On October 23:
1295 The first treaty forming the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France against England was signed in Paris.
1503 Isabella of Portugal, queen of Spain and empress of Germany, was born.
1707 The first Parliament of Great Britain met.
1762 Samuel Morey, US inventor, who invented an internal combustion engine and was a pioneer in steamships, was born.
1844 Robert Bridges, English poet, was born.
1850 The first National Women’s Rights Convention began in Worcester, Massachusetts.
1873 William D. Coolidge, US physicist and inventor, was born.
1948 13 people were killed when an aeroplane crashed on Mount Ruapehu.
1991 Princess Mako of Akishino of Japan was born.
2001 Apple released the iPod.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.