On April 3:
1043 Edward the Confessor was crowned King of England.
1077 The first Parliament of Friuli was created.
1559 The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis treaty is signed, ending the Italian Wars.
1593 George Herbert, English poet and orator, was born.
1834 The generals in the Greek War of Independence stood trial for treason.
1860 The first successful United States Pony Express run from Saint Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California began.
1865 American Civil War: Union forces captured Richmond, Virginia the capital of the Confederate States of America.
1882 Jesse James was killed by Robert Ford.
1885 Gottlieb Daimler was granted a German patent for his engine design.
1895 Trial of the libel case instigated by Oscar Wilde began, eventually resulting in his imprisonment on charges of homosexuality.
1915 Piet de Jong, Dutch politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 1967 until 1971, was born.
1917 Vladimir Lenin arrived in Russia from exile, marking the beginning of Bolshevik leadership in the Russian Revolution.
1922 Doris Day, American actress and singer, was born.
1922 Joseph Stalin became the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1924 Marlon Brando, American actor, was born.
1934 Jane Goodall, English zoologist, was born.
1936 Bruno Richard Hauptmann was executed for the kidnapping and death of Charles Augustus Lindbergh II, the baby son of pilot Charles Lindbergh.
1943 – The Battle of Manners Street between soldiers and civilians.
1944 Tony Orlando, American musician, was born.
1948 Carlos Salinas, former President of Mexico, was born.
1948 President Harry S. Truman signed the Marshall Plan, authorizing $5 billion in aid for 16 countries.
1948 The Jeju massacre began.
1956 Hudsonville-Standale Tornado: The western half of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan was struck by a deadly F5 tornado.
1961 Eddie Murphy, American actor and comedian, was born.
1968 Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” speech.
1973 The first portable cell phone call was made in New York City.
1982 The United Kingdom sent a naval task force to the south Atlantic to reclaim the disputed Malvinas/Falkland Islands from Argentina.
1996 Suspected “Unabomber” Theodore Kaczynski was arrested.
1996 A United States Air Force airplane carrying United States Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown crashed in Croatia, killing all 35 on board.
1997 The Thalit massacre began in Algeria; all but 1 of the 53 inhabitants of Thalit were killed by guerrillas.
2000 United States v. Microsoft: Microsoft was ruled to have violated United States antitrust laws by keeping “an oppressive thumb” on its competitors.
2004 Islamic terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks were trapped by the police in their apartment and killed themselves.
2007 Conventional-Train World Speed Record: a French TGV train on the LGV Est high speed line set an official new world speed record.
2008 ATA Airlines, once one of the 10 largest U.S. passenger airlines and largest charter airline, filed for bankruptcy for the second time in 5 years and ceases all operations.
2009 Australia formally adopted the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.