1331 The Battle of Płowce between the Kingdom of Poland and the Teutonic Order was fought.
1422 The Teutonic Knights signed the Treaty of Melno with the Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
1540 The Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) received its charter from Pope Paul III.
1590 Pope Urban VII died 13 days after being chosen as the Pope, making his reign the shortest papacy in history.
1601 – Louis XIII of France was born (d. 1643).
1605 The armies of Sweden were defeated by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm.
1669 The Venetians surrender the fortress of Candia to the Ottomans, ending the 21-year long Siege of Candia.
1825 The Stockton and Darlington Railway opened, and begins operation of the world’s first service of locomotive-hauled passenger trains.
1903 Wreck of the Old 97, a train crash made famous by the song of the same name.
1908 The first production of the Ford Model T car was built at the Piquette Plant in Detroit, Michigan.
1937 – The Balinese Tiger declared extinct.
1939 – Carol Lynn Pearson, American author, poet, and playwright, was born.
1940 World War II: The Tripartite Pact was signed in Berlin by Germany, Japan and Italy.
1941 The SS Patrick Henry was launched becoming the first of more than 2,700 Liberty ships.
1941 – Foundation of EAM (National Liberation Front) in Greece.
1942 Last day of the September Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps barely escaped after being surrounded by Japanese forces.
1942 – Alvin Stardust, English singer, was born.
1943 Randy Bachman, Canadian musician, was born.
1944 The Kassel Mission resulted in the largest loss by a USAAF group on any mission in World War II.
1947 Meat Loaf, ( Michael Lee Aday)American singer, was born.
1948 Michele Dotrice, English actress, was born.
1949 The first Plenary Session of the National People’s Congress approved the design of the Flag of the People’s Republic of China.
1952 – Katie Fforde, English author, was born.
1953 Greg Ham, Australian musician and songwriter (Men at Work), was born.
1954 The nationwide debut of Tonight! (The Tonight Show) hosted by Steve Allen on NBC.
1958 Socttish author Irvine Welsh was born.
1959 Nearly 5000 people died on the main Japanese island of Honshū as the result of a typhoon.
1964 The British TSR-2 aircraft XR219 made its maiden flight from Boscombe Down in Wiltshire.
1968 – The stage musical Hair opened at the Shaftesbury Theatre in London.
1972 Gwyneth Paltrow, American actress, was born.
1974 William Sutch was charged with spying.
1977 The 300 metre tall CKVR-TV transmission tower in Barrie, Ontario, was hit by a light aircraft in a fog, causing it to collapse. All aboard the aircraft were killed.
1995 The Government of the United States unveiled the first of its redesigned bank notes with the $100 bill featuring a larger portrait of Benjamin Franklin slightly off-centre.
1998 Google was founded.
2003 Smart 1 satellite was launched.
2008 CNSA astronaut Zhai Zhigang became the first Chinese person to perform a spacewalk while flying on Shenzhou 7.
2013 – Lorde releases Pure Heroine in New Zealand and Australia.
2014 – Eruption of Mount Ontake in Japan.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia