1695 Mustafa II became the Ottoman sultan on the death of Ahmed II. Mustafa ruled until his abdication in 1703.
1756 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer was born (d. 1791).
1785 The University of Georgia was founded, the first public university in the United States.
1908 William Randolph Hearst, Jr., American newspaper magnate, was born (d. 1993).
1921 Donna Reed, American actress, was born (d. 1986).
1933 Mohamed Al-Fayed, Egyptian billionaire businessman, was born.
1939 First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning.
1941 Beatrice Tinsley, New Zealand astronomer and cosmologist , was born (d. 1981).
1944 Nick Mason, English drummer (Pink Floyd),was born.
1944 The 900-day Siege of Leningrad was lifted.
1945 – World War II: The Red Army liberated the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in Poland.
1951 Brian Downey, Irish musician (Thin Lizzy), was born.
1951 Nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site began with a one-kiloton bomb dropped on Frenchman Flat.
1962 Peter Snell broke the world mile record on grass at Cook’s Garden, Wanganui, in a time of 3 mins 53.4 secs.
1967 – More than 60 nations signed the Outer Space Treaty banning nuclear weapons in space.
1968 Mike Patton, American singer (Faith No More), was born.
1974 The Brisbane River flooded causing the largest flood to affect Brisbane City in the 20th Century.
1979 Daniel Vettori, New Zealand cricketer, was born.
1981 Tony Woodcock, New Zealand rugby union player, was born.
1984 Pop singer Michael Jackson suffered second and third degree burn on his scalp during the filming of a Pepsi commercial in the Shrine Auditorium.
1996 Germany first observed International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
2006 Western Union discontinued its Telegram and Commercial Messaging services.
2013 – 242 people died in a nightclub fire in the city of Santa Maria, Brazil.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia