On March 10:
241 BC Battle of the Aegates Islands – The Romans sank the Carthaginian fleet bringing the First Punic War to an end.
1606 Susenyos defeated the combined armies of Yaqob and Abuna Petros II at the Battle of Gol in Gojjam, which makes him Emperor of Ethiopia.
1762 French Huguenot Jean Calas, who was wrongly convicted of killing his son, diesdafter being tortured by authorities; the event inspired Voltaire to begin a campaign for religious tolerance and legal reform.
1804 Louisiana Purchase: In St. Louis, Missouri, a formal ceremony is conducted to transfer ownership of the Louisiana Territory from France to the United States.
1814 Napoleon I of France was defeated at the Battle of Laon in France.
1830 The KNI, the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army, was created.
1831 The French Foreign Legion was established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria.
1847 Kate Sheppard, New Zealand suffragist, was born.
1848 The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was ratified by the United States Senate, ending the Mexican-American War.
1861 El Hadj Umar Tall seized the city of Segou, destroying the Bambara Empire of Mali.
1869 The New Zealand Cross was created because New Zealand’s local military were not eligible for the Victoria Cross. Only 23 were awarded, all to men who served in the New Zealand wars, making it one of the rarest military honours in the world.
1876 Alexander Graham Bell makes the first successful telephone call by saying “Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you.”
1891 Almon Strowger, an undertaker patented the Strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching.
1905 Eleftherios Venizelos called for Crete’s union with Greece, and started the Theriso revolt.
1906 Courrières mine disaster, Europe’s worst ever, kills 1099 miners in Northern France.
1912 Yuan Shikai was sworn in as the second Provisional President of the Republic of China.
1917 Batangas was formally founded as one of the Philippines’s earliest encomiendas.
1922 Mahatma Gandhi is arrested in India, tried for sedition, and sentenced to six years in prison, only to be released after nearly two years for an appendicitis operation.
1933 An earthquake in Long Beach, California kills 115 people and causes an estimated $40 million dollars in damage.
1945 The USA Army Air Force firebombed Tokyo, and the resulting firestorm killed more than 100,000 people.
Morgan Tsvangirai, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe, was born.
1952 Fulgencio Batista leads a successful coup in Cuba and appointed himself as the “provisional president”.
1957 Osama bin Laden, Islamist and leader of al-Qaeda, was born.
1959 Tibetan uprising: Fearing an abduction attempt by China, 300,000 Tibetans surround the Dalai Lama’s palace to prevent his removal.
1964 Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, was born.
1969 James Earl Ray admitted assassinating Martin Luther King Jr. He later retracted his guilty plea.
1970 Captain Ernest Medina is charged with My Lai war crimes.
1977 Rings of Uranus: Astronomers discover rings around Uranus.
1980 Madeira School headmistress Jean Harris shot and kills Scarsdale diet doctor Herman Tarnower
1980 – Formation of the Irish Army Ranger Wing
1990 In Haiti, Prosper Avril was ousted 18 months after seizing power in a coup.
2000 NASDAQ Composite stock market index peaks at 5132.52, signaling the beginning of the end of the dot-com boom.
2006 The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter arrived at Mars.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia