1386 King Henry V of England, was born (d. 1422).
1400 Owain Glyndŵr was declared Prince of Wales by his followers.
1701 James Francis Edward Stuart, sometimes called the “Old Pretender”, became the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland.
1776 American Revolutionary War: the Battle of Harlem Heights was fought.
1795 The first occupation by United Kingdom of Cape Colony, South Africa with the Battle of Hout Bay.
1810 With the Grito de Dolores, Father Miguel Hidalgo began Mexico’s fight for independence from Spain.
1812 Russians set fire to Moscow shortly after midnight.
1858 Andrew Bonar Law, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1923)
1863 Robert College of Istanbul, the first American educational institution outside the United States, was founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist.
1875 James C. Penney, American department store founder, was born (d. 1971).
1893 Settlers race in Oklahoma for prime land in the Cherokee Strip.
1898 H.A. Rey, American children’s author, creator of “Curious George”, was born (d. 1977).
1905 New Zealand’s first fully representative rugby team to tour the Northern Hemisphere, the ‘Originals, started the All Black tradition including the haka and the ‘All Black’ name.
1908 General Motors was founded.
1919 The American Legion was incorporated.
1920 The Wall Street bombing: a bomb in a horse wagon explodes in front of the J. P. Morgan building in New York City – 38 killed and 400 injured.
1923 Lee Kuan Yew, Minister Mentor of Singapore, was born.
1924 – Lauren Bacall, American actress, was born (d. 2014).
1925 – B. B. King, American musician, was born.
1925 – Charles Haughey, Prime Minister of Ireland, was born (d. 2006).
1926 – Eric Gross, Austrian-Australian composer was born (d. 2011).
1928 – Lady Gwen Thompson, English author and educator, was born (d. 1986).
1930 Anne Francis, American actress, was born (d. 2011).
1931 Hanging of Omar Mukhtar.
1941 – Joe Butler, American vocalist and drummer, was born (The Lovin’ Spoonful).
1942 Bernie Calvert, British musician (The Hollies), was born.
1942 – Dennis Conner, American sailor, was born.
1945 World War II: Surrender of the Japanese forces in Hong Kong, presided over by British Admiral Cecil Harcourt.
1947 Typhoon Kathleen hit Saitama, Tokyo and Tone Rivr area, at least 1,930 killed.
1948 Kenney Jones, English musician (The Small Faces; Faces; The Who), was born.
1955 Juan Perón was deposed in Argentina.
1956 David Copperfield, American magician, was born.
1963 Malaysia was formed from Malaya, Singapore, British North Borneo (Sabah) and Sarawak.
1966 The Metropolitan Opera House opened at Lincoln Center in New York City with the world premiere of Samuel Barber’s opera, Antony and Cleopatra.
1970 King Hussein of Jordan declared military rule following the hijacking of four civilian airliners by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) which resulted in the formation of the Black September Palestinianparamilitary unit.
1975 Papua New Guinea gains its independence from Australia.
1975 The first prototype of the MiG-31 interceptor made its maiden flight.
1976 Shavarsh Karapetyan saved 20 people from a trolleybus that had fallen into Erevan reservoir.
1976 – Tina Barrett, English singer-songwriter and actress (S Club), was born.
1978 An earthquake measuring 7.5-7.9 on the Richter scale hit the city of Tabas, Iran killing about 25,000 people.
1982 Sabra and Shatila massacre in Lebanon.
1987 The Montreal Protocol was signed to protect the ozone layer from depletion.
1990 A rail link between China and Kazakhstan was completed at Dostyk, adding an important connection to the Eurasian Land Bridge.
1991 The trial of deposed Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega began in the United States.
1992 Black Wednesday: the Pound Sterling was forced out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism by currency speculators and forced to devalue against the Deutschmark.
2005 Camorra boss Paolo Di Lauro was arrested in Naples.
2007 One-Two-GO Airlines Flight 269 carrying 128 crew and passengers crashed in Thailand killing 89 people.
2007 – Mercenaries working for Blackwater Worldwide allegedly shoot and kill 17 Iraqi civilians in Nisour Square, Baghdad; all criminal charges against them are later dismissed, sparking outrage in the Arab world.
2013 – Taliban insurgents attacked the United States consulate in Herat,Afghanistan, with two members of the Afghan National Police reported dead and about 20 civilians injured.
2013 – A gunman killed twelve people at the Navy Yard in Washington, D.C.
2014 – The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant launched its Kobane offensive against Syrian–Kurdish forces.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia