On September 5:
1661 Fall of Nicolas Fouquet: Louis XIV’s Superintendent of Finances was arrested in Nantes by D’Artagnan, captain of the king’s musketeers.
1666 Great Fire of London ended: 10,000 buildings including St. Paul’s Cathedral were destroyed, but only 16 people were known to have died.
1698 In an effort to Westernize his nobility, Tsar Peter I of Russia imposed a tax on beards for all men except the clergy and peasantry.
1725 Wedding of Louis XV and Maria Leszczyńska.
1774 First Continental Congress assembled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1781 Battle of the Chesapeake.
1793 French Revolution the French National Convention initiated the Reign of Terror.
1798 Conscription was made mandatory in France by the Jourdan law.
1800 Napoleon surrendered Malta to Great Britain.
1812 War of 1812: The Siege of Fort Wayne began when Chief Winamac’s forces attacked two soldiers returning from the fort’s outhouses.
1816 Louis XVIII had to dissolve the Chambre introuvable (“Unobtainable Chamber”).
1836 Sam Houston was elected as the first president of the Republic of Texas.
1839 The First Opium War began in China.
1840 Premiere of Giuseppe Verdi’s Un giorno di regno at La Scala, Milan.
1847 Jesse James, American outlaw, was born (d. 1882).
1850 Jack Daniel, Creator of Jack Daniel’s, was born (d. 1911).
1862 James Glaisher, pioneering meteorologist and Henry Tracey Coxwell broke world record for altitude whilst collecting data in their balloon.
1877 Indian Wars: Oglala Sioux chief Crazy Horse was bayoneted by a United States soldier after resisting confinement in a guardhouse.
1882 The first United States Labor Day parade was held in New York City.
1887 Fire at Theatre Royal in Exeter killed 186
1905 The Treaty of Portsmouth, mediated by US President Theodore Roosevelt, ended the Russo-Japanese war.
1914 World War I: First Battle of the Marne begins. Northeast of Paris, the French attack and defeat German forces who are advancing on the capital.
1915 The pacifist Zimmerwald Conference began.
1918 Decree “On Red Terror” was published in Russia.
1927 The first Oswald the Lucky Rabbit cartoon, Trolley Troubles, produced by Walt Disney, was released by Universal Pictures.
1929 Bob Newhart, American actor and comedian, was born.
1932 The French Upper Volta was broken apart between Ivory Coast, French Sudan, and Niger.
1938 A group of youths affiliated with the fascist National Socialist Movement of Chile were assassinated in the Seguro Obrero massacre.
1939 Prime Minister, Michael Joseph Savage, declared New Zealand’s support for Britain and attacked Nazism.
1939 John Stewart, American musician (The Kingston Trio), was born (d. 2008).
1939 George Lazenby, Australian actor, was born.
1940 Raquel Welch, American actress, was born.
1942 World War II: Japanese high command ordered withdrawal at Milne Bay, first Japanese defeat in the Pacific War.
1944 Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg constituted Benelux.
1945 Al Stewart, Scottish singer and songwriter, was born.
1945 Cold War: Igor Gouzenko, a Soviet Union embassy clerk, defected to Canada, exposing Soviet espionage in North America, signalling the beginning of the Cold War.
1945 – Iva Toguri D’Aquino, a Japanese-American suspected of being wartime radio propagandist Tokyo Rose, was arrested in Yokohama.
1946 Freddie Mercury, Zanzibar-born English singer and songwriter (Queen), was born (d. 1991).
1951 Michael Keaton, American actor, was born.
1960 Poet Léopold Sédar Senghor was elected as the first President of Senegal.
1969 My Lai Massacre: U.S. Army Lt. William Calley was charged with six specifications of premeditated murder for the death of 109 Vietnamese civilians.
1972 Munich Massacre: “Black September” attacked and took hostage 11 Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympic Games. 2 died in the attack and 9 die the following day.
1977 Voyager 1 was launched.
1978 Chris Jack, New Zealand All Black, was born.
1978 Camp David Accords: Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat began peace process at Camp David, Maryland.
1980 The St. Gotthard Tunnel opened in Switzerland as the world’s longest highway tunnel at 10.14 miles (16.224 km) stretching from Goschenen to Airolo.
1984 The Space Shuttle Discovery landed after its maiden voyage.
1984 Western Australia became the last Australian state to abolish capital punishment.
1986 Pan Am Flight 73 with 358 people on board was hijacked at Karachi International Airport.
1990 Eastern University massacre, massacre of 158 Tamil civilians by Sri Lankan army.
1991 The Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989, came into force.
2000 The Haverstraw–Ossining Ferry made its maiden voyage.
2005 Mandala Airlines Flight 091 crashed into a heavily-populated residential of Sumatra, killing 104 people on board and at least 39 on the ground.
2007 Three terrorists suspected to be a part of Al-Qaeda were arrested in Germany after allegedly planning attacks on both the Frankfurt International airport and US military installations.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia