by Iraq’s Governing Council.
2010 – The stolen body of Tassos Papadopoulos, 5th President of Cyprus, was discovered in a cemetery near the capital.
2014 – Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 disappeared en route from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing. The aircraft was believed to have crashed into the Indian Ocean off the coast of Australia with the loss of all 239 people aboard.
2016 – A total solar eclipse occurred, with totality visible from Indonesia and the North Pacific.
2017 – The Azure Window, a natural arch on the Maltese island of Gozo, collapsed in stormy weather.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia