October 20 in history


On October 20:

1632 Sir Christopher Wren, English architect, was born.

1740 Maria Theresa tookthe throne of Austria.

1859 US philosopher John Dewey was born.

1904 English actress Anna Neagle was born.

1932 William Christopher, US actor who played Father Mulcahy in M*A*S*H, was born.

The cast of M*A*S*H from Season 8 onwards (clockwise from left): Mike Farrell, William Christopher, Jamie Farr, David Ogden Stiers, Loretta Swit, Alan Alda, Harry Morgan.

1934 Japanese emporess Michiko was born.

1935 The Long March ended.

Overview map of the route of the Long March
Overview map of the route of the Long March

1941 Police shot Stan Graham who had been on the run for 12 days.

1950 US singer Tom Petty was born.

1968 Former US First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy  married Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis.

1973 The Sydney Opera House opened.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.

October 15 in history


On October 15:

70 BC The Roman poet Virgil, was born.

A bust of Virgil, from the entrance to his tomb.

533 Byzantine general Belisarius makes his formal entry into Carthage, having conquered it from the Vandals.

1582 Pope Gregory XIII implemented the Gregorian calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain, October 4 of this year was followed directly by October 15.

1815 Napoleon I of France began his exile on Saint Helena

Full length portrait of a man in his forties, in high-ranking dress white and dark blue military uniform. He stands amid rich 18th-century furniture laden with papers, and gazes at the viewer. His hair is Brutus style, cropped close but with a short fringe in front, and his right hand is tucked in his waistcoat.

1844 German philosopher –Friedrich Nietzsche was born.

1877 Sir George Grey became Premier of New Zealand.

1878 The Edison Electric Light Company began operation.

1881 English author – P. G. (Pelham Grenville) Wodehouse was born.

1905 English author  C. P. (Charles Percy) Snow was born.

1908 Canadian born US economist John Kenneth Galbraith was born.

1920 Mario Puzo, US author, was born.

1924 US industrialist – Lee Iacocca was born.

1928 The airship, the Graf Zeppelin completed its first trans-Atlantic flight.


1934 The Soviet Republic of China collapsed when Chiang Kai-shek‘s National Revolutionary Army successfully encircled Ruijin, forcing the fleeing Communists to begin the Long March.

1951 Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes conducted the very last step of the first synthesis of norethisterone, the progestin that would later be used in one of the first two oral contraceptives.

1959 Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York, was born.


Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.

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