708 Copper coins were minted in Japan for the first time.
1350 Battle of Winchelsea (or Les Espagnols sur Mer): The English naval fleet under King Edward III defeated a Castilian fleet of 40 ships.
1475 The Treaty of Picquigny ended a brief war between France and England.
1526 Battle of Mohács: The Ottoman Turks led by Suleiman the Magnificent defeated and kill the last Jagiellonian king of Hungary and Bohemia.
1632 John Locke, English philosopher, was born (d. 1704).
1655 Warsaw fell without resistance to a small force under the command of Charles X Gustav of Sweden during The Deluge.
1758 The first American Indian Reservation was established, at Indian Mills, New Jersey.
1777 – Hyacinth, ( Nikita Yakovlevich Bichurin), Russian religious leader, founded Sinology, was born (d. 1853).
1786 Shays’ Rebellion, an armed uprising of Massachusetts farmers, began in response to high debt and tax burdens.
1809 Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American physician and writer, was born (d. 1894).
1833 The United Kingdom legislated the abolition of slavery in its empire.
1842 Treaty of Nanking signing ended the First Opium War.
1862 Andrew Fisher, 5th Prime Minister of Australia, was born (d. 1928).
1869 The Mount Washington Cog Railway opened, making it the world’s first rack railway.
1871 Emperor Meiji ordered the Abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration.
1876 Charles F. Kettering, American inventor, was born (d. 1958).
1885 Gottlieb Daimler patented the world’s first motorcycle.
1898 The Goodyear tyre company was founded.
1907 The Quebec Bridge collapsed during construction, killing 75 workers.
1910 Japan changed Korea‘s name to Chōsen and appoints a governor-general to rule its new colony.
1911 Ishi, considered the last Native American to make contact with European Americans, emerged from the wilderness of northeastern California.
1914 New Zealand forces captured German Samoa.
1915 US Navy salvage divers raised F-4, the first U.S. submarine sunk by accident.
1915 Ingrid Bergman, Swedish actress, was born (d. 1982).
1915 Nathan Pritikin, American nutritionist, was born (d. 1985).
1923 Richard Attenborough, English film director, was born (d. 2014).
1924 Dinah Washington, American singer, was born (d. 1963).
1929 Thom Gunn, British poet, was born (d. 2004).
1930 The last 36 remaining inhabitants of St Kilda were voluntarily evacuated to other parts of Scotland.
1943 German-occupied Denmark scuttled most of its navy;Germany dissolved the Danish government.
1944 Slovak National Uprising – 60,000 Slovak troops turned against the Nazis.
1949 Soviet atomic bomb project: The Soviet Union tested its first atomic bomb, known as First Lightning or Joe 1, at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan.
1958 Lenny Henry, British writer, comedian and actor, was born.
1958 Michael Jackson, American pop singer, was born (d. 2009).
1958 United States Air Force Academy opened in Colorado Springs.
1966 The Beatles performed their last concert before paying fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
1970 Chicano Moratorium against the Vietnam War. Police riot killed three people, including journalist Ruben Salazar.
1991 Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union suspended all activities of the Soviet Communist Party.
1991 Libero Grassi, an Italian businessman from Palermo was killed by the Mafia after taking a solitary stand against their extortion demands.
1996 Vnukovo Airlines Flight 2801, a Tupolev Tu-154, crashed into a mountain on the Arctic island of Spitsbergen, killing all 141 aboard.
1997 At least 98 villagers were killed by the Armed Islamic Group of Algeria GIA in the Rais massacre, Algeria.
2003 Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, and nearly 100 worshippers were assassinated in a terrorist bombing, as they left a mosque in Najaf.
2005 Hurricane Katrina devastated much of the U.S. Gulf Coast from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle, killing more than 1,836 and causing over $80 billion in damage.
2007 – 2007 United States Air Force nuclear weapons incident: six US cruise missiles armed with nuclear warheads were flown without proper authorization from Minot Air Force Base to Barksdale Air Force Bae.
2012 – The opening ceremony of the Summer Paralympic Games was held in London.
2012 – At least 26 miners were killed and 21 missing after a blast in the Xiaojiawan coal mine, located at Panzhihua in Sichuan Province, China.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia