On February 14:
270 St. Valentine was killed.
1349 Approximately 2,000 Jews were burned to death by mobs or forcibly removed from the city of Strasbourg.
1483 Babur, Moghul emperor of India (, was born.
1556 Thomas Cranmer was declared a heretic.
1778 The United States Flag was formally recognized by a foreign naval vessel for the first time, when French Admiral Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte rendered a nine gun salute to USS Ranger, commanded by John Paul Jones.
1779 James Cook was killed by Hawaiians near Kealakekua on the Island of Hawaii.
1797 Battle of Cape St. Vincent – John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent and Horatio Nelson (later 1st Viscount Nelson) led the British Royal Navy to victory over a Spanish fleet in action near Gibraltar.
1803 Chief Justice John Marshall declared that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution was void.
1819 Christopher Sholes, American inventor, was born.
1835 The original Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, iws formed in Kirtland, Ohio.
1838 Margaret E. Knight, American inventor, was born.
1847 Anna Howard Shaw, American suffragette, was born.
1859 George Washington Gale Ferris, Jr., American engineer and inventor (Ferris Wheel) , was born.
1872 Government forces led by Captain Preece tackled Te Kooti for the last time along the Mangaone stream, near Lake Waikaremoana.
1879 The War of the Pacific broke out when Chilean armed forces occupied the Bolivian port city of Antofagasta.
1899 Voting machines were approved by the U.S. Congress for use in federal elections.
1900 Second Boer War: 20,000 British troops invaded the Orange Free State.
1912 – The first diesel-powered submarine was commissioned.
1915 Maori soldiers set sail for World War I.
1919 The Polish-Soviet War began.
1920 The League of Women Voters was founded in Chicago.
1924 The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) was founded.
1929 St. Valentine’s Day Massacre: Seven people, six of them gangster rivals of Al Capone‘s gang, are murdered in Chicago.
1942 Battle of Pasir Panjang contributed to the fall of Singapore.
1942 Michael Bloomberg, Mayor of New York City, was born.
1943 Tunisia Campaign – General Hans-Jurgen von Arnim’s Fifth Panzer Army launches a concerted attack against Allied positions in Tunisia.
1944 Carl Bernstein, American journalist, was born.
1944 Anti-Japanese revolt on Java.
1945 Prague was bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
1945 Mostar was liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
1946 The Bank of England was nationalized.
1946 ENIAC, the first general-purpose electronic computer, was unveiled.
1961 Discovery of the chemical elements: Element 103, Lawrencium, was first synthesized at the University of California.
1962 First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy took television viewers on a tour of the White House.
1966 Australian currency was decimalised.
1979 Muslims kidnapped the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs.
1981 Stardust Disaster: A fire in a Dublin nightclub killed 48 people
1983 United American Bank of Knoxville, Tennessee collapsed.
1989 Union Carbide agreed to pay $470 million to the Indian government for damages it caused in the 1984 Bhopal Disaster.
2005 – Seven people were killed and 151 wounded in a series of bombings by suspected Al-Qaeda-linked militants that hit the Philippines’ Makati financial district in Metro Manila, Davao City, and General Santos City.
2008 Northern Illinois University shooting: a gunman opened fire in a lecture hall of the DeKalb County, Illinois university resulting in 6 fatalities (including gunman) and 18 injuries.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.