1265 Second Barons’ War: Battle of Evesham – the army of Prince Edward defeated the forces of rebellious barons led by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, killing de Montfort and many of his allies.
1532 the Duchy of Brittany was annexed to the Kingdom of France.
1578 Battle of Al Kasr al Kebir – the Moroccans defeated the Portuguese. King Sebastian of Portugal was killed leaving his elderly uncle, Cardinal Henry, as his heir which initiated a succession crisis in Portugal.
1693 Date traditionally ascribed to Dom Perignon’s invention of Champagne.
1789 In France members of the National Constituent Assembly took an oath to end feudalism and abandon their privileges.
1790 A newly passed tariff act created the Revenue Cutter Service (the forerunner of the United States Coast Guard).
1791 The Treaty of Sistova was signed, ending the Ottoman-Habsburg wars.
1792 Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet, was born (d. 1822).
1821 Atkinson & Alexander published the Saturday Evening Post for the first time.
1821 Louis Vuitton, French designer, was born (d. 1892).
1824 Battle of Kos between Turks and Greeks.
1834 John Venn, English mathematician, was born (d. 1923).
1854 The Hinomaru was established as the official flag to be flown from Japanese ships.
1870 Sir Harry Lauder, Scottish entertainer, was born (d. 1950).
1900 Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, (Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother), was born (d. 2002)
1901 Louis Armstrong, American jazz musician, was born (d. 1971).
1902 The Greenwich foot tunnel under the River Thames opened.
1906 Central Railway Station, Sydney opened.
1906 – Marie José of Belgium, was born (d. 2001).
1914 – World War I: Germany invaded Belgium. In response, the United Kingdom declared war on Germany. The United States declared its neutrality.
1916 Liberia declared war on Germany.
1920 – Helen Thomas, American journalist and author, was born (d. 2013).
1923 – Reg Grundy, Australian television mogul, was born (d. 2016).
1940 – Larry Knechtel, American bass player and pianist (Bread and The Wrecking Crew), was born (d. 2009).
1942 David Lange, former New Zealand Prime Minister, was born (d. 2005).
1943 Vicente Alberto Álvarez Areces, President of the Government of the Principality of Asturias in Spain, was born.
1944 A tip from a Dutch informer led the Gestapo to a sealed-off area in an Amsterdam warehouse where they found Anne Frank and her family.
1946 Dominican Republic earthquake of magnitude 8.0; 100 killed and 20,000 left homeless.
1947 The Supreme Court of Japan was established.
1952 Moya Brennan, Irish singer, was born.
1954 The Government of Pakistan approved Qaumi Tarana, written by Hafeez Jullundhry and composed by Ahmed G. Chagla, as the national anthem.
1958 The Billboard Hot 100 was founded.
1960 – Tim Winton, Australian author, was born.
1960 Paul Henry, New Zealand broadcaster, was born.
1960 José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Prime Minister of Spain, was born.
1961 Barack Obama, 44th President of the United States, Nobel Peace Prize laureate, was born.
1964 Gulf of Tonkin Incident: United States destroyers USS Maddox and USS Turner Joy reported coming under attack in the Gulf of Tonkin.
1965 The Cook Islands gained Self Government.
1965 Fredrik Reinfeldt, Prime Minister of Sweden, was born.
1969 Vietnam War: at the apartment of French intermediary Jean Sainteny in Paris, U.S. representative Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese representative Xuan Thuy began secret peace negotiations.
1974 A bomb exploded in the Italicus Express train at San Benedetto Val di Sambro, Italy, killing 12 people and wounding 22.
1975 The Japanese Red Army took more than 50 hostages at the AIA Building housing several embassies in Kuala Lumpur.
1984 The African republic Upper Volta changed its name to Burkina Faso.
1987 The Federal Communications Commission rescinded the Fairness Doctrine which had required radio and television stations to present controversial issues “fairly”.
1991 The Greek cruise ship MTS Oceanos sank off the Wild Coast of South Africa.
1995 Operation Storm began in Croatia.
2002 Soham murders: 10 year old school girls Jessica Chapman and Holly Wells went missing from Soham, Cambridgeshire.
2006 2006 Trincomalee massacre of NGO workers by Sri Lankan government forces, killing 17 employees of the French INGO Action Against Hunger (known internationally as Action Contre la Faim, or ACF).
2007 NASA’s Phoenix spaceship was launched.
2007 – Airport police officer María del Luján Telpuk discovered a suitcase containing an undeclared amount of US$800,000 as it went through an x-ray machine in Buenos Aires’ Aeroparque Jorge Newbery, sparking an international scandal involving Venezuela and Argentina known as “Maletinazo“.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia