On June 12:
1560 Battle of Okehazama: Oda Nobunaga defeated Imagawa Yoshimoto.
1653 First Anglo-Dutch War: the Battle of the Gabbard began.
1665 England installed a municipal government in New York City.
1775 American Revolution: British general Thomas Gage declared martial law in Massachusetts. The British offer a pardon to all colonists who lay down their arms with two exceptions: Samuel Adams and John Hancock, if captured, were to be hanged.
1776 The Virginia Declaration of Rights was adopted.
1798 Irish Rebellion of 1798: Battle of Ballynahinch.
1802 Harriet Martineau, controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist and life-long feminist, was born (d. 1876).
1806 John A. Roebling, German-America civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge), was born (d. 1869).
1819 Charles Kingsley, English writer, was born (d. 1875).
1830 Beginning of the French colonization of Algeria: 34,000 French soldiers landed at Sidi Ferruch.
1860 The State Bank of the Russian Empire was established.
1864 American Civil War, Overland Campaign: Battle of Cold Harbor – Ulysses S. Grant gave the Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee a victory when he pulled his Union troops from their positions at Cold Harbor, Virginia and moves south.
1889 78 people were killed in the Armagh rail disaster.
1897 Anthony Eden, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was born (d. 1977).
1899 New Richmond Tornado killed 117 people and injured around 200.
1935 Chaco War ended: a truce was called between Bolivia and Paraguay.
1938 Tom Oliver, Australian actor, was born.
1939 Shooting begins on Paramount Pictures’ Dr. Cyclops, the first horror film photographed in three-strip Technicolor.
1939 The Baseball Hall of Fame opened in Cooperstown, New York.
1940 World War II: 13,000 British and French troops surrendered to Major General Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux.
1942 The first troops from the USA landed in Auckland.
1942 Anne Frank received a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
1943 Reg Presley, English singer/songwriter (The Troggs), was born.
1952 Pete Farndon, English musician (The Pretenders), was born (d. 1983).
1964 Anti-apartheid activist and ANC leader Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life in prison for sabotage in South Africa.
1967 The United States Supreme Court in Loving v. Virginia declared all U.S. state laws which prohibited interracial marriage to be unconstitutional.
1967 Venera 4 was launched.
1987 Cold War: At the Brandenburg Gate U.S. President Ronald Reagan publicly challenged Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall.
1990 Russia Day – the parliament of the Russian Federation formally declared its sovereignty.
1991 Russians elected Boris Yeltsin as the president of the republic.
1991 1991 Kokkadichcholai massacre: the Sri Lankan Army massacred 152 minority Tamil civilians in the village Kokkadichcholai.
1996 In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a panel of federal judges blocked a law against indecency on the internet.
1997 Queen Elizabeth II reopened the Globe Theatre in London.
1999 Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian began when a NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force (KFor) entered the province of Kosovo.
2000 Sandro Rosa do Nascimento took hostages while robbing Bus #174 in Rio de Janeiro.
2004 A 1.3 kilogram chondrite type meteorite struck a house in Ellerslie causing serious damage but no injuries.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia